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ConvictRecords.com.au is based on the British Convict transportation register, compiled by the State Library of Queensland. We have given a searchable interface to this database, and show the information for each convict in full.

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Recent Submissions

D Wong on 10th December, 2018 wrote of Frederick Hammond:

Frederick Hammond was transported before on the ‘John 1829’ - escaped per Sarah, 1830.

10/3/1832 Lancaster Gazette Lancashire, England:
Frederick alias Edward Hammond, 32, pleaded Guilty to an indictment, charging him with having returned from transportation before his term had expired.__Death recorded.

Indent lists his crime as Picking pockets and returning from transportation.

Frederick was 32 years old on arrival.
Native Place: surry.

Frederick was literate, protestant, married with 1 male and 1 female children, 5’3½” tall brown complexion, light brown hair, grey to blue eyes, nose a little inclining to left side, lost a front tooth in upper jaw, scar right temple, forehead rather prominent, small mole above left elbow, another below it, small scar back of left hand; transported to this Colony in the name of Frederick Hammond, per John, in 1829, escaped per Sarah, in 1830.

3/12/1832: Transported to Port Macquarie from Sydney per ‘Isabella’.

D Wong on 10th December, 2018 wrote of Frederick Hammond:

Frederick Hammond escaped on the Sarah 1830 - was then tried at Lancaster 3/3/1832 for returning from transportation - arrived NSW per “Parmelia 1832”.

Old Bailey:
Theft: pocketpicking.
11th September 1828

FREDERICK HAMMOND was indicted for stealing, on the 23d of July, 1 purse, value 6d.; 18 sovereigns, and 3 half-sovereigns, the property of John Brereton, from his person.

JOHN BRERETON. I am master of the grammar school, at Bedford. On the 23d of July I was walking down Ludgate-street, about one o’clock in the day, and very near the Belle Sauvage-yard I was hustled by eight or nine persons - they jostled me and got round me; they came suddenly upon me; I felt myself suddenly in a crowd - my son was walking with me - I felt something touch my left hand breeches pocket, and found the prisoner’s hand on my thigh - he ran across the way the instant I turned round - he was on my left side, just behind me - I put my hand into my pocket and my purse was gone- I found his hand on my thigh, near the pocket which contained my purse; he withdrew his hand and made across the street; his hand came from my pocket, but not from the inside of it - I pursued him and called Stop thief! Skillern came up and took hold of him - he had run up a court about one hundred yards off, but I never lost sight of him; I felt my purse and money safe five minutes before, and could not have lost it, for my pocket was deep; I put him into a hackney coach - he there said, he was the son of respectable parents, and requested me not to bring the case before a Magistrate; I said it was a public duty - I was certain of his person; he then said he would make up the sum to me if I would not bring the case before a Magistrate. There were seven or eight persons hustling me before, and one man behind me with a box, was looking as if to see if the thing was complete - I kept my eye on the prisoner, and do not know what become of the others.

Cross-examined by MR. ADOLPHUS. Q. Where had you received this money? A. I brought it from Bedford; I changed a sovereign at a booksellers in Ave Maria-lane - my purse was then safe, and I am certain it was safe when I got to the Belle Sauvage, as nobody was near me - I had not felt it after I left the shop; I do not remember a coach coming out of the inn-yard - there was one outside; that might have occasioned a stoppage on the payment; I think I told the Alderman of perceiving the man’s hand on my thigh, or on my pocket - I know it was his hand by seeing his face; I cannot say what I told the Alderman; the prisoner stood on my left side, obliquely - none of the gang offered to obstruct me; he was taken about thirty feet down the court - I said he had stolen my purse; he said I might search him, for he had not taken it, or something to that effect; he was searched, and only a few shillings found on him - he might have conveyed my purse away by sleight of hand; he was not out of my sight - he might have given it away before his hand was on my thigh; when in the coach he at first said I might be mistaken in the man; I said it was not so; and when he found that would not do, he said rather than be taken, he would make it up to me - he said he would give me the money provided I would not take him before a Justice.

JURY. Q. Was your pocket turned out or not? A. No; I had buttoned it, but I found it open - the prisoner wore a dark coat and waistcoat.

JOHN BRERETON, JUN. I was walking arm-in-arm with my father. I perceived several men round us - we could not move; they hustled us - I had no idea they were going to rob us; I thought it was done intentionally; my father turned round suddenly, and said he was robbed; I then saw the prisoner about a yard from my father - he ran across the road, down a court, and was taken; I am certain he is the man who ran, for I saw him all the time. I was in the coach - he said he had respectable parents, and did not wish to be brought before a Magistrate, and afterwards said he would make good the money if we said nothing about it.

Cross-examined. Q. Were you walking nearer to the wall than your father? A. Yes; my father’s left side was towards the street; I did not notice any stoppage of carriages; I tried to get out of the crowd as well as I could.

Q. Might not another man get out of it by crossing the way? A. If he wanted he might, I suppose - I will not say nobody was nearer to my father than him.

COURT. Q. Was the prisoner nearer to your father than you? A. We were arm-in-arm - my father was between me and him; we had got by the Belle Sauvage - there was no carriage to stop us.

RICHARD SKILLERN. I am an officer. I was coming up Ludgate-hill, and saw a coach at the inn; a great many people were round it, putting luggage up; I saw the prisoner go across the road, just on the trot; I heard a cry of Stop him! I ran and took him; I said, “You have robbed this gentleman;” he said he had not: I searched, and found 16s. or 18s. on him, which I showed to the prosecutor; I was in the coach with them - he there said his family were respectable people, and he would make up the money if we would not bring him into disgrace, but he knew nothing of the robbery.

Cross-examined. Q. Was the coach above or below the inn? A. Nearer to Temple-bar - it occasioned a stoppage; several people were round - there is a great traffic on the hill.

GUILTY. Aged 27.
Transported for Life.

From his Indent on Ancestry:
Frederick was 29 years old, native place: Clapham, married with 2 children, 5’3” tall, ruddy fair complexion, light brown hair, blue eyes.

Assigned to Dr? John Lamb, Sydney.

Please see the entry for Frederick Hammond alias Edward per ‘Parmelia 1832’.

Rob on 10th December, 2018 wrote of John Shepherd:

1819 lived Studham Bedfordshire convicted of stealing shirts in 1823 with Levi White and William Mole all transported on the same ship Countess of Harcourt 3

Iris Dunne on 10th December, 2018 wrote of Ellen Hartley:

Conduct Record:- Aged 20, Trade: Housemaid, Tried 5th January 1848, Transported for stealing a shawl, Single, Native Place: Preston

Convict Indent:- aged 20, Trade: Housemaid, cannot read or write, Protestant

D Wong on 9th December, 2018 wrote of Edward Hammond:

Old Bailey:
Theft: theft from a specified place.
22nd May 1822
Sentence Death

EDWARD HAMMOND was indicted for stealing, on the 20th of April, at St. Mary-le-bone, one clock, value 14 l., the goods of William Henry Harriott, Esq., in his dwelling-house.

JAMES NIXON. I am servant to Mr. William Henry Harriott, of No. 30, Manchester-street, St. Mary-le-bone. On Saturday evening, the 20th of April, the prisoner knocked and rang at the door; I opened it, he said he had some Irish linen to bring from a house in Oxford-street, and did not know whether this was the house; I told him to walk in, and I would ask my master. I left him in the hall for a moment, and when I got into the drawing-room I heard a noise; I asked my master, then ran down stairs, and heard the street-door slam too, and missed the clock off the bracket; he was looking at it when I went up stairs. I opened the door, and looked out, but could not see him. I saw him again on the 27th, at Marlborough-street, and am certain he is the man I left in the hall.

Prisoner. Q. You could not swear to me at the office - A. I did not take particular notice of him there, but from his manner, appearance, and whole deportment, I am quite certain of him, though he has a different dress on now. I told the Magistrate I had no doubt of him whatever - there was a very good light in the hall; the clock is worth fourteen guineas.

WILLIAM WESTCOATT. I apprehended the prisoner.

Prisoner’s Defence. I know nothing of it; he would not swear to me at the office.

The Court upon looking at the depositions taken before the Magistrate, stated that the witness had expressed no doubt whatever of the prisoner’s person.

GUILTY - DEATH. Aged 23.

2nd Trial__
Theft: theft from a specified place.
22nd May 1822
Verdict Guilty
Sentence Death

EDWARD HAMMOND was again indicted for stealing, on the 20th of April, at St. George, Hanover-square, twenty-six yards of woollen cloth, value 15 l., the goods of William Chambers, in his dwelling-house.

CHARLOTTE GIFFORD I am servant to Mr. William Chambers, of Little Madox-street, St. George’s, Hanover-square, tailor. On Saturday morning, the 20th of April, about twenty minutes after eight o’clock, the prisoner knocked at the door; I am sure of his person; I opened it, he asked if my master was at home, I said Yes, but he had not come down stairs, and I would go and see if he was up; he said he came to know what quantity of Irish linen was to be brought to be looked at. I went up to the first floor, leaving him in the passage and the door open. I asked him to sit down in the hall, he declined, but afterwards sat down. I came down, shut the door, and told him my master was not come down, and told him to wait. I went down stairs, and in about five minutes heard the street-door shut; I supposed that my master had seen him, and he was gone. About half an hour after, my master asked me about a roll of broad cloth which I had taken in the night before. It was in the cutting-room at the end of the passage when he came: I looked and it was gone. I am certain he is the man. The cloth is worth 14l.

THOMAS PULLEN. I am a baker, and live in Gray’s-street, Duke-street, Manchester-square. I have known the prisoner for four or five months by frequently seeing him in the streets. I knew him by the name of Dandy Hammond. On Saturday morning, the 20th of April, about half-past eight o’clock, I saw him in Grosvenor-square with a roll of cloth with an iron grey list to it, on his shoulder. Arnold was with me. I saw him on the Wednesday after in custody, and am certain of him.

THOMAS ARNOLD. I am a baker and live in Seymour-street. I and Pullen were together on the 20th of April about half-past eight o’clock, in Grosvenor-square, and saw him coming along with a roll of cloth on his shoulder - I am sure it was the prisoner - I did not know him before. Pullen said something to me about who he was, and what he was carrying.

CHARLOTTE GIFFORD Grosvenor-square is about ten minutes walk from our house.

GUILTY - DEATH. Aged 23.

1841: TOL Bathurst
1/6/1848: CP

There is a death listed on the NSW BDM for a Edward Hammond who died in 1856, aged 56, at Sydney.  No marriages listed.

Iris Dunne on 9th December, 2018 wrote of Mary Ann Starr:

Criminal Register:- aged 22, Tried 13 April 1835, can read, Offence: Larceny, Sentence 7 years

Conduct Record:- Tried 13th April 1835, Transported for stealing Money, Gaol Report not known, Single, Stated this offence Stealing Money from the person, 2 years on the Town, Single.

Description List No.287, Trade: Housemaid, aged 24, from Armagh

Rebekah Blackwolf-Mitchell on 9th December, 2018 wrote of Mary Ann Starr:

From Armagh,Ireland.
Other notes suggest Longford,Ireland.
Housemaid Armagh, Ireland.
Buried Norfolk Ireland.
Lived with Michael Maguire (McGuire)in Tasmania.
Mentioned as possible mother of Sarah Gooding-Maguire.

D Wong on 8th December, 2018 wrote of John Isaac:

John Isaac was 37 years old on arrival.
Native place: Devonshire.

Transported for ‘Stealing Beef’.

John could read, was protestant, married with 2 male and 1 female children, 5’3¼” tall, dark ruddy complexion, dark brown nearly black hair, brown eyes, two small dark moles on left collar bone, breast hairy, scar back of forefinger of left hand, nail of left thumb split.

1844: TOL, Yass.
30/1/1846: COF

D Wong on 8th December, 2018 wrote of Richard Wright Hurst:

23/8/1839 Chester Chronicle Cheshire, England:
Richard Wright Hurst, charged with burglary at Stockport,—Transported 12 years.

Richard Wright Hurst was 23 years old on arrival.
Native Place: Cheshire.

Richard was literate, protestant, single, 5’9¾” tall, ruddy complexion, light brown hair, hazel eyes, small mole on left side of neck, another on back of same, scar inside lower left arm, scar under cap of right knee.

Occupation: Labourer/soldier/carpenter.

1845: TOL, Windsor.
1847: TOL, Bathurst.

D Wong on 8th December, 2018 wrote of George Mills:

Old Bailey:
Theft: pocketpicking.
15th September 1819
Verdict Guilty
Sentence Transportation

GEORGE MILLS was indicted for stealing, on the 12th of July, one watch, value 5 l.; one chain, value 1 l.; one seal, value 10 s., and one key, value 5 s., the property of Thomas Smailes, from his person.

THOMAS SMAILES. I am a mariner , and belong to Sunderland. On the 12th of July, about half-past ten o’clock at night, I was coming down Nightingle-lane, Wapping, and met the prisoner coming towards me; I went outside, and gave him the wall. Just as he came to me, he put his shoulder against me, and turned me round a little - I felt my watch go at the same time. I immediately seized him, told him he had got my watch, and called the watchman; I gave him to Martin, and thought I saw him throw the watch down. I found it about five feet from him, and the case lying in another place. He got from Martin, and ran off, but was secured again.

WILLIAM MARTIN. I am a rope-maker, and live in Nightingale-lane. I heard the alarm, went up, and collared the prisoner; he said, “Let me go, I have done nothing.” I gave him to the watchman, but he escaped from him, and ran down Burr-street - he was brought back - I know him to be the man.

JAMES WARNER. I am a watchman. I heard the alarm - the prisoner was given to me. He twisted me round, got from me, and ran across the road. I followed him, and secured him without losing sight of him.

THOMAS GOWAN. I live in Burr-street. I heard the alarm, ran to the spot, and found the prisoner in custody; he escaped. I followed him, and never lost sight of him, till he was secured.

GUILTY. Aged 20.
Transported for Life.

George Mills was 21 years old on arrival - he was 5’10½” tall, fair pale complexion, light brown hair, hazel eyes.

Colonial Secretary Papers:
MILLS, George. Per “Mangles”, 1820
1822 Jun 29: On list of prisoners assigned (Fiche 3290; 4/4570D p.79)

1831: Ticket of Exemption from Govt Labor.
2/1/1832: TOL - Ticket of Exemption from Govt Labor - torn up on his receiving a TOL.
10/9/1833: TOL - surrendered mutilated and cancelled.
11/5/1836: TOL - Listed as a carter.

Iris Dunne on 8th December, 2018 wrote of Peter Mcavoy:

Prison Hulk ship Ganymede moored at Chatham, convicted 29 January 1827 at Kirkdale, Received on ship 17 March 1827, aged 35

Conduct Record:- Died at Sea 27 July 1828, Tried 29 January 1827, Transported for Felony

Medical Journal:- aged 35, 5 July “has had repeated attacks of Diarrhoea…”, continues day after day, much details in journal, 1am dies on 27th,

Iris Dunne on 8th December, 2018 wrote of Sally Verso:

Description List:- Aged 19, Trade: Servant, Height 5 feet 1/4, Complexion: Fair, Hair: Dark brown, Eyes: Light Hazel, Remarks: freckles

Conduct Record:- Convicted 14 May 1840, Transported for theft, Single, Certificate of Freedom May 1847

Marriage permission date 31 October 1843 to Mathew Mccue from ship Cumberland

Graeme Beasley on 8th December, 2018 wrote of Isaac Shaw:

Isaac Shaw was buried in an unmarked grave@ St. Stephens the Martyr Penrith NSWin1855

Glen on 8th December, 2018 wrote of Elizabeth Hainsley:

A son, Robert Annersely (later Brumby) was born in Sydney c1800, and recorded with his mother Elizabeth Annersley, embarking with the Nsw Corps to Port Dalrymple in Oct 1804. Corp James Brumby of the Nsw Corps was also on this embarkation.

Robert Brumby married Hannah Hodgetts at Norfolk Plains, Port Dalrymple on 3 Jan 1831, and they had children. Hannah was Sydney born dau of Thomas Hodgetts, convict per Scarborough 1790 & wife Harriet, the Hodgetts family having embarked from Sydney to Port Dalrymple per Sinbad in 1816. Robert Brumby died at Longford Nov 1873 aged 73

Glen on 8th December, 2018 wrote of Jeremiah Smith:

The Sep 1808 102nd Reg. Description book indicates a birth year c1778 in Spaine Essex. In 1808 he was 5’8” tall, fair Complexion, hazel eyes, Sandy hair & thin face.

Iris Dunne on 7th December, 2018 wrote of William Dunn:

Prison Hulk Ship Ganymede moored at Chatham and Woolwich, Received 9 April 1838, aged 23, convicted 17 March 1838 in Exeter, Trade: Groom, Offence: Burglary

Iris Dunne on 7th December, 2018 wrote of William Hurle:

Prison Hulk Ship Hardy moored at Portsmouth, Received 13 May 1830, Convicted 20 April 1830 at New Sarum, aged 20

Tasmanian Convict Register dated 20 April 1830, Aged 20, Trade: Laborer

Paul on 7th December, 2018 wrote of George Mills:

A convict love token for George Mills is in Paul Wares private collection

Graeme Beasley on 7th December, 2018 wrote of Isaac Shaw:

Isaac Shaw arrived in Norfolk Island December 23rd,December.1830 as a convict overseer now a free man. In February1831 he replaced the wounded Chief Constable George Grover. He resigned his position in 1834 and returned to NSW

D Wong on 6th December, 2018 wrote of Charles Hurford:

Charles Hurford was 26 years old on arrival.
Native Place: Bridgewater.

Charles was literate, protestant, married, no children listed, 5’5½” tall, dark sallow and pockpitted complexion, brown hair, chestnut eyes, small dark hairy mole on right jaw, scar on back of neck, scar on knuckle of forefinger of left hand, little finger of same contracted.

1846: TOL, Wellington
15/3/1852: CP

Possible death:
30/5/1867 Maitland Mercury, NSW:
Sudden Death.-An inquest was held on Thursday last before Dr Busby, coroner for the district, at Mr Ingram’s, in Maidering Swamp, upon the body of a man named Charles Hurford, then and there lying dead.
From the evidence it appeared that the deceased had for the last fortnight, been staying with Mr. Lygo, of the Mountain Run, and had for some time past been very unwell, but feeling considerably better on Wednesday, he had gone out for a walk, and when in the paddock Mr Lygo saw him fall down. On going to his assistance Mr Lygo discovered that the man was quite dead. Dr. Machattie made a post mortem examination, and ascertained that the heart and lungs of deceased was diseased, and that the disease was of such a nature as to fully account for his death. A singular discovery was made at the doctor’s examination, viz, that a number of large hydatids were in existence on the right lung containing from two to three ounces of fluid each.
The jury returned a verdict of “Died from natural causes”
Bathurst Free Press, May 25

Nigel Gleeson on 6th December, 2018 wrote of William Booth:

5ft 5”
Blue eyes
Dark brown hair

D Wong on 6th December, 2018 wrote of Richard Hunt:

Richard Hunt was 35 years old on arrival.
Native Place: Hampshire.

Transported for ‘Stealing a boiler’.

Richard could read, was protestant, a widower with 1 female child, 5’6½” tall, sallow and pockpitted complexion, brown hair, grey eyes, Lost a front upper tooth, scar back of middle finger of right hand, scar on knuckle of little finger of same, right leg short and lame of it.

1846: TOL Illawarra.

D Wong on 6th December, 2018 wrote of John Humphris:

Listed as John Humphries on Ancestry Convict Indents.

John Humphries was 50 years old on arrival.
Native Place: Gloucestershire.

Transported for ‘Stealing silver spoons’.

John was illiterate, a widower with 2 female children, 5’4½” tall, ruddy and freckled complexion, light brown hair, light blue eyes, lost several front teeth in both jaws, scar under inner corner of left eyebrow, breast hairy.

1844: TOL, Scone.
27/1/1852: COF - Listed as Humphries.

There is a death listed for John Humphries died 1854, aged 64 on the NSW BDM - no district listed.

D Wong on 6th December, 2018 wrote of John Thomas:

** 2 John Thomas’s on this voyage - the other John Thomas was tried at Glamorgan.

John Thomas was 21 years old on arrival.
Native place: Falkirk (Scotland).

John was literate, protestant, single, 5’5¾” tall, ruddy complexion, light brown hair, grey eyes, eyebrows meeting, marks of scrofula under right jaw, scar back of middle finger of left hand.

26/6/1849: COF

On his COF John was described as:
5’7¼” tall, ruddy complexion, light brown hair, grey eyes, eyebrows meeting, lost two front teeth upper jaw, scar centre of forehead, another on each eyebrow, sandy whiskers, marks of scrofula under the right jaw, scar back of middle finger of left and and the back of ball of left thumb.

D Wong on 6th December, 2018 wrote of John Thomas:

16/3/1839 The Glamorgan Monmouth and Brecon Gazette and Merthyr Guardian:
(In part) Isaac Watkins, and Richard Hudson, were then charged with demanding money with menaces from William Rees, with intent to steal the same, and were fully committed for trial at the next Quarter Sessions. 

17/8/1839 The Glamorgan Monmouth and Brecon Gazette and Merthyr Guardian:
REMOVAL OF TRANSPORTS.__On Monday last the following prisoners were removed from our county gaol, to be put on board the Ganymede Hulk, at Woolwich, previous to their being sent out of the country, in pursuance of their respective sentences: -
viz,__For Life: William Watkins, 22, Isaac Watkins, 21, Richard Hudson, 17, and John Thomas, 25, for robbery with violence.

All were on board the Maitland 1840.
(Note: 2 John Thomas’s on the Maitland, 2nd one was tried at Lancaster, Liverpool Quarter Sessions).

John Thomas was 27 years old on arrival,
Native Place: Monmouthshire.

John could read, was protestant, single, 5’6½” tall, dark sallow complexion, brown hair, Chestnut eyes, eyebrows partially meeting, lost canine teeth in upper jaw, mermaid inside lower right arm, little finger of right hand contracted from a severe burn, I R. H E. W T M B I T M G, anchor, sun, J R on lower left arm, scar back of third finger of left hand, large brown mark back of left leg.

1846: TOL, Bathurst
7/6/1853: CP

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