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ConvictRecords.com.au is based on the British Convict transportation register, compiled by the State Library of Queensland. We have given a searchable interface to this database, and show the information for each convict in full.

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Recent Submissions

D Wong on 24th November, 2017 wrote of John Bufton:

3/10/1829 Warwick and Warwickshire Advertiser Warwickshire, England:
14 years - John Bufton, for stealing at Aston, 9 pair of shoes, the goods of Joseph Moore.

1/7/1841: Convict Death Register - John Bufton ded at the Newcastle General Hospital, aged 30.

D Wong on 24th November, 2017 wrote of John Bufton:

30/3/1833 Hereford Times Herefordshire, England:
John Bufton, charged with stealing two ewe sheep, the property of Mr. John Powell, of Gladestry, who was found guilty, and sentenced to transportation for life.

11/11/1833: Convict Death Register - John Bufton died at the Sydney Hospital, aged 24.

Phil Hands on 24th November, 2017 wrote of James Whitney:

Tried and convicted at the Hereford Assizes on 5th August 1817 for stealing a sheep, sentenced to transportation for life.
Left England on 27th March 1818.
ship:- the ‘Tottenham’ sailed with 200 male convicts on board of which 10 died during the voyage.
Arrived on 14th March 1818

Hereford Journal Wed 9 Apr 1817 p. 3
Committed to our Gaol. - James Whitney, for stealing a sheep from Mrs Weaver of Bunsill…

Married Elizabeth Pearce (daughter of convict Thomas pearce and his wife Mary Ann) in 1825 at Liverpool, NSW, they had 11 children between 1825-1854.

James died on 13th October 1873 at Liverpool, Greater Sydney, New South Wales age 79.
Elizabeth died in 1888 at Granville, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, age 80.

Raymond King on 24th November, 2017 wrote of Daniel Baker:

My GT GT Grandfather was Daniel Baker. I have details of his trial and sentence. I had his wife Noa’s grave Stone in Mangonui restored. History of Daniel published book Raoul and the Kermadecs by Steven Gentry. No one can trace his death to date 24/11/2017.

Phil Hands on 23rd November, 2017 wrote of Thomas Wheeler:

Married Elizabeth Carver (daughter of convict Benjamin Carver, ‘Royal Admiral’ 1792 & his wife Sarah) on 8th February 1819 at Castlereagh, Greater Sydney, they had 1 child, John b1820.
Thomas died on 12th February 1820 age 59 at Richmond, Hawkesbury District, New South Wales.

Elizabeth then married George Mortimer (son of convicts Richard Mortimer, ‘William and Ann’ 1791 & Mary Bryan, ‘Britannia’ 1798) on 8th October 1821 at Castlereagh, they had 5 children between 1818-1828, (the first child, John was conceived and born before Elizabeth married Thomas Wheeler).

Phil Hands on 23rd November, 2017 wrote of Thomas Wheeler:

Tried and convicted at Warwick on 26th March 1787, sentenced to transportation for 7 years.
Left England on 27th march 1791.
Ship:- the ‘Albemarle’ sailed with 282 male convicts on board of which 32 died during the voyage, 2 of which were executed.
Arrived on 13th October 1791.

Phil Hands on 23rd November, 2017 wrote of Thomas Wells:

Thomas was tried and convicted at the Old Bailey on 11th January 1815 for stealing a looking glass, value 35 s. the property of John Goring. he was sentenced to death but later the sentence was commuted to transportation for life. His occupation at the time was a labourer.
Left England on 20th May 1815.
Ship:- the ‘Baring’ sailed with 300male convicts on board of which 2 died during the voyage.
Arrived on 7th September 1815.
On the ships Indent he was shown as being given “Life”, and was aged 17 years. Description - Complexion, Florid - Height, 5’4” - Hair, Light Brown - Eyes, Hazel. Offence - Burglary.

Thomas addressed a letter on 10th July 1826 to the Superintendent of the Female Factory at Parramatta as follows:

‘I reside at Lower Portland Head, and hold 20 acres of land, which I cultivate for my own support, I am a bachelor, I enjoy the indulgence of a Ticket of Leave and I am in for a wife and pray the indulgence to be allowed to select one from the Factory at Parramatta. I will adieu. Your most obedient, very humble servant,
Thomas (his X mark) Wells’

The letter was accompanied by two supporting letters written by Archibald Bell who was a military officer and magistrate and the other was from John Grono who was a mariner and ship owner who also had substantial land holdings in the Hawkesbury region.
Martha Shaw () was chosen, and Thomas was given permission to marry on 12th September 1826 at Parramatta. Rev. Samuel Marsden officiated with witnesses - James Buckley & Margaret Kelley who were both of Parramatta, Thomas & Martha had 7 children between 1828-1842.

Martha later separated from her family at Wollombi and took up with a James Crawley. They had a son James, born 1845, died 1849, at Wollombi.

Old Bailey Trial Transcription.
Reference Number: t18150111-57

178. THOMAS WELLS was indicted for feloniously stealing on the 29th of December , a looking glass, value 35 s. the property of John Goring , and ETIZABETH PARKER , for feloniously receiving, on the same day, the said glass, she knowing it to be stolen .
JOHN GORING. I keep a brokers shop . On Thursday, the 29th of December about half past four in the afternoon. I lost a looking-glass out of the shop.
Q. What was the value of this looking glass - A. Thirty five shillings. I saw the glass the next day at Bow Street.
Q. Who shewed it you there - A. Mr. Jacobs’s; that glass that I saw at Bow Street was the glass that I had taken out of my shop.
JOHN JACOBS . I am a cabinet maker. On the 29th of December, at half after eight o’clock, the woman prisoner knocked at my door, and asked to speak to Mr. Jacobs; the servant answered at the door she is within; I said walk in; when she came in, she said she had brought a glass to sell, for a woman that was very unwell; I asked her how long she had had it; she said she had it a twelvemonth; I then said this glass has not been compleatly finished a month; she replied if I did not like to buy it to give it her back again; I said the glass had not been hung up a twelvemonth, glasses that have, have always dust on the back of them. I then asked her how she could knock at my door, and ask me to buy a looking glass; she said that she was sent by a person at Temple bar, that said I was in want of a looking glass; I detained the glass. I went myself to the office; I told her to bring the person who belonged to it, and while she was gone I went to the office; I brought Mr. Upton the officer, home with me, he had not been in doors above half an hour when a knock came to the door the door was opened, and in came the woman, with an elderly man; she said this is the man that belongs to the glass; I said do you claim it as your property; he said he did, the officer told him it was stolen property, he then said it was not his property, he was authorized by the woman to come and claim it, and then he should have it; he then said it was not his, he knew nothing about it, he was to come and claim it as his property. Being an elderly man, the officer asked him how he came to claim it; he said he was employed by the two prisoners to come and claim it; the woman prisoner said she would point out the two thieves. We lodged the pie-man in the watchhouse; the officer and I went with the woman, into Charles-street, Drury-lane, there she pointed out two little boys; one of these little boys went with the officer, to shew him where the thief had done the robbery; I knew nothing about the prisoner Wells.
JOHN UPTON . I received the information of Jacobs, I went to his home, and waited near half an hour; his evidence is correct.
THOMAS BURTON . I am a printer, I live with Mr. Stone, in Berwick-street; I am thirteen years old.
Q. Do you remember the 29th of December last - A. Yes; I met Thomas Wells in Earl-street; he said he was going of an errand for his master, it was about five o’clock; he asked me and John Smith to go with him; I went with him to the corner of Litchfield-street on his master’s errand, and when he returned he brought this glass with him.
Q. Now, look at the glass, is that the glass that he brought with him - A. It is; he said his mother was ill, and he wanted to dispose of it; he said he knew a place where to sell it, if we would go with him; we went with him into Charles-street, Drury-lane, and then he and the woman at the bar went out with it. That is all I know.
JOHN SMITH . On the 29th of December, I was with the last witness, we met with the prisoner Wells; he asked us to go with him; we went with him, he left us, and when he returned he brought this looking glass with him. I afterwards went into Charles Street, Drury Lane; I saw him go out of a house with a woman with the glass.
Well’s Defence. He is telling false.
Parker’s Defence. He brought the glass to me; he said his mother was ill; and wanted to dispose of the glass; he asked me to sell the glass for him, and he would shew me where to sell it; I ignorant of his character, and unsuspecting, out of good nature, took the glass to sell. I have been drawn into my present situation by Wells; he told me his mother was sick and destitute; I consented to sell the glass; I did not know it was stolen.
Wells called one witness, who gave him a good character.
Parker called one witness, who gave her a good character.
WELLS, GUILTY - DEATH , aged 16.
PARKER, GUILTY , aged 17.
Confined 1 year , and fined 1 s.
Second Middlesex jury, before Mr. Justice Dallas.

Nell Murphy on 22nd November, 2017 wrote of John Beasley:

John BEASLEY was convicted at the CCC, London 2 March 1835 for stealing brass weight. 14 yr transportation sentence. Previously convicted for stealing cloths - 1 month prison. Sent to Van Diemen’s Land (Tasmania) per the ship ‘Asia’ arriving 1836. Ship Surgeon’s Report: “well behaved”.

Assigned to work services in the Colony of VDL.
1837: charged with stealing and killing 2 pigs, the property of his Master Franks. Transportation sentence extended 3 yrs.
Some other notes of misconduct.
Ticket of Leave granted 20 May 1842.

Single man. Native place of birth - Greenwich.
Description upon arrival: aged 19yrs, 5’4 3/4” height, fresh complexion, light brown hair, brown eyes.

Nell Murphy on 22nd November, 2017 wrote of John Beasley:

Assignment of work services.  Received lashes on more than one occasion for neglect of duty.
1837: Ticket of Leave granted. (ref. Hobart Town courier 1 Sept 1837)
6 Jan 1841: Conditional Pardon approved.
7 July 1846: Conditional Pardon extended.

(note: There were several other persons in the Colony at the time, named John Beasley.)

Nell Murphy on 22nd November, 2017 wrote of John Beasley:

John BEASLEY was convicted at Leicester, England 19 July 1826 for stealing a cow. Life sentence. Sent to Van Diemen’s Land (Tasmania) per the ‘Andromeda’ arriving Feb 1827.

Dave Broughton on 21st November, 2017 wrote of Bartholomew Broughton:

During his time in VDL he won international awards for his fortified wines and is now considered to be the first commercial wine producer of Australia.

D Wong on 21st November, 2017 wrote of George Rix:

George Rix was listed as 25 years old on arrival in VDL.  He was born in Norfolk.

Occupation: Soldier/Servant

George was a Deserter from the 10th Hussars.  He was 5’8” tall, brown hair, grey eyes, scar over left eye, branded D under left arm.

14/12/1827 The Tasmanian, Hobart:
George Lacey, Samuel Measures, John Ward, John Williams, John McBurie, John McMillan, William Jenkins, James Kirk and James Reid, were arraigned on an information charging them with the crime of murder, in having, on the 17th day of October last, at the Penal settlement of Macquarie Harbour, severally been actors, aiders and abettors, in causing the death of a man named George Recks, a constable at that place, by means of suffocation or drowning.

George Lacey (Recovery 1819) was executed on the 17/12/1827 for the murder.

Phil Hands on 21st November, 2017 wrote of Richard Webb:

Tried and convicted of burglary at the Norfolk Assizes in 1813, sentenced to death, this was later commuted to transportation for life.
Left England on 26th August 1813.
Ship:- the ‘General Hewart’ sailed with 300 male convicts on board of which 34 died during the voyage.
Arrived on 17th February 1814.

On arrival Richard was assigned to John Blaxland at Newington.

On 15th September 1817, Richard Webb, convict, was charged with being in Parramatta without a pass. He was sentenced to be confined in a cell for 1 week, with no mitigation by Samual Marsden.

On 5th September 1826 Richard married widow Johannah (Hannah) Mocklar (nee Wilkinson) (Born in the Colony). Hannah was the daughter of convict Sarah Coleman (Britania 1798). They had 9 children between 1826-1840.
Richard had employed Hannah as a housekeeper and they had a child Richard Jnr. born in July 1826.

Richard eventually became a landowner and Gentleman in the Parramatta area. With the money and land that Hannah brought into the marriage, Richard set up a timber yard on the banks of the Parramatta River bounded on the west by Church Street. He set up five sawpits in the upper catchment area of Darling Mills Creek, remaining there into the 1840s. He hauled timber along a direct route down to the Windsor Road and into Parramatta. By the end of the mid 1850s, he had cleared enough land to begin orcharding.
In 1836 he purchased from James Thornton a parcel of land and set about clearing it of timber.
In 1837 he bought the William Browne farm of 30 acres, in 1841 he acquired the Simpson farm of 40 acres and five years later, the Cadman farm of 40 acres. In 1842 Maria Aiken sold to him her 8 acres of the Aiken grant on which he planted an orchard. These holdings along with the 30 acres of Crown land he obtained in 1840 gave him a total of 160 acres all adjoining and became known as ‘Webb’s Farm’.
As early as 1836, he was employing men to fell trees, and with the aid of a bullock team, drew them to one of the several sawpits placed around the bush for cutting into logs before being taken to his established timber yard at Parramatta.
One such worker was James West, who was born in 1821 and started to work at ‘Webb’s Farm’ in 1836. When James married Susannah Martin, they occupied one of the several houses built on Webb’s Farm.

Conditional Pardon received on 28th February 1834 and his Absolute Paron in 1841.

Johannah died on 23rd June 1872 at Parramatta age 71.
Richard died of gangrene of the feet on 2nd October 1881 at Parramatta aged 85.

Phil Hands on 21st November, 2017 wrote of John Weavers:

Tried and convicted at the Gloucester Summer Assizes on 4th July 1790 for stealing, two live geese valued at three shillings, the
property of Sarah Sutton in the Parish of Siddington, sentenced to transportation for 7 years.
Left England on 27th March 1791.
Ship:- the ‘William and Ann’ sailed with 188 male convicts on board of which 7 died durinf the voyage.
Arrived on 28th August 1791.

Muster 1805-1806
John Weavers free by servitude having served out his sentence of 7 years, he leased and purchased 100 acres at Castlereagh. He had crops, wheat 6 acres, maize 20 acres, barley 4 acres, beans 1 acre, potatoes 1 acre, orchard and garden 5 acres, pastures 40 acres, fallow 23 acres -total 100 acres. Occupied by his wife, one child, one convict in his service and one free man, on the northern boundary of Castlereagh.

Phil Hands on 21st November, 2017 wrote of Richard Watts:

Old Bailey Trial Transcription.

450. RICHARD WATTS was indicted for feloniously stealing on the 31st of March , a sheep, value 10 s. the property of William Matthews .
WILLIAM MATTHEWS , I live at Coneyhath, I am a labouring man .
Q. Did you keep any sheep on Finchley common - A. I keep about twenty or thirty; sometimes more and sometimes less.
Q. Sometimes before the 31st of March did you miss any sheep - A. Yes; one sheep from the common; I missed it several days before I heard of it; I found it at the Red Lion, at Mr. Claridge’s.
Q. Do you recollect when that was - A. No; I cannot say that I took particular account of it; they had got all the skins there when I found my skin; I saw it Hatton Garden, and I swore to the mark of it.
Q. What do you mean by saying it was at Mr. Claridge’s - A. It was there then.
Mr. Bolland. You do not know that.
COURT. You saw it first at the police office in Hatton Garden - A. Yes.
Q. Can you tell me as near as you can what time that was - A. No, I did not set it down; I came up when the other gentleman came up.
Q. How do you usually mark your sheep - A. Of the near side with a pitch mark, W. M. both the letters were alike; you can make a W. M. with the brand this way or other; it was made on purpose because I should know it.
Q. Did you see any skins so marked at Hatton-garden - A. Yes, and that I swore to it there, and there is a reddle mark from the neck down to the chine, and then crossed; that is marked with oker and oil.
Q. Had the skin that you saw at Hatton-garden that mark with oker as well as W. M. - A. Yes.
Q. Was the sheep that you lost a ewe or a wether - A. It was a pug lamb; a yearling ewe; to the best of my knowledge it was a ewe lamb.
Q. Are you sure that at the time you saw this skin it was one of your sheep - A. Yes.
Q. Do you know the prisoner at the bar - A. No; I might have seen him on the common; I took no notice of him till I saw him at Hatton Garden.
Mr. Bolland. The initials of any man, W. M. would mark it the same way - A. No; there is no other name on the common marked like that.
Q. I will ask you, whether there were any marks at all upon this skin - A. Yes; when I saw it the marks were visible and distinct, the pitch marks and likewise the reddle and oil.
THOMAS KIRBY. I live nigh the seven mile stone on Finchley common; some time the first week in April the prisoner came to my house.
Q. Had you known him before - A. Yes; he is a servant to Mr. Grimaldi; he asked me if I knew any body that bought sheep skins; I told him I did; he said he had two or three to dispose of; I saw the person that did buy them. I never saw the skins till I saw them at Hatton-garden office.
Q.What was his name that purchased them - A. Goodall.
Q. I suppose you told Goodall - A. Yes; the next thing was, the constable came to my house and informed me that Goodall had bought six. It was on a Friday the first week in April that I told Goodall.
Q. Then the next Saturday the constable came to you - A No; I understood they were purchased on the Saturday; the constable came to me in the week after he was apprehended; I told the prisoner I would send a person to buy the skins.
Q. When did you see the prisoner - A. Not till I saw him at Hatton-garden.
Q. What passed then - A. I told the same exactly as I told you, I believe.
JOHN GOODALL . I am a breeches maker, a fellmonger, and a dealer in skins and wool.
Q. Do you remember Kirby mentioning to you that there was a man wanted to sell some skins - A. On the 2nd of April I was at the Red Lion at Finchley; Kirby was then there; he asked me if I bought skins, I told him I did; he then told me if I went to Mr. Grimaldi, his servant had got some to sell; I went on the 8th of April, I saw the prisoner in the garden, I asked him if he had got any skins to sell; he asked me if I belonged to the boy that collected skins; I told him no, I was sent there by the shoemaker that lived near the Green Man (that is Kirby); he then took me into Mr. Grimaldi’s chaise-house.
Q. Is Mr. Grimaldi’s house on the common - A. Yes. He then set a ladder up, he went into a hayloft, and while he was in the loft I heard him say he had six skins; he began to throw them down out of his loft, and throwed them all down; I looked at them as he threw them down; he came down the ladder; I asked him if they did not keep a good many sheep here, seeing so many different sorts, some Welsh, some Southdown, and some Dorsets; he then said that his master bought many different lots of sheep; I asked him who took the skins off, they appeared to be taken off very indifferently, which I told him; he told me he took this skin off the day before yesterday; then I looked at a small lamb’s skin, he told me it was a very small lamb and weak when it was lambed, he knocked it on the head, because it did not thrive, I then agreed with him for the skins for eight shillings altogether.
Q. Was that the price of six skins - A. Yes, such as they were, they were only pieces, small lambs some of them, with the heads cut off, and many holes cut in many of them; one lamb skin, and the rest were sheep nearly full grown; some of them Welch small sheep, and others of the larger kind. When I had agreed for the skins I was putting them together to bring them away; he wished me to have a sack to put the skins in, saying that I could carry them better than without a sack; I told him that I never made a practice of carrying skins in a sack; he pressed upon me again to have a sack, and that I might leave it at any time at Mr. Kirby’s; he gave me a sack, and I told him I would leave it at Mr. Grimaldi’s; he wished me not to do that, he did not wish his master to see any thing about it. I then took the skins and carried them to the Red Lion.
Q. Before you put any of the skins in the bag did you perceive that any of them had marks - A. All the skins had marks, and all different, except two; they were nearly alike, they belonged to Decamp.
Q. Did you see the letters of Decamp on them - A. I saw the reddle marks; some were marked with pitch marks; I did not look at them particular. I took the skins to the Red Lion and throwed them down in the yard; a shepherd came up of the name of Rose, I told him I had bought a lot of skins; he looked at them; the firsk skin that he looked at he said was Fitzwater’s.
Mr. Bolland. You must not tell what he said in consequence of what passed between you and the shepherd - what did you do with the skins - A. After he looked them all over, I left the skins at a house just by, where I locked them up myself and carried the key back to a person of the name of Baldock; he was the person who lent me the key.
COURT. How long did they remain there - A. A few hours; I sent Rose to Decamp and Fitzwater; they did not come while I was there, that was on Saturday; the next week I was taken ill; I did not arrive at Finchley till the Saturday following; then they had taken the skins and the man to Hatton-Garden. I saw them at Hatton-Garden.
Q. Can you take upon yourself to swear that the skins that you saw at Hatton-Garden, or any of them, were the skins that you bought of the prisoner - A. Yes, the whole of them; them six are those that I bought of the prisoner; I know them by the look of the skins, being bred and born to the business; if I look at a thing once or twice, I know them immediately for seven years.
Q. Among those that you saw at Hatton-Garden, did you see this little lamb - A. Yes; it was not a little lamb, it was what they call a cuckoo lamb; they had all marks on them; it was the 17th that I went to Hatton-Garden, the Monday sen’night after I bought them. On Sunday the 16th I went to Finchley. Mr. Grimaldi sent down to the Red Lion that there was a discovery of some meat; the officer of Finchley went with me to Mr. Grimaldi; we went into the hayloft, we found a sack under some loose hay.
Q. Was that the same loft from which the prisoner had thrown down the skins - A. No, it was another loft, I believe there was only a partition between, there was two doors, one went in one way and the other another way; both the lofts are over an out house of Grimaldi’s; we there found a sack, and two legs, two shoulders, part of the scrag of a neck, and some part of a back.
Q. Were they cut up as a butcher would cut up - A. No; the sheep appeared not to be chined down; they were not cut as a butcher would cut them.
Q. Then that part of the back was not cut like a saddle of mutton - A. No, there was only a part of the back and a part of the aitchbone.
Q. Either part, the bones and flesh you mean, I suppose - A. Yes. We then brought it down from his house; we went immediately to Mr. Bacon, of Colney Hatch, we asked him if he should bring the meat to Hatton-Garden, he said no, as the meat was in a bad state, which it really was; the next day, after the examination was over, Mr. Turton desired me to go to Finchley, and pick out the skin that I thought the meat belonged to; I picked it out; the skin was marked with a reddle mark. It belonged to Fitzwater.
Q. Did you see Matthews at Hatton-Garden on Monday - A. Yes; I saw all the owners of the skins on the Monday.
Q. Did you observe any of these owners pick out skins that they claimed - A. Yes; I saw Matthews pick out a skin that he claimed as his own. Matthews’ was the lamb skin, that he owned; called the cuckoo lamb.
Q. Had Mr. Grimaldi any other servants but the prisoner - A. I saw nobody else there but the prisoner, when I bought the skins.
Q. You do not know whether Mr. Grimaldi kept any sheep on the common, do you - A. I know no more than seeing two skins that Mr. Grimaldi claimed, one he was sure to.
Mr. Bolland. You say you was bred and born to this business, and if you saw a skin once or twice, you should know it again for seven years - A. I was brought up a breeches maker, and fellmonger; I should know it again if it was not altered for seven years.
Q. Have you not gone by the name of Johnson - A. I have been called Johnson; I was victorious in the florist line; by some people I was called a Johnson; I was the first florist in the known land.
Q. You gave eight shillings for these skins - A. Yes.
Q. They had the wool on - A. Yes; they were a good deal disfigured, or they would be worth more.
Q. I suppose at the time you bought them, you supposed they belonged to Mr. Grimaldi - A. I did; he told me his master had bought different lots of sheep.
Q. I suppose there were no particular marks that led you to believe the boy came dishonestly by the sheep - A. At the time I thought it was odd he should have so many different sorts.
Q. If you had suspected him, would you have bought them - A. I do not suppose I should, if I had known them to be stolen, I should never have bought them.
Q. This mutton you found up stairs - this was ten days after you bought the skins - A. No, eight days; I look upon it that the mutton had not been killed less than ten or twelve days.
WILLIAM ROSE. I am a shepherd.
Q. Tell me what you know about Matthews’ sheep - A. I was going to my labour, past the Red Lion at Finchley, on the 8th of April; the man who bought the skins called to me, asked me if I would have part of a pint of beer with him.
Q. You drank some beer with Goodall, did you - A. Yes; as we had drank the beer, he went and fetched me a skin, it was Fitzwater’s skin, I knew it; then we went out; I looked at another, it had Decamp’s mark very plain; I did not examine the others, till I let Fitzwater and Decamp know; afterwards I examined the others on the Sunday following, at the Red Lion at Finchley.
Q. Upon this second examination of the skins, did you know any of the marks on the other skins - A. I did not, till they came and owned them; Mr. Milne came to the Red Lion and owned his skin, and Mr. Matthews came to Hatton-Garden; he looked at the skins, he owned his own skin. The skins were left at the office.
Mr. Bolland. You say the skins were left by Goodall at the Red Lion - A. Yes.
Q. You do not know that the skins that you saw there, were the skins that were brought by Goodall - A. Yes; three I am certain of.
Q. You do not know of the others - A. No, I cannot pretend to say; three of the skins are very remarkable; they were all reddle marked but one; three of them were pitched marked, and reddle marked both Some were so bad I could not see.
JOHN CLARIDGE . I am headborough of Finchley. On Sunday, I think the 9th of April, Mr. Fitzwater ordered me to go up to Mr. Grimaldi’s to take up a man; he asked him if he had sold the skins to this man, he said he did. I took him before Mr. Bacon. I, by the order of Mr. Bacon, locked him up for that night, and brought him to Hatton-Garden office the next day. I brought one skin only that day; I brought the rest on the Thursday following.
Q. What day of the month was that - A. The 13th I fancy; we brought five more on the Thursday following.
Q. Were did you get these skins from - A. We got four from the Red Lion; the other two we got from a small house below.
Q. Did you observe what the marks were of the two that you took from the small house - A. Yes.
Q. Do you know what were the marks - A. I did not then.
Q. Then you took two skins from the small house, and four from your brother’s at the Red Lion - A. Yes, at my brother’s house the people saw these two skins, they knew them; Matthews was not at the Red Lion when I brought them, and they looked at them.
Q. Were you at Hatton Garden when Matthews did look at them - A. Yes.
Q. When they were at Hatton-Garden, I suppose the six were all together, were they not - A. Yes.
Q. Do you remember Goodale looking at them at Hatton Garden - A. He looked at them on the Monday following.
Q. Did you observe whether Matthews picked out any one of these skins - A. I saw him pick out one, and claim it as his own. The skins were left at Hatton-Garden.
WILLIAM READ. I am a police officer of Hatton-Garden. I saw the skins at Hatton-Garden. I have had them ever since locked up.
Q. Did you see Goodall examine them - A. Yes.
Q. Did you see Matthews examine them - A. Yes; Matthews looked at his, and said it was his by the mark. This is the skin that Matthews claimed.
Q. to Matthews. Look at that skin, can you swear to that skin - A. Yes, there is the reddle round there, and here is the W. M.
Q. Is there any other person on the common that marks in that way - A. No.
WILLIAM MILNE . What is the difference between your mark and Matthew’s mark - A. Mine is a real W. M. that is two M’s, one reversed; this is reddle, and mine is not.
Q. Is there any mark of a W. M. there - A. It appears to me a W. M. the same as Mr. Matthews marks his, not in the same way that I mark.
JURY. We are not able to perceive the W. M. as described by Matthews - we would wish the shepherd to look at it, and to say if he could swear upon his oath that the W. M. is there.
COURT to Rose. Look at that sheep skin, and say whether you can see satisfactorily the mark of W. M. - A. I could not take my oath to the mark.
Q. to Milne. Can you see there any mark of a W. M. - A. I have no doubt but it is the same mark, but I cannot swear to it by this sky light; when I saw the skin at the Red Lion, the headborough called upon me and said it was mine; I examined the skin, I told the headborough that the skin belonged to Matthews; I saw the mark distinctly then, and I saw the mark distinctly before the magistrate; I cannot see the marks distinctly now; the skin; have been all over lime.
The prisoner left his defence to his counsel; called two witnesses, who gave him a good character.

GUILTY - DEATH , aged 17, this was later commuted to transportation for life,after the prisoner was recommended to his Majesty’s mercy by the jury on account of his youth and good character,

First Middlesex jury, before Mr. Baron Graham .

Phil Hands on 21st November, 2017 wrote of Richard Watts:

Tried and convicted at the Old Bailey on 17th May 1809 for stealing a sheep valued at 10 shillings, sentenced to death but with a recomendation for mercy due to his age and previous good character this was commuted to transportation for life, he was 17 years old.
Left England in 1809.
Ship:- the ‘Anne II’ sailed with 200 male convicts on board of which 3 died during the voyage.
Arrived on 27th February 1810.

In the 1814 Muster, Richard is recorded as being at a Hospital however it is not clear whether he was employed there or there as a patient. Whatever his position he was certainly fit in 1817 when he was one of the party who took horses and provisions to the Lachlan River depot, on 25th April. He received an issue of shoes as reward for his labours.
His efforts did not go unnoticed. In January of the following year he was listed as a labourer to accompany the 1818 expedition down the Macquarie River. Also listed, as a labourer, was Thomas Cribb, who arrived with Richard aboard Anne, in 1810. Thomas was replaced on the expedition however the two men remained friends. Thomas married Ann Jones at St Matthew’s C of E Windsor in 1821 and later shared the cost of a pew at St.Peter’s C of E Richmond with Richard and his wife Eleanor. The bond was so close that Richard named their first born William Cribb Watts.
As the labourer Richard would have been required to turn his hand to everything, a jack of all trades. One task would have been the setting up and taking down of the tent, which was used by Oxley during fine weather and shared by the whole party during rain. He also shared in the carrying of the boat from the beach to the Manning River estuary and from there to Port Stephens; a task which brought glowing praise from Oxley and a Conditional Pardon from Governor Macquarie.

Richard made the most of his freedom and in the 1822 Muster, was recorded as Landholder-Windsor where he was successfully farming his 10 acres:- 5 acres under wheat / 4 acres under maize / 1 acre under barley - 1 horse, 4 horned cattle, 30 hogs - 100 bushels maize in storage and assisted by assigned convict, George Freke who had arrived aboard Coromandel.
In the same Muster convict Eleanor Tomlinson (‘Wanstead’ 1814) was recorded at, ‘Factory’, this being the Female Factory at Parramatta. The first Female factory was built in 1804 a single room , about 60 feet by 20 feet, with a fireplace at one end, where the women cooked. Here the women worked at making rope and carding wool;

Richard and Eleanor married on 11th June 1823 at Richmond Bottoms in the Hawkesbury District of New South Wales, they had 6 children between 1824-1836.

Eleanor died on 16th May 1858 at Richmond age 71.
Richard died on 17th June 1878 also at Richmond age 86.

D Wong on 20th November, 2017 wrote of George Lacey:

Colonial Secretary Papers:
LACEY, George. Per “Recovery”, 1819

1822 Aug 31:  Runaway from Baker’s Gang. On return of proceedings of the Bench of Magistrates, Parramatta (Fiche 3297; X643 p.24)

1822 Sep 25:  Attached to McAlroy’s contract road gang; to work in Gaol Gang for six months. On return of proceedings of the Bench of Magistrates, Parramatta (Fiche 3297; X643 p.27)

4/10/1822 Sydney Gazette:
George Lacey, per Recovery ; nat. of Bedford ; aged 23 ; 5 ft. 5 in. high ; blue eyes ; dark flaxen hair ; florid complexion ; from McElroy’s Road Party.

1823 Oct 31:  On lists of prisoners transported to Port Macquarie per “Lady Nelson” (Reel 6019; 4/3864 pp.84, 446-7)

1824 Mar 15:  Re punishment of as a runaway (Reel 6012; 4/3510 p.516)

1824 Mar 20:  On list of persons proposed to be sent to Hobart (Reel 6012; 4/3510 p.550)

1824 Mar 20:  On list of convict runaways from Port Macquarie forwarded to Hobart per “Triton” (Reel 6019; 4/3522 p.33)

1824 Mar 23:  On list of runaways with punishments received (Reel 6061; 4/1778 p.247b)

1/4/1824: Arrived VDL.

24/7/1824 Hobart Town Gazette:
Executions. - Reported to have been hanged - George Lacey, for burglary and highway robbery - obviously he got a reprieve..

14/12/1827 The Tasmanian, Hobart:
George Lacey, Samuel Measures, John Ward, John Williams, John McBurie, John McMillan, William Jenkins, James Kirk and James Reid, were arraigned on an information charging them with the crime of murder, in having, on the 17th day of October last, at the Penal settlement of Macquarie Harbour, severally been actors, aiders and abettors, in causing the death of a man named George Recks, a constable at that place, by means of suffocation or drowning. (**This was George Rix who arrived VDL per ‘Malabar’ 1821)

17/12/1827: George Lacey was executed at Hobart Town for the murder of George Recks/Rix at Macaquarie Harbour.
George was buried at the Cornelian Bay Cemetery, Hobart.

Nell Murphy on 20th November, 2017 wrote of Jeremiah Heffert:

Jeremiah HEFFERT was convicted at the Middlesex Gaol, London in Dec 1814.  14 yr transportation sentence. Sent to Van Diemen’s Land (Tasmania) per the ship ‘Dromedary’ arriving 1820.

Assigned to work services.
Several notes of misconduct and punishments.

25 Sept 1822: Marriage to Jeremiah HEFFORD at Hobart.  (ref. 36/1/1 no. 572)
Jeremiah remarried, in 1838, following the death of Sarah.
18 April 1838: Marriage of Jeremiah HEFFORD, of Hobart Town, widower to Maria WHITE of Oatlands. At Campbell Town, VDL. (ref. 36/1/3 no. 4326)
1834 - 1841: Jeremiah HEFFERT licencee of the Waterman’s Arms, Goulburn St. Hobart.
1842 - 1847:  as above.

Jeremiah HEFFORD (HIFFORD) died at New Norfolk, age 53 yrs, disease of the brain. Publican.
(Most likely at the New Norfolk asylum) (ref. 35/1/19 no. 25 & 34/1/2 no. 1749)

Nell Murphy on 20th November, 2017 wrote of Jeremiah Hefford:

THIS MAN IS CORRECTLY LISTED AS “HEFFERT” - PLEASE SEE THAT RECORD.  https://convictrecords.com.au/convicts/heffert/jeremiah/91176

D Wong on 19th November, 2017 wrote of George Laburn:

Old Bailey:
GEORGE LABURN, Theft > theft from a specified place, 18th July 1821.

Offence: Theft > theft from a specified place
Verdict: Guilty
Punishment: Death

GEORGE LABURN was indicted for stealing, on the 16th of June, at St. Pancras, one soup ladle, value 30 s.; ten spoons, value 3 l. 15 s., and one mustard pot, value 1 l., the goods of Bryan Holme, in his dwelling-house
ELIZA MALLBUTT. I am servant to Mr. Bryan Holm , who lives in Brunswick-square in the parish of St. Pancras. On the 16th of June, I was in the parlour, and thought I heard a noise in the kitchen; I went down, and saw the boy passing through the front kitchen. I gave an alarm, and followed him, I took a basket from him in the area, it contained the articles stated in the indictment; he got out of the area. Fellows followed and brought him back; he had taken the things out of the cupboard in the back kitchen. I am sure he is the boy - they are worth 6 l.
EDWARD FELLOWS. Mallbutt gave an alarm, I ran and took the prisoner and brought him back to the house, hearing a cry of Stop thief! - nobody else was near the
house; he said he had only broken a square of glass, and he hoped I would let him go - I gave him in charge.
(Property produced and sworn to.)
Prisoner’s I leave it to the mercy of the Court.
GUILTY. - DEATH. Aged 15.

George was 15 years old when convicted, he spent 3 years on the hulks before being transported.  He was transported as a Capital Respite.

Father and Mother at Shoreditch - he last lived with his Father.

1830-32 Musters: Public Works
1833-35 Musters: TOL

10/10/1836: CP

1/2/1840: Tried Hobart Town for ‘Stealing one steer, value ?7 the property of John Doran. Guilty.

6/5/1840: To be sent to Port Arthur for 3 years and conduct to be reported.

8/5/1844: 2nd Class
6/9/1844: 3rd Class

April 1848: TOL

20/2/1891: George died at the New Town Charitable Institution, aged 85 years, of Senile Debility.  Listed as a ‘Bookbinder’.
He was buried at the Cornelian Bay Cemetery.

No marriage or children found.

D Wong on 19th November, 2017 wrote of Dominco Papalio:

31/1/1818: CP
19/5/1836: Recommended for Absolute Pardon
31/8/1837: Absolute Pardon

D Wong on 19th November, 2017 wrote of John Lowell:

Old Bailey:
JOHN LOWELL, Theft > grand larceny, 14th January 1818.

Offence: Theft > grand larceny
Verdict: Guilty
Punishment: Transportation
JOHN LOWELL was indicted for stealing, on the 11th of December, one shirt, value 4s., the goods of John Birt.
BENJAMIN BALDWIN. I am servant to John Birt, who keeps a ready-made linen warehouse. On the 11th of December, the bar at the shop-door fell down, the shirts were hanging at the door, I ran out and stopped the prisoner with the shirt - He three it down.
HENRY JAY. I saw the prisoner take the shirt, and saw him drop it.
(Property produced and sworn to.)
WILLIAM BOND. I took the prisoner into custody; the bar on which the shirts hung was cut away.
GUILTY. Aged 16.
Transported for Seven Years.

The Surrey arrived in NSW 4/3/1819 - John Lowell arrived in VDL 18/3/1819.

28/1/1825: COF

9/11/1831 Colonial Times, Hobart:
John Lowell stood charged with an assault of an aggravated nature, upon one William M’Coy - Plea, Not Guilty —-  Verdict: Guilty - sentened to pay a fine to the King of £20, and be imprisoned until such fine be paid, and to find a responsible surety for his good behaviour, in the sum of £50, for 12 months.

Judith Ellerington on 19th November, 2017 wrote of Mary Marney:

Married James Lane (Convict) 1807 St Phillips Church Sydney. Denomination Church of England.
Transported aged 14 years.
Buried 21 July, 1829 aged 39 years. ceremony: Parish of St Phillips in the County of Cumberland. Minister William Cowper.Buried Devonshire Street Ground Cemetery. Relocated to Pioneer Memorial Park, Botany in 1901.
Ticket of Leave 1811.  Certificate of Emancipation 1/5/1812.
Lived in Goldbourn St. Sydney

Nell Murphy on 19th November, 2017 wrote of Charles Fleck:

Charles AFFLECK/FLACK was convicted at Ayr, Scotland on 18 April 1815. 14 yr transportation sentence. Sent to New South Wales per the ship ‘Atlas’.

Charles was then transferred to Van Diemen’s Land (Tasmania) per the ship ‘Kangaroo’.

In 1820 he was charged with being disorderly. 1 week in gaol, on bread and water.

Nell Murphy on 19th November, 2017 wrote of James Alexander:

James ALEXANDER was convicted at Lancaster, England on 20 March 1802 for forgery. 7 yr transportation sentence. Sent to New South Wales, Australia (1803)per the ship ‘Calcutta’ then on to Van Diemen’s Land (Tasmania) arriving there 1804.

Death: 13 Sept 1804 at Hobart Town. (cause - scurvy)

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