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Recent Submissions

D Wong on 14th November, 2019 wrote of Thomas Godwin:

Thomas Godwin was listed as 16 years old on arrival in VDL.

30 Jun 1825: tried at CCC and sentenced to death - mercy was recommended “because of their youth”.

14 Aug 1825: received on convict Hulk “Justitia”; transferred to convict hulk “Bellerophon” then “Eurayalus”

23 Sep 1829: dispatched from convict Hulk “Eurayalus” to “Bussorah Merchant” for VDL.

Thomas was 4’9½” tall, dark complexion, black hair, dark hazel eyes, F.G. G.G. M.G. J.G. & T.G. inside left Arm ring pricked mid finger left hand.

Father: Thomas Godwin, a Brush maker.  N.P. Golden Lane, London.

1830-1835 Musters: Assigned to Mr. Armitage.

10/5/1838: TOL
20/10/1841: CP

Victoria Oberg on 14th November, 2019 wrote of Mary Ann Goulding/crocker:

Mary Ann Goulding’s life story is told in ‘The Helots’ Tale’ available on Kindle or Amazon paperback.

Victoria Oberg on 14th November, 2019 wrote of Robert Bright:

Robert Bright’s life story is told in the novel, The Helots’ Tale available on Kindle and Amazon paperback.

Maureen Withey on 14th November, 2019 wrote of Thomas Godwin:

Old Bailey Proceedings Online (http://www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 8.0, 13 November 2019), June 1825, trial of WILLIAM FIELD THOMAS GODWIN (t18250630-6).

WILLIAM FIELD, THOMAS GODWIN, Theft > housebreaking, 30th June 1825.

Before Mr. Baron Garrow.

1056. WILLIAM FIELD and THOMAS GODWIN were indicted for feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Hannah Doublet , widow , about eight o’clock in the afternoon of the 18th of June , at St. Leonard, Shoreditch (the said Hannah Doublet and others therein being), and stealing therein three pairs of spectacles, value 15 s., and an eye-glass, value 3 s. , her property.

HANNAH DOUBLET. I am a widow, and live at No. 47, Paul-street, in the parish of St. Leonard, Shoreditch ; I sell spectacles and glasses. On Saturday, the 18th of June, at eight o’clock, I was at home - I had been in the shop a quarter of an hour before; a neighbour alarmed me - I went to my shop window, which was sound a quarter of an hour before; I found the glass broken in, and property gone. I found the prisoners in custody, and saw a pair of spectacles found on Godwin, by one Bunning, who gave them to me, in his presence, and said, in his hearing, that he had found them under his jacket. Taylor, the officer, came. The property was within reach when the glass was broken.

(Property produced and sworn to.)

MARGARET HARRISON . I live nearly opposite to Mrs. Doublet. On the 18th of June, about eight o’clock, I observed the prisoners standing at her window; Field’s hand was through the window - he seemed to take something out, and gave it to Godwin; he did the same again, and then they turned away from the window; I called my brother, who crossed the road and secured them. Nobody else was near.

SAMUEL TAYLOR . I am an officer. I took the prisoners into custody at the prosecutrix’s house - she gave me the spectacles. The pane of glass was broken, and some of it laid inside.

FIELD - GUILTY - DEATH . Aged 13.

GODWIN - GUILTY - DEATH . Aged 11.

Strongly recommended to Mercy, on account of their youth .

Maureen Withey on 14th November, 2019 wrote of William Field:

Old Bailey Proceedings Online (http://www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 8.0, 13 November 2019), June 1825, trial of WILLIAM FIELD THOMAS GODWIN (t18250630-6).
WILLIAM FIELD, THOMAS GODWIN, Theft > housebreaking, 30th June 1825.

Before Mr. Baron Garrow.

1056. WILLIAM FIELD and THOMAS GODWIN were indicted for feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Hannah Doublet , widow , about eight o’clock in the afternoon of the 18th of June , at St. Leonard, Shoreditch (the said Hannah Doublet and others therein being), and stealing therein three pairs of spectacles, value 15 s., and an eye-glass, value 3 s. , her property.

HANNAH DOUBLET. I am a widow, and live at No. 47, Paul-street, in the parish of St. Leonard, Shoreditch ; I sell spectacles and glasses. On Saturday, the 18th of June, at eight o’clock, I was at home - I had been in the shop a quarter of an hour before; a neighbour alarmed me - I went to my shop window, which was sound a quarter of an hour before; I found the glass broken in, and property gone. I found the prisoners in custody, and saw a pair of spectacles found on Godwin, by one Bunning, who gave them to me, in his presence, and said, in his hearing, that he had found them under his jacket. Taylor, the officer, came. The property was within reach when the glass was broken.

(Property produced and sworn to.)

MARGARET HARRISON . I live nearly opposite to Mrs. Doublet. On the 18th of June, about eight o’clock, I observed the prisoners standing at her window; Field’s hand was through the window - he seemed to take something out, and gave it to Godwin; he did the same again, and then they turned away from the window; I called my brother, who crossed the road and secured them. Nobody else was near.

SAMUEL TAYLOR . I am an officer. I took the prisoners into custody at the prosecutrix’s house - she gave me the spectacles. The pane of glass was broken, and some of it laid inside.

FIELD - GUILTY - DEATH . Aged 13.

GODWIN - GUILTY - DEATH . Aged 11.

Strongly recommended to Mercy, on account of their youth .

Maureen Withey on 14th November, 2019 wrote of James Stedman:

Old Bailey Proceedings Online (http://www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 8.0, 13 November 2019), May 1825, trial of JAMES STEDMAN (t18250519-73).
JAMES STEDMAN, Theft > grand larceny, 19th May 1825.

930. JAMES STEDMAN was indicted for stealing, on the 15th of April , 4 lbs. of cheese, value 2 s. , the goods of Jane Jones , widow .

JANE JONES. I keep a cheesemonger’s shop in Duke-street, Smithfield . This small cheese laid on my window, which was shut - I was out when it was stolen.

WILLIAM KINSEY . I am a labourer. On the 5th of April I was coming from Smithfield into Duke-street, and saw two boys at Jones’s shop window, one of them laughed and turned to the shop, holding his apron up, as if to receive something - I turned my head and saw the prisoner come out of the shop with this Dutch cheese in his hand - I stopped him with it, and gave it to Jones’s mother.

Prisoner’s Defence. He caught hold of me and said a cheese was gone. I said I did not take it.

GUILTY . Aged 13.

Transported for Seven Years .

Euryalus hulk record. HO-9-2-4 page 1

Twelve from Newgate, 19 June 1825
James Steadman, No 288, age 13, Crime, Larceny, London, 19 May 1825, sentence – 7 years, How disposed of – NSW Asia 21 July 1827.

Tasmanian Conduct Record:
https://stors.tas.gov.au/CON31-1-38$init=CON31-1-38p287
James Stedman, No 841.  Information about his previous convictions. F & M named Israel Isaacs. Was a brandy ball maker, I carried them out to sell.single. Jewish religion.
In January 1839 he was committed to trial for stealing or receiving a pair of trousers, the property of Addison William Bailey.

Description Record: https://stors.tas.gov.au/CON23-1-3
Also sentenced at Hobart in 11 March 1833 and sentenced to 12 months imprisonment. Native of Cripplegate, London.

Reported in The Tasmanian, 15 March 1833:
James Stedmans stood charged with stealing
a pint pot and a loaf of bread, from the
spirit store of Messrs. Wood and Menzies, on
the Commercial Wharf.—Verdict, guilty. Sentenced
to imprisonment and hard labour for
12 months.

Maureen Withey on 14th November, 2019 wrote of Charles Phillips:

Old Bailey Proceedings Online (http://www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 8.0, 13 November 2019), September 1829, trial of CHARLES PHILLIPS (t18290910-191).

CHARLES PHILLIPS, Theft > pocketpicking, 10th September 1829.

1721. CHARLES PHILLIPS was indicted for stealing, on the 20th of July , 1 handkerchief, value 4s., the goods of Edward Flower , from his person .

WILLIAM CHIVERS . I am a porter to Mr. Young, of Bear-street, Leicester-square. On the 20th of July I was standing at the corner of Bear-street ; I saw a gentleman and lady come up the street; the prisoner went behind them, and took a handkerchief from the gentleman’s pocket, the gentleman turned, seized him, and took the handkerchief from him; a person came up, and took the handkerchief and the prisoner - I did not hear what the gentleman’s name was.

Prisoner. Q. Who gave the officer the handkerchief? A. The gentleman did; I went to the watch-house.

Q. Were you outside the door when the night constable asked you if you knew any thing of the transaction? A.He did not ask me that; he said, “Is there any one else to come in;” but I did not, as I never was before a Magistrate in my life.

HAMMOND WEBB . I am an officer. I produce a handkerchief belonging to a gentleman named Edward Flower , of No. 8, Chichester-rents; he promised to attend the next morning, but he did not; I went to the house, but he was gone into the country - I know nothing of the facts; but I was in Bear-street, and the gentleman gave the prisoner to me - he said he saw the handkerchief on the ground, was going to give it to the gentleman, and he took him.

Prisoner’s Defence. What I stated was the fact. I saw two men pick the gentleman’s pocket; I crossed the road, and took it up; the gentleman turned, and laid hold of me; I said, “It is your handkerchief, I am going to give it you;” he said, “I think you picked my pocket, and I will give you a night’s lodging.” I am a spring-maker, and work for Mr. Baxter, in Long-acre.

GUILTY . Aged 19.

Transported for Seven Years .

Maureen Withey on 14th November, 2019 wrote of Thomas Hall:

Thomas Hall, aged 14, was convicted for pickpocketing at the Old Bailey, twice in 1825, and was sentenced to be transported on the second occasion. (online)

THOMAS HALL, Theft - pocketpicking, 17th February 1825.
516. THOMAS HALL was indicted for stealing, on the 27th of January, a handkerchief, value 2 s., the goods of Robert Beame, from his person .
ROBERT BEAME. On the 27th of January, I was in Smithfield , and felt a handkerchief drawn from my pocket. I turned round, and saw it in the prisoner’s hand. I collared him, and he dropped it on the ground.
JOHN HARKER . I am a constable, and took him in charge.
GEORGE WOODHALL . I was with the prosecutor, and saw him collar the prisoner.
Prisoner’s Defence. I was coming on a message from my father. Two boys threw the handkerchief at my feet, and ran away.
GUILTY. Aged 14.
Whipped and discharged.

THOMAS PHILLIPS, THOMAS HALL, Theft > pocketpicking, 19th May 1825.
866. THOMAS PHILLIPS and THOMAS HALL were indicted for stealing, on the 10th of May , a handkerchief, value 7 s., the goods of Henry Hodgson , from his person .
MR. HENRY HODGSON. I live at Wanstead, in Essex. On the 10th of May, about seven o’clock, I was in Fleet-street - I found somebody pressing me behind, and on turning round I saw the prisoner Hall close behind me; he asked me why I ran against him - I had not done so: I missed my handkerchief from my coat pocket, seized him, and gave him to Curtis - but before that Phillips came up, and said that Hall was not the person who took my handkerchief. While Curtis was searching Hall in a shop, a person came in, and said something - Curtis then went out and brought Phillips in, who was searched, and the handkerchief found in his hand.
Cross-examined by MR. PHILLIPS. Q. He had it openly in his hand? A. Yes. He said he had taken it from a boy in the street who had taken it. I had not seen him till he came up.
COURT. Q. When he came and said that was not the person, did he then shew you the handkerchief? A. No, my Lord; it happened about six yards on this side of Temple-bar: we were on the City side when Phillips came up.
ROBERT CURTIS . I am an officer. I saw Mr. Hodgson on the other side of Temple-bar, with Hall in custody - I took him into a shop to search him, and in consequence of what I heard I went out to Bell-yard, and saw Phillips surrounded by people, with the handkerchief in his hand - I immediately took him; he said, “I have picked this up, and anybody may have it,” and that it was dropped by some boy.
Cross-examined. Q. He was in the open street? A. In the yard. I did not hear him state to Mr. Hodgson that he took it from a boy - he might have said so. I was busy searching them.
PHILLIPS’S Defence. The gentleman said he saw the officer take it out of my hand - he was in the shop, and I was through Temple-bar.
PHILLIPS - GUILTY . Aged 17.
HALL - GUILTY . Aged 14.
Transported for Seven Years .

From Newgate prison, he was put on board the hulk Euryalus.

Euryalus hulk record. HO-9-2-4 page 1.
Twelve from Newgate, 19 June 1825
Thomas Hall, No 286, age 14, Crime, Stealing from the person, London, 19 May 1825, sentence – 7 years, How disposed of – NSW, Roslyn Castle, 7 Aug 1828.

The prison hulk, the Euryalus, an ex-frigate of the Trafalgar fleet, was moored at Chatham.  Over the twenty years that this hulk serviced juveniles, about 2,500 boys of fourteen and under passed through. There were also considerable numbers of older boys both in the juvenile hulk and distributed among the other hulks.  From the Euryalus, boys were transported both to New South Wales and to Van Diemen’s Land.

His Tasmanian Conduct record, https://stors.tas.gov.au/CON31-1-19$init=CON31-1-19p134
Thomas Hall, No. 893, gives details of his family - His F& M (father and mother)114 Great Saffron Hill, iron founder, Morgan St Giles. I worked last for Morgan myself. Single.
Free Cert- 27/11/49

Maureen Withey on 14th November, 2019 wrote of James Perry:

James was tried at the Old Bailey. (online)

JAMES PERRY, Theft - grand larceny, 19th May 1825.

892. JAMES PERRY was indicted for stealing, on the 21st of April , eight silver spoons, value 50 s., and a milk-pot, value 2 s. , the goods of John Ambler .

JANE RUGG . I live with John Ambler, in Rosemary-lane, Ball’s Pond-common - he is a hay salesman at Smithfield-market . On the 21st of April, about ten o’clock, I saw the prisoner outside the gate, leading to the kitchen, with a basket; I suspected he had been in the kitchen, went in, and missed eight silver tea-spoons and a milk-pot, which I had seen safe about half an hour before; I went out, and saw him running away; I called Stop thief! and he ran still faster; when he found that I pursued him closely he dropped the basket: I picked it up, and still pursued him. I took him at the top of the lane - there were two other boys at the top of the lane, who he intended to give it to.

WILLIAM HUCKET . I am a constable. I was sent for, and took charge of the prisoner. I found these spoons and milk-pot in his basket.

(Property produced and sworn to.)

Prisoner’s Defence. I worked for Mr. Wilkes, No. 3, Hare-walk; he sent me to a chandler’s-shop, and then to the Green Man, public-house, and I crossed the brick fields, and went up Rosemary-lane; I saw a man dressed in blue - he said, “Where are you going?” I said, “To the Green Man:” he said, “I will give you 6 d. to carry this basket;” I, being a poor lad, took it to carry. He went on about ten yards, and then told me to go up to the top of the lane, and I should see his brother, and to tell him to come to him; I left the basket by his side, and ran up the lane, when a man stopped me.

Two witnesses gave the prisoner a good character.

GUILTY . Aged 14.

Transported for Seven Years .

Euryalus hulk record. HO-9-2-4 page 1

Twelve from Newgate, 19 June 1825
James Perry, No 283, age 14, Crime, Larceny, Middlesex, 19 May 1825, sentence – 7 years, How disposed of – Justitia, 28 Apr 1827.

The prison hulk, the Euryalus, an ex-frigate of the Trafalgar fleet, was moored at Chatham.  Over the twenty years that this hulk serviced juveniles, about 2,500 boys of fourteen and under passed through. There were also considerable numbers of older boys both in the juvenile hulk and distributed among the other hulks.  From the Euryalus, boys were transported both to New South Wales and to Van Diemen’s Land.

Maureen Withey on 14th November, 2019 wrote of Henry Rheubottom:

Criminal Court. - SATURDAY, JUNE 13, 1829.
- This was the day which it was understood His Honour the Chief Justice had appointed to pass sentence on as many of the prisoners, under conviction in gaol, as it was practable to bring up for that purpose.  …
..the following 14 convicted of larceny were brought up, namely - Samuel Thacker, John Beveridge, Thomas Hemmings, John Wilkins, John Brown, William Moss, John Dodds, H. Rowbottom, Leslie Ferguson, James Poundwell, Alexander Stevenson, William Burton, John Buchan, and Patrick Molloy. Had it not been for the passing of what is called Mr. Peel’s act, the crimes which these prisoners had committed would have subjected them to the punishment of death …
..All the fourteen were then sentenced to 7 years transportation.
Colonial Times Hobart, Fri 26 June 1829.

Maureen Withey on 14th November, 2019 wrote of Henry Rheubottom:

Hobart Town Courier, Sat 9 May 1829, reports:

Criminal Court- Friday May 1st
Henry Rowbottom and Edward Moles were charged with stealing 2 cedar boards, value 8s, the property of Henry Bye. Rowbottom was found guilty, Moles was acquitted.

Maureen Withey on 14th November, 2019 wrote of John Morgan:

John was tried at the Old Bailey. (online)

JOHN MORGAN, Theft > pocketpicking, 19th May 1825.

941. JOHN MORGAN was indicted for stealing, on the 17th of April , a handkerchief, value 3 s., the goods of Robert Scott , from his person .

MR. ROBERT SCOTT. I am a cloth merchant . I was coming down Oxford-street between seven and eight o’clock in the evening of the 17th of April, and heard a noise in the street; I turned round and saw the prisoner and the officer, my handkerchief was on the ground; the officer took it up.

(Property produced and sworn to.)

JOHN WOODWARD . I am an officer. I saw the prisoner take the handkerchief from Mr. Scott’s pocket - he was going to run towards St. Giles’s, but I ran after him and he threw it down - I fell down with him.

Prisoner’s Defence. I saw the handkerchief in the road - there were several other persons about, but I do not know who took it.

GUILTY . Aged 13.

Transported for Seven Years .

Euryalus hulk record. HO-9-2-4 page 1

Twelve from Newgate, 19 June 1825
John Morgan, No 284, age 13, Crime, Stealing from person, Middlesex, 19 May 1825, sentence – 7 years, How disposed of – NSW Manlius, 11 Jul 1828

The prison hulk, the Euryalus, an ex-frigate of the Trafalgar fleet, was moored at Chatham.  Over the twenty years that this hulk serviced juveniles, about 2,500 boys of fourteen and under passed through. There were also considerable numbers of older boys both in the juvenile hulk and distributed among the other hulks.  From the Euryalus, boys were transported both to New South Wales and to Van Diemen’s Land.

Maureen Withey on 14th November, 2019 wrote of James Daly:

Twelve from Newgate, 19 June 1825
James Daley, No 280, age 14, Crime, Stealing from person, Middlesex, 20 May 1825, sentence - Life, How disposed of – Retribution, 2 Jan 1827,

The prison hulk, the Euryalus, an ex-frigate of the Trafalgar fleet, was moored at Chatham.  Over the twenty years that this hulk serviced juveniles, about 2,500 boys of fourteen and under passed through. There were also considerable numbers of older boys both in the juvenile hulk and distributed among the other hulks.  From the Euryalus, boys were transported both to New South Wales and to Van Diemen’s Land.

Greg Petersen on 14th November, 2019 wrote of Henry Rheubottom:

Entry from Hobart Town Gazette: Friday, April 29,1836.
GOVERNMENT NOTICE, No. 89,-Colonial Secretary’s office, April 28,1836.
The period for which the undermentioned
persons were transported expiring at the date
placed after their respective names, Certificates
of their freedom may be obtained then, or at
any subsequent period, upon application at the
Muster Master’s office, Hobart town, or to the
Police Magistrates of the interior:-

COLONIAL SENTENCES.
Rheubottom Henry, Claudine, 1st May;

Maureen Withey on 14th November, 2019 wrote of Stephen Midwinter:

Stephen Medwinter was convicted at the Old Bailey. (online)

STEPHEN MEDWINTER, WILLIAM BROUGH, Theft > burglary, 7th April 1825.

Before Lord Chief Justice Abbott.

681. STEPHEN MEDWINTER and WILLIAM BROUGH were indicted for burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Nathaniel Solomon , about seven o’clock in the night of the 8th of March , at St. Luke, with intent to steal, and stealing therein a jug, value 5 s., and a dish, value 7 s. , his property.

NATHANIEL SOLOMON. I am a glass and china dealer . and live in Chiswell-street, in the parish of St. Luke - I rent the house. On the 8th of March I was in my shop till twenty-five minutes past six o’clock, when I went up stairs to tea; the day-light was then gone, and the shop was lighted up. This jug was in the window, and the dish on the counter at the time I left the shop, and the door was latched.

HARRIET PHILLIPS . I was on a visit to my sister, who is Solomon’s wife. On the eight of March, about half-past six o’clock, I was up stairs, and heard a knocking in the shop - I went down, and found the prisoner Brough in the shop, with an apron on, and his right-hand under it; he asked if we sold china marbles; I said we did not sell any thing of the kind; he then went a little on one side; I opened the door, and let him out - I stood at the door a minute, and then shut it, and am sure that I latched it; I went up stairs again. I had seen the glass dish and jug in the shop before he came in, but did not look for them afterwards, not suspecting any thing. He was brought back by Watkins four or five minutes after I let him out.

JOB VALENTINE WATKINS . I am apprentice to Mr. Sowerby, of Chiswell-street. On the 8th of March, about twenty-five minutes past seven o’clock in the evening, I was shutting up the shop - day-light had quite gone; I saw the prisoner Medwinter looking in at the prosecutor’s window: I did not know him before, but am sure of him. In about half a minute I saw him open the door and go in, and in about another half minute I saw him come out with something glass in his right hand, and when he passed me I saw that it was a glass jug; he ran down Finsbury-street - at the corner of which is our house - I pursued him, and at the bottom of Finsbury-street saw him give the jug to Brough, saying,

“Here Jem, is another;” this was about 100 yards from Solomon’s house - he was never out of my sight - a person in Finsbury-street could not see Solomon’s shop; he walked on a little, and then ran. I collared Brough, took the jug from him, and began to unrol his apron - he then said,

“Here is something he has just been making me a present of,” which I found was the dish. I took him back to Solomon’s; a constable was sent for, to whom I gave the jug and dish.

JOHN BEE. I am a constable. Here is the jug and dish, which I received at Solomons.

NATHANIEL SOLOMON. I know them both very well.

HARRIET PHILLIPS . When I let Brough out I stood at the door for a few minutes - I did not notice any body near; I saw Brough run away.

MEDWINTER - GUILTY - DEATH . Aged 14.

BROUGH - NOT GUILTY .

Euryalus hulk record. HO-9-2-4 page 1

Twelve from Newgate, 19 June 1825
Stephen Medwinter, No 280 age 14, Crime, C.R. Burglary, Middlesex, 7 April 1825, sentence - Life, How disposed of – Retribution, 2 Jan 1827,

The prison hulk, the Euryalus, an ex-frigate of the Trafalgar fleet, was moored at Chatham.  Over the twenty years that this hulk serviced juveniles, about 2,500 boys of fourteen and under passed through. There were also considerable numbers of older boys both in the juvenile hulk and distributed among the other hulks.  From the Euryalus, boys were transported both to New South Wales and to Van Diemen’s Land.

Greg Petersen on 14th November, 2019 wrote of Henry Rheubottom:

Native of Birmingham, Height: 5’ 2¼”, Hair: D Brown, Eyes: L Gray.
H.R.G.S on R Arm, Man & Woman on left.
Initially sentenced and transported for seven years to V.D.L. 31st March 1821.
Tried and convicted for a second time at Hobart Town 1st May 1829

Maureen Withey on 14th November, 2019 wrote of Daniel Morgan:

Daniel Morgan was convicted at the Old Bailey. (online)

DANIEL MORGAN, JAMES BROWN, Theft > burglary, 19th May 1825.

Before Mr. Justice Gazelee.

859. DANIEL MORGAN and JAMES BROWN were indicted for burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Thomas Mitchell , about twelve o’clock in the night of the 20th of April , at St. George, Hanover-square , with intent the goods and chattels therein being feloniously and burglariously to steal .

THOMAS MITCHELL. I am a salesman , and live at No. 26, Thomas-street, Grosvenor-square , in the parish of St. George, Hanover-square - the house belongs to Mrs. Short, who does not live in it herself; it is all let out to different people; I rent the shop and parlour. On the 20th ofApril I went to bed a little before ten o’clock - I sleep in the parlour; my shop door was locked and chained. My wife awoke me about eleven o’clock (I have no children;) we laid listening some time, hearing a noise at the door; I got up, and saw Morgan in the shop, in the act of taking off my goods; I pushed him aside: Brown was in the passage. I ran and shut the street door, and shut them both in - my shop door is a side door in the passage; I called the watchman, who came: he searched the house, and found the prisoners up in the cock-loft; they had run up stairs while I was calling the watchman. They had broken the lock off the shop door - I had seen Morgan with both hands lifting my goods up; he was in the act of handing them out at the door - Brown was near enough to take them from him.

Cross-examined by MR. PHILLIPS. Q. Does one Spearing lodge in the house? A. There is a little deformed man lodging there - I cannot say that Morgan visited him. I shut the street door before I went to bed, but lodgers come in and out as they like, and I cannot say whether they went out afterwards.

Q. Have you any other Christian name? A. My name is Thomas Mitchell.

Q. Have you no other name? A. My name is Thomas Reynal Mitchell.

COURT. Q. Do you use the name of Reynal? A. No, my Lord. I sign my name T. Mitchell. I have been married nine months, and was married as Thomas Mitchell - I have not signed my name as Thomas Reynal Mitchell for years.

MR. PHILLIPS. Q. Will you swear your name is not put down in the parish books as Thomas Reynal Mitchell? A. I never wrote it so. I was married at St. George, Hanover-square; I have not written my name as Thomas Reynal Mitchell for three years. I cannot say when I used that name last, it is so long ago.

Q. Why did you hesitate when asked if you had any other name? A. I was confused; I did not think it would get the prisoners off if I had another name.

JURY. Q. Had you seen the prisoners before? A. No. I had no light, but a light reflected from a gas lamp into the passage. I was certain when I saw them again that they were the same boys. I ran out to call the watchman, but kept the door in my hand all the while to keep them in; I was about five minutes in the street.

MICHAEL RILEY . I am a watchman. Mitchell called me about a quarter past twelve o’clock - I went to the place, searched the house with two more watchmen, and found the prisoners in the cock-loft, at the top of the house; nobody else was there: they were dressed. The house is four stories high. We told them to come down, which they did. I asked where the other two were whom I had seen with them opposite the house, at twelve o’clock - they said they were in the loft, but they were not. I had my lantern when I saw them at twelve o’clock, and there was a gas-light; I know them to be the same men; I knew them before; the parents of one live in Oxford-buildings, and the other in Gees’-court.

Cross-examined. Q. Do you know Spearing? A. There is a deformed man there - I do not know whether he is acquainted with Morgan. I have been five years on the beat.

JOHN STEWART . I am a watchman of St. George’s. On the 20th of April I went with Riley, and searched this house - we found the prisoners in the cock-loft, over the stairs, and took them into custody.

Prisoner MORGAN. The prosecutor said it was eleven o’clock, and the watchman says it was twelve when he saw us.

MORGAN - GUILTY - DEATH . Aged 18.

BROWN - GUILTY - DEATH . Aged 15.

James Brown, sentenced with Morgan, was sent to NSW on the Albion 1826, after spending over a year on the Euryalus hulk.

Maureen Withey on 13th November, 2019 wrote of James Brown:

James was convicted at the Old Bailey. (online)

DANIEL MORGAN, JAMES BROWN, Theft > burglary, 19th May 1825.

Before Mr. Justice Gazelee.

859. DANIEL MORGAN and JAMES BROWN were indicted for burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Thomas Mitchell , about twelve o’clock in the night of the 20th of April , at St. George, Hanover-square , with intent the goods and chattels therein being feloniously and burglariously to steal .

THOMAS MITCHELL. I am a salesman , and live at No. 26, Thomas-street, Grosvenor-square , in the parish of St. George, Hanover-square - the house belongs to Mrs. Short, who does not live in it herself; it is all let out to different people; I rent the shop and parlour. On the 20th ofApril I went to bed a little before ten o’clock - I sleep in the parlour; my shop door was locked and chained. My wife awoke me about eleven o’clock (I have no children;) we laid listening some time, hearing a noise at the door; I got up, and saw Morgan in the shop, in the act of taking off my goods; I pushed him aside: Brown was in the passage. I ran and shut the street door, and shut them both in - my shop door is a side door in the passage; I called the watchman, who came: he searched the house, and found the prisoners up in the cock-loft; they had run up stairs while I was calling the watchman. They had broken the lock off the shop door - I had seen Morgan with both hands lifting my goods up; he was in the act of handing them out at the door - Brown was near enough to take them from him.

Cross-examined by MR. PHILLIPS. Q. Does one Spearing lodge in the house? A. There is a little deformed man lodging there - I cannot say that Morgan visited him. I shut the street door before I went to bed, but lodgers come in and out as they like, and I cannot say whether they went out afterwards.

Q. Have you any other Christian name? A. My name is Thomas Mitchell.

Q. Have you no other name? A. My name is Thomas Reynal Mitchell.

COURT. Q. Do you use the name of Reynal? A. No, my Lord. I sign my name T. Mitchell. I have been married nine months, and was married as Thomas Mitchell - I have not signed my name as Thomas Reynal Mitchell for years.

MR. PHILLIPS. Q. Will you swear your name is not put down in the parish books as Thomas Reynal Mitchell? A. I never wrote it so. I was married at St. George, Hanover-square; I have not written my name as Thomas Reynal Mitchell for three years. I cannot say when I used that name last, it is so long ago.

Q. Why did you hesitate when asked if you had any other name? A. I was confused; I did not think it would get the prisoners off if I had another name.

JURY. Q. Had you seen the prisoners before? A. No. I had no light, but a light reflected from a gas lamp into the passage. I was certain when I saw them again that they were the same boys. I ran out to call the watchman, but kept the door in my hand all the while to keep them in; I was about five minutes in the street.

MICHAEL RILEY . I am a watchman. Mitchell called me about a quarter past twelve o’clock - I went to the place, searched the house with two more watchmen, and found the prisoners in the cock-loft, at the top of the house; nobody else was there: they were dressed. The house is four stories high. We told them to come down, which they did. I asked where the other two were whom I had seen with them opposite the house, at twelve o’clock - they said they were in the loft, but they were not. I had my lantern when I saw them at twelve o’clock, and there was a gas-light; I know them to be the same men; I knew them before; the parents of one live in Oxford-buildings, and the other in Gees’-court.

Cross-examined. Q. Do you know Spearing? A. There is a deformed man there - I do not know whether he is acquainted with Morgan. I have been five years on the beat.

JOHN STEWART . I am a watchman of St. George’s. On the 20th of April I went with Riley, and searched this house - we found the prisoners in the cock-loft, over the stairs, and took them into custody.

Prisoner MORGAN. The prosecutor said it was eleven o’clock, and the watchman says it was twelve when he saw us.

MORGAN - GUILTY - DEATH . Aged 18.

BROWN - GUILTY - DEATH . Aged 15.

Euryalus hulk record. HO-9-2-4 page 1

Twelve from Newgate, 19 June 1825
James Brown, No 279 age 15, Crime, C.R. Burglary, Middlesex, 25 June May 1825, sentence - Life, How disposed of – NSW Albion 16 Sept 1826

The prison hulk, the Euryalus, an ex-frigate of the Trafalgar fleet, was moored at Chatham.  Over the twenty years that this hulk serviced juveniles, about 2,500 boys of fourteen and under passed through. There were also considerable numbers of older boys both in the juvenile hulk and distributed among the other hulks.  From the Euryalus, boys were transported both to New South Wales and to Van Diemen’s Land.

Maureen Withey on 13th November, 2019 wrote of Joseph Saint:

Joseph was tried at the Old Bailey. (online)

JOSEPH SAINT, Theft > theft from a specified place, 19th May 1825.

912. JOSEPH SAINT was indicted for stealing, on the 13th of May , at St. Anne , eighteen yards of woollen cloth, value 10 l., the goods of Thomas James Fenwick , in his dwelling-house .

WILLIAM FOOKS . I am in the service of Thomas James Fenwick, a tailor and draper , who lives in Fore-street , in the parish of St. Anne, Limehouse, and rents the house. On Friday, the 14th of May, about half-past twelve o’clock in the day, the prisoner came in, and bought a 1 d. worth of shirt buttons; he paid for them, and went out; I was writing in the cutting room: he returned in about five minutes - I saw him take this cloth up on his shoulder and go out; I followed him, calling Stop thief! he threw it down about thirty yards from the shop, and ran away, but was taken without my losing sight of him.

WILLIAM WHITEHEAD . I am an officer, and took charge of the prisoner, with the property, which I produce.

WILLIAM FOOKS. This is Mr. Fenwick’s - it was at the further end of the counter from the door, and is worth 10 l. at least.

GUILTY - DEATH . Aged 13.

Euryalus hulk record. HO-9-2-4 page 1

Twelve from Newgate, 19 June 1825
Joseph Saint, No 278 age 13, Crime, C.R. Stealing ?, Middlesex, 25 June May 1825, sentence - Life, How disposed of – to Retribution, 2 Jan 1827

The prison hulk, the Euryalus, an ex-frigate of the Trafalgar fleet, was moored at Chatham.  Over the twenty years that this hulk serviced juveniles, about 2,500 boys of fourteen and under passed through. There were also considerable numbers of older boys both in the juvenile hulk and distributed among the other hulks.  From the Euryalus, boys were transported both to New South Wales and to Van Diemen’s Land.

Maureen Withey on 13th November, 2019 wrote of Joseph Flowers:

Joseph Flowers was tried at the Old Bailey. (online)

WILLIAM ROYSTON, JOSEPH FLOWERS, Theft > burglary, 19th May 1825.

Before Mr. Baron Hullock.

915. WILLIAM ROYSTON and JOSEPH FLOWERS were indicted for burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Elizabeth Harlow , widow , about ten o’clock in the night of the 16th of May , at St. John the Evangelist, Westminster , with intent to steal, and stealing therein thirty-six penny pieces, and twelve half-pence, her property .

ELIZABETH HARLOW. I live at No. 8, Duck-lane, Westminster , which, I think, is in the parish of St. John; I am a widow - the house is let out in tenements: I rent one room of Mr. Watson, who does not live in the house. On Monday night, the 17th of May, at half-past ten o’clock I went home, after selling cakes in the street ; I took out 3 s. 6 d. or 3 s. 8 d. in halfpence and penny pieces, and put them altogether on the table; I went out to get a roll: I padlocked the door, leaving the money on the table, and took the key with me; my room door opens into the passage. I returned in ten minutes, and found the door open - the padlock hung on the hasp; it had been forced; the halfpence were all gone. I ran to the door, and gave an alarm - Hunt gave me information. I knew the prisoners by seeing them about Duck-lane, but I had not seen them that night.

RICHARD HUNT . I am a baker, and live at No. 43, Duck-lane, opposite to the prosecutrix. On Monday night Harlow told me what had happened; I had seen the prisoners come out of her passage door, about a minute and a half before; I knew their persons before, but not their names; I did not see them go in, only come out; Royston held his coat, as if he had something heavy in it: I went after them in consequence of what Harlow said; I lost sight of them. I shut up my shop, and went after them again, and found them sitting on the pavement in Orchard-street; the watchman took them: I went to the watch-house, and saw 2 s. 4 d. is halfpence and pence found on Royston, some in his breeches, and some in his coat pocket; he said he got the money in St. James’s, by holding gentlemen’s horses - nothing was found on Flowers. Harlow’s house is in the parish of St. John the Evangelist, Westminster.

CHARLES WATERS . I am a watchman, and knew both the prisoners before this. On the night in question I was calling eleven o’clock, and just by Cat’s-head-court I saw them sitting on the curb stone, eating sheep’s head and bread; I crossed over, and asked what they were doing there; they said they would get up and go directly: I told them to go instantly. One got up, and threw the bread and sheep’s head into the other’s lap; in about half a minute Hunt called out, “Stop those two boys;” I stopped Royston first, and the other ran away; I left Royston with Hunt, then followed, and took Flowers - I searched them at the watch-house, and found 2 s. 4 d. in Royston’s trowsers and coat pockets; the constable of the night asked how he came by the halfpence - he said he got them in St. James’s-street, by holding horses.

WILLIAM BISHOP . I was constable of the night. The prisoners were brought to the watch-house. Twelve penny pieces and twenty-eight halfpence were found on Royston - he said he got it by holding horses in St. James’s-street.

ROYSTON’S Defence. I went to her house to buy a 1 d. pie - nobody was there; the door was open, and I walked out.

FLOWERS’S Defence. I never saw this lad till he was eating sheep’s head on the ground.

ROYSTON - GUILTY - DEATH . Aged 15.

FLOWERS - GUILTY - DEATH . Aged 19.

D Wong on 13th November, 2019 wrote of Edward Foxen:

28/11/1848 Essex Herald Essex, England:
HERTS
Stealing a lamb at Bishop’s Stobtford. William Dunnage, aged 49, and Edward Foxen, aged 26, labourers, were charged with stealing lamb, the property of Mr. Benjamin Prance, at Bishop’s Stortford.

Willian Dunnage did not arrive as a convict.

Edward Foxen was 28 years old on arrival.
He was single, 5’4¾” tall, dark brown hair, blue eyes, oval face, fair complexion, scar on back of right shoulder.

28/6/1851: TOL - on arrival.

Comments: Lived in Pinjarra, received poor relief 1887, while waiting for a vacancy at the Mt Eliza Invalid Depot.

1893: Edward Foxen died, aged 71.

No marriage or children listed on the WA BDM.

Maureen Withey on 13th November, 2019 wrote of William Royston:

William was tried at the Old Bailey. (online)

WILLIAM ROYSTON, JOSEPH FLOWERS, Theft - burglary, 19th May 1825.

Before Mr. Baron Hullock.
Euryalus hulk record. HO-9-2-4 page 1:

Twelve from Newgate, 19 June 1825
William Royston, No 277 age 15, Crime, C.R. Stg from a house, Middlesex, 25 June May 1825, sentence - Life, How disposed of – to Justicia, 16 June 1826, for NSW.

The prison hulk, the Euryalus, an ex-frigate of the Trafalgar fleet, was moored at Chatham.  Over the twenty years that this hulk serviced juveniles, about 2,500 boys of fourteen and under passed through. There were also considerable numbers of older boys both in the juvenile hulk and distributed among the other hulks.  From the Euryalus, boys were transported both to New South Wales and to Van Diemen’s Land.

915. WILLIAM ROYSTON and JOSEPH FLOWERS were indicted for burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Elizabeth Harlow , widow , about ten o’clock in the night of the 16th of May , at St. John the Evangelist, Westminster , with intent to steal, and stealing therein thirty-six penny pieces, and twelve half-pence, her property .

ELIZABETH HARLOW. I live at No. 8, Duck-lane, Westminster , which, I think, is in the parish of St. John; I am a widow - the house is let out in tenements: I rent one room of Mr. Watson, who does not live in the house. On Monday night, the 17th of May, at half-past ten o’clock I went home, after selling cakes in the street ; I took out 3 s. 6 d. or 3 s. 8 d. in halfpence and penny pieces, and put them altogether on the table; I went out to get a roll: I padlocked the door, leaving the money on the table, and took the key with me; my room door opens into the passage. I returned in ten minutes, and found the door open - the padlock hung on the hasp; it had been forced; the halfpence were all gone. I ran to the door, and gave an alarm - Hunt gave me information. I knew the prisoners by seeing them about Duck-lane, but I had not seen them that night.

RICHARD HUNT . I am a baker, and live at No. 43, Duck-lane, opposite to the prosecutrix. On Monday night Harlow told me what had happened; I had seen the prisoners come out of her passage door, about a minute and a half before; I knew their persons before, but not their names; I did not see them go in, only come out; Royston held his coat, as if he had something heavy in it: I went after them in consequence of what Harlow said; I lost sight of them. I shut up my shop, and went after them again, and found them sitting on the pavement in Orchard-street; the watchman took them: I went to the watch-house, and saw 2 s. 4 d. is halfpence and pence found on Royston, some in his breeches, and some in his coat pocket; he said he got the money in St. James’s, by holding gentlemen’s horses - nothing was found on Flowers. Harlow’s house is in the parish of St. John the Evangelist, Westminster.

CHARLES WATERS . I am a watchman, and knew both the prisoners before this. On the night in question I was calling eleven o’clock, and just by Cat’s-head-court I saw them sitting on the curb stone, eating sheep’s head and bread; I crossed over, and asked what they were doing there; they said they would get up and go directly: I told them to go instantly. One got up, and threw the bread and sheep’s head into the other’s lap; in about half a minute Hunt called out, “Stop those two boys;” I stopped Royston first, and the other ran away; I left Royston with Hunt, then followed, and took Flowers - I searched them at the watch-house, and found 2 s. 4 d. in Royston’s trowsers and coat pockets; the constable of the night asked how he came by the halfpence - he said he got them in St. James’s-street, by holding horses.

WILLIAM BISHOP . I was constable of the night. The prisoners were brought to the watch-house. Twelve penny pieces and twenty-eight halfpence were found on Royston - he said he got it by holding horses in St. James’s-street.

ROYSTON’S Defence. I went to her house to buy a 1 d. pie - nobody was there; the door was open, and I walked out.

FLOWERS’S Defence. I never saw this lad till he was eating sheep’s head on the ground.

ROYSTON - GUILTY - DEATH . Aged 15.

FLOWERS - GUILTY - DEATH . Aged 19.

Maureen Withey on 13th November, 2019 wrote of George Melville:

Alexander Carmichael and George Melville, residing in Perth, were indicted for housebreaking and theft, and being habit and repute thieves. George Melville pled and Alexander Carmichael pled Guilty,  An objection was taken to the production of an extract proving Carmichael habit and repute thief, on the ground that it was signed by the Magistrate instead of the Clerk of Court, which objection was sustained. The Public Prosecutor after examining a few witnesses gave up the case, when Carmichael was dismissed from the bar. Melville was sentenced to 14 years transportation. 
Fife Herald, 28 April 1825.

Euryalus hulk record. HO-9-2-4 page 1

Six from the Justicia Hulk, 19 June 1825
George Melville, No 271 age 15, Crime, Theft, Perth, 22 Apr 1825, sentence - 14 years, How disposed of – to Retribution, 7 Jan 1827.

The prison hulk, the Euryalus, an ex-frigate of the Trafalgar fleet, was moored at Chatham.  Over the twenty years that this hulk serviced juveniles, about 2,500 boys of fourteen and under passed through. There were also considerable numbers of older boys both in the juvenile hulk and distributed among the other hulks.  From the Euryalus, boys were transported both to New South Wales and to Van Diemen’s Land.

Fisher, Sharon on 13th November, 2019 wrote of Edward Foxen:

Born Camberwell St Giles, England
Father Thomas Henry Foxon
Mother Sarah Knopp
sibling Thomas Foxen

Maureen Withey on 13th November, 2019 wrote of William Marsh:

DIED,
ON the 25th March, at Riggsdale, the residence of his son-in-law, Mr. William Jobson, in the 70th year of his age, WILLIAM MARSH, of Jerrara Creek, leaving a widow, five sons, three daughters, and a large circle of friends and acquaintances to mourn their loss.
FUNERAL.
THE friends of the late WILLIAM MARSH, Jerara Creek, are invited to attend his FUNERAL TO-MORROW (Thursday). The procession will leave the residence of his son-in-law, Mr. William Jobson, at 2 p.m., and reach the Church of England cemetery at 4 p.m.
The friends of Mr. W. Jobson are also invited to accept this intimation.
ANN RICHARDS,  Undertaker.
Goulburn Herald, 26 March 1879

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