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ConvictRecords.com.au is based on the British Convict transportation register, compiled by the State Library of Queensland. We have given a searchable interface to this database, and show the information for each convict in full.

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Recent Submissions

Brian Higgins on 18th September, 2019 wrote of William Hardacre:

Ancestor of Maureen Higgins “brian.higgins@hotmail.co.uk” UK
Any contact welcome.
Birthplace of William Ilton cum Pott near Masham Yorkshire. Baptised 20.2.1813 at Masham Father and Siblings referred to confirmed from Family Tree

D Wong on 17th September, 2019 wrote of Lazarus Hempstead:

4/1/1842 Essex Standard Essex, England:
ESSEX QUARTER SESSION
Lazarus Hempstead, 22, labourer, charged with having stolen, at Brundon, two hind-quarters of mutton, the property of Joseph Eaton, Hale of Somerton, in the county of Sluffolk.___Ten years’ transportation.

Sent to the Leviathan Hulk.

Lazarus was born at Bon Marton near Sudbury.

Father: John
Brothers: Edward, Thomas, William - at native place.
Sisters, Eliza, Sarah, Susan.

Lazarus was single, 5’3¼” tall, fresh complexion, black hair, no whiskers, brown eyes, scar on forefinger right hand, scar on chin.

7/12/1847: TOL

13/10/1849: Working for Mr. Thorpe at the Huon.

19/3/1850: TOL revoked for being absent from muster.

Found no further mention of Lazarus in Tasmania or elsewhere.

Wendy Smith on 17th September, 2019 wrote of William Quinn:

Printed Indentures state that William Quinn was aged 23 years old; could neither read or write; religion Roman Catholic.  He was a native of Cork and his trad was a farm labourer.  He was convicted at Westmeath on 15 March 1835 of Highway robbery.  He was sentenced to life and had one prior conviction for which he served a year.  Physical attributes were that he was 5 feet 5 1/2 inched; complexion dark; hair brown and eyes chestnut.  In the remarks it stated that his brother John Quinn had been transported a year ago.  Prisoner number 35-2603 and transport number is 225.
Ticket of leave number 46/331.

Wendy Smith on 17th September, 2019 wrote of Edward Perry:

Printed indentures states that Edward Perry was 22 years old; could read and write; religion Roman Catholic and status single.  He was a native of County Westmeath and his occupation was weaver.  He was convicted of rape at County Westmeath on 12 March 1835.  Sentenced to 7 years and no prior convictions.  He was convicted on the same day with Patrick Croughan and Hugh Norton.  Physical attributes height 5 feet 4 inches; complexion ruddy, freckled and pock pitted; hair brown and eyes hazel grey.  Prison number 35-2607 and transport number 228.

Wendy Smith on 17th September, 2019 wrote of Hugh Norton:

Printed indentures states that Hugh Norton was 19 years old; could read and write; religion Roman Catholic and status single.  He was a native of Westmeath and occupation of boatman.  He was convicted of rape on 12 March 1835 at Westmeath.  Sentenced to 7 years and had no prior convictions.  May have been convicted along side Patrick Croughan and Edward Perry.  Physical attributes were height 5 feet and 4 1/2 inches; complexion ruddy and freckled; hair brown and eyes grey.  Prisoner number 35-2605 and transport number 227.

Heather Stevens on 17th September, 2019 wrote of Joseph Kearns:

We know from later records that Joseph was born in Dublin in 1774. His death record has not been found and he may have died in or after 1840.

The following comes from the Dublin Evening Post 17 November 1792: ‘Trials at Kilhainham, Saturday November 3 ..... Joseph Kearns, for stealing, on the 22d of October, out of the bleach-yard of John Anderson, at Love-lane, 50 yards of printed cotton, value 2l. the goods of Mr Anderson, against the statute. The larceny was clearly proved; but the statute being confined to linen and hempen cloth, and silent as to cotton cloth, the prisoner was allowed his clergy - to be transported.’

He was transported aboard the ship ‘Sugar Cane’ which left Cork 12 April 1793 and arrived Sydney 17 September 1793. In the convict indent, he was described as Joseph ‘Kerns’ age 18, with a 7 year sentence of transportation

Joseph appears to have had a de facto relationship with Mary Lodge who was also a convict on the ‘Sugar Cane’ and similarly had been convicted for stealing material. In the 1806 muster she is described as his wife and they are both free by servitude, working for Mr Cox. In the 1811 muster, they are listed as Joseph Kearns and Mary Kearns. However they have separated by 1813 when he married Elizabeth Ready.

Marriage 28 June 1813 at St Phillips church Sydney: “Joseph Kerns, labourer, a Batchelor and Elizabeth Ready, a spinster, both of Concord” by banns by William Cowper. Joseph signed, Elizabeth marked, witnesses Hector McNeal, Mary Thorp, both marked. Elizabeth Ready was a convict transported in the ship ‘Minstrel’, in 1812, with a sentence of 7 years transportation.

Joseph and Elizabeth had the following children:

Matthew b.1819 - d.1820

Francis

Joseph

Ann

In the 1816 muster he is a labourer at Liverpool.

In 1820 August 9 he was appointed constable in place of Denis Connolly suspended. However on October 19 he was suspended from his position of constable on account of drunkenness. [colonial secretary records] He was reinstated and in the 1822 muster, he is a constable at Sydney, with children Joseph 5 and John 1½. His wife is listed as ‘Ruddy’, Elizabeth, wife of J Kearns.

In the 1825 muster he is Joseph Kearns, free by servitude, Sugar Cane 1793, 7 years, constable at Sydney; with his wife Ready, Elizabeth, free by servitude, Minstrel, 1812; and their children Joseph, 4 ; Francis, 8, Ann, 3.

However by the time of the 1828 census, he was no longer working as a constable. In the census they are living at Harrington Street Sydney: he is Joseph Kearns, 50, labourer working for John Ewings, Harrington Street; his wife is Elizabeth Kearns, 39, free by servitude, and their children are Francis 10, Joseph Jr. 7, Ann 5, Matthew, 3 (all Roman Catholic)

By 1833 he was working as a boatman. We know this from gaol records when he was imprisoned for theft. On 25 Apr 1833 the Sydney Herald reported: ‘On Friday, a man, named Joseph Kearns, who arrived in this Colony 40 years ago, in the Sugar Cane, went into the house of Mr. Dye, in Cumberland-street, and seizing a jacket, bolted with it. He was pursued, and captured.’ Sydney Gaol records have the following: Date of Admission: 22 Apr 1833, Police Court Trial 3 May and 4 May. Sentenced to hard labour 1 month, discharged 4 June. The gaol records also inform us that he was a boatman and his place of birth is County Dublin.

In 1837 he was in trouble again. The Australian, Tuesday 25 July 1837 reports: ‘An elderly man named Joseph Kearnes, and his son Francis, about twenty-five years of age, both apparently in great indigence, were brought up by warrant, before the Police Bench, on Friday last, charged with having violently assaulted an assigned servant of Mr. Edward Flood, the Builder, on the previous afternoon. It appeared that the defendants, with another person, supposed to be also a son of Joseph Kearnes, and all in a state of beastly inebriety, passed the new watch-house, near Miller’s Point, on which the complainant and three other work men were employed at the time ; when Francis Kearnes came up to the building, and challenged to fight any of the party. He then made several blows at the complainant, who placed himself In an attitude of defence, but he was immediately felled to the ground by a violent blow from a stone, which Joseph Kearnes threw at his head, inflicting a severe wound near his left temple. The defendants urged in their defence, that the workmen first insulted them, but this was most positively contradicted on the other side. They were severally fined in the sum of £3, and costs 4s. 6d. In default of payment of which, they were ordered to be imprisoned in Sydney Gaol for six weeks each. A complaint of a similar nature, preferred by another of the same parties, is still in abeyance against another son of Joseph Kearnes, and his daughter Ann, a child of apparently not more than ten or eleven years of age; for whose appearance when called on, her father’s personal recognizance in the sum of £10, was taken by the Bench.’

Gaol records provide us with a description of Joseph Kearns: Sugar Cane 1793 born 1774 5ft 6in, stout, fresh, grey hair, grey eyes. His son Francis: native of the colony born 1820 Cowpastures, 5ft 10in, slender, fresh, grey eyes. His daughter Ann was not sentenced until a year later, according to Sydney Gaol Entrance book: Anne Kearns, Born In Colony, servant, Date of Admission: 29 Aug 1838, 3 weeks labour. A colleague of Joseph’s, William Hubbard who like Joseph had been a constable and a boatman and lived at Harrington Street, may have suggested that Ann go to live with William Hubbard’s daughter Harriett and her husband William Cook in the Castlereagh area. Ann will later become William Cook’s wife and have 13 children.

On 10 August 1840 he was admitted to Parramatta Gaol: Joseph Kearnes ‘Sugar Cane’ 1793, laborer, sentenced to cells 24 hours, discharged 11 Aug 1840.

What happened to Joseph Kearnes? I have not found his death record. The only one that comes close is the man recorded as ‘John Keenan’ age 70 abode “Asylum” buried 7 Sep 1842 Sydney by Rev Hogan. [KEENAN JOHN V1842856 114, AGE 70] There is a death of ‘John Kerns’ buried 11 May 1839 Age 60 abode Phillip Street in the St Marys Sydney RC register but this is before his admission to Parramatta Gaol in 1849. [KERNS JOHN 278/1839 V132 AGE 60]

Sources
Dublin Evening Post 17 November 1792 https://search.findmypast.com.au/bna/viewarticle?id=bl/0000435/17921117/010

1833 ‘ENGLISH AND AMERICAN VESSELS.’, The Sydney Herald (NSW : 1831 - 1842), 25 April, p. 3. , viewed 17 Sep 2019, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12846689

1837, The Australian (Sydney, NSW : 1824 - 1848), 25 July, p. 2. , http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article36854590

Muster, census, colonial secretary, gaol records were found in Ancestry.com scans of records of the State Records of NSW

Marriage and possible 1842 burial were found in the NSW BDM index and the actual registration was seen on the reels at the NSW State Library Sydney.

Possible 1839 death record obtained through a transcriber

Iris Dunne on 17th September, 2019 wrote of Lazarus Hempstead:

Conduct Record: aged 22, Farm Labourer, Tried 4 June 1842, Transported for Stealing part of a Sheep, Single, can neither read nor write, Protestant
https://stors.tas.gov.au/CON33-1-32$init=CON33-1-32p155

D Wong on 16th September, 2019 wrote of John Guery:

19/4/1820 Saunders’s News-Letter Dublin, Republic of Ireland:

William Reilly, for abduction ; John Guirey, John Foley, and Jeremiah Twomy, for horse-stealing.

All were on board.

John Guery was listed as 54 years old on his Indent, and 61 on the Irish Convicts to NSW website.

Wendy Smith on 16th September, 2019 wrote of Patrick Croughan:

Occupation - nailer, good.

Wendy Smith on 16th September, 2019 wrote of Patrick Croughan:

The printed Indentures state that Patrick Croughan is 27 years old; could read and write; religion Roman Catholic and status single.  A native of Roscommon.  Convicted of rape at Westmeath and convicted on 12 March 1835 to life.  Had no prior convictions.  Physical attributes height 5 feet 5 3/4; complexion dark; hair dark brown and eyes brown.  Prisoner number 35-2604 and transport number 226.

Wendy Smith on 16th September, 2019 wrote of Darby Mcevoy:

Amended name from Mcevoy to McEvoy.

Wendy Smith on 16th September, 2019 wrote of Darby Mcevoy:

The Printed Indentures state that Darby McEvoy was 26 years of age; she reads and writes; religion Roman Catholic; status single.  His native place is County Wicklow and was a farm server.  He committed perjury and was convicted at Wexford on 6 March 1835 and sentenced to 7 years.  He had no prior convictions.  His physical attribution height 5 feet 7 inches; complexion dark; hair black and hazel eyes.  Prisoner number 35-2610 and transport number 232.
Ticket of leave 39/2268 and certificate of freedom 43/932.

Wendy Smith on 16th September, 2019 wrote of Thomas Connor:

Convict Indentures state that Thomas Connor who is 38 years old; can read and write; Status single; Religion Roman Catholic.  A native of County Westmeath and an occupation as thatcher.  He was convicted of stealing window sashes in Westmeath on 28 March 1835 and sentenced to 7 years.  He had no prior convictions.  Physical attributes were that he was 5 feet 7 1/2 inches; complexion dark sallow, freckled and pock pitted; hair black and eyes hazel.  It was also noted that he is blind of left eye; breast hairy, back part of head bald and finger nails short.  Prisoner number 35-2608; transport number 230.
He died on 10 May 1842 and was buried at the Oaks Burial Ground now part of Oaks Estate, ACT.  Thomas Connor assigned to Henry Hall at Charnwood.

Wendy Smith on 16th September, 2019 wrote of James Killaspy:

The printed indentures state that James Killaspy was 27 years old; that he could neither read or write; religion Roman Catholic; status married with no children.  A native of county of Sligo.  He was convicted of fire arms at Sligo and sentenced on 16 March 1833 to Life. One prior conviction for which he served 3 weeks. Physical attributes are height 5 feet 5 1/2 inches; complexion sallow and freckled; hair brown mixed with grey and grey eyes.  Prison number 34-2384 and transport number 153.

Wendy Smith on 16th September, 2019 wrote of John Costigan:

The printed indentures state that John Costigan was aged 22 year sold; he could read; religion Roman Catholic and he was single.  He was a farm servant and a native of County Tipperary.  He was convicted of an unlawful oath at Tipperary and convicted in March 1832.  He was sentenced to life.  He had no prior convictions.  Physical attributes are height 5 feet 5 3/4 inches; complexion sallow and little pock pitted; hair light brown near bald from scald with grey eyes.  Prisoner number is 34-2387 and transport number is 156.

Wendy Smith on 16th September, 2019 wrote of Laurence Wheelahan:

The Printed Indentures state that Laurence Wheelahan was 22 years old and could read and write.  Religion Protestant, was married but had no children.  A native of King’s County.  He was convicted of stealing ribbons and tried at Galway Town, convicted on 17 April 1834 and sentenced to 7 years.  Had no prior convictions.  Physical attributes are height 5 feet 3 inches; complexion sallow and pock pitted; hair dark brown and eyes brown.  Prisoner number 34-2373 and transport number 142.

Wendy Smith on 16th September, 2019 wrote of Edmund Gallaher:

The convict printed indentures state that Edmund Gallaher that he was 28 years old; he could read; religion Roman Catholic; Status single and a native of County Kerry.  He was a farm labourer.  He was convicted at County Kerry on 13 March 1834 and sentenced to 7 year.  He had no prior convictions.  Physical attributes are height 5 feet 3 3/4 inches; complexion Brown; hair brown and eyes brown.  Prisoner number is 34-2371 and transport number 140.

Wendy Smith on 16th September, 2019 wrote of Patrick Killcoole:

The Printed Indentures state that Patrick Killcoole was 26 years old.  He could read and write; religion Roman Catholic; Status Married with one son.  He was a native of County Sligo and was a shoemaker (5 years complete).  He was convicted of Assault and robbery in county Sligo.  He was convicted on 19 July 1833 and sentenced to life.  He had no prior convictions.  Physical attributes are height 5 feet 8 inches; complexion ruddy and pock pitted; hair brown and eyes hazel.  Prisoner number 34-2385 and transport number 154.

Wendy Smith on 16th September, 2019 wrote of Anthony Ruane:

Indentures state that Anthony Ruane is aged 60 years old.  He could read and write; Religion Roman Catholic.  He was married and had 9 children - 1 son and 8 daughters.  A native of county Sligo and a farm labourer.  He was convicted of maiming a cow in County Sligo and was convicted for life in October 1832.  He had no prior convictions.  Physical attributes are height 5 feet 5 1/2 inches; Complexion swarthy; hair is brown mixed with grey and grey eyes.

Wendy Smith on 16th September, 2019 wrote of John Sharp:

The Convict Indentures state that John Sharp was 26 years old, Could read: Religion Roman Catholic; status single and a native of Queen’s County.  Convicted in Queen’s county on 14 March 1833 for fire arms.  He received 7 years with no prior convictions.  Physical attributes height 5 feet 1 inch; complexion Sallow; hair brown and eyes hazel.  Prisoner number 34-2382.  Transport number 151.

D Wong on 16th September, 2019 wrote of Barthomolmew Real:

19/4/1820 Saunders’s News-Letter Dublin, Republic of Ireland:
County Court Timothy Deasy, Patrick Dunworth, Denis Crowley, Thomas Malone, Rich. Forest, and John Forest (brothers) and Bartholomew Real, for burglary.

No ships found for the others.

1828 Census:
Real, Bartholomew, 33, government servant, Prince Regent, 1821, life, Catholic, labourer Kent Street Sydney
Real, Mary, 35, came free, Thames, 1826, Catholic
Real, Patrick, 10, came free
Real, Mary, 1, born in the colony
Other Children:
1829-1893: Catherine Riall
1831-1911: John Riall
1832-????: Andrew Riall
1837-1839: Bartholomew Riall

24/2/1855 Freeman’s Journal, Sydney:
Donated £2 towards the erection of a Church at Tumut.

Wife Mary 1793-1863 Parents were John and Mary and Mary was buried with Bartholomew at the Tumut Pioneer Cemetery.

1867:  Name: Bartholomew Real
Death Date: 1867
Death Place: New South Wales
Father’s name: Patrick
Mother’s name: Catherine
Registration Year: 1867
Registration Place: Tumut, New South Wales
Registration Number: 8027.

Wendy Smith on 16th September, 2019 wrote of Roger Benane:

The convict indentures state the Roger was aged 23 years old; Could neither read or write; Religion Roman Catholic; Status single; a native of County Mayo and was a farm labourer.  He was convicted for stealing money for life in Mayo on 23 July 1833.  He had no prior known convictions.  Physical attributes are Height 5 feet 7 1/2 inches; complexion sallow, freckled and pock pitted; hair dark brown and Chestnut eyes.  Prisoner number 34-2380.  Transport number is 149.

Wendy Smith on 16th September, 2019 wrote of David Kelly:

The Printed Convict Indentures state that David Kelly was aged 23 years old; could read and write; Religion Roman Catholic: Status Single; Native place County Mayo.  He was convicted of an unlawful oath at Mayo on 23 July 1833 and sentenced to 14 years.  Had no prior convictions Occupation Ordinance road surveyor.  Physical attributes were Height 5 feet 8 inches; complexion ruddy; Hair brown and hazel eyes.  Prisoner number 34-2381; Transport number: 150.
Died on 28 February 1845.  Buried in the Oaks Burial Ground now in Oaks Estate, ACT.  Lived in Queanbeyan at least from 1841.  Assigned to Mr Buckley as a shepherd; in 1843 assigned to Mr John Cosgrove, Maneroo (now Monaro) and then Daniel Driscoll in 1844.

Lyn Hudson-Williamson on 16th September, 2019 wrote of Barthomolmew Real:

Arrived “Prince Regent” January 9, 1821, departed Cork, Ireland September 19, 1820

Lyn Hudson-Williamson on 16th September, 2019 wrote of Barthomolmew Real:

Arrived “Prince Regent” January 9, 1821, departed Cork, Ireland September 19, 1820

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