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ConvictRecords.com.au is based on the British Convict transportation register, compiled by the State Library of Queensland. We have given a searchable interface to this database, and show the information for each convict in full.

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Recent Submissions

D Wong on 11th July, 2020 wrote of David Waters:

David Waters was listed as 19 years old on arrival. 

Native Place: London.

Occupation: Painter.

David was illiterate, protestant, single, 5’6¼” tall, ruddy and pockpitted complexion, brown hair and eyes, Woman and anchor upper left arm, D upper right arm.

1/1/1834: Patrick Plains - Painter, aged 19 from London, ruddy, pockpitted complexion, tattoos.  Absconded from Robert Scott since 10th Dec.

1837: Aged 22, Assigned to Robert Scott, Patrick Plains.

14/8/1839: TOL Patricks Plains.
????: TOL Patricks Plains
1/9/1841: COF

D Wong on 11th July, 2020 wrote of Frederick Williams:

Frederick Williams was listed as 14 years old on arrival.

Native Place: London.

Occupation: Tailor’s Boy.

Frederick was Protestant, 4’7¾” tall, ruddy complexion, brown hair, hazel eyes, scar under left eye, WPJC and diamond inside lower left arm, blue ring middle finger of left hand ; Brother, Williams, 6 months ago.

1837: Age 18, Assigned to Charles Blaxland, Merton.

18/10/1839: COF - 5’10¼” tall, ruddy complexion, brown hair, hazel eyes.
19/7/1844 Maitland - on Certificate.

Paul Anthony Coghlan on 11th July, 2020 wrote of Mathew Hughes:

Matthew Hughes was Australia’s first long serving schoolmaster. He taught at Kissing Point (Ryde)from 1799 to 1810, Windsor from 1810 to 1813 and Richmond from 1813 to his death on Xmas Day in 1845.He applied for a pension to retire upon in July 1841 but it was refused.So at 75 years of age, this pioneer of colonial education was still teaching.

Iris Dunne on 11th July, 2020 wrote of James Hammond:

Conduct Record: Tried 13 March 1837, Transported for Stealing Woolen Cloth, has previous convictions, Single, Conditional Pardon No. 294 17 may 1843

Description List No. 2320: aged 28, Trade Farm Labourer/Ploughman

Michelle on 11th July, 2020 wrote of James Hammond:

James was convicted again for stealing two silk handkerchiefs in 1844 and served an additional two years with hard labour.  He went to Port Phillip aboard ‘Shamrock’ in 1847, married twice.  He worked as a plasterer, a trade he learned in VDL, and lived the rest of his life in Brighton, Victoria. He and his second wife, Rosina Ealden nee Lynch (m. 13/03/1858) had one daughter, Rosina Hammond (b. 27/02/1862).

Maureen Withey on 11th July, 2020 wrote of James Hanks:

I, James Hanks, do caution all People against giving credit to my Wife Margaret Hanks, as I will not hold myself responsible for any debts she may contract from this date.
16, Castlereagh-street, 27th April, 1836
Sydney Gazette, 30 April 1836.

Maureen Withey on 11th July, 2020 wrote of James Hankinson:

Old Bailey Proceedings Online (http://www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 8.0, 10 July 2020), October 1812, trial of JAMES HANKINSON (t18121028-91).

JAMES HANKINSON, Theft > embezzlement, 28th October 1812.
932. JAMES HANKINSON was indicted for that, he on the 28th of August , was clerk to Joseph Hale , George Hale , William Wiggens and Wall Lynn , and was employed and entrusted by them to receive monies, and valuable securities for them; and that he by virtue of his employment did receive 25 one pound bank notes on their account, and afterwards did embezzle, secrete, and steal the same.
SECOND COUNT, stating that he received twenty-four one pound bank notes and thirteen shillings in monies numbered, and that he did afterwards embezzle, secrete, and steal the same.
PETER WORKMAN . Q. In the month of August last did you keep the Blue Anchor, in Fenchurch-street - A. I did.
Q. Were you indebted to Messrs. Hale and Co. for beer - A. I was.
Q. Did you know the prisoner - A. Yes. He came to me as their collecting clerk. In the beginning of August I paid him twenty-five pounds. I cannot say whether there was one, two, or three, five-pound notes. I paid that sum to him. He signed that receipt. I cannot say they were all one-pound notes.
GEORGE HALE . Q. You are a brewer . What are the names of your firm - A. Joseph Hale , George Hale , William Wiggens, and Wall Lynn : four partner’s.
Q. In the month of August last, and long before, was the prisoner in your employ - A. He has been two years in my employ as collecting clerk, and two years before that as accompting-house clerk.
Q. Was it part of his duty to receive money of your customers, and to pay it you - A. To pay it into the firm, to the receiver of the house. He quitted my service on the 5th of September.
Q. Has he paid you the twenty-five pounds which it appears that he received from Mr. Workman - A. Certainly not.
Q. Did you ask him particularly whether his acaccompts were all right - A. We did. He said, certainly it was.
Q. On the next day did you receive that letter - A. That letter is his hand-writing, certainly. I did not see it for some days afterwards. It came to one of my partners, who shewed it me. It is signed, James Hankinson . There is no address: that is tore off.
WILLIAM WIGGENS . Q. You are of the partners of that house - A. I am.
Q. Did you receive that letter - A. I did. I tore the address off. It was addressed to me.
I am sorry to be under the necessity of informing you, that I have acted in a manner of which I am ashamed of, and most dreadfully shocked. I have been led by those I considered my friends, which will place a stigma upon my character all my life. I have used that in right, which was not my own. I have quitted town in hopes of procuring money, to replace that which I have so unjustly made use of. Oh, my good sir, if you have the kindness not to let this come to the ears of no one, and particularly my injured friend, J. Hale, you may be assured I will replace every penny I have made use of; and believe me, sir, I remain,
your humble servant, JAMES HANKINSON .
Pray, sir, do not let this be known, or I shall for ever be ruined, although I know I deserve every thing bad.=”
Q. to Mr. Hale. On the 25th of September was your firm the same as it is now - A. Yes, and some months before that.
Prisoner’s Defence. My lord, and gentlemen of the Jury, I must trust to your kind indulgence a few minutes. I lived with my late employers five years, during which period I served them with the utmost integrity. I was informed, a fortnight before I left them, by the senior partner, that they had no further occasion for me: the reason was, William Wiggens intended to collect my department himself; Mr. Hale handsomely saying, it was on that account he parted with me. I did all I could to induce every one of my friends to continue their favours to my late employers, which they promised me the would, on my account. The day after I quitted their service, (as appears by that letter), I informed them that I was going to Northumberland, there to try my friends to assist me to balance my accounts. I now solemnly declare I never intended to rob or defraud my employers. I assure you, my not being able to balance my accompts was owing to my expences being considerably more than I had, or could charge them. Mr. Wiggens can testify for my conduct: when I was at Northumberland he promised me that Mr. Hale, and the rest of the gentlemen, would accede to my balancing my accounts. When I arrived there I was left in the accompting-house, in an unlocked room, and at that time Mr. Wiggens went, and returned with an officer. I hope you will excuse me, and I will trust to your just decision.
The prisoner called six witnesses, who gave him a good character.
GUILTY , aged 24.
Transported for Fourteen Years .
London jury, before Mr. Common Serjeant.

1828 NSW Census Index. https://www.paperturn-view.com/nsw-state-archives/1828-census-3-of-6-nrs1272-sz-980?pid=NDM43341&p=99&v=1.1
James Hankinson, age 40, D.S. per E. Spencer, 1813, 14 years.  Employed as Commission Agent, resident at George Street, Sydney.
Sophia Hanskinson, age 42, C.F. (came free) per Mq. Wellington, 1815,
G?, Hankinson, aged 13, C.F.
Sophia Eliza Hankinson, aged 11, C.F.

Colonial Secretary Index.

HANKINSON, James. Per “Earl Spencer”, 1813
1816 Sep 16 - Sundry articles brought for use of Government House received by J Hankinson for D Bevan (Reel 6045; 4/1732 pp.140-2)
1817 Jun 2 - Petition for mitigation of sentence (Fiche 3178; 4/1851 pp.153-6)
1818 Feb 16 - On list of applicants for spirit licenses in Sydney (Reel 6006; 4/3498 p.62)
1818 Aug 15 - Paid from the Police Fund for black cloth for St Philip’s Church, Sydney (Reel 6038; SZ759 p.492)
1818 Sep 10 - On list of persons to receive grants of land in 1818 (Fiche 3266; 9/2652 p.44)
1819 Feb 15 - On list of applicants for renewal of spirit licences in Sydney (Reel 6006; 4/3499 p.318)
1819 Feb 20 - Paid from the Police Fund for Bengal canvas for Government use (Reel 6038; SZ1044 p.9)
1819 Mar 3 - Petition to Governor’s Court for sequestration order against William Gore (Reel 6020; 2/8130 pp.107-12)
1819 Jun 10 - Paid from the Police Fund for canvas for the Government boat “Cossar” (Reel 6038; SZ1044 p.54)
1819 Aug 9 - Bill drawn on H.M. Treasury in favour of (Reel 6049; 4/1745 pp.82, 377)
1819 Aug 10 - Petition for mitigation of sentence (Fiche 3195; 4/1858 p.147)
1821 Mar 5 - On list of persons for whom grants of land have been handed over to the Surveyor General for delivery, with amount of fees to be charged (Fiche 3266; 9/2652 p.63)
1821 May 27 - Juror at inquest on Thomas Jones held at Sydney (Reel 6021; 4/1819 pp.361-2)
1822 Jan 10 - Re his pardon (Reel 6054; 4/1759 p.84)
1822 Jun 30-1823 Sep 30 - On lists of persons to whom convict mechanics have been assigned (Fiche 3296; X53 pp.17, 30, 44, 60, 74)
1822 Sep 21 - Tendering for use of Government Mill (Reel 6055; 4/1761 p.213)
1822 Oct 4 - Re acceptance of tender for Government mill (Reel 6009; 4/3506 p.327)
1823 Jan 31-1824 Mar 11 - On list of persons receiving an assigned convict (Fiche 3290, 4/4570D pp.3, 86, 96; Fiche 3291, 4/4570D pp.89, 122)
1823 Feb 10 - Requiring new stone for the mill he rents (Reel 6058; 4/1770 p.86)
1824 Mar 16 - Re inability to purchase mill stones (Reel 6061; 4/1778 p.233)

Maureen Withey on 10th July, 2020 wrote of Hugh Crabtree:

Irish Convict Database by Peter Mayberry.
Hugh Crabtree, age 40, Per Anne I (1801) Tried 1800 at Carlow. Irish Rebel.  Life. DOB- 1761.  Spouse: m. Ann or Sarah Wilson.


Hugh Crabtree.
Sydney Gazette, 19 June 1803.


Hugh Crabtree Convict to Australia
Still chasing my wonderfully interesting Crabtree Family.
Hugh was convicted as a Rebel in the 1798 Uprising in Carlow. He lived in Kilcullen County Kildare. He left Cork per the Anne 1 in 1800 and in 1801 arrived at Port Jackson. He was given a conditional pardon in 1804 although he had been sentenced for Life. He farmed on the Parramatta River. He married in Australia to a woman named Wilson who was also convicted out of county Armagh - what she did I know not. What I am desperately trying to trace are his children left behind in Ireland. I believe that his eldest Francis born 1783 married in Dublin and I believe his youngest Mary Crabtree born 1797 married in Kildare and am awaiting her marriage certificate. It is the other children I am trying to find viz:
John Crabtree born 1787
James Crabtree born 1789
Margaret Crabtree born 1793
Hugh Crabtree born 1797.
If they left Ireland they may just appear in the 1843 Census.
Sadly I can find no further record for John James Margaret or Hugh on any site in Ireland and I have exhausted every record. Behind him Hugh Snr left a wife Margaret Bagnor. I can find no record of their marriage and can only find one link to a Bagnor in Kildare. Any help on my lovely family would be absolutely wonderful. They may have gone to US or Australia or Canada but I have searched the world and cannot find any of these darlings.
Anyone who might have access to any records and might have a quick look for these lovelies I would be very appreciative.
Thank you - you have been so helpful in the past.
Best wishes


1828 NSW Census Index. https://www.paperturn-view.com/nsw-state-archives/1828-census-2-of-6-nrs1272-sz-979?pid=NDM43339&p=43
Hugh Crabtree, age 67, C.P., Ann 1801, Life, catholic, Farmer at Pitt Town. Holds 16 acres, all cleared and cultivated.

Colonial Secretary Index.

CRABTREE, Hugh. Per “Anne”, 1801

1806 Feb 14 - Evidence given by in case Marsden v Mason (Reel 6041; 4/1720 p.166)
1820 Jun 28 - Of Wilberforce. Memorial (Fiche 3016; 4/1823 No.156)

Maureen Withey on 10th July, 2020 wrote of Roger Twyfield:

NSW 1828 census.

Twifield Roger, aged 81, F.S. Friendship 1788, 7 years, Catholic, Overseer, Residence- Charles Beasley, Cornwallis District, 90 acres 90 acres cleared, 90 acres cultivated.

Gail Robyn Newman on 10th July, 2020 wrote of Samuel Buxton:

Samuel Buxton died at Liverpool COD Dysentry was in hospital

Ron Garbutt on 10th July, 2020 wrote of Frederick Williams:

Old Bailey Proceedings Online (http://www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 8.0, 10 July 2020), February 1832, trial of ROBERT NAY WILLIAM NAY FREDERICK WILLIAMS (t18320216-127).
ROBERT NAY, WILLIAM NAY, FREDERICK WILLIAMS, Theft > simple larceny, 16th February 1832.
Before Mr. Sergeant Arabin.

632. ROBERT NAY , WILLIAM NAY , and FREDERICK WILLIAMS , were indicted for stealing, on the 13th of January , 5 handkerchiefs, value 18s., the goods of James Pincott ; and that William Nay had been before convicted of felony .

WILLIAM COLLETT . I am in the employ of Mr. James Pincott , a linen-draper , of Oxford-street . On the 3rd of January the two Nays came to the shop, about four o’clock, and asked to look at some black handkerchiefs at half a crown each - I looked over the box, but had not one at that price; I showed them one at 1s. 6d. - others laid before them; I turned to speak to a young man, and they went out, without buying any thing - I did not miss any handkerchiefs till the officer brought them back, with the prisoners, in about half an hour; we then missed these five handkerchiefs out of the box which I had shown them.

ROBERT CURRIE . I am a Police-constable. I was on duty, and saw the three prisoners in company in Regent-street - I followed them some distance; I did not see any of them go into the prosecutor’s shop, nor come out, but I took Williams in Waterloo-place, about half-past four o’clock - I searched him at the station, and found these five handkerchiefs between his shirt and his skin.

THOMAS HOBBS . When Currie took Williams, I saw the two Nays running; I took them in Pull-Mall - nothing was found on them.

SAMUEL GREEN . I am a Policeman. I have a certificate of the conviction of William Nay , on the 1st of December - he was ordered to be whipped; I know he is the boy - (read)

Robert and William Nay put in a written defence, denying that they were in company with Williams, and declaring their innocence.




Transported for Seven Years .


Ron Garbutt on 10th July, 2020 wrote of David Waters:

Old Bailey Proceedings Online (http://www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 8.0, 10 July 2020), September 1832, trial of DAVID WATERS (t18320906-356).
DAVID WATERS, Theft > simple larceny, 6th September 1832.
Fifth Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Sergeant Arabin.

2087. DAVID WATERS was indicted for stealing, on the 16th of August , 1 pair of shoes, value 4s. , the goods of Thomas Brown .

THOMAS BROWN . I am a shoemaker . On the 16th of August the prisoner came, took these boots, and walked out of my shop with them; he got about twenty yards - I took him with them; I did not know him before.

Prisoner’s Defence. I was coming through Somers’-town with a young man; we were both drunk, and I did not know where I was.

GUILTY . Aged 18 - Transported for Seven Years .


Ron Garbutt on 10th July, 2020 wrote of Thomas Wakeman:

Old Bailey Proceedings Online (http://www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 8.0, 10 July 2020), September 1831, trial of THOMAS WAKEMAN ELIZABETH WAKEMAN JOSEPH LILL (t18310908-260).
THOMAS WAKEMAN, ELIZABETH WAKEMAN, JOSEPH LILL, Theft > simple larceny, 8th September 1831.
1787. THOMAS WAKEMAN . ELIZABETH WAKEMAN , and JOSEPH LILL were indicted for stealing, on the 15th of July , 16 cwt. of printed paper, value 30l. , the goods of Henry Butterworth .

JOSEPH BRETTELL. I am a warehouse man to Mr. Henry Butterworth - he is a bookseller , and lives in Fleet-street - he has a warehouse in Apollo-court, Fleet-street ; there was a large quantity of law books in quires, which are very expensive - that stock is more valuable than any other stock of books. In consequence of information I went to the warehouse on the 15th of July - I missed, I should think, two or three tons weight of modern law books in quires -I should think they were worth 2000l. or 3000l.; I received information, and have found a large quantity of it.

Cross-examined by MR. CLARKSON. Q. Did your master recover nearly all his property? A. Yes; there is but about half a ton missing - I was present at Mr. Butterworth’s when Mr. Chidley and Thomas Wakeman , the prisoner, came there - I was engaged, and did not hear the conversation; that was about an hour after the robbery had been discovered - I think the property must have been taken in small quantities at different times; I had not taken stock since the latter end of June or the beginning of July- I had only gone to the warehouse to get particular works which were wanted for the shop; I should not have missed small quantities of books.

JOHN EMBLIN , JUN. I live with my father in Leather-lane - he is a tripe-dresser. On the 12th of July we bought two quantities of paper of the prisoner Thomas Wakeman; on the 14th he called again in the afternoon, and said he had about 10 cwt. of waste-paper, which I agreed to purchase of him, and on the 15th he brought it in a caravan - there was a young man with him, but I saw nothing of Lill; I paid him 4d. per 1b. for the paper, which is the price of good waste-paper: it came to 21l. 12s. 4d. - I kept it by itself, and Mr. Brettell came and claimed it the same day; I gave it up, and it is here to-day - Thomas Wakeman said he had it from a lawyer in Liucoln’s Innfields.

Cross-examined. Q.Has your father carried on business there for some years? A. Yes; I have known Wakeman six or seven years, and my father much longer; I always considered him an honest fair dealing man - I had had dealings with him before, though not to so large an amount; I am not quite positive that he did not say he had it to sell for a person who brought it from a lawyer, but I understood he had it from a lawyer - Apollo-court and Bell-yard are very near Liucoln’s Inn.

CHARLES JUPP . I am a carter, and live in New-court, Peter’s-lane, Cow-cross. On the evening of the 14th of July, Wakeman came to me in the stable yard, and said,“I want you to do a job for me between five and six o’clock in the morning;” he told me to take my cart, and remove some paper - I asked him what quantity; he said he did not exactly know, but he supposed four or five hundred weight - I said it was an awkward time, and an awkward morning, but I agreed to go, and I went with my cart and horse towards his house, where he had told me to go, but as I was going up Warner-street I saw Wakeman and Lill, apparently coming from Wakeman’s house; we stopped at a public-house in Warner-street, and all went in and had something to drink - there was another person with him, who was a stranger to me; we staid about a quarter of an hour - Wakeman then told me to go to Carey-street; the strange man went on before my cart, and Wakeman and Lill went up Eyre-streetbill into Leather-lane - when I got into Leather-lane I passed them with my cart; the strange man still kept on before my cart, but on his turning out of Chancery-lane into Carey-street I lost him - I then drove on about fifty yards past Bell-yard; the strange man then called to me to back my cart as far down Bell-yard as the pavement - I tried to do so, but I could not get it above half-way down; while I was backing, the strange man and another strange man, each of them, brought a large bundle of paper out of a turning in Bell-yard, but I do not know where it leads to - it was on the left-hand side in Bellyard; they put the bundles of paper into the cart, and I let down the tail-board, unbuckled the seat, and got the cart in order while they brought some more - they kept bringing out till I expect they had got about 7 cwt. in the cart; I told them that was as much as my pony and cart could draw - they said I must take some more, they had not got much more - they brought out two bundles more, and said there was some more; I told them I could not take any more then, I must come a second time - I then began to tie some ropes across, and they brought out three bundles more; I tied them on, and moved my horse up Bell-yard till I came opposite the large new building, and there my cart, being loaded heavy behind, it swagged - both the shafts broke right off, and it went up; a great deal of paper fell off - the strange man told me I must go and get another cart; I said I did not know where to get one without going home - one of the strange men said he would go and look for one; while I was taking out the paper, and tying it up as well as I could, another cart came up; I took away my broken cart - after I had taken it home I went to Mr. Wakeman’s house, and his wife paid me by his order; I do not know what became of the paper.

Cross-examined by MR. CLARKSON. Q.Yours is a pony-cart? A. Yes; I will not say whether Wakeman had an apron on - I had seen him many times with an apron; one of the strange men had an apron when I came - I had known Wakeman, and worked for him for two years; it was about twenty minutes before seven o’clock when my cart broke down - there were plenty of people about; I did not see Wakeman after I passed him about the middle of Leather-lane - I think that is a quarter of a mile from Bell-yard; I think I received information about eight o’clock or a quarter past eight the same morning, that Mr. Butterworth had lost paper - I know a man named Chidley, and had been to his house; I had been to Wakeman’s house before that, but I did not then know of the robbery; I went to Wakeman’s as soon as I got home, to try to get some recompense for my cart - Mrs. Wakeman said that Wakeman and the people were gone to take the paper to Chidley; I went to Chidley, and asked if Mr. Wakeman had been there - I heard there that the paper had been stolen, but from whom I did not know; I went back to Wakeman’s - he was close by, and was sent for into the presence of me and Chidley; it was then about nine o’clock; Wakeman asked me how much I charged for my cart - I said 1s. 6d. was what he generally gave me for jobs that lasted about an hour, and he told his wife to pay me; I asked Mr. Chidley if he wanted me any more - he took my address, and I went home.

MR. EMBLIN. Wakeman brought the paper to our house about eight o’clock that morning.

THOMAS BALDWIN . I am servant to Mr. Griffith, a skin-dealer, in Leather-lane. On the morning of the 15th of July I was at the end of Fetter-lane, by St. Dunstan’s church, when I was called by two persons, whom I did not know, to go with my cart and take some paper; they took me up Chancery-lane, down Carey-street, and up Bell-yard, where I saw a cart broken down, and some paper in the mud - but before that, one of the two men had left me in Chancery-lane, and I saw no more of him till my cart was unloaded again; they first told me I was to take the paper to Mr. Emblin’s, but when I got to the corner of Back hill, the man who was then with me said, “Down here;” I said “This is Back-hill” - he said Yes, but he took me down Eyre-street-hill to Mr. Wakeman’s shop - there is written over the door “Stationer and rag-merchant;” the person who had loaded my cart was there, and Mr. Wakeman, who is the other person who had spoken to me about the cart, but did not go all the way with me, came there when the cart was unloaded - the person who had gone with me all the way paid me 2s., which he got from Mr. Wakeman - I saw him received it; I did not see Lill - I have known him a number of years.

JOHN BERRY . I am in the employ of Mr. Clark, who keeps a van in Red Lion-yard, Warner-street. On the morning of the 15th of July a person, who was a stranger to me, came with Mr. Wakeman, and desired me to take some paper from Mr. Wakeman’s house to Mr. Emblin’s, and I took it there in the caravan; Mr. Wakeman went all the way with me, and two other persons went to the corner of Leather-lane.

Cross-examined. Q.Was this an open transaction? A. Yes; there were plenty of persons about - it was a little before eight o’clock.

RICHARD MAGUIRE . I know Lill. On the morning of the 15th of July I saw him in Bell-yard, which is near my house; he was shoving forward a truck with some paper in it - it was about half-past six, or twenty minutes to seven o’clock; there were two men in front of the truck, pulling it, and Lill pushed behind - I passed by them, and saw them when the cart broke down; I had known Lill before.

Lill. I was not there at all, nor near the place: he said before that it was seven o’clock when he was there.

Witness. I said between six and seven o’clock; I had to go to Chapel-street, Lamb’s Conduit-street, and I got there before seven o’clock - the cart breaking down first attracted my notice; I thought the paper might be Mr. Howard’s - It did not strike me that it was a robbery; there were several people about, asking what was the matter - I spoke to Lill, and said, “Joseph you have got a good master, for he is teaching you to draw,” meaning that a man is not a finished bricklayer till he is able to draw plans; my son was with me - but he is not here.

Lill to CHARLES JUPP. Q. What time were you in Bell-yard? A.From half-past six till twenty minutes before seven o’clock; I did not see you from the time I passed you in Leather-lane till you were at the bar at Guildhall.

COURT. Q. You did not see him from the time you passed him till he was in custody? A. No - he and Wakeman were going the same way that I was, but I passed them, and went on faster.

THOMAS LIGHTFOOT . I am an officer. I produce the paper in the same state as I got it from Mr. Emblin’s.

MR. EMBLIN. This is the paper I got from Wakeman.

JOSEPH BRETTELL . This is part of Mr. Butterworth’s paper; I tied it up myself, and put this card on it; it is Chitty’s Commercial Law, Nos. 2, 3, and 4.

Cross-examined. Q.When did you see it? A. I put it there in December last; I cannot say when I saw it last, perhaps a month before; Mr. Butterworth is an extensive publisher - some law-books sell better than others; it is customary to sell works for waste-paper, which will not sell in books - Chitty’s Commercial Law is a very saleable work.

Wakeman’s Defence. Had I been in the least aware of being brought to a place like this, I could have produced proper documents to prove my innocence; the man I bought the first paper of is Bowyer, whom I have known for twenty-five years - he is a rag-dealer and dealer in paper: I could often sell paper for him, when he could not sell it himself - I sold twenty-four reams for him to Mr. Johnson, of Bishopsgate-street; I am aware that the law must take its course, but I am as innocent as I was the day I was born - Mr. Chidley called on me, and said, “You have had some paper;” I told him Yes, and where I had sold it: I went with him to Mr. Butterworth’s, told him where I sold it, and he got it all backthe last parcel of paper I bought of a person a total stranger to me, to whom Lill introduced me; I said to the person, “I think you sold some of this paper to Bowyer:” he said, Yes he had, but should not sell him any more, for he could not get his money from him.

Lill’s Defence. I never recommended Wakeman - the truth was this, two persons told me they had some wastepaper to sell, and I said I knew a person who bought it; I sent them to him with it, and he made the agreement - what it was I do not know, but I heard it was some where in Lincoln’s Inn.

JOHN CHIDLEY . I am a bookseller. I deal in wastepaper, and live in Goswell-street; Mr. Brettell called on me about half-past seven o’clock on the morning of the 15th of July, and asked if I had had any paperoffered me that morning - I said, No, it was not likely I should have it so early in the morning; he then told me Mr. Butterworth had been robbed of a large quantity of books - I told him to take pen and ink, and write down his master’s name, place of a bode, and a list of books lost, and I should know what to do if they were offered me - I asked him if the warehouse had been robbed that morning - he said it had; I then said, I had had a quantity of law-books brought to me as waste-paper a fortnight before - if he would go with my young man to my warehouse he should see them - they went together - my young man came back and said the whole belonged to Mr. Butterworth; I then went to the warehouse myself, and said to him, “Are these your master’s property?” he said,“They are;” I then said, “It is right I should give you the name of the person I bought them of” - I gave him the name of William Denny , Clare-market, but as I did not know his address, I took him back to my shop for my young man to tell him - while we were there, Jupp came and asked if Mr. Wakeman had been there; in consequence of what he said Mr. Brettell and I went to Wakeman’s house - we found him coming out of the public-house at the corner of the street - when I saw him I said,“Wakeman, have you had any paper at your house today?” he said he had, and had sold it to Mr. Emblin, a tripeman - I had known Wakeman before, but not much of him; I asked him how much he had sold - he said 11 cwt. 2 qrs. and some odd pounds, but I do not remember how much; that he had sold it at 4d. per 1b., and I believe he said “a good price too” - he then asked me if there was any thing wrong about it - I told him I had received information that it was all stolen; he said he did not know it; I said, “I suppose you know who you bought it of” - he said Yes, of a bricklayer - I said,“I would advise you to go with me to Mr. Butterworth’s directly, and give some account of it.” which he agreed to do; Wakeman said, “I have bought paper of Bowyer;” my young man said, “Bowyer, in Ray-street?” he said, Yes - Wakeman looked across the way, and said,“Why, there is Bowyer, call him over;” this was in Great Warner-street, about one hundred yards from Wakeman’s house - we went on to Mr. Butterworth’s, and reached there soon after nine o’clock; Mr. Butterworth was there - I stopped till about eleven o’clock - Wakeman did not stop all the time there: he went in and out - the officer came in half an hour; Mr. Wooller was there part of the time, and I believe he took down what was said - I cannot state what passed; Wakeman stated some of the circumstances to Mr. Butterworth in my hearing - I have lived in Goswell-street sixteen or eighteen years; I attended at the Magistrate’s by desire of the prosecutor - I was not called - Wakeman appeared very willing to give information.

MR. ADOLPHUS. Q. But whether what Wakeman said was true, you cannot tell? A. No; there were many cases inquired about; I knew nothing of the robbery, but what Mr. Brettell had told me - I had bought paper of Wakeman three or four times; I never went to a warehouse to get paper away - I do not think I told the prosecutor of Wakeman having said he bought it of Joe, the bricklayer - I cannot say whether I did or not; I believe I told him all that Wakeman said.

Lill. I had two examinations before Maguire came against me - I am quite sure I have not been in Bell-yard these twelvemonths.

COURT to RICHARD MAGUIRE . Q.Upon the solemn oath you have taken, and knowing how it affects the prisoner Lill, was he there, or was he not? A.Upon my solemn oath he was; I have known him these ten years - he was forcing the truck forward in the way I have described.

T. WAKEMAN - GUILTY . Aged 46.

Transported for Seven Years .

LILL - GUILTY . Aged 43.

Confined Two Years .



Ron Garbutt on 10th July, 2020 wrote of Samuel Swiney:

Old Bailey Proceedings Online (http://www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 8.0, 10 July 2020), April 1832, trial of SAMUEL SWINEY (t18320405-272).
SAMUEL SWINEY, Theft > simple larceny, 5th April 1832.
1075. SAMUEL SWINEY was indicted for stealing, on the 23rd of March , 1 silver tea-spoon, value 3s. , the goods of Jane White .

ELIZABETH WHITE . I am housemaid to Mrs. Jane White, of Euston-place, New-road . I saw the prisoner by our kitchen door, and asked what he came for; he asked if I wanted to buy lemons - he had three in a basket; I asked why he came down the area - he said he was told to come down; I said I was certain he was not - Mrs. White, who heard me, came down; I missed the spoon, which I had seen safe ten minutes before - he was then talking to Mrs. White at the area gate; I said he had got the spoon - he immediately threw it down, saying, “That is all I have,” and ran away; I went out and he was brought back - I said, “You have got a silver spoon;” he said, “I have not got it, but will show you where it is;” he picked it up in the area, and said, “Here it is, that is all I have taken.”

Prisoner. Q. Was the kitchen door open or shut? A. Open when I saw you.

JOHN BIGMORE . I am a clerk. I was in the New-road; I heard a lady and White call out Stop thief! I saw the prisoner drop a basket, containing three lemons, and run across the road - I followed, and brought him back; he showed me the prosecutrix’s house; White came out, and said, “You have got a spoon;” he said,“I have not got it, but will show you where it is;” he took it up in the area, and said it was through distress he had done it.

JOSEPH GREEN . I am a Policeman. I took him in charge, and asked why he went down in the kitchen; he said he did not know.(Property produced and sworn to.)

Prisoner’s Defence. I was about knocking at the prosecutrix’s door; a man came up and said, “If you want to sell your lemons, you must go down stairs;” I stood at the kitchen-door, and knocked - the wind blew it open; the witness asked where my licence was, and threatened to give me in charge, and I ran away, fearing to be given in charge for not having a licence.

GUILTY . Aged 20. - Transported for Seven Years .


Ron Garbutt on 10th July, 2020 wrote of Samuel Solomons:

Old Bailey Proceedings Online (http://www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 8.0, 10 July 2020), September 1832, trial of SAMUEL SOLOMONS (t18320906-98).
SAMUEL SOLOMONS, Theft > theft from a specified place, 6th September 1832.
1824. SAMUEL SOLOMONS was indicted for stealing, on the 3rd of May , 1 clock, value 10l., the goods of George Bland , and others, in their dwelling-house .

MR. BARRY conducted the prosecution.

GEORGE BLAND. I am one of the partners of Garraway’s coffee-house, Cornhill - there are two other partners - we had a bracket clock on our premises on the 3rd of May; it is the dwelling-house of myself and Mrs. West; I saw the clock safe about half-past twelve o’clock on the 3rd of May, and missed it a little after three - Messrs. Frodsham and Co. had the key of that and all the clocks in our house, as they wound them up for five guineas a year. On the 14th of July, in consequence of information I went to Ship-alley, Wellclose-square - I think it was past nine o’clock in the evening; it was dark; I went into the shop, and saw the prisoner - there appeared to be counters on each side, but the shutters were closed; I did not see any business going on; I asked the prisoner if his name was Samuels, which I understood was his name; he said Yes, it was - I said I wanted to speak to him relative to a clock that had been stolen from our house; he asked what clock- I then described it, and told him from what part of the house it had been stolen - I think I told him from the two pair of stairs, and the right hand room, and that the maker’s name was Lloyd, of Aldgate; he said he knew nothing of the clock whatever, and asked if I supposed he would do such a thing, as he had a family of eight children, and he often assisted the officers to take thieves; I told him it was needless to make those observations, as I knew all aboutit, and stated to him that he had pawned the clock for 2l. 10s. or 2l. 5s., I do not know which, and that I knew he had afterwards sold it to a gentleman in the neighbourhood of Doctors’-commons for 4l. 10s.; he still declared he knew nothing of it, and asked me my name - I told him the name was of no consequence, that I came from Garraway’s coffee-house, and I was going to a furniture broker in Ratcliff-highway, named Solomons, and he might make inquiries there who I was - I did not see the prisoner again till he was at Worship-street; this is the clock.

Cross-examined by MR. CLARKSON. Q. Do you know Mr. Warner? A. Yes, he is my attorney in this case - I believe four bills have been thrown out against the prisoner; I told the prisoner he had pawned the clock for 2l. 10s.; I do not know that that was untrue - on my oath I believed he had pawned it; I have not seen the pawnbroker - I received my information from a person in Horsemonger-lane prisone - the name on the letter is David James; he was tried and convicted here, and transported; I do not know when it was, but he himself told me he was a transport at the time I received the information.

RICHARD PHILLIPS . I am a wheelwright, and live in Addle-hill, Doctor’s-commons. I have known the prisoner about eight months; he came to me at a public-house in May last, about the middle of the month; it was before the 16th - he said he had a bracket clock, which he thought would suit me; I asked what the figure would be - he said one of his people had got it in pawn, but he thought it would be about 5l.; the prisoner is an umbrella-maker, and has been in that neighbourhood for these twenty years, as a general dealer - he said he would get the clock in a few days, and show it to me, and he brought it about the 20th; I know the dates, because my daughter went into the country on the 16th, and I had mentioned to her that Samuels had spoken about bringing me a clock, and he brought it a few days after she was gone - he asked 5l. for it; I offered him 4l. 10s. - he said it was a very good one, for the person who pawned it knew its value very well- I said I would not give any more than 4l. 10s., which he agreed to take; I then said, “Samuels, set it going” - he said, “I can’t, the key is lost,” but he went out, and was gone an hour or two; he brought a key, and with it he readily wound up one side of the clock, and tried it to the other, but the key would not go in - he then went out and filed the key, I believe; he then brought it back, and wound up the clock - when he was going out for the key, he said, “I wish you would let me have 3l., as we have been obliged to borrow some money;” I let him have it, and when he brought the key, I paid him the rest of the money - I gave the same clock to the officer.

Cross-examined. Q. You saw him at a public-house? A. Yes, I am in the habit of going to that house every day about eleven o’clock, to read the paper; I have known the prisoner eighteen months or longer - he had the name of honest Samuel, or the honest Jew; I did not know the clock was stolen - I should have brought any thing of him; I have lived thirty years in the parish, and served all the parish offices.

EDWARD TREWINARD . I am in the employ of Frodsham, and Co., Change-alley, I was employed to take care of and to wind up this clock; we have the key of it at our shop - I wound it up every week; the fair value is about 10l.

JAMES HANLEY . I am an officer of Worship-street. I went to Mr. Phillips’ on the 25th of July, and brought away this clock; I saw the prisoner at the office before the clock was produced, and I asked him if he knew any thing about a clock, the maker’s name “Lloyd, Aldgate” - he said No.(Property produced and sworn to.)

Prisoner’s Defence. I am quite innocent of knowing it to be stolen; I bought it of Brown, and it was in pawn at Mr. Walter’s, in Aldersgate-street.

Nine witnesses gave the prisoner a good character.

GUILTY. Aged. 50.

Recommended to Mercy by the Prosecutor and Jury, on account of his character .

Transported for Life .


Ron Garbutt on 10th July, 2020 wrote of Henry Smith:

Old Bailey Proceedings Online (http://www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 8.0, 10 July 2020), September 1831, trial of HENRY SMITH WILLIAM BARNES (t18310908-148).
HENRY SMITH, WILLIAM BARNES, Theft > pocketpicking, 8th September 1831.
1675. HENRY SMITH and WILLIAM BARNES were indicted for stealing, on the 28th of August , 1 hat, value 1s. 6d.; 1 pair of shoes, value 5s.: 1 shirt, value 3s.; 1 neck handkerchief, value 6d.; 1 pair of stockings, value 6d.; 4 half-crowns, and 2 shillings, the property of Benjamin Lambeth , from his person .

BENJAMIN LAMBETH . I am servant to Mr. Freeman, of Warwick-lane, a coach-proprietor. On the 28th of August, between four and five o’clock in the afternoon, I was in Smithfield; this handkerchief was in my pocket, and the money also, and the shirt - I was not sober, and laid down in Smithfield , opposite the Ram Inn, in one of the sheep-pens - I awoke about five o’clock, and my hat was gone from my head, my money from my breeches pocket and my stockings and shirt also - my shoes were taken off my feet - I did not know either of the prisoners, and have not found any of my property - I saw the prisoners in custody next day on this charge.

WILLIAM CLEENSON . I am a scale-maker, and live in Smithfield. On the 28th of August, about five o’clock, I saw the prosecutor asleep in the pens; he then had his hat and shoes on - I saw both the prisoners there about five minutes after; they came up to him, from West-street, and took off his shoes and hat: then one of their companions who is not in custody, took the hat and shoes down West-street - they went away, came back again in about five minutes to try his pockets; I saw them take a white parcel, which appeared a shirt, from his coat pocket - they then went away; I went next door to my brother-in-law to inform him - and soon after they returned a third time; one of the prisoners laid down by the prosecutor’s side, and rifled his pockets - I pointed them out to my brother-in-law; he went and they were secured - the third person was only with them the first time.

ROBERT WOOD . I am Cleenson’s brother in-law. I was informed of this; I saw the prisoners return to the prosecutor, and rifle his pockets; I went and procured an officer, and had them taken.

FRANCIS GETTINGS . I am an officer. Wood took the prisoners and delivered them to me; I took them to the Compter, and found 2s. on Barnes, and 2s. 41/2d. on Smith - they called me by my name, and knew me very well, and I knew them.

Smith’s Defence. I work in Smithfield market; this young man, living in the neighbourhood, went with me to Islington; as we came back there was a man preaching in Smithfield, and just before I got there Gettings came and collard us.

SMITH - GUILTY . Aged 21.

BARNES - GUILTY . Aged 17.

Transported for Life .


Maureen Withey on 10th July, 2020 wrote of William Billingsby:

Irish Convict Database.
William Billingsby, age 25, per Phoenix III (1826) Tried at Down 1826, Life, for House stealing. Native of Down Co., single, Coach man, farmer’s man. Protestant, no previous convictions.

1828 census Index. Page 87.
William Billingley, age 24, G.S. per Phoenix, 1826, Life, protestant, labourer, Mr. Balasob? At Goulburn Plains.
John Billingley, 4 months old.
(Note - this record is an index, so presumably the baby’s mother is listed under her own name elsewhere in index.)

Ticket of Leave.
County of Argyle - Inverary.
Billingsby William, Phoenix (2)
New South Wales Govt. Gazette, 25 Mar 1835.

Maureen Withey on 10th July, 2020 wrote of William Bignell:

1828 census Index. Page 87.
William Bignell, age 56, F.S., per Somersetshire, 1814, protestant, employed as labourer, at the residence of James Taber at Airds.

Maureen Withey on 10th July, 2020 wrote of Daniel Bigley:

1828 census Index. Page 87.
Daniel Bigley, age 44, F.S. per Somersetshire,1814, 7 years, protestant, labourer, resident at Richmond. Holds total of 8 acres, cleared and cultivated, and 1 horse.
Sarah Bigley, age 44, G.S., per Mary, 1823, 7 years, protestant.
Colonial Secretary Index.

BIGLEY, Daniel. Per “Somersetshire”, 1814

1814 Oct 25 - On list of convicts disembarked from the “Somersetshire” and forwarded to Windsor for distribution (Reel 6004; 4/3493 p.346)
1823 Apr 14-May 8 - In reports of prisoners tried at Court of Criminal Jurisdiction (Reel 6023; X820 p.95)
1823 Sep 1 - Affidavit re loss of his certificate of freedom (Reel 6026; 4/1714 pp.19-20)

Maureen Withey on 10th July, 2020 wrote of Bartholomew Biglan:

Irish Convict Database.
Bartholomew Biglan, per Duke of Portland (1) 1807, tried 1806, at Sligo. Sentence- 7 years.

HO-9-8-3 page 16/51.  Hulk records at Portsmouth show that on 15 Jan 1807, 11 convicts arrived
from Dublin, whose names are given, but no further information.  The same day these 11 men were embarked on board the Duke of Wellington.

Received eleven from Dublin 15 Jan 1807.
Bartholomew Biglane
Archibald Biglane
Jas Kinsey
John Kinsey
Patrick Hart
Patrick Harrydon
Patrick Flynn
Michael Grant
Wm Cortellon Connell
All Sent on board the Duke of Portland, 15 Jan 1807.

1828 census Index. Page 87.
Barthw. Biglane, age 60, F.S. Duke of Portland 1815,  7 years, Catholic, employment -labourer,  at residence of John McKensie, at Pitt Town.

Maureen Withey on 10th July, 2020 wrote of Archibald Biglan:

Irish Convict Database.
Archibald Biglan, per Duke of Portland (1) 1807, tried 1806, at Sligo. Sentence - 7 years.


HO-9-8-3 page 16/51.  Hulk records at Portsmouth show that on 15 Jan 1807, 11 convicts arrived from Dublin, whose names are given, but no further information.  The same day these 11 men were embarked on board the Duke of Wellington.

Received eleven from Dublin 15 Jan 1807.
Bartholomew Biglane
Archibald Biglane
Jas Kinsey
John Kinsey
Patrick Hart
Patrick Harrydon
Patrick Flynn
Michael Grant
Wm Cortellon Connell
All Sent on board the Duke of Portland, 15 Jan 1807.

Dianne Jones on 10th July, 2020 wrote of Francis Davis:

1825, 3 February: He is on a list published in the Sydney Gazette and NSW Advertiser, p 4, as follows: “Francis Davis, Mary 2 [incorrect], 54, Cork, 5 feet 6, hazle [sic]eyes, black hair, dark sal. comp. Mitchell’s Road Gang”.

Dianne Jones on 10th July, 2020 wrote of Francis Davis:

1819: Francis Davis, soldier, 48, dark sallow complexion, black hair and hazel eyes (see New South Wales, Australia, Convict Indents, 1788-1842; Bound Indentures 1818-1819).

1822: He is a convict on the Town Gang, Sydney; per Mary, but he is listed as having a sentence of only 7 years (see New South Wales and Tasmania, Australia Convict Musters, 1806-1849, New South Wales General muster 1822).

1825: Again listed as per Mary with a sentence of only 7 years, he is with Harrigan’s CoP at Minto (see NSW Convict Musters, 1806-1849; NSW General muster A-L 1825).

D Wong on 10th July, 2020 wrote of John Cavanagh:

John Cavanagh was listed as 13 years old on arrival.

Native Place: Cork City.

Occupation: Schoolboy.

John was 4’7” tall, fair pale complexion, brown hair, blue eyes.

Colonial Secretary Index:
CAVANAGH, John. Per “Mary”, 1819

1822 Jun 4:  On lists of prisoners transported to Port Macquarie per “Lady Nelson” (Reel 6009, 4/3505 p.377; Reel 6019, 4/3864 pp.360-1)

13/5/1825: COF - Sent to Port Macqauarie 22/5/1822 for the remainder of original sentence for a Burglary.

11/8/1825: COF - 19 years old, 5’0½” tall.
5/10/1825: COF
2/2/1826: COF
1/4/1834: COF - 16/1/1827 tried in Sydney for Street Robbery - 7 years…Carpenter, 5’1½” tall, sallow complexion, brown mixed with grey hair, blue eyes, nose a little cocked.

Dianne Jones on 10th July, 2020 wrote of Francis Davis:

TRIED: Spring 1818 (see New South Wales, Australia Convict Ship Muster Rolls and Related Records, 1790-1849).

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