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ConvictRecords.com.au is based on the British Convict transportation register, compiled by the State Library of Queensland. We have given a searchable interface to this database, and show the information for each convict in full.

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Recent Submissions

Anonymous on 3rd June, 2011 wrote of Peter Chadwick:

Peter’s alias was Rossbottom

Anonymous on 3rd June, 2011 wrote of Lydia Parker:

Lydia’s maiden name was Lydia Childs. She is also the first cousin (twice removed) of famed poet and novelist Thomas Hardy. The relationship is explained here:

Thomas Hardy (1840 - 1928)
is Lydia’s 1st cousin 2x removed
Jemima Hand (1814 - 1904)
Mother of Thomas
Elizabeth Betty Swetman (1778 - 1847)
Mother of Jemima
Maria Childs (1735 - 1799)
Mother of Elizabeth Betty
Joseph Childs (1703 - 1770)
Father of Maria
David Childs (1729 - 1809)
Son of Joseph
Lydia Childs
Daughter of David

Anonymous on 3rd June, 2011 wrote of Luke Culverwell:

October 21st, 1810;
HENRY CROSSWELL, alias CHAP, LUKE CULVERWELL, theft : animal theft, 31st October, 1810.
The Proceedings of the Old Bailey Ref: t18101031-45
Crime(s): theft : animal theft,
Punishment Type: death, death,
(Punishment details may be provided at the end of the trial.)
Verdict: Guilty, Guilty,
Other trials on 31 Oct 1810
Name search for: HENRY CROSSWELL, LUKE CULVERWELL,
Crime Location: Smallborough Green-common, that is pretty near Hounslow
Associated Records…
Original Text:
817. HENRY CROSSWELL, alias CHAP , and LUKE CULVERWELL , was indicted for feloniously stealing on the 19th of September, a gelding, value 5 l. the property of Peter Giles .
PETER GILES . I live at Hounslow; I am a surgeon.
Q. Had you a gelding in your possession on the 19th of September - A. Yes, he was turned out upon Smallborough Green-common, that is pretty near Hounslow. I had last seen it on the 18th of September; he was turned out about six o’clock that evening; I know it of my own knowledge. On the following morning I missed him I sent my boy for him about seven o’clock, he was not to be found.
Q. Do you usually turn him out upon this Common - A. Yes, on an evening, and fetch him up again in Summer time; he was an iron grey gelding with two broken knees about fourteen hands high.
Q. Do you know either of the prisoners - A. No.
Q. When did you see this gelding again - A. On the 15th of October I saw the gelding at Bath in Somersetshire, it was in the possession of the High Constable
Q. Was the prisoner in custody then - A. No, they had been discharged they were taken up about an hour after I arrived at Bath, I swore to my horse at Bath.
Q. What was the worth of this gelding - A. Five
See original pound and upwards. The gelding now is at the New Inn in the Old Bailey, that is the gelding that I lost. I have not the smallest doubt of it being my horse.
ELIZA BARRETT . I live at Entry Hill, near Bath, I am in the butchering and farmering line.
Q. Do you know the two prisoners - A. Yes, they came on the 24th of September, they were both in company together, they had two horses with them at the time I saw them.
Q. Was one of them an iron-grey horse - A. I really do not know, I saw them with two horses; Luke Calverwell asked me if I could take them in to keep, he said their backs were bad, he wanted me to take them both in for a week.
Q. Did you understand that they had been galled by the saddle - A. Yes; the other prisoner stood out in the road with the two horses, I told him I would take them in, he asked me what I would charge, I said my husband was not at home, he would not overcharge them; I asked him what name I should put these horses down in, they gave me the name of Cross.
Q. Was Creswell in hearing at this time - A. He was; Creswell then asked me where he was to take them to, I told him to go down the road to a large pair of blue gates, and I would send my servant to him, I called my servant and told him to take out the key and let these horses in.
Q. When did you see the man again - A. On the 19th of October at the Magistrate’s at Bath.
Q. Were they under the accusation of having stolen the horses - A. Yes, they were waiting to have my evidence on the occasion. Mr. Giles was there, they were committed upon my evidence; I recollected the persons of both of them, and gave the same account as I have given now; Mr. Scuddimore came up to my house on the Thursday following Mr. Barret delivered up the horse to him.
WILLIAM WEBB . Look at the prisoners, do you know their persons - A. I do; I was servant to Mr. Barret at that time, I am quite sure of their persons.
Q. What passed between you and them on the 24th of September - A. I went down and unlocked the gates by my mistress’s order for the prisoner, there was only Creswell at the gate; I only saw Creswell, they went out at the back door, they went down the road; I received two horses from Creswell, and put them into my master’s meadow, they were in my master’s field from Monday the 24th of September, till the Thursday following, and then they were delivered to Mr. Scuddimore.
Q. To Mrs. Barrett. When was the horse parted with to Mr. Scuddimere - A. On the Thursday following.
Q. to Webb. What did Creswell say when you put these horses into the field - A. He said he was going to put these horses in the field for a week till their backs got better, their backs were very bad when I took them in.
Q. Have you seen the iron-grey horse in the stable in the Old Bailey - A. Yes; that is one of the horses that I took in of Creswell. I saw the horse when Mr. Scuddimore had it in his possession; I then knew that it was one of the horses that Creswell brought to me. I saw it on the Thursday afternoon, the prisoners were then in custody on suspicion of having stolen them. I recollected Creswell’s person then; I told the same story before the magistrate as I have now; the prisoners were then discharged, there was nobody could identify the horses.
Q. Is the horse that is now in the stable in the Old Bailey; the same horse that you saw at Bath when they were under suspicion of having stolen the horses - A. Yes, it is an iron-grey horse, with two broken knees near fourteen hands high.
Q. Did you afterwards see the horse when they were taken up the second time - A. I saw the horse, I swore to the horse, and to Creswell’s person.
Creswell’s Defence. I was going to the pit with my horses on Monday morning of Kingsdown fair. I met a man with these two horses, the man asked me whether I had any place to keep them for three or four day, or whether I could tell him of any place, I said very likely he might have it at Mr. Barret’s, at the butchers, or at the Cross Keys; the man said he would satisfy me very well if I would put them in one of the places, and keeping them three or four days, or a week; he went and fetched three or four pots of beer for us, at a public house; about a mile and a half from Bath, he said he wanted to go to Bristol for something particular, he said he would satisfy me for it. I did not want any more than the three pots of beer, the man paid for the beer, and I had these horses to put into the field.
Q. Who was this person - A. I cannot tell, he was a stranger to me; he left me, and said he was going to Bristol; I never saw the man before nor since Calverwell was with me.
Calverwell’s Defence the same.
CRESWELL, GUILTY - DEATH , aged 19.
CALVERWELL, GUILTY - DEATH , aged 18.
First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Common Serjeant.

Henry Crosswell (aged 19yrs), a labourer of the County of Somerset, tried at the Middlesex Quarter Sessions Court for felonious stealing of a gelding (horse), valued at 5/-, from the property of Peter Giles on the 19th of September, 1810. He was tried with a friend, Luke Culverwell (aged 18yrs). Both were found guilty and sentenced to death being kept in Newgate Prison, but in February 1811they were taken to the hulk, "Bellerophon" to be transported instead.
Transported as a convict from London on the "Guilford" on 3rd September 1811, arriving in Sydney, Australia on the 18th January 1812.

Crosswell Henry   Arrived Hobart, 19 Feb 1812 on Ship "Ruby/Ruby of Calcutta"  remarks: To NSW per Guildford (database number 16147 )
Transported then to Hobart and then to New Norfolk, Tasmania to be set to work for a settler.

Index to Convict Pardons :
CULVERWELL Luke - Guildford 1812 - CP 28 Nov 1821 [4/4430] 774 - 177

Csre Lands:
2/7836 1116 CULVERWELL Luke 1831 1831

Greville’s Post Office Directory, 1872
COLVERWELL       L. jun.        farmer                       Dirty Swamp
COLVERWELL       L. sen.        farmer                       Dirty Swamp

death 9681/1876 CULVERWELL LUKE LUKE ANN QUEANBEYAN  

Luke Colverwell (1795-1876), a convict from England, arrived in Sydney Cove on the Guildford in 1812. He was granted a conditional pardon on 28 November 1821 and on 28 May 1831, married Mary Danahy (1799-?), whom he had met whilst working in Gundaroo. Mary Danahy, an Irish convict, arrived in Sydney Cove on the City of Edinburgh in 1828. Shortly after their marriage the couple settled at ‘Dirty Swamp’, living in a hut located on the banks of Glen Burn Creek, just above the site of the present Colverwell graves. They had six children: Elizabeth (1831), Margaret (1832), Eliza (1835), Mary (1836), Jane (1839) and Luke (1841).

Anonymous on 3rd June, 2011 wrote of Hannah Brown:

Hannah Brown (18) married Thomas Dyke on 26th April 1837.  By 1843 she married Thomas Huxley as a widow. Both marriages were in Launceston.  Hannah then went to Portland Victoria and lived til she was 45 years old when she died of cancer of the womb.  She adopted one son named Edward Samuel Brown aka Huxley also born in Launceston.

Anonymous on 3rd June, 2011 wrote of Peter Chadwick:

Peter married Mary Conlan or Conran and had many children. He and his family settled in Tarraville, Vic. He did get into more trouble with the police and spent 14 days in Melbourne prison. He was it appears to have been a bit of a rebel, but not an evil man.

Anonymous on 3rd June, 2011 wrote of Robert Bull:

I am writting a book on the family of Robert Bull if anyone is interested in more information contact me at kim_may13@yahoo.com.au

Anonymous on 3rd June, 2011 wrote of Hector Bull:

I am writting a book on my family which includes Hector Bull if anyone would like to get in touch with me at kim_may13@yahoo.com.au I would be happy to share a wealth of information on him and his family.

Anonymous on 3rd June, 2011 wrote of John Wightwick:

John father of Walter Wightwick (Caladonia). John was a tailor by trade. On his death I believe he was buried at Holy Trinity Church, Hobart Town.

Anonymous on 3rd June, 2011 wrote of Walter Wightwick:

Walter was originally sentenced to be hanged but was reprieved

Anonymous on 3rd June, 2011 wrote of Walter Wightwick:

Walter was christened Walter Wittick, at St Mathews church, Walsall, Staffordshire, England 10 October 1803. He married Ann Christian (free) 10 June 1833 at St Davids Church, Hobart Town. Moved to Victoria 15 October 1847. In 1855 they lived in Burnley Street, Richmond, next door to David Mitchell. Walter owned his own brick making business and employed several men. He died 11 May 1870 as a result of a collapse of clay. This was witnessed by his youngest son (13). He was buried in an unmarked grave at Boroondara Cemetery on 13 May 1870. Walter and Anne had nine children who all survived into adulthood. Ann died 12 December 1873 and was buried with Walter.

Anonymous on 3rd June, 2011 wrote of Stephen Shelvey:

Stephen and his brother Joseph were convicted of a crime. Steven was only 17 and left behind a wife and a 6 month old child. He was given a life sentence his brother got 7 years.

Anonymous on 2nd June, 2011 wrote of John Panting:

John Panting died at Hobart Town 1856.

Anonymous on 2nd June, 2011 wrote of Robert Davies:

Robert Davis arrived in 1842. Given work in Westbury. Served 7 years 4 months, plus 1 year 4 months ticket of leave, then pardoned. Married Mary Jeffrey in 1858. Had 7 children. Died at Westbury 1885.

Anonymous on 2nd June, 2011 wrote of James Cannon:

James Cannon received his Conditional Pardon on 1/6/1848. In 1854 he was living at Reidsdale NSW when his son & daughter-in-law, Alfred & Emily came to Australia. James bought a small farm at Reidsdale and died there on 12/11/1864 and was buried at Braidwood NSW.

Anonymous on 2nd June, 2011 wrote of Richard Wood:

Richard Wood was convicted at age 14 for stealing less than a pound from a farmer.  He came from Appledore, Devon, England. He was transported at 17 as one of the ‘Parkhurst Boys’.  He changed his name to Richard Clark (his mother’s maiden name) and married in Victoria in 1868.

Anonymous on 2nd June, 2011 wrote of Joseph Lyons:

Joseph Lyons 1807 - 1889, Occupation: fishmonger.

He travelled back to England on the Mermaid in 1856 with his wife Rosetta and 5 children: Isaac, Mordecai, Jane, Sarah and Simeon.

Joseph Lyons is the Great Great Grandfather of Susan MacIntosh and the Great Great Grandfather of Jason Donovan.

Anonymous on 2nd June, 2011 wrote of James Wedderburn Nicol:

Moved to Victoria 1850s; lived Gisborne, Victoria.

Anonymous on 2nd June, 2011 wrote of Margaret Murson:

Married Joseph Clarke (free) c.1831 in Tasmania.
Freed 1836.
Died in Victoria c.1883.

Anonymous on 2nd June, 2011 wrote of Thomas Fawcett:

Thomas was convicted with his brother Joseph and transported together on the John. They spent a year on the hulk Ganymeade before transportation.

Anonymous on 1st June, 2011 wrote of Charles Croden:

Charles Crowden, Robert Bernie, Catherine Bernie

Charles was born in Newport England in c1822.
On 28 March 1842 Charles Croden was convicted in Somerset, England of sheep stealing and sentenced to transportation to Van Dieman’s Land.  He was incarcerated in Leicester prison and he left Plymouth, England on the Cressy on 8 Apr 1843.  He arrived in Hobart Town, Van Dieman’s Land on 20 Aug 1843.
Charles spent 22 months at the Rocky Hills probation station near Swansea. Here hundreds of convicts in labor gangs under the supervision of a garrison of soldiers were building roads and bridges. Spikey Bridge on the highway 15km south of Swansea was built at this time.

‘When Charles La Trobe visited the station at the end of 1846 he found it disorderly and badly managed. The prisoners ‘were noisy in the extreme, badly clothed, their hair long and half of them barefooted’. He dismissed the officers on the spot. Road building and the isolated Rocky Hills Station in winter provided few opportunities for pleasure.’

He finished the 1st stage of probation on 20th April 1845 and was then assigned to farms till he received his Ticket of Leave in December 1848.
His convict record shows he was at Whiteford in May 1845, Jerusalem (Colebrook) June 1845, Mona Vale, Ross in December 1846,  Deloraine December 1846, and at several locations in the Port Sorell district through 1847-8.

The convict Robert Bernie (born c1796) was a labourer at the Northdown property near Port Sorell. Robert had a wife and seven children aged seven to nineteen, living in Donegal in Northern Ireland and in 1849 he applied for his family to join him.
The Bernie family sailed from Plymouth on the William Jardine in May 1849 and arrived in Hobart in August 1849. The shipping list in the Hobart Town Courier on 29 August 1849 has
‘Elizabeth, Alexander, Catherine and Mary Ann Briney and four children’
listed as passengers.
The Bernie family lived on the Northdown property.
After seven years of keeping her family of one son and six daughters together and alive through the Irish famine and then from Northern Ireland to Northdown, Elizabeth Bernie died (aged 50) within 18 months of her arrival at Northdown.
Elizabeth’s grave is in the private cemetery on the Northdown property.
Robert married Joanna Shean in 1857, and died in Launceston in 1876, aged 80.
Note. There are at least 8 variations of the spelling of Bernie.
(Bernie, Birnie, Burnie, Berne, Burney, Briney, Bierney are some seen in the records)
Charles sought permission to marry Catherine Bernie on 27 Aug 1850 and again on 29 Oct 1850.
Charles married Catherine Bernie (born c 1832) in 1850.  Their first child, Charles Alex was born in 1851 at Port Sorell. Charles’s birth record gives their place of abode as Moorlands. (near what is now the Devonport airport.)
Charles received a Certificate of Freedom in 1852, and soon after the family moved to Deloraine. 
A newspaper notice from 1855 shows Charles donating 1 pound 1s toward the building of a Presbyterian church in Deloraine. The 1858 valuation rolls show Charles as the occupier of 22 ½ acres with a hut between Barrack St and Westbury Place in Deloraine. David Crowden was born at Deloraine on 6 Nov 1859

By 1863 the family had moved to the Needles district. For the next twenty years Charles is a tenant farmer on the Kingsdon estate. On the estate tenants were given free rent in return for clearing 10 acres each year. It is likely that land clearing was a predominant activity through the 1860’s and 70’s.
A tragedy occurred in 1868 when ten year old Edward was killed by a falling limb.
Charles and Catherine’s 11th and youngest child, Clara, was born in 1874.

By the eighteen eighty’s Charles is occupying 472 acres of prime dairy land on the Kingsdon estate at Dairy Plains.
In 1883 Charles is selling at auction his stock and farm implements. Reports in the Examiner list the stock and sale items, and after the auction the stock report states

‘Buyers came from all parts including the Midlands and the Northwest coast. The cattle were all well bred and in good condition and the prices obtained highly satisfactory.’

In 1885 Charles owns hundred acres of land on River Road, Deloraine,  opposite Drumreagh homestead between the road and the Meander River.
Charles died at lower Drumreagh on 7 May 1905 aged 84. At the time of his death Charles would have been among the last of the Tasmanian convicts.
His estate was valued at 256 pounds, and was left to Catherine. (she is called Caroline in his Will)  Oral history reports that Charles was well educated; his convict record stated that he could read and write, but in 1895 he signed his will with a cross!
After Charles died Catherine lived at Don River, near or with her daughter Clara or son George.
Catherine died at Devonport in December 1913 aged 82.

Anonymous on 1st June, 2011 wrote of Ann Brooks:

She stole 2 linen sheets.

Anonymous on 1st June, 2011 wrote of Benjamin Cartwright:

he was a miner

Anonymous on 1st June, 2011 wrote of Jabez Smith:

Marriage to Elizabeth Hitchings Tasmania, Australia HITCHINGS, ELIZABETH Gender: Female Birth 1803 - Marriage/Relationship: 1844 - HOBART,Tasmania ( SMITH, JABEZ ) FAMILY INFORMATION Children: 269927 SMITH CAROLINE MARTHA 1840 269926 SMITH JABEZ 1847

Anonymous on 1st June, 2011 wrote of Thomas Vicary:

Thomas Vicary /aka Viccary /vicar
born 1789 (sometimes listed as 1788)  Exeter, Devon, , England
1814 Convicted - Exeter, Devon, England   Sentenced to 14 years I don’t know what his crime was.
Vessel: Somersetshire.
Date of Departure: March 1814.
Place of Arrival: New South Wales.   
Put to work around Windsor
1823 7 Apr Married Elizabeth Best, also a convict, at St. Johns, Parramatta, NSW, Australia (Elizabeth was born in 1803 and died 1837. Elizabeth alias Elizabeth McValy / McNaly   Devon Assizes 19 Mar 1821-  Sentence to 7 years for Larceny (earlier sentence, 2 years before to 12 months for larceny) Transportation to NSW on the Mary Anne.)
They have 2 children registered in NSW BDM –Elizabeth b.1827 and Jane b 1830, but there are a number of other children attributed to them.
1828 2 Feb Age: 39 Thomas granted ticket of leave
His Certificate of Freedom - 26 Jan 1828 - says he was a labourer, 5’6¼"; dark complexion, black hair, black eyes
1828 Census Age 40 Free settler Windsor, New South Wales, Australia Occupation Barber
1841 Age: 52 Residence   Wellington-Yass, Windsor, Parish of St Matthews, Cy of Cumberland, 
15 Jul 1845 Age: 56 - attempted suicide - in a fit of despondency cut his throat with a razor
Died 25 Oct 1847 Age: 58 and was buried at St. Johns

Anonymous on 31st May, 2011 wrote of Thomas Mills:

PRISONER TICKET OF LEAVE DOCUMENT WAS ISSUED AT CAMPBELL TOWN TASMANIA POLICE OFFICE ON 3 JANUARY 1848 ‘TO LOOK FOR WORK IN MACQUARIE’.
MILLS WAS 5 FEET 4 INCHES TALL,DARK COMPLEXION, DARK HAIR AND HAZEL EYES. HIS NATIVE PLACE WAS MANCHESTER.  tHIS DOCUMENT IS IN VERY POOR CONDITION AND THIS IS THE MAXIMUM INFO. AVAILABLE WITHOUT AN EXPERT ASSUMING HIS AGE AND TRADE.

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