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ConvictRecords.com.au is based on the British Convict transportation register, compiled by the State Library of Queensland. We have given a searchable interface to this database, and show the information for each convict in full.

You can help grow this resource by contributing your own findings on any convict page by pressing the Contribute to this record button.

Goal: 100 500 1,500 3,310 5,000 10,000 New Convicts

A big thanks to everyone who contributed a convict - we reached our original target of 100 new convicts in less than a month, and have had an amazing 7,394 new convicts added in total!

If you have found a convict record that is not listed on this website (there is approximately 28,718 of them after all!), you can add a new convict here.


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By contributing you will bring the community a step closer to a goal of 50,000 contributions. We currently have 33,308 contributions.


Recent Submissions

Paul Burke on 1st July, 2019 wrote of Bernard Fitzsimmons:

Death Certificate of this name in Victoria corresponds to origin and birth but gives ‘farmer’ as occupation

SARAH JANE WARREN on 1st July, 2019 wrote of Edward Tilley:

Misdemeanor under gaming laws caught poaching pheasants on the Duke of Richmond’s Estate with his brother John

SARAH JANE WARREN on 1st July, 2019 wrote of John Tilley:

Misdemeanor under gaming laws caught poaching pheasants on the Duke of Richmond’s Estate with his brother Edward Tilly

Katrina Vincent on 1st July, 2019 wrote of Henry Rainsford:

Newspaper accounts of conviction in Irish newspapers at findmypast

D Wong on 30th June, 2019 wrote of Thomas Garland:

This Thomas Garland was sentenced to Life.

Old Bailey:
Theft: housebreaking.
29th May 1805
Verdict Guilty; Guilty > with recommendation
Sentence Death; Death

THOMAS GARLAND and JOHN DAVIS were indicted for burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of Sarah Curtis, widow, John Lloyd and Elizabeth his wife being in the said house, about the hour of seven in the afternoon, on the 28th of April, and feloniously stealing therein one silk purse, value 1 d. sixteen dollars, value 4 l. ten guineas, twenty-six half-guineas, twelve seven-shilling pieces, 160 shillings, 40 sixpences, 960 penny-pieces, 480 halfpence, and two Bank notes, value 1 l. each, the property of Sarah Curtis, widow.

The prisoners left their defence to their Counsel.

Davis called one witness, who gave him a good character.

Garland, GUILTY, Death, aged 19.

Davis, GUILTY, Death, aged 24.
The Jury recommended Davis to mercy, on account of the slight evidence against him.

From Ancestry:
Thomas Garland of the Duke of Portland was in Hobart Town in 1811.

2/10/1813 Sydney Gazette:
George Watts, William Clark, William Field, and Thomas Garland, were indicted for stealing out of the dwelling-house of the said Mr. John Ingle, at Hobart Town, a promissory note, value 4l. 10. one ditto, value 6l. 10s. and another ditto, value 17l. 17s. 6d.__Watts guilty__seven years transportation.  All the others acquitted.

10/8/1816 Hobart Town Gazette:
Absconded from the town gang.

17/8/1816 Hobart Town Gazette:
From a recent information it appears that Thomas Garland, a prisoner and Bush Ranger (said to be the companion of George Watts), was drowned some time ago in attempting to cross a part of the River Derwent.

**There is also a death listed for Thomas Garland, aged 75, who died at Morven on 26/1/1856.

Barbara Crockett on 30th June, 2019 wrote of James Bolsh:

Was killed by a large rock of quartz falling on his head while in the mine. Left a young wife (she may have been expecting a child at this time) and young children behind.

Robynne Simmons on 30th June, 2019 wrote of Morris Barrett:

He married Mary Johnson b 1834 d 1919
In 1851
they went on to have 5 children.
He died on the 26th Oct 1896 and is buried in the Dunolly pioneers Cemetery Dunolly Victoria Australia with his beloved wife Mary.

D Wong on 30th June, 2019 wrote of Patrick Mcbreen:

Listed as McBreen on records in NSW.

Patrick McBreen was 22 years old on arrival.

Native Place: Fermanagh.

Transported for ‘Stealing Arms’.
Listed as a Whiteboy Rebel.

Patrick was illiterate, RC, single,  5’5¼” tall ple complexion, brown hair, light hazel grey eyes.

Occupations: Spadesman/reaps/weaver.

1840: TOL Goulburn
30/5/1842: TOL Passport, Goulburn Bench.
28/7/1843: TOL Passport, Goulburn Bench.
14/9/1844: TOL Passport, Goulburn Bench.
26/11/1845: TOL Passport, Goulburn Bench
9/4/1847: TOL Passport, Goulburn Bench.
20/12/1848: CP.

NSW BDM - Listed as McBreen on his marriage.

Neil Motteram on 30th June, 2019 wrote of Patrick Mcbreen:

ToL from Goulburn Bench, Bungonia bench which implies he was working in Bungonia.
Received permission to travel to Ovens River area with David Reid, esq.
Married Mary Kelly (b 1822, arr free emmigant, Pt Phillip) Marriage performed Jan 1844 by Fr Charles Lovatt of Yass.

Janet Mcminn on 30th June, 2019 wrote of Dennis Cannely:

Dennis Connolly and Margaret scott eloped to Cooma NSW to get married. Margaret Scott is from the pastoral family “Scott of Devines” in Gippsland, Victoria. They had 11 children all born in Gippsland-Grant,Dargo and Lindenow. Dennis died in 1904.

D Wong on 30th June, 2019 wrote of Darby Shea:

Date of birth is questionable**

Darby Shea was tried in 1798 - no crime found.

12/1/1836 - On his Tombstone it states that he was 100 years old - He was buried at the Devonshire Street, Cemetery.

Donna Garland on 30th June, 2019 wrote of Ann Duck:

Ann married William Jones and had a son William and daughter Ann. They were placed in the Parramatta Female Orphanage after her death from Influenza.Ann was christened in Stonehouse England in 1779. Her father was Josiah and her mother Hannah.

Nell Murphy on 30th June, 2019 wrote of Jane Castings:

Jane CASTINGS was convicted at Leicester, England on 3 March 1846 for receiving cheese & bacon, knowing them to be stolen.  (Mother of 4 children). 7 yr transportation sentence.  Sent to Van Diemen’s Land (Tasmaninia) per the ship ‘Sea Queen’ arriving 29 Aug 1846.

Married woman, 4 children.
Protestant; can read & write; housemaid; aged 26 yrs; 5’3 1/2” height; dark complexion; dark hair; blue eyes.
Stated she had lived at home of W. Wright, M.P. for 2 yrs.
Native place of birth: Barbridge, England
Husband: Henry
Father: Charles
Brother: William
Sisters: Maria & Sophia

6 mths Probation Period
Stationed on ‘Anson’ hulk ship, River Derwent, Hobart.
Clear Conduct Record
Delivered of a female child, Maria, at the Cascades Female Factory, Hobart, on 28 Oct 1848. Father’s name not recorded. (ref. 33/1/3 no. 1099)
12 Feb 1850: Ticket of Leave granted.
2 March 1855: Free Certificate issued.

Nell Murphy on 30th June, 2019 wrote of Donald Currie:

Donald CURRIE was convicted at Inverary, Scotland on 21 April 1824 for murder - killing of a man in a fight.  7 yr transportation sentence. Sent to Van Diemen’s Land (Tasmania) per the ship “Sir Charles Forbes” arriving April 1825.

Colony of VDL:
Assigned to work service.
Ticket of Leave granted.
1831: at Hobart.

22 Nov 1845:  Death, at Hobart.

Nell Murphy on 30th June, 2019 wrote of Edward Currie:

Edward CURRIE was convicted at Edinburgh, Scotland on 15 March 1841 for theft of a shawl. Previous convictions and 12 mths served in gaol.  7 yr transportation sentence. Sent to Van Diemen’s Land (Tasmania) per the ship “Lord Goderich” arriving 18 Nov. 1841.

Aged 17yrs; single man; a painter; Protestant; can read & write; 5’1 1/2” height; fair complexion; brown hair; Hazel eyes.
Native place of birth: Edinburgh, Scotland (ref. Convict records)

Colony of VDL:
2 yrs Probation Period
First station gang - “Lovely Banks’ (a large estate, north of Hobart)
1842: J. Smith, Campbell Town
1844: Perth, VDL.
1844: W. Archer, “Brickendon”, Longford
1845: Capt Ritchie, Perth, VDL.
24 May 1845: Ticket of Leave granted.
25 April 1848: Free Certificate issued.

Nell Murphy on 30th June, 2019 wrote of Amelia Watts:

Eliza Amelia CURRIE b. 5 June 1851 at Campbell Town, VDL. Mother - Amelia WATTS.  Father - Edward CURRIE, carpenter. (ref. 33/1/29 no. 115)

Edward Charles CURRIE b. 28 Feb 1853 at Campbell Town, VDL. Mother - Amelia WATTS.  Father - Edward CURRIE, carpenter. (ref. 33/1/31 no. 96)

Margaret CURRIE b. 21 Aug 1854 at Campbell Town, VDL. Mother - Amelia WATTS.  Father - Edward CURRIE, carpenter.  (ref. 33/1/32 no. 154)

Andrew CURRIE b. 23 Aug 1856 at Campbell Town, VDL. Mother - Amelia WATTS.  Father - Edward CURRIE, carpenter. (ref. 33/1/34 no. 189). Baby died 29 Aug 1856 - convulsions. (ref. 35/1/25 no. 340 - note incorrect spelling of name on index “Aorshew)

Andrew CURRIE b. 7 Dec 1857 at Campbell Town, VDL. Mother - Amelia WATTS.  Father - Edward CURRIE, carpenter.  (ref. 33/1/36 no. 139)

William Henry CURRIE b. 26 Dec 1868 at Oatlands, Tasmania.  Mother - Amelia WATTS.  Father - Edward CURRIE, publican.  (ref. 33/1/47 no. 1080)

Lear Charlotte CURRIE b. 15 Jan 1871 at Oatlands, Tasmania. Mother - Amelia WATTS. Father - Edward CURRIE, Inn keeper.  (ref. 33/1/49 no. 1162)

Alice CURRIE b. 30 Oct 1873 at Hobart.  Mother - Amelia WATTS.  Father - Edward CURRIE, hotel keeper.  (ref. 33/1/11 no. 91)

Euphemia CURRIE b. 30 Oct 1859 at Campbell Town, VDL. Mother - Amelia WATTS.  Father - Edward CURRIE, carpenter. (ref. 33/1/37 no. 429)

Nell Murphy on 30th June, 2019 wrote of Amelia Watts:

Amelia WATTS was convicted at Norwick, Norfolk, England on 6 Jan 1846 for stealing a tea caddy and other articles. Previous convictions. 7 yr transportation sentence. Sent to Van Diemen’s Land (Tasmania) per the ship “Sea Queen” arriving there 29 Aug 1846.

Aged 17 yrs; single woman; laundress; 5’1” height; fair complexion; dk brown hair; dk brown eyes; Protestant; can read & write.
Native place of birth: Norwich, England (ref. Convict records)
Brother: George
Sisters: Eliza; Mary Anne (at Glasgow); Martha

6 mths Probation Period
Stationed on the “Anson” hulk boat on Derwent River, Hobart.
12 March 1850: Ticket of Leave granted.
2 Sept 1851: Conditional Pardon approved.

27 Jan 1849 - Amelia WATTS (Sea Queen) to Edward CURRY (free or free by servitude). Approved.

26 Feb 1849 - Amelia WATTS, aged 19 yrs to Edward CURRY, aged 24 yrs, a printer/or painter - at St. Luke’s Church of England, Campbell Town, VDL. (ref. 37/1/8 no. 39)

24 March 1892, at Hobart - under name “Amelia CURRIE”.  (ref. on Convict record)

Nell Murphy on 30th June, 2019 wrote of Mary Firth:

Mary FIRTH was convicted at Wakefield, York,England on 1st Jan 1845 for stealing wearing apparel. One previous offence. 10 yr transportation sentence. Sent to Van Diemen’s Land (Tasmania) per the ship “Lloyds” arriving Nov 1845. Ship surgeon’s report: “well behaved & industrious - can recommend her”.

Aged 20 yrs; nurse & needlowoman; 5’6” height; fresh complexion; dk brown hair; Hazel eyes; can read.
Native place of birth: nr Wakefield, Yorkshire.
Father: John (ref. Convict Indent)
Mother: Mary
Siblings: George, Anne & Eliza

6 mth Probation Period in the Colony.
Work service placements.
Several notes of misconduct and refusing to work. Sent to the Female House of Correction, Hobart and then Brickfields.
27 May 1849: Delivered of a male child, James, at Cascades Female Factory, Hobart.  Child James died 31 July 1849 at the Nursery, Hobart.  (ref. notated on Mary’s Conduct record & death record for James Firth 35/1/2 no. 2534, cause - dysentry; female convict’s child)
Ticket of Leave granted.

Nell Murphy on 30th June, 2019 wrote of John Masters:

John MASTERS was convicted at Middlesex Gaol Delivery, London on 13 Jan 1825 for Felony - stealing 10 silk handkerchiefs from Redmayne shop. Previous convictions & “bad” gaol report. 7 yr transportation sentence. Hulk Report: “good, 18 lashes given”. Sent to Van Diemen’s Land (Tasmania) per the ship “William Miles” arriving there 1828.

Single man; aged 14 yrs; shoemaker (stated he worked last for his father, a Master Shoemaker).

assigned to work services.
22 April 1829: at Rev. Claibourne - insolence. 12 lashes.
5 May 1829: at Williamson’s - Receiving 11 head of cattle, on their way to Pound. Charge dismissed.
25 July 1831: at Crawley’s - improper conduct with a servant of Rev. Claebourne. Not prosecuted.

N.B. There are several other convicts by same name, in the Colony, so careful research needed to find more details on his life.

Greg Petersen on 30th June, 2019 wrote of Alexander Mckay:

In February 1827 McKay petitioned for a ticket-of-leave, since 1825 he had been in the employ of the government, under Captain John Welsh and on whose recommendation he was been assigned to the Van Diemen’s Land Company. In April 1826 he had explored north-west Tasmania with the VDL company’s surveyors, charting the coastline in an open boat searching for every practicable harbour. Edward Curr, Chief Agent of VDL company and Welsh testified to his good behaviour. Governor (Sir) George Arthur refused to grant a ticket-of-leave as McKay had been in the colony only three years and had attempted to escape. In December 1829 McKay sought leave to go in pursuit of troublesome Aboriginals and Arthur decided that he should join George Augustus Robinson with the promise of emancipation within two years if his conduct had merited it.
From January 1830 to April 1831 McKay worked under the supervision of Robinson rounding up Aboriginals in the north-east of VDL also in the party were two indigenous leaders, Wooreddy and Truganini. Robinson made no secret in his journals that he despised McKay and the other assigned convicts, they in their turn held him in the same contempt, Robinson’s decision to lead the party in a gruelling overland trek through hazardous terrain instead of taking a boat added to their animosity. McKay was left in charge of the natives for thirteen weeks, they had taken to Swan Island. Robinson had left for Hobart Town and upon his return in a government vessel, took the natives to Preservation Island.  Robinson declared that in his absence McKay had connived with the sealers and cohabited with the natives, even killing some of them. There is evidence that Truganini had formed a relationship with McKay even prior to Robinson’s departure. McKay in his defence claimed that he had tried to persuade the sealers not to molest the Aboriginals. In 1830, he was granted a conditional pardon for his services for opening ‘a conciliatory communication with the Aboriginal Tribes’.
In April 1831 George Frankland asked for McKay’s services at £1 a week to search for a lead-mine this was on the evidence of the specimens collected by McKay from indigenous tribesmen. In June George Frankland asked for him again to mark out a road to Port Davey. Governor Arthur was still distrustful of McKay and was reluctant to place him in charge of such projects. In September the same year while he was in an expedition led by Robinson, he captured six natives and found the bodies of Captain Bartholomew Thomas and his overseer James Parker who had been “treacherously murdered by the three native men, ‘Wowee,’ ‘Mackamee,’ and ‘Calamaroweyne’, aided and assisted by the residue of the tribe of Aborigines to which they belonged and known by the name of the ‘Big River Tribe’ near Port Sorell. As a reward Arthur gave him a suburban allotment and in November he was given a free pardon for meritorious conduct in capturing several natives in spite of repeated bold attempts by the tribes to rescue them. Frankland’s request for McKay’s services to explore in preparation for road-making was granted in April 1835, and by next January he had sixteen men under his charge on road works. While assigned to the Survey Department he traced the River Mersey to its source, and explored the Great Lake, Lake St Clair, and the Gordon River. It was during this time that he became acquainted with James Calder (the government surveyor who had an interest in the indigenous people and pleaded for the use of their place names). By 1864 McKay had settled on forty-six acres at Peppermint Bay, dying there on 14 June 1882 in his eightieth year.
in a footnote the ANU biography notes:
“Frankland and Calder thought well of his work but there is evidence that he was a violent and untrustworthy man”.

Greg Petersen on 30th June, 2019 wrote of Alexander Mckay:

conduct record entry:
173 Kay Mc. Alex.
Transported for “Robbery”
Gaol report “Good”
Hulk report “Orderly”
Single, Stated this offence, stealing from the person of Rob. Harvey a gold watch Colley St.
F & M in Glasgow
1824 May 20th, Dr. Bromley’s chain gang, absconded from his gang on Wednesday last and secreted on board the Ardent with intent to escape from the colony, 50 lashes
1831 Free Pardon #80, 24th November.

Cath on 30th June, 2019 wrote of Robert Wainwright:

Sentenced on 5 March 1839 for ‘stealing sundry articles, the property of John Medcalf’ (source: Liverpool Mercury, Friday 8 March 1839)

Married Margaret Orr (widow) at Collector, NSW on 28 July 1851

Roger Churm on 30th June, 2019 wrote of Maria Esther Bacon:

Old Bailey Proceedings October 1828

Maria Esther Bacon,Ann Lanham,Theft,simple larceny

Before Mr. Sergeant Arabin

2053. Maria Esther Bacon and Ann Lanham were indicted for stealing on the 30th of September,I 1b of beef,value 6d; 5 oz,weight of butter,value 5d; 1 1b weight of flour value 4d; 1 oz weight of cheese value 1d; 2 1bs of bread value 6d; 1 1b weight of potatoes value 1d,and 1/2 oz of pepper value 1/2 d., the goods of the Governor’s of the Society for Clothing Maintaining and Educating Poor orphans of Clergymen of the Established Church,in that part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain called England,until of Age to be put Apprentice.

Second Count,stating them to be the property of Sarah Ann Jones Widow.

Mr Clarkson conducted the prosecution.

Harriet Robertson. I live at the Clergy Orphan Society’s house in St Johns Wood.On.Tuesday,the 30th of September I opened the window at six o’clock in the morning,I saw Lanham.standing opposite the house in a doorway -she beckoned to me ,and I went and opened the Iron gate,and she came to it ; I had seen her there before;she asked if Mrs Bacon ,the cook,was come down;I said Bacon was not come down,but she would not be long;I told her to go round to the kitchen door and I would let her in;I did so,and she told me to tell Bacon she was waiting;Mrs Jones is the Housekeeper there,and had spoken to her before;I went up stairs,and told Bacon that the woman who was there the other night was waiting for her;Bacon said she supposed she had brought a letter or some word for her,and asked if I had let her in;I said yes;she asked why I had let her in,and told me to say she was coming down;I went down and told Lanham -she had brought some snuff ,and would have brought the spirits but she had no bottle,Bacon.came down in.five minutes,and I left them together,I.went up to the window,from
Whence I could have a view of anyone going out,and I saw Lanham going down the back way with a bundle under her arm;I told Mrs Jones ,we went out by the Iron Gate and round by the Wooden Gate ,where Laham had just gone through-we stopped her,Mrs Jones what she had got;she said"Some broken victuals from the cook “she was then taken into custody.

Sarah Ann Jones.I am mistress at the Clergy Orphan House.The witness was under my orders;I had received some communications from her,and on the morning of the 30th of September I was on the watch-and about six o’clock I saw Lanham standing on the opposite side of St Johns Wood Road leaning against a door;I saw her beckon to someone -the witness went out and unlocked the gate,she had no bundle in her hand then.

Bacons defence I had a great deal to do and had no time to wash my things .

Bacon.Guilty aged 35
Transported for Seven Years

Lanham Guilty aged 45
Confined for six months


D Wong on 30th June, 2019 wrote of Thomas Cluff:

Thomas was 32 years old on arrival.

Occupation: Labourer/land holder.

Thomas and Martin Egan (Boyd 1809) were convicted on 8 May 1811 of murder of Thomas Flynn alias Cooney(Boyd 1809) and sentenced to death.

11/5/1811 Sydney Gazette:
Martin Egan and Thomas Clough were put to the bar and indicted for the wilful murder of Thomas Cooney, on or about the 26th of January last.
James Pender, the Principal Evidence, stated, that both the prisoners at the bar, the deceased, and himself, were stockmen to D’ARCY WENTWORTH, Esq. on whose farm they resided at a place called the Devil’s Back, and that they all dieted and slept in the same hut ; that he last saw the deceased in the afternoon of the above day ; that in the evening he observed the prisoners in close conversation ; that Cooney being absent he enquired after him, and was told that he had gone in search of a strayed pig ; that the deponent went into the hut, supped, and went to bed, as did also the prisoner Clough ; but that Egan said he could not eat, and did not go to bed for an hour after, stating as his reason for doing so, that he had to set fire to a tree at a small distance from the hut, which tree had been many years felled, and there had been no orders, nor any necessity for burning, as it was not inconvenient to any one ; but that on the contrary, it lay close to a fence put up by Egan himself to inclose a small garden, jointly cultivated by him and the deceased, and which was endangered thereby ; that Egan did nevertheless set fire to the tree, and after going to bed, arose several times, and went out to attend the fire ; that Egan the next day told him that a messenger had come suddenly for the deceased, who had as suddenly gone off with him to effect his escape from the colony by an American vessel ; that Egan took all the cloathing that had belonged to Cooney,
under a pretext of having purchased it ; that a few days after the burning of the tree, the deponent found a knife that Cooney used to carry about
him, with the handle burnt, and it was claimed by Egan as part of his purchase, and that the shoes of the deceased were found near to the burnt tree ; that ten days after the burning, in which interval he had heard a suspicion of the murder hinted, an idea suddenly struck him that the deceased had actually been killed and burnt ; in consequence of which he went to the spot, and among the ashes discovered many pieces of bone, which without hesitation he pronounced to be Cooney’s. Egan had also told the deponent that the deceased was a mischief-maker and an informer ; that he had nearly caused two men to be hanged ; and that he would as willingly ” kill him as cut his dinner the hungriest day he ever saw ;” which extraordinary declaration was several days subsequent to the disappearance of the deceased.
**The trial continued and was lengthy….....the Court cleared, and remained closed for the space of two hours ; when re-opening, the JUDGE ADVOCATE in an Inconceivable style of eloquence reasoned upon the case, and going completely through the evidence, remarked upon its various points, concluding with a declaration that from the close connexion of the two prisoners, the interest they had both manifested in the
concealment of the crime, in which though the prisoner Clough did not appear to have taken quite so active a part as his companion, yet that he had assisted to carry on the deception, and in doing this most certainly betrayed a knowledge of the crime, which from the manner of its being perpetrated could scarcely be considered the act of a single person unassisted by any other, and that too so completely to escape his observation as he had afterwards pretended it had done, were considerations that seemed to deny the possibility of discriminating between the two.
That the Court had exercised the most serious deliberation on the evidence, and had sought earnestly for considerations that might be beneficial to them, or that might at all be urged in extenuation of their guilt, but vain had been the labour. Both had therefore been adjudged guilty of the charge, and nothing then remained but to pass the awful sentence of the Law ; by which they were doomed to be executed on Friday last, and their bodies to be given for dissection.

In pursuance of their sentence the criminals were taken to the place of execution between 12 and one on Friday, when Martin Egan suffered death, having previously confessed the justice of
his sentence, and made certain declarations with respect to Clough, which being represented to His Excellency the GOVERNOR, it was HIS EXCELLENCY’S Pleasure to grant him a Respite until
Monday next, in order that every enquiry should be made that further can tend to elucidate the fact.

19/9/1829: Permission to marry - Thomas Cuffe; alias Cluffe, age 63, sentence: Life; Condition: TOL, Widower to Mary Madden (Edward) aged 38, Condition: Free.
No registration found.

1842: Thomas Cluffe died aged 58?? - NSW BDM.

D Wong on 29th June, 2019 wrote of Patrick O'mara:

Patrick O’Mara was 32 years old on arrival.

Occupation: Government labourer.

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