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ConvictRecords.com.au is based on the British Convict transportation register, compiled by the State Library of Queensland. We have given a searchable interface to this database, and show the information for each convict in full.

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Recent Submissions

Eric Harry Daly on 30th December, 2012 wrote of Robert Henry:

Died At Sea, 9 Mar 1799. Possibly in the mutiny aboard the Minerva

Eric Harry Daly on 30th December, 2012 wrote of Cornelius Heirlohy:

From Headstone. Old Sydney Cemetary.
Cornelius Heirlohy
March 18 1812 Aged 78
May He Rest In Peace. Amen

Eric Harry Daly on 30th December, 2012 wrote of Dudley Hartigan:

1819 Aug 27
Application for his children to be admitted to Female Orphan Institution (Reel 6040; 4/403 p.36)
1822 Oct 31
Appointed as Constable, Liverpool (Reel 6039; 4/424 p.112)
1822 Dec
Constable at Liverpool. Witness in the trial of Michael Dwyer (Reel 6058; 4/1769 pp.40e-g)
1822 Dec 24
Constable on duty at Liverpool Store. Accused of theft from the store (Reel 6054; 4/1757 pp.115-6)
1823 Jan 15
Dismissed (Reel 6039; 4/424 p.121)
1823 Mar 4
Re appointment of (Reel 6010; 4/3507 p.392)

Eric Harry Daly on 30th December, 2012 wrote of James Harold:


James Harold, Catholic priest, was a member of an old family of Wicklow, Ireland, said to have been descended from King Harold of England, one of whose sons settled in the Dublin Hills. He was ordained in 1774, studied at Antwerp till 1779 and became parish priest of Rathcoole in 1794. A United Irishman, he wrote propagandist verse, but in March 1798, in obedience to Archbishop Troy, he preached restraint and bade his parishioners surrender arms and swear allegiance. However, he clashed with officers enforcing the disarmament and sheltered a wounded prisoner, Felix Rourke. When the rebel plot for the seizure of Rathcoole was discovered, Harold went to Drogheda for a written ‘protection’ from the commanding general. In his absence he was blamed before a military court for the treason of parishioners and his house was burned. On his return, ‘protection’ notwithstanding, he was arrested and imprisoned in June, and in November placed on a hulk. Thrice his friends obtained habeas corpus writs, which were ignored by his keepers. He petitioned for a trial on 28 February 1799, but whether his petition was rejected or whether he was banished under the amnesty of 22 August 1798 is not clear. Writing to relations he denied the published allegations against him, but spoke of an apostleship and of his ‘persecutors’ as instruments of providence.

He arrived in Sydney in the Minerva in January 1800, but as he was not permitted to minister in New South Wales he sought leave to depart. Governor John Hunter sent his petition to London. Meantime unrest among Irish convicts exposed him to suspicion, though he claimed that he ‘tried at all times to prevent any disturbance and to preserve the peace of the community’. His refusal to incriminate others angered the inquiring magistrates. Several Irishmen were flogged, and Harold with others was banished to Norfolk Island. There he conducted a school when his health permitted, and lived near John Drummond, beach-master. He repeatedly petitioned Governor Philip Gidley King for permission to minister but was ignored. When Father James Dixon was released, Harold succeeded to his private ministry at Parramatta in 1808. He was among the Irishmen pardoned by Governor Macquarie in June 1810, and left the colony in the Concord in July.

In March 1811 he was with his nephew, Rev. W. V. Harold, vicar-general at Philadelphia, and became a pastor and trustee of the cathedral, but the other trustees, at variance with his nephew, never accepted him. He was old, a nervous wreck, temperamental, irrepressible. Under episcopal pressure both Harolds resigned. At the election for trustees in April 1813 only Haroldites were elected, and the notorious Trustee Schism began. Later that year the Harolds returned to Ireland. In 1815-16 James Harold served at Kilcullen, and in 1818-20 at Fairview-Clontarf. He died on 15 August 1830 and was buried in Old Richmond cemetery, Dublin.

Aboard The Minerva:
On the passage out, an attempt was made by the Irish convicts on board to murder the master and officers and take over the ship. The master was rescued from the mutiny, after being obliged to fire on the convicts who had him in their possession, and the insurgents were overcome. It appears the master and officers found it necessary to hang one of the principal ring leaders and to shoot another in the affray.
Reverend Harold was one of the convicts suspected of supporting the mutiny, and as a result he and others were locked away in a separate secure part of the ship for the balance of the trip to Australia.

‘I am sorry to assure your Excellency my present situation is, and likely to be, of the most distressful kind….. I did, indeed, expect some assistance from individuals and from the people, but I am sadly disappointed. The people are so devoted to the gratification of their passions that they do not allow themselves a single moment’s rational consideration. Another intolerable grievance is that, from a disorder in my head of thirty years duration, I cannot read or study, even for the space of an hour. Hence the want of society, to which I was always accustomed, and which would be amply supplied by books, could I attend to them, renders my condition almost insupportable.
Those with whom I should think proper to associate find it their duty to keep me at a distance, while a few others begin, especially of late, consider it unsafe to hold communication with me. Thus am I obliged either to spend my time in places of riot and intoxication, or commit myself to the dreary walls of a solitary hut, how or with what accommodation I shall not mention.
Under these melancholy circumstances I hope your Excellency’s generosity ... will pardon the liberty I take of begging a favour, which alone can possibly relieve me – leave to pass into Rio de Janeiro under the most solemn engagements never to return to Europe without permission’.

Eric Harry Daly on 30th December, 2012 wrote of John Hanlon:

HANLON, John. Per “Minerva”, 1800
Petition for mitigation of sentence (Fiche 3248; 4/1874 p.97)

Eric Harry Daly on 30th December, 2012 wrote of Robert Hanary:

Died at Sea, 9 Mar 1799

Eric Harry Daly on 30th December, 2012 wrote of Hugh Gwin:

Died 19 Aug 1802 Sydney. Burial Sydney Old Cemetary.

Eric Harry Daly on 30th December, 2012 wrote of James Gilman:

GILLMAN, James. Per “Minerva”, 1800
1816 Jan 16
Stonemason; of Sydney. On list of persons to receive grants of land in 1816 (Fiche 3266; 9/2652 p.27)

Eric Harry Daly on 30th December, 2012 wrote of Roger Gavan:

GAVIN, Roger. Per “Minerva”, 1800
On list of persons who have received absolute pardons [Mar 1810] (Fiche 3292; 4/6974.1 p.78)
In index to land grants in Van Diemen’s Land (Fiche 3262; 4/438 pp.34, 35, 36, 37)
1816 Feb 2
Bricklayer. Re assignment of land in Van Diemen’s Land (Fiche 3261; 4/433 pp.111-2)
On list of persons owing quit rents in Van Diemen’s Land; for land in the Districts of Ulva and Staffa (Fiche 3270; X19 pp.10, 11)
1824 Jan 8
On list of persons in Van Diemen’s Land recommended for grants of land in extension or addition to first grants (Reel 6017; 4/5782 p.28)

Eric Harry Daly on 30th December, 2012 wrote of Maurice Fitzgerald:

FITZGERALD, Maurice. Per “Minerva”, 1800
1810 Oct 9
Prisoner at Port Dalrymple. Conditional pardon to be delivered to (Reel 6003; 4/3490A p.100)
On list of convicts who have received absolute pardons [Nov 1812] (Fiche 3292; 4/6974.1 p.78)

D Wong on 30th December, 2012 wrote of William Moss:

William Moss was 26 years old on arrival in NSW.  He was transported for stealing 1 cloak, value £3 and 1 coat, value £2, the goods of Thomas Parry.

9/4/1845: Unclaimed letter.

D Wong on 30th December, 2012 wrote of Daniel Hagan:

Daniel Hagan was 64 years old on arrival. His occupation was a Herdsman.

Daniel was from County Derry, 5’7” tall, grey eyes, grey hair, fresh complexion.

6/1/1824: On list of convicts forwarded to Bringelly for distribution.

28/5, 10/7/1824: On list of prisoners assigned.  Listed as Hegan and Hogan.

11/10/1824: On return of convicts discharged from the Establishment, Emu Plains; to Hugh Devlin, Windsor.

25/1/1825: Servant to John Cronan (Minerva 1800), Absconded.

D Wong on 30th December, 2012 wrote of John Cronan:

John Cronan/Cronin was 25 years old on arrival in NSW.

John was born in Mallow, County Cork, he was 5’4” tall, florid complexion, brown hair and hazel eyes.

16/4/1827: COF

22/4/1827: Married Mary Brady/Connor and they had 9 children.

John and Mary lived at Jamberoo, Macquarie River and then Shellharbour.

1880: Jon died aged 96 from inflammation of the brain.

Mary died on 25/8/1887 aged 92.

D Wong on 30th December, 2012 wrote of John Croneen:

John Croneen/Cronan/Cronen was 25 years old and transported for being and Irish Rebel.

31/1/1815: CP

1/3/1817 Re Permission to marry at Parramatta.

1819: Married Margaret Murphy.

1/6/1820: Farmer at Brush Farm. Memorial.

D Wong on 30th December, 2012 wrote of Alfred Parnell:

Alfred Parnell was 20 years old when transported for robbing his master.

20/5/1843: TOL Maitland

1843: TOL Moreton Bay

2/5/1845: COF

D Wong on 30th December, 2012 wrote of Joseph Pampling:

22/1/1845: Pamplin/Pampling Joseph; Died at Newcastle Hospital (Convict Death Records) aged 23. He was in and iron gang at the time.

D Wong on 30th December, 2012 wrote of Thomas Pankhurst:

Thomas Pankhurst was 55 years old and was transported for stealing ducks.

11/11/1844: COF

D Wong on 30th December, 2012 wrote of Thomas Pack:

Thomas Pack was 38 years old when transported for stealing boots.

1846: TOL Parramatta
22/11/1850: TOL cancelled for being absent from his district, Liverpool.
1851: TOL Broulee

31/3/1852: CP

Eric Harry Daly on 30th December, 2012 wrote of Mary Donaghue:

Delivered of a Daughter 17/09/1799 in Latitude 17.25 N

Eric Harry Daly on 30th December, 2012 wrote of Thomas Dick:

Murdered between 9 and 10 Jun 1805, Inquest held 16 Jun 1805 Sydney, NSW

Eric Harry Daly on 30th December, 2012 wrote of Charles Deane:

Died at Rio De Janeiro, Brazil. 29 Oct 1799

Peter Worley on 30th December, 2012 wrote of Richard Wright:

New South Wales, Australia, Registers of Convicts’ Applications to Marry, 1826-1851
Date: 2 Nov. 1839

New South Wales, Australia, Registers of Convicts’ Applications to Marry, 1826-1851
Name: Richard Wright
Age: 30
Birth Year: Abt 1809
Spouse: Ann McLeod
Age: 21
Birth Year: Abt 1818
Request Status: Granted
Date of Permission/Refusal: 9 Nov 1839
Source Citation: State Archives NSW:NRS 12212,[4/4513], Page 124

Eric Harry Daly on 30th December, 2012 wrote of John Croneen:

Obtained an Absolute Pardon. Dated 18/10/1834

Eric Harry Daly on 30th December, 2012 wrote of Christopher Coleman:

From The Colonial Secretary Index, 1788-1825.

COLEMAN, Christopher. Per “Minerva”, 1800
1810 Feb 6; 1812 Dec 28
Petitions for mitigation of sentence (Fiche 3164, 4/1846 p.51; Fiche 3169, 4/1848 pp.90-1)
1818 Sep 10
On list of persons to receive grants of land in 1818 (Fiche 3266; 9/2652 p.49)

Eric Harry Daly on 30th December, 2012 wrote of Benjamin Carroll:

Benjamin Carroll
Trade: distiller

From The Colonial Secretary Index, 1788-1825.
CARROLL, Benjamin. Per “Minerva”, 1800
1802 Apr 17
General Order that persons in possession of weapons face summary execution (Reel 6037; SZ989 p.44)
Applying for one cow (Reel 6042; 4/1725 pp.372-3)
Petition for mitigation of sentence (Fiche 3173; 4/1849 p.48)
1823 c.Jul
On list of convicts assigned to John Palmer (Reel 6056; 4/1765 p.182)

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