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Ellie on 10th April, 2019 wrote of Elizabeth Flanagan:
Name: Flanaghan Elizabeth
Trade: No Main & Needle Woman
Roger Churm on 10th April, 2019 wrote of Susannah Weaver:
Prior offence 12 months for stealing Geese on the 4 January 1847
Second offence for stealing Wearing Apperel. Sentenced to life 99 years
Tried at Oswestry Salop
Roger Churm on 10th April, 2019 wrote of James Pascoe:
As per Old Bailey Records
598 James Pascoe was indicted for stealing on the 23rd of January,1 cloak,value 10s, the goods of John Mills.
WILLIAM WHITTINGHAM.On the 2nd of January I was in New Compton Street,about 6 o’clock in the evening- I saw the prisoner and another following a truck,which went up Wardour Street one of them put his hand into it,but I did not see them take anything - they went on to Oxford Street and went to a cart but I did not see them take anything from that:they went on to Regents Street and went to a truck but I did not see them take anything from that-they went into Air-times:I then saw him go and take the cloak from the back of it-the other one followed him to a back street where he called"Jem’ Jem” and the prisoner came up with the cloak on his arm-they ran on towards Dean Street,where they tied the cloak up,and the other took it: I and Phillips ran on to get a head of them.I took hold of the other,who had this bundle- he threw it at me and got away I saw Phillips had hold of the prisoner,who seemed to be going to strike him:I knocked the prisoner down and secured him-I found three keys on him.
Prisoner Q Will you swear I was the person who took The cloak A Yes it was dark and I lost sight of him for about ten minutes.
JESSE PHILLIPS I was with Whittingham: I did not see the prisoner take the cloak, but I saw his companion I said ‘Let us keep to him and we shall find the other” he went into a dark street and whistled and called Jem and the prisoner came up with the cloak on his arm.
JOHN MILLS I am a medical man, I left my gig on the evening in question in the care of a boy: this cloak was in it when I returned it was gone.
Prisoners defence I had been to see a sister who was on a dying bed-when I came to the corner of Dean Street a young man passed me with a bundle -the witness took me the other was not pursued
GUILTY age 21
Transported for Seven Years
Wayne on 10th April, 2019 wrote of Mary Wade:
Sentenced to death, but commuted to life.
Wayne on 10th April, 2019 wrote of Hugh Mountain:
In 1850 James Mountain (age 25), Hugh Mountain (age 22), Mary Mountain (age 27), and Jane Mountain (age 15) were sentenced in Kilkenny for highway robbery, convicted of “Stealing a bag duly prize cloth property of Ellen Bannon (or Brannon) Stated “his brother paid for same”
Their sentence was 15 years in Australia. James was transported to Tasmania on the ship Hyderabad, September 1850, Hugh to Western Australia on the ship Robert Small, April 1853, and Mary and Jane to Tasmania on the ship Black Friar, January 1851
D Wong on 9th April, 2019 wrote of Edward Fitzpatrick:
Edward Fitzpatrick was 35 years old on arrival.
Native Place: Kilkenny Co.
Transported for “Larceny in a house”.
Edward was 5’11½” tall, well made, grey eyes, brown hair.
Colonial Secretary Papers:
FITZPATRICK, Edward. Per “Southworth”, 1822
1822 Mar 14: On list of convicts landed from the “Southworth” and forwarded to Parramatta for distribution (Reel 6009; 4/3505 p.13)
1825: TOL Parramatta
29/10/1831 Sydney Gazette:
Unclaimed letter at the General Post Office, Sydney.
1843: There is a death listed on the NSW BDM for a Edward Fitzpatrick, aged 60 - no district given.
D Wong on 9th April, 2019 wrote of Michael Duggan:
** 2 Michael Duggan’s on this voyage **
Michael Duggan was listed as 23 years old on arrival.
Native Place: Cork.
Michael was 5’8½” tall, stout made, large blue eyes, black hair, a mole behind the nipple of right breast.
D Wong on 9th April, 2019 wrote of Michael Duggan:
** TWO MICHAEL DUGGAN’S ON THIS VOYAGE**
Michael Duggan was 19 years old on arrival.
Native Place: Cork.
Michael was 5’4” tall, fair complexion, light hair, grey eyes, Crucifix on right arm.
Roger Churm on 9th April, 2019 wrote of John Henry Pascoe:
Taken from the Old Bailey Records
640 James Henry Pascoe was indicted for stealing on the 30th March. 1 Handkerchief value 3s, the goods of William Harris.
WILLIAM HARRIS I am a journeyman baker and live in Henry Street,Cumberland Market. I was going along the New Road, about half-past eight o’clock-I lost a handkerchief-it had my initials on it.
FRANCIS KEYS. I am ab officer of Marylebone-on the following Monday I saw the prisoner -I followed him to a house at Short’s-Gardens-I put my hand to his pocket and said.“What have you got there” he said ,“A dirty shirt,and I will show it to you-he put his hand in his pocket,and pulled out these four handkerchief’s and threw them through the window into the yard in a moment -I seized him by the collar, and asked some men who were at work in the yard to give me the handkerchiefs, but they took no notice of it-the prisoner then began to make some resistance)I took out my staff and said I was an officer,and if he made any resistance.I would make a hols in him- I then called to the men again to give me the handkerchiefs, but one of them took them up and threw them into a hole which they were digging-I said “Is there not one honest man among you ?- mind I know you all, and if you do not give them to me- I will have you up”- at last one man took them out,and another man gave them to me-I then brought the prisoner out-he made great resistance in the street and some women pulled my arm and some men ill used me-one of them bit my thumb,and I was very ill used-if a policeman had not come up, I must have lost the prisoner.
STEPHEN READER (police constable F148)I came up and assisted the witness
Prisoner, A young man asked me to carry them- the officer came and took me
GUILTY Aged 19- Transported for seven years
Wendy Smith on 9th April, 2019 wrote of George William Potter:
Married Margaret Hughes (alias Wheldon)in 1845. Margaret transported on Forth (2) in 1830 for stealing clothes.
Wendy Smith on 9th April, 2019 wrote of Margaret Hughes:
Ticket of leave in 1833 and 1835 state that she arrived in Sydney on Forth (2), native place Dublin, year of birth 1814 and convicted in the city of Dublin for stealing clothes. Physical characteristics - Height 5 ft 21/2 inches, Complexion Brown, Hair Brown and Eyes Dark Brown. Married 1) Thomas Collison transported on Countess of Hardcourt in 1832 at the age of 18. Thomas died in January 1845 and buried in Oaks Estate Burial Ground near Queanbeyan. 2) George William Potter in 1845. Died in 1868 when the dray she was riding overturned and crushed her.
Wendy Smith on 9th April, 2019 wrote of Thomas Collison:
Native of England. Was indicted for burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Joseph Cuff, at St Malfellon alias Whitechapel, about 6 o’clock the night of the 17th December, with intend to steal. Was tried on 10 January 1828 at the Old Bailey. Found Guilty and sentenced to death communed to Life. Arrived in Sydney and assigned to the district of Evan as a tailor. Had five years experience as Tailor. Had 2 prior convictions. Physical characteristics: Height 5 ft 4 3/4 inches; Sallow complexion; Brown Hair and Grey eyes. Received Ticket of Leave on 25 March 1840. Cancelled. Ticket of leave on 21 June 1841. Received permission on 2 August 1832 to marry Margaret Hughes (alias Margaret Whalon) who arrived on the Forth in 1830. 18 years at time of marriage. House servant to Captain King 1844. Tailor by trade. Died January 1845 and buried in the Oaks Estate Burial grounds.
Roger Churm on 9th April, 2019 wrote of James Pascoe:
James Pascoe Theft Simple Larceny 21 February 1828
James Pascoe was indicted for stealing on the 25 January 1 Cloak value 10s The goods of John Mills
Roger Churm on 9th April, 2019 wrote of John Henry Pascoe:
Theft Pocket Picking 10 April 1834
Was indicted for stealing on the 8th March 1 handkerchief value 3s the goods of William Harris from his person who was a Baker
Theft in Henry Street
T Maine on 9th April, 2019 wrote of James Main:
I think there may be some errors here. James McNab Main is unlikely to be the same James Main transported on the Bengal Merchant, various records show the convict James Main (Bengal Merchant) was hanged in Sydney on 7 June 1839.
Wendy Smith on 8th April, 2019 wrote of Maurice Walsh:
Maurice Walsh, a bachelor, died in Queanbeyan Hospital from exhaustion 3 April 1872 aged 68. Convict indentures of 1835 state that he was 20 years old; 5 ft 8 inches, brown hair, grey eyes and a sallow complexion. He was assigned to Mr James Wright at Lanyon. History of Canberra states that he was the last man flogged in the region. Queanbeyan Deposition papers stated that during his service to Mr James Wright that he was found guilty of Disorderly Conduct on 12 February 1839. Sentence: Twenty five lashes.
Wendy Smith on 8th April, 2019 wrote of William Parker:
William Parker married Mary Devine (Planter 2) on 17 December 1844. Application to marry states William’s age as 28 and Mary’s 20. William Parker was free.
D Wong on 8th April, 2019 wrote of Richard Mortimer:
Richard Mortimer died on the voyage, of Cholera.
D Wong on 8th April, 2019 wrote of William Shribbs:
JOSEPH GREENOP, BENJAMIN GLOVER, JAMES DOWNES, THOMAS MATTHEWS WILLIAM SHRIBS, CHARLES M’KAY, SARAH HEWSTER, HARRIET FREEMAN, SARAH CARTER, PHILIP JOHNSON, DANIEL CUMMINGS, and JAMES HINNEGAN were severally and separately indicted for having in their custody and possession forged Bank notes knowing them to be forged.
To which indictments the prisoners pleaded GUILTY.
Transported for Fourteen Years .
Before Mr. Justice Holroyd and Mr. Justice Burrough.
The same prisoners, except James Hinnegan, were again indicted for disposing of and putting away forged Bank notes, with intent to defraud the Governor and Company of the Bank of England.
MR. REYNOLDS, on behalf of the prosecution, declined offering any evidence.
William Shribs was born at Woodbridge.
Father at native place - ‘Wardbridge, a master carpenter.
William was 5’6½” tall, brown hair.
22/5/1821: Was a Constable.
28/1/1822: Public Works.
7/10/1823: Married Mary Lambert (Providence) aged 20, at Hobart - William was listed as 23 years old.
14/2/1826: Emily Shribs, New Norfolk William a dealer.
20/11/1828: Mary Anne, Hobart - William a painter.
30/11/1830: Susan, Hobart - William listed as a shopkeeper - although he died in May???
1/3/1827: Again a Constable.
28/5/1830: Burial date - Hobart Town. Aged 32 years.
15/12/1839: Mary Ann Shribbs died of Asthma, at Hobart, aged 38.
Robin Sharkey on 8th April, 2019 wrote of Richard Dooley:
“CORK - April 18
“On Sunday evening last [i.e. 14th April 1805] the Hon. BaronMcLeland arrived in town; on the following day the City Assizes Commenced, and such was the diligence and ability of the Court that the Records and Crown trials were finished yesterday.
“Convictions in the City Court - John Dooley and Richard Dooley, charged with burglary and felony - the former to be imprisoned twelve months and the latter to be transported for 7 years.”
Robin Sharkey on 8th April, 2019 wrote of Solomon Davis:
REPORT of SOLOMON DAVIS’ CRIME
Solomon Davis committed his crime - stealing the jewellery goods of another Jewish jeweller - in Bedfordshire in England. He immediately fled with the booty via Holyhead to Ireland but was pursued by his victim, Abraham Lewis, and arrested in Dublin. The charges were made against him in Dublin, and therefore his trial was held there.
Dublin Journal 1733-1825, Tuesday, September 05, 1809; Page: 2
ROBBERY AND DETECTION
“An instance has occurred last week of a robbery, more unprincipled than robberies generally are, and more quickly detected than any we just at this time recollect. Two itinerant jewellers, both belonging to the Synagogue, happened to meet at the town of Bedford, in England, and to be put to bed in the same room. One of them, Solomon Davis, got up at night and rifled the trunk of his brother traveller of all his trinkets, jewellery, &c and set off for London before day. This occurred on the night of the 26th [i.e. August]. When Abraham Lewis, the person who was robbed, missed his treasure, he instantly set off for London, traced his recreant brother and found that he had taken the route for Holyhead”
[Note – Holyhead is on the Welsh coast and was a sailing route to Dublin]
“Abraham followed him in a chaise and four, heard of him again at the Head, proceeded forthwith to Dublin, where he arrived last Friday morning. Called instantly at the Head Office of the Police, obtained a warrant and two Peace Officers – met Solomon in the streets and had him arrested. Brought before Alderman Pemberton on Saturday, the latter ordered his lodgings to be searched, where a quantity of the goods was found.
This day, a trunk which has not yet passed through the Custom house, is to be examined, and it is expected that father Abraham will recover the entire of his property. This day Solomon is to be tried by the Recorder. This is an instance of dispatch and seeming justice rarely paralleled.”
Freemans Journal 1763-1924, Thursday, September 21, 1809; Page: 3
“On Tuesday [19 Sept] there was an adjournment of the Quarter Sessions held at the Sessions House in Green Street before the Recorder and Aldermen, when several Prisoners were tried, among whom were the following:
“Abraham Lewis, a German Jew, was the prosecutor, and Solomon Davis, another German Jew, was the prisoner on trial. The indictment charged the defendant that “he, at the city of Dublin, did feloniously take, steal and carry away, several articles therein enumerated, among which were gold watches, diamond rings, and other valuable ornaments and trinkets, to a very great amount.
“The prisoner tendered an affidavit to postpone his trial, stating that he resided in Bedfordshire in England, could not have the benefit of his witnesses there, who were of his own religion, as the White Feasts was now going on, during which time the Jews never attended as witnesses, nor would they travel before the 4th October, and prayed that his trial trial might stand over until the 6th of that month [i.e. 6th October].
The prisoner’s counsel acknowledged that a recent statute had enacted that when stolen goods were transported from England to Ireland, or vice versa, the accused could be charged in wither country. He said that although the affidavit “would be insufficient in a common case, yet he hoped the court would allow the prayer of it in the present case, upon principles of justice.”
“Mr Green, Counsel for the prosecution, was proceeding to answer this argument but was stopped by the Recorder who said that the affidavit was deficient in several parts and the trial must go on.”
There was lengthy detailed reporting of the trial.
Excerpts from it follow:
“The prosecutor, Abraham Lewis, was then called and appeared with his hair in curious artificial ringlets, and a peaked beard. The Old testament in English, was handed to him to be sworn. Mr McNally [for the prisoner] objected. The rule, he said, was established, every man must be sworn according to the rights of his religion … the Jew must be sworn not only on the Pentateuch, but the book must be in Hebrew, and even that is not the symbol of an Israelite’s belief in God unless the language runs on uninterrupted by mark or punctuation.”
Mr McNally quoted cases and observed that a translated bible was not sacred because Jews denied the purity of translation. the objection was allowed and someone went off to find a Hebrew Bible.
Divisional Magistrate, Major Sirr, meantime gave evidence of his examination of the prisoner in the presence of the prosecutor in early September. Davis had told the magistrate that he and Lewis were partners. He had admitted that some of the jewellery found in his room was Lewis’s. Some also was his own. Davis’ legal counsel now argued that there was no crime if they were partners because each had dominion over the goods, and property in the goods.
Once the Hebrew bible was produced, Mr Lewis was sworn. His counsel, Mr Green, examined him. Lewis gave evidence that he had only known Davis eight days before the robbery – he had met him in Stoney Stratford, Bedfordshire, and that “on returning home to his lodgings he found his boxes broken open and that he had been robbed of all his property.”
Lewis then gave evidence that he had followed him to Dublin, as reported in the earlier newspaper article, “and by the assistance of Major Sirr had him arrested, and recovered his diamonds and other valuable articles. He positively denied on his cross-examination that any partnership or trading connection subsisted between him and the prisoner, or that the prisoner had any legal claim whatever on the goods.”
“The prisoner of course had no witnesses to produce, either to facts or to character, and the jury without hesitation found him guilty. He was then sentenced to be transported for seven years.”
David Bromwich on 8th April, 2019 wrote of Richard Plant:
Record https://stors.tas.gov.au/CON27-1-9$init=CON27-1-9P171. Aged 23 -> DOB ABt 1818
Ricard Plant boatman, highway robbery, aged 23. 15 years seems an appropriate or even lenient sentence for highway robbery,
Name: Richard Plant
Birth Year: abt 1817
Death Date: 10 Aug 1850
Death Place: Tasmania
Registration Year: 1850
Registration Place: Launceston, Tasmania
Registration Number: 252
(Record fits birth year. All other TROVE newspaper reports of deaths of a Richard Plant point to another person. My research into Richard Plant shoemaker from Stone, Staffordshire indicate a similar death date - wife a widow in 1851 Census, but the difference in vocation make that link less likely - the whole extended family were shoemakers or in that industry)
Also. Ticket of Leave
Ticket of Leave Granted 9 May 1848
Robin Sharkey on 8th April, 2019 wrote of Sarah Tillett:
Sarah Tillett was transported for seven years after being tried in early October 1809 at the Essex Quarter Sessions at Colchester. She arrived in NSW on the “Canada” in 1810. Her age was not recorded on the ship’s indent.
In the 1814 NSW Census she was recorded as living with Henry Austin in Sydney, being off the stores and mustered in Sydney. Henry Austin was Irish and had arrived in 1806 on the Tellicherry, aged only 16 or 17. In the 1814 Muster, Mary Austin, a convict arrived in 1813, also resided with Henry Austin, as a servant. It’s likely that Sarah Tillett was in a relationship with Henry Austin since she was recorded as “lives with” him. Henry would then have been aged about 25. Presumably Sarah was his age or younger.
RETURN to EGLAND
In 1817, Sarah grabbed an opportunity to return to England on a free passage on the brig ‘Kangaroo”. She had been freed herself for a year.
The government brig “Kangaroo” was being sent by Governor Macquarie back to England, he believing the brig inadequate for its purpose and that its commander, Captain, Charles Jeffreys, was incompetent and lazy. Macquarie wrote in his diary on 29 January 1817:
“I have ordered Lt. Jeffreys not to engage to take any Passengers Home but such as may have my permission, it being my intention, in pursuance of Orders received from the Secry. of State – to send Home in the Kangaroo as many Persons as she can conveniently accommodate who have lately become free by their Sentences of Transportation having expired.”
In the Sydney Gazette of 1st and 8th February 1817, the Governor’s secretary advertised that the ‘Kangaroo’ was being sent back to England with Despatches, and “that Passages will be provided for fifteen Women of the above Description [i.e. former convicts who have obtained their freedom by Servitude]; but none need apply who shall not produce written Testimonials of their decent and orderly Conduct in this Country, subscribed by the Clergyman and Magistrate of the District wherein they reside ...” Applications were to be received by the 15th February.
As it turned out, only eight women were sent, not fifteen. Acceptance of Sarah’s application as one of the few lucky women indicates that she was of reputable behaviour and was known to her local clergyman (despite having lived with Henry Austin).
On 5th April, the Sydney Gazette recorded:
“The persons to whom a passage to the mother country has been humanely granted by Government, embarked yesterday morning on board His Majesty’s brig Kangaroo; as did also this forenoon a small party of the 46th Regiment, who had obtained leave to return to Europe.”
A Judge Advocate’s list of 5th April included Sarah Tillett, certifying that there are no detainers lodged against them, all about to leave in “Kangaroo”.
Finally, her name appeared as one of 8 women listed as having obtained Certificates of clearance to leave the colony.
She sailed on ‘Kangaroo” on 9 April 1817.
Henry Austin, aged 28, married in Sydney to someone else a few months later in September 1817.