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ConvictRecords.com.au is based on the British Convict transportation register, compiled by the State Library of Queensland. We have given a searchable interface to this database, and show the information for each convict in full.

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Goal: 100 500 1,500 3,310 5,000 10,000 New Convicts

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Recent Submissions

Anonymous on 17th April, 2012 wrote of Richard Rhodes:

13/8/1827: Richard Rhodes, Midas, Butcher 26, Staffordshire, 5’ 6 1/2" tall, blue eyes, light brown hair, fair pockpitted complexion absconded from Hyde Park Barracks.

1842: TOL Dist/Windsor.

1846: Recommended for Conditional Pardon.

30/9/1847: Condistional Pardon.

Anonymous on 17th April, 2012 wrote of Thomas Jones:

Wife Hannah Davis Marriage 1831

Anonymous on 16th April, 2012 wrote of James Bagnall:

Bagnall only in prison records. He was actually James Bignall, often also spelled Bignell.

Sent to Paterson NSW, where he married after the expiry of his sentence. Later farmer and grazier.  His children settled in the Hunter, Williams, Manning and Namoi valleys, and in Queensland.

Anonymous on 16th April, 2012 wrote of Thomas Coates:

Thomas Coates was 33 years old when tried for stealing a bundle of clothes from his father’s house (the father was in goal) which was being looked after by his brother Richard.  He took the clothes to a pawnbroker for the money.

6/5/1826: Sentenced to the treadmill for 10 days for stealing a waistcoat from a tailor.

1834: Convict Death Register: Aged 54 died at Morton Bay.

Anonymous on 16th April, 2012 wrote of Benjamin Gore:

15/5/1880 From Trove: From the Singleton Augus, which has not been fully digitised as yet - Re and inquest of a fireman named George Gore.  His father Mr. Benjamin Gore resided in ??? (still to come) but George is buried at Newcastle Anglican Cathedral, he died on the 13/5/1880 aged 24 years and 5 months.

Anonymous on 16th April, 2012 wrote of Eliza Perry:

married John Francis in May 1840 at Cobbity, after permission to marry granted.
Died August 1851, buried 7 August 1851 St Lawrence Sydney, aged 34years.

Caylie Wigney (nee Buxton) on 15th April, 2012 wrote of Thomas Buckton:


Thomas was born around 1789. The first 28 years of his life in England have not been found. We are not certain where he was born, where he lived, or who his parents, brothers and sisters were.  Time and patience will reveal more.

Thomas first appears in the Gloucester summer assizes of 16th August, 1817.
His crime was to break into the dwelling house of Thomas Shepherd at Almondsbury and steal a leather pocket book containing 8 pounds (two one pound local notes, one five pound local note, one guinea and three seven shilling pieces of gold). At the time he was described as dark brown hair, light blue grey eyes, brown complexion, long face, a small cut on left side the end of his nose, rather long chin, a large mark on his belly near the naval, a mole on his left arm and a small scar, lower part fore finger, left hand.  He was 5’6 ½” and could read and write.

Somehow, Thomas managed to have his sentence of Death commuted to life. On the 27th March 1818, he was transported to New South Wales.  At the time, his occupation was recorded as Dyer and Woollen Manufacturer.  He had a ruddy complexion and hazel eyes.  He supposedly came from Yorkshire.

The ‘Tottenham’ sailed from Spithead, England on 17th April 1818.  She was twice beaten back, owing to various accidents and bad weather.  Her rudder also had to be repaired. The ‘Tottenham’, originally built in Stockton in 1802 by Thomas Haw, was a 3-decker, second class, ship rigged and measured 102ft. 6ins long and 31ft wide. Her tonnage was 557 tons.  Thomas appears several times in the surgeon’s log .  On the 18th May he was treated for severe pain in his left knee. By the 9th June he had swelling in the legs and blotches.  Thomas was one of 36 cases of scurvy and by the 24th June he was much improved. The voyage was very tedious and Captain Dugald McDougall arrived in Sydney, Australia on the 14th October 1818.  The vessel had been long expected and looked for. 190 male convicts were landed, 10 having died on the voyage.

No record has survived of Thomas’s first days in the colony, nor did the record of his assignment.

The first 28 years of his life should be interesting as his brief 11 ½ years in the colony found him quite active.

On 6th April 1819, he married Elizabeth Curtis (free) by banns. The minister was William Cooper. In late 1820 or early 1821 James was born. We have no record of Elizabeth’s death. However on the 2nd July 1821 Thomas married Jane Thompson.

Jane was born in England (probably London) in 1798. She arrived with her parents (James and Eliza (nee Sawyer)), brothers and sisters (free) aboard the “William Pitt” in 1806.  In 1814 she was living at Windsor.  Thomas and Jane were married at St Phillips church in Sydney.  The witnesses were Carolyn Thompson and Charles Hogsflesh.  At this time Thomas was a clothier.

On the 8th November 1822 Thomas was born. He was baptized at St Phillips church Sydney on the 8th December 1822.  Elizabeth was born on the 28th December 1824.  She also was baptized at St Phillips on the 6th February 1825.

On the 1st March 1826 “Thomas Buckson, prisoner of the crown, who had conducted himself with great insolence and disrespect towards the magistrates yesterday, whilst visiting the house to which his wife had obtained the indulgence of a licence for the last year. Sentenced to receive 50 lashes, and to be returned to Government.

In September of 1826 (a Saturday), Thomas purchased a mare from a Mr. Kelly for 35 pounds. Fortunately Thomas purchased the horse in the presence of Mr. Collins and Mr. Passfield and obtained a receipt.  On the following Monday, Thomas happened to meet Kelly who called out. “You are come to take me, I know: it is a stolen mare.”  Kelly made towards the back door offering to give back the money.

He subsequently made his escape from the house up George Street.  Thomas overtook him and gave him in charge to a constable.  A court case was held on 15th November 1826.

William Collins was the keeper of the Royal Oaks public house on the Brickfield Hill.

Shortly after, on the 23rd November 1826 Jane died.  She was buried in the Devonshire Street Cemetery, Sydney (CofE). Her headstone read:
“Sacred in memory of Mrs. Jane Buckton, wife of Thomas Buckton, who departed this life, 23rd November 1826, age 28 years, leaving a husband and …children.”

On the 27th November 1826, Thomas petitioned Governor Darling for his freedom. He also asked that if this was not possible, that he be assigned to William Thompson, a Brewer at Brickfield Hill (Jane’s brother).

On the 19th December 1826, he was assigned to William Thompson.

On the 20th June 1827 Thomas again petitions Governor Darling to allow him to marry Ann Hance (free – “Morley” 1820). He resides at Brickfield Hill.

With the consent of the Governor on the 6th August 1827, Thomas married Ann Hance (22 years). The witnesses were William Thompson (Jane’s brother) and Dulcibella Piper.

In late 1827 James (Thomas’s first son) must have died. No record has been found of his death. However his name never appears again.

On the 17th July 1828, Francis (a son) was born. At this time, Thomas gave his occupation as brewer residing in Campbell Street. He had no land or animals.
In the 1828 Census, John Kidling gave his occupation as a brewer and that he was employed by Thomas Buxton of Campbell Street, Sydney.

In the Sydney Gazette, Tuesday, 16th February 1830, there is a public notice, the events of which lead to Thomas’s death.
“In the Supreme Court.
Sherriff’s officer 12th February, 1830
Chisholm v Buckton
Wheeler v same
Cuthbert v same
Cooper v same

On Thursday next, 18th Instant, at One o’clock, on the Defendant’s Premises at the bottom of Brickfield-hill, the sheriff will cause to be sold, all rights, Title, Interest, and Estate of the Defendant in and to all those very valuable Allotments, on which are erected substantial Stores and Dwelling Houses:  and, unless sufficient be realized to satisfy these Executions, all Defendant’s Stock in Trade, Brewing Utensils and Household Furniture:  unless these Executions be previously satisfied.”

Thomas was desperately broke.

The sheriff’s officer had issued the notice on the Friday (12th February). Between 8 and 9 o’clock, that night Thomas had been confined in No5 Watchhouse for having in his possession a gold watch, identified to have been stolen.  “He was in a very unruly state, frequently calling out for drink; his intel’ects were indeed unsettled.”

He was allowed to walk the hall for the enjoyment of fresh air;  some short time after; the deceased, who had been supplied with some beer of his own brewing, became more infuriated, and his language becoming very outrageous, he was confined in a cell, where he died;”

He was found dead about 9 o’clock on the Sunday evening (14th February 1830).

Dr. Bland examined the body and was of the opinion, from the attested history of the case, that the deceased came by his death partly from the diseased state of his body, more particularly of the stomach, which is very frequently attended with a certain species of delirium, and partly from the extreme heat of the weather and closeness of air of the cell in which he was confined.
Verdict:  That the deceased died from suffocation, much accelerated by heat of weather, the closeness of the cell in which he was confined, and a predisposition of the state of body, arising out of a constant excess of drinking.

It was later noted that the watch had not been stolen.  On the 18th February in the Sydney Gazette it was reported that eighteen months earlier he had been worth 2000 pounds. His embarrassments are said to have arisen out of an unfortunate attachment.

Of the three surviving children, Thomas and Elizabeth went to live at Richmond with Caroline John (nee Thompson - Jane’s sister).  Francis went with Ann, his mother, to the Newcastle area. She later married Thomas Hardes.

All efforts to find Thomas Buckton in England have been fruitless. If anyone has the smallest piece of information about Thomas, it would be appreciated if they would contact George Buckton at
bucktongr@yahoo.com.au   or   PO Box 3076, Valentine, NSW, Australia.2280.

Compiled by:
George Buckton – July 2009
(Original compilation October 1986 - now revised)

CORONER’S INQUESTS. - Sydney Gazette Tuesday 16th February 1830.
A coroner’s inquest was held yesterday on the body of Thomas Buckton, lately a publican on the Brickfield Hill, who died suddenly in the watch-house, on the morning of the same day.
Some discussion ensued as to the right of a reporter to be present at the inquest, upon which we may perhaps offer a few observations in our next. At present we will merely state, that the Coroner having taken the sense of the Jury on the subject, the majority of them were in favour of the reporter’s admission, and he was admitted accordingly.
After the Jury had proceeded to the watch house, where the deceased lay, and viewed the body, the following evidence was taken:
Francis Satland, a constable in the Sydney Police, stated, that between 8 and 9 o’clock on Friday night last, the deceased was given in charge to the watch - house keeper ; he had been placed in charge for having had a gold watch in his possession, which was suspected to have been stolen. The man was in a very unruly state, frequently calling out for drink, his intellects were indeed unsettled. Mr. Jilks at this juncture happened to look into the watch house, and desired the subordinate constables to allow the man every liberty to walk the hall for the enjoyment of fresh air; some short time after, the deceased, who had been supplied with some beer of his own brewing, became more infuriated, and his language becoming very outrageous he was confined in a cell, where he died; it was in this situation that he was found by the Jury assembled by the inquest.
Doctor Bland examined the body of the deceased; was of opinion his death was brought about by suffocation, having been confined in a close cell. To a hearty man, Dr. Bland said, it was not probable death would have ensued. The deceased had led a very intemperate life.
Mr. Jilks said, that knowing the latter assertion to be a fact, he was induced to allow the man to have a glass or so of his own brewed beer, thinking it would be the means, in his depressed state of spirits, of keeping him alive.
The Coroner charged the jury.-He did not think there was any evidence to warrant the suppo - sition which had gone abroad, that the deceased had come by his death from poison. The jury had however seen the situation in which the deceased had been found, and it was for them to determine whether he had come to his death by fair or unfair means.
The jury returned a verdict that the deceased died from suffocation, much accelerated by the heat of the Weather, the closeness of the cell in which he was confined, and a predisposition of the state of the body, arising out of a constant excess of drinking
The jury then broke up.

Anonymous on 15th April, 2012 wrote of Sarah Usdon:

Sarah Usdon - her real name was ‘Edidon’.  She was 18 years old when she stole
20 yards of silk, value 2 pounds, from Mr Samuel Hilditch’s shop.

15/11/1828 - Capt.Miller/Out of her lodging, found at Makepeace Public house a 1/4/ past 9 last night - C Class, 1 month and recoved from her service.

15/7/1829 -Major Gray/Drunk, returned to the service of the Crown but detained as a witness in a case of selling spirits without a license.

11/11/1829 - Houghton/Immoral conduct in allowing Frederick Houghton to her bed last night - Cell on bread and water 14 days and have her head shaved.

28/12/1829 - Houghton/Drunk and absenting herself from her master’s house - returned to the service of the Crown and confined in the Factory 6 months.

6/6/1831 - R.P. Stewart/Absenting herself from her masters service - reprimanded.

11/7/1831 - R.P. Stewart/Absenting herself from her master’s service without leave - 6 months Factory at George Town.

Anonymous on 15th April, 2012 wrote of Mary Stacey:

Single. Ship report good. Pick Pocketing from her 1st cousin, Thomas Stacey. 7yr transportation sentence, to Van Diemens Land.  Clear conduct report. Ticket of Leave 5/10/40. Conditional Pardon 28 Feb….(yr).

Anonymous on 15th April, 2012 wrote of William Rabey:

Native place was Brighton.

23/2/1841 COF.

Anonymous on 15th April, 2012 wrote of Caroline Smith:

Real name was Caroline "Martin". Father, Richard Martin, a member of Parliament for 20yrs, member for Galway.  Single woman. Bad report on ship "excessively bad and dangerous woman". Arrived Van Diemens Land. Two reports of drunkenness. Sentence extended by 3yrs, but later recinded. Ordered to be kept at the Female Factory for 12mths.  Died at the House of Correction 15 May 1838.

Anonymous on 15th April, 2012 wrote of James Davis:

1/1/1829: Absconded - age 17, Newcastle-uppon-tyne, 5’5", grey eyes, brown hair, ruddy freckled complexion from David Hayes, Sydney.

21/1/1830: From David Hayes.

3/6/1830: From No.2 Iron Gang, a notorious runaway.

4/11/1830: Apprehended.

31/3/1832: From No.41 Road gang, 6th time of running.

25/10/1835: COF.

Anonymous on 15th April, 2012 wrote of Henry Cade:

Henry Cade was 14 years old when indicted for stealing a handkerchief, value 2s, from Edward Lodge Ogle.  Found Guilty and transported for 7 years.

At age 15 he was assigned to D. Smith, George Street, Sydney as a tailor’s boy.

He absconded from Mr Smith and fell in with John field, Henry O’Neil also absconders who then committed the crime of highway robbery on John Pike and his wife in Parramatta. (No one was injured during the crime).  They were tried before the Supreme Court, Sydney on 10/6/1830 and were all sentenced to death.

23/6/1830 - Sydney Morning Herald - Henry Cade was hanged.

Anonymous on 14th April, 2012 wrote of Joseph Hudson:

21/6/1832: Joseph Hudson, miner, assigned to the Australian Agricultural Company, Port Stephens.

Joseph died by accidentally falling off a cliff - Parish of Newcastle.

Anonymous on 14th April, 2012 wrote of Benjamin Gore:

22/3/1838: Syd.Gaz. A desperate fellow named Benjamin Gore, a prisoner in the Colonial Architect’s Gang, yesterday forced his way (when in a state of intoxication) into the parlour of the ‘Golden Anchor’ public house, where his conduct was most outrageous; two constables were found quite insufficient to secure him and it required the aid of 6 men of the prisoner’s gang, whom with the Constables found much difficulty in removing him to a place of confinement.  He was brought before the Police yesterday, sentenced to an iron gang for 12 months for assulting the constable and ordered to be forwarded to Hyde Park Barracks to be tried for quitting his work and gang.

1846: Married Elizabeth Purcell at Scots Church, Pitt Street.

They had at least 7 children, Frances L 1846;  Frederick W. 1851-1940;  Emily E 1853;  Helen J 1858;  Thomas H 1860-1947; George T C1856-1880;  Anthony ?-1915.

June 1854: Maitland Mercury; Benjamin was a member of the Singleton Loyal Lodge of Fidelity.

11/10/1854: Maitland Mercury; Notice to say that Frederick Williams had signed over his butchering business to Benjamin Gore.

3/12/1859: Maitland Mercury; Fined 1s for allowing 2 pigs to stray in George Street, Singleton on the 23rd inst.

17/3/1860: Maitland Mercury; Notice re selling his butchering business on account of him leaving this side of the country.

Benjamin tried to sell his business up to and past 1/7/1860, then went into solvency, which carried on until 18/10/1871 when re received a Certificate of Insolvency for the business.

15/5/1880: From Trove;
1842: TOL District of Paterson.
20/9/1850: CP

Shelly on 14th April, 2012 wrote of Edward Thomas:

For breaking into the dwelling house of Joseph Kent at Fradley Heath and stealing 2 silver teaspoons and divers articles of wearing apprarel

Anonymous on 13th April, 2012 wrote of James Henry McPherson:

James Henry Mcpherson under the name of Thomas or Charles Rodwell married Sarah Cross the widow of John Henry Cross at Perth 1873 and had a child Clara born 5 October 1874 at Fremantle and the child died age 8 on 25 August 1892 and buried at St Marys Church Guildford .In Police Gazette of 1882 he used the alias of Charles Mcpherson or Charles Rodwell and they believed he was about to leave the colony.

Anonymous on 13th April, 2012 wrote of John Pade:

15/8/1824: Col.Sec., Placed in charge of grazing run.  Listed as ‘John Paid’.
14/9/1827: TOL - Illwarra District.

Robed the house of Thomas Kendall (with others) found guilty.

12/1/1829: Executed.

Jennifer Y Moore on 13th April, 2012 wrote of Thomas Dewsnap:

Note that Thomas Dewsnap married Ellen Shoults in 1842 & they had 10 kids at Maitland.

Jennifer Y Moore on 13th April, 2012 wrote of Thomas Calcott:

Note that Thomas Calcott married Mary Freeman in 1846 & they had 5 kids at Morpeth NSW.

Anonymous on 13th April, 2012 wrote of Elizabeth Hainsley:

Watts Quarter Sessions Minute Book (1788-1796):
On the 14 Jan 1795 at Newark upon Trent, Elizabeth & Maria Hainsley were charged with taking a brass pot and pan worth 10d from William Hodgson. They pleaded not guilty but were sentenced to 7 yrs “across the seas.” They were both widows and sister-in-laws. Both were widows from Cauton.
Both left England on the ‘Indispensable’ on 1 Oct 1795 and arrived in the colony on 30 Apr 1796. (from “The Women of Botany Bay”)
A witness at her wedding to David at St.John’s, Parramatta in 1796 was Isabella Sibley who was transported in the same ship, the ‘Indispensable.’ The ship left England carrying 133 female convicts (of which 2 died en route) and arrived on 30 April 1796.
Married David Horton in 1796 but by 1801 Elizabeth Hensley is listed as residing with Corporal James Brumby.

Maria Hensley married John Arnel in 17 Apr 1797 at St.Phillip’s, Sydney.(Microfilm)
1800-1802 Muster:
Assigned to Cpl Brumby (as Elizabeth Hensley) - Ticket of leave No.033 - Sydney.
She is believed to have been buried on 5 May 1805 by Sir Samuel Marsden at St.Johns Parramatta as Elizabeth Horton/Hooton.

Anonymous on 13th April, 2012 wrote of George Stroud:

21/7/1827: COF

April 1829: Permission to marry - Sarah Martin per Elizabeth, Sarah was a widow with 3 children, 1 child travelled with her, she was 34 and a washer woman and farm labourer.  Born is 1794, Her native place was Dow County, Tried at Armagh for stealing a shawl.  They married at Bathurst, and she received her COF 13/7/1833.

2/9/1833: Syd. Herald - Wheeas my wife Sarah Stroud, having left her home without cause or provocation, this is to caution the Public not to give her credit on my account, as I will not be responsible for any debts she may contract.  Signed: George Stroud, 30th August, 1933.

15/10/1841: Syd.Monitor - George Stroud taken for trial on the charge of beating his wife to death with a stick and kicks.  Apparently they had both been drinking and arguing for a day or two.  The deceased was much given to drink, about 50 years of age and a very termagant woman when drunk.

George was found Guilty and sentenced to hang.

1/11/1841: Syd.Monitor - Execution today.  George Stroud, for the murder of his wife at Concord.  He was the first person hanged at the New Goal, Darlinghurst.

Anonymous on 13th April, 2012 wrote of Margaret Stocker:

Married Isaac Cornwell on 12 March 1797 at St.Phillips CofE, Sydney.

Anonymous on 13th April, 2012 wrote of James Fulbrook:

Married Jane Amelia Garcia (aka Garcie) 17.08.1856 in Longford Tasmania

Anonymous on 12th April, 2012 wrote of Isaac Cooper:

Worked at Westbrook. married Margret Giles in 1853 at the Drayton parsonage.lived the rest of his life in Toowoomba.lived in Herries street and had 20acres of land in Long street. served as a councilor from 1863-1865. burried in the Toowoomba and Drayton cemetery in the CofE section.

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