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ConvictRecords.com.au is based on the British Convict transportation register, compiled by the State Library of Queensland. We have given a searchable interface to this database, and show the information for each convict in full.

You can help grow this resource by contributing your own findings on any convict page by pressing the Contribute to this record button.

Goal: 100 500 1,500 3,310 5,000 10,000 New Convicts

A big thanks to everyone who contributed a convict - we reached our original target of 100 new convicts in less than a month, and have had an amazing 8,480 new convicts added in total!

If you have found a convict record that is not listed on this website (there is approximately 27,632 of them after all!), you can add a new convict here.


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Recent Submissions

Anonymous on 27th June, 2012 wrote of Elizabeth Morton:

Elizabeth Morton was 30 years old when indicted for stealing 1 sovereign and 1 crown the monies of Charles Belward, from his person.

Elizabeth was a housemaid of all work, protestant, could read and write, 4’11 1/2" tall, brown and freckled complexion, dark brown hair, brown eyes, small wart on upper left eyelid, speaks through her nose, scars: mark of a burn on right hand, 2 scrofula scars under right jaw and chin.

1840: TOL Queanbeyan
22/5/1848: COF

Anonymous on 27th June, 2012 wrote of Yeoman Morton:

December 1833: Died age 28 Parish/Windsor
Convict Death Register.

Anonymous on 26th June, 2012 wrote of Anne Leahy:

Anne was tried at Co. Limerick Oct 1848 for stealing a bank note. 7 yr transportation sentence. Departed Kingston 5 Apr 1849, arrived van Diemen’s Land 23 Jul 1849. 24 yrs of age, R.C., country servant, 5’2". Native Place: Co. Limerick.Mother - Ann, siblings - Thomas, William, John, Maria. Ansons Station Gang. Ticket of Leave granted 24 Feb 1852 (not to be in Hobart) but revoked because living in an improper manner. Delivered of an illegitimate child at the Cascade Female Factory 1851 or 1853 (Eliza or Sarah). Applied for and granted permission to marry John Pohl (convict)12 Feb 1855. (name may have later changed to "Paul"). Conditional Pardon granted 1 Nov 1857.

Anonymous on 26th June, 2012 wrote of Margaret Leahy:

Margaret was tried for stealing clothes, Co. Kerry, 9 Mar 1842. 7 yr transportation. 18yrs of age. single. 5’3". Mother - Mary; siblings - David, Mary, Ellen, Lucy. Native Place: County Kerry.  Conditional Pardon 30 Jan 1849.
Applied for and granted permission to marry James Wells.

Anonymous on 26th June, 2012 wrote of Margaret Leahy:

Margaret was tried at County Cork for shoplifting a shawl and coat. 10yr Transportation sentence. Native Place: County Cork. Aged 17yrs. R.C. could read. Childsmaid. Note on record to be detained in separate treatment area at Female Factory for 3mths. Applied for and granted permission to marry William Watkins 1854. Further charge Oct 1855 of Larceny and given 9mths hard labour at Cascade Female Factory, Hobart. Released to husband 2 Jan 1856, at Antill Ponds.
Mother - Mary. Siblings - Honora, Mary, Catherine, Bridget, James, John, Edward.

Anonymous on 26th June, 2012 wrote of Honora Leahy:

Honora was a married woman. Husband’s name Denis Leahy. (Honora’s maiden name may have been Denehy?) Convicted at County Cork for stealing a sheet of material. 7yr transportation. Native Place: County Cork. Aged 30 yrs. R.C. could read. 5’2". Very good clear conduct record. Assigned to Mr. Henry Briggs, Jerusalem, Tasmania. Applied for and granted permission to marry ex convict Emanuel John Henry Smith (1854). Two known children: Eliza and Henry Emmanuel. Lived in the Oatlands district of Tasmania and died there, aged 80yrs.

Mark Rogers on 26th June, 2012 wrote of James Bell:

He was 21 at the time of his trial and was living with his sister (name unknown) in her house at Gallowgate.

James had broken into a cellar in a sinkflat of a tenement on the east side of Glassford St Glasgow on 21 March 1830 (a Sunday) in the company of one other. Apparently he was attempting to break into the stationery warehouse of Russell and McArthur on the floor above. His accomplice escaped but he was captured and subdued (beaten about the head by a woman with a crutch). He maintained he was unaware of the second person in the cellar and that he had been looking for a “Necessary” at the time. An auger was found in the ceiling and his jacket had two skeleton keys and a breakfast knife. The police statement said that Bell was “a bad character but not quite habit repute a thief”. He was to be detained in the Tollbooth, Glasgow until removed for transportation.

On arrival in NSW on 17 Jan 1831 he was described as Protestant, Reads (but not Write), single labourer, 5’ 6”, dark ruddy pock-pitted complexion, dark brown hair, grey eyes. He was assigned to G. Townsend of Hunter River.
Granted ToL for the District of Patterson on 1 July 1835 (ref 35/372).
Surrendered and torn up when obtained CoF dated 9 August 1838 (ref 38/98). CoF gives height as 5’ 6& ½” (a ½” more than on arrival), eyebrows partially meeting, scar on knuckles of middle finger of right hand, scar on back of each thumb and another on the forefinger of the left hand, nail of same split.
In the 1838 Muster he is recorded at Patterson.

Married Wilhelmina McLeod on September 29, 1840 in Scots Church Paterson NSW.
7 children by the marriage.

Worked as tenant farmer at Barties Swamp (nr Seaham), Mulconda nr Bandon Grove & Mt Pleasant nr Salisbury (all nr Dungog).
Death after a severe illness reported in Maitland Mercury of Saturday 14 Feb 1852. Buried 13 Feb 1852 at Anleys Flat Dungog NSW.

Denise Miller on 26th June, 2012 wrote of Mary Scully:

Ticket of Leave [4/4142; Reel 937] District: Campbelltown;
1842 married William Clifford (Lady Nugent 1833)
1846 married Thomas O’Connor

Anonymous on 26th June, 2012 wrote of Isaac Slack:

Isaac Slack was 44 years old on arrival in VDL.
He was married with 8 children and his wife was Jane Gosport.

Surgeons report: Very Good.  He was one of the barbers.

Isaac was bald, blue eyes, brown hair, 5’6" tall.

20/3/1840: Kemp/Neglect of duty and drunk when employed as special Constable-6 months hard labour on the roads and recommended not to be allowed again into the Police.
15/9/1840: Wardsman PB/Being drunk-cell on bread & water.
25/3/1841: Malcolm Heits: Strong suspicion of stealing a quantity of fleece from the ???-4 months to be worked on the roads for 12 months.
25/2/1842: Larceny under 5 pounds-existing sentence of transportation to be extended 2 years and then to be sent to the roads on Probation.
28/2/1843: Being drunk
26/4/1843: Misconduct
11/5/1843: Colonial Hospital-drunk and neglect of duty-6 months hard labour on the roads. etc.,etc.

10/4/1847: COF

Anonymous on 26th June, 2012 wrote of Alfred Amor:

Alfred Amor was 23 years old, grey eyes, brown hair, 5’9" tall and single.

1833 Muster - Assigned to Mr J Cook
1835 Muster - On loan to Mr T Atkinson.

5/2/1841: CP
May 1846: CP

16/7/1844: Married Mary Bryant/Briant per Emma Euginia at Campbelltown.

Mike Harvey on 26th June, 2012 wrote of Elizabeth Clarke:

487. ANN SIMONS , and ELIZABETH CLARKE , were indicted for feloniously stealing on the 2nd of June, fourteen yards of printed cotton, value 14/-. the property of Richard Samuel , privately in his shop .
RICHARD SAMUEL . I live at No. 49, New Compton street, St. Giles’, I am a linen draper. I was not in the shop at the time.
SARAH SAMUEL . I am the wife of the last witness. On the 2nd of June, between three and four o’clock in the afternoon, the two prisoners came to buy an apron; I shewed them several and none would suit them; I pulled down a piece of print to shew them, and while I was shewing them the print, one of them said they did not see a print they should like; they did not stop long after that; soon after they were gone, I missed a piece of print that I had shewed them.
Q. Who was in the shop at the time. -
A. No one but myself. When my husband came home, I told him; that might be an hour and a half after. The printed cotton was found at the pawnbroker’s.
SAMUEL MORRIS . I am a pawnbroker, I live at Long-acre. On the 2nd of June last, seven yards of cotton was pledged by a woman of the name of Ann Simons . I cannot swear to either of the prisoners.
. I live with Mr. Lane, pawnbroker, Holborn. On the 7th of June, seven yards of cotton was pledged in the name of Mary Clark .
Q. Who did you take it of.
A. I do not know. I have seen the prisoners, I cannot say when.
WILLIAM CLEMENTS . I searched the prisoner’s apartments. In taking up the boards of the flooring, I found the duplicate of the property.
(The property produced and identified.)
Simon’s Defence. I own to that piece of cotton, and no more.
Clark’s Defence. I was never inside of the shop, I never saw the cotton.
SIMONS, GUILTY, aged 17.
CLARK, GUILTY, aged 17.
Of stealing only .
Transported for Seven Years .
Second Middlesex jury, before Mr. Recorder.
© Mike Harvey 2012

Mike Harvey on 26th June, 2012 wrote of Mary Jones:

Mary Jones Earl of Liverpool Age 5/4/1831 - 17; Sentence - 14 yrs;
Mary Jones, one of 89 convicts transported on the Earl of Liverpool, December 1830 Glasgow Court of Justiciary December, 1830

Age 16. Nurse girl from Greenock. Tried in Glasgow 7th September 1830 and sentenced to 14 years transportation for stealing a parasol. 1 prior conviction. Assigned to W.G. Barker in Prince St. Sydney on arrival

Government Notice.
Colonial Secretary’s Office, Sydney
April 15, 1831. FEMALE SERVANTS.
ALL the assignable Female Convicts in the Earl of Liverpool, and the Parramatta   Factory, having now been distributed, with the exception of about Ninety, whose Children are too young to be separated from them, and upwards of Two Hundred Applications being still uncomplied with, such Persons as may be willing to receive a Servant, accompanied by a young Child, are requested to renew their applications accordingly.
By Command of His Excellency the Governor,

Mary Jones, convict; sick or hurt, constipation; put on sick list, 4 December 1838, put off sick list 8 December 1838.

48616 Jones Mary Earl of Liverpool 1831. Lord Liverpool 1831 1843 23 January East Maitland BR =Burial Register, Glebe Cemetery, East Maitland (St. Peter’s)
  Ticket of leave holder. Died aged 27. Buried at Glebe Cemetery East Maitland.

*              NSWPI PIONEERS SERIES - DEATHS               *
*                  SET # 6 - 2 RECORDS                   *
*                COMBINE: 1 AND 2 AND 4                 *

INDEX YEAR         1843
FATHER           AGE 27
                MAITLAND; HUNTER.

Anonymous on 25th June, 2012 wrote of Benjamin Hill:

Benjamin was 19 year old, pockpitted, light grey eyes, brown hair 5’5 3/4" tall, single, crucifix inside right arm, merd inside left arm.

Conduct Record: From 30/7/1833, AWOL, insolence, bad language damaging his bedding, taking his Master’s horse and riding it in the streets of Hobart, drunkenness etc up to 1842, resulting in, Tread wheel, hard labour, solitary on bread and water, transportation extended 12 months, 3 years and put in Road Gangs etc.

25/2/1834: Colonial Times Hobart.  Hobart Town Police Report: Mr John Petchey appeared voluntarily to answer the complaint of his assigned servant Benjamin Hill - for not providing him with sufficient shoes - complaint dismissed - Hill was returned to the Public Works and recommended to be assigned to the interior.

10/3/1835: Ordered 3 years to a road party for absconding.

21/5/1843: cof

Anonymous on 25th June, 2012 wrote of Zachariah Hills:

Zachariah was 28 years old on arrival in VDL.  He had been in prison before, once for stealing a duck - 3 months, and now for stealing a sheep.
Character - very bad.
He was married with 3 children and a wife Elizabeth at his native place near Boxford.

Zachariah had light grey eyes, dark brown hair, was 5’3 3/4" tall.

18/6/1839: TOL

1833-1835 musters: Assigned to W Talbot Esq.

Zachariah died 1/10/1842.

Anonymous on 25th June, 2012 wrote of Samuel Slee:

Born at and resident of Uffculme, Devon. Married with six children. Convicted 20 Oct 1846 at Exeter for stealing three ducks, value sixpence each, sentence 10 years. Transported 1847 to Gibraltar, then to Hobart on Cornwall, arriving 11 June 1851. Pardoned 7 Feb 1854. Married (aged 44) on 17 July 1855 at Hobart to Charlotte Beecher (aged 38), born Meath Ireland, mother of two boys, convicted 18 Oct 1852 at Dublin for stealing boots, sentence seven years, arrived Hobart 24 Feb 1853 on Midlothian, pardoned 7 Nov 1854. Neither Samuel nor Charlotte were reunited with their children, and had none together. Both died at Hobart, Samuel in 1868 and Charlotte in 1882.

Janet Pritchard on 25th June, 2012 wrote of John Wigley:

John Wigley married a Elizabeth kiddy on the 14/9/1795 Derbyshire England, she was left with 5 children, John,George,Jedediah,Elizabeth and Robert.

Peter Strauss on 25th June, 2012 wrote of George Dudley:

George Dudley was assigned to John Lucas one of the first born in the colony and operator of a flour mill at Liverpool. He completed his sentence in 1827 but was again in trouble in 1828 for his part in the theft of approximately $25 million in today’s money from the Australian Bank. He wa sentenced to 14 years on Norfolk Island.
Towars the end of his sentence he became one of the first sent to Cockatoo Island in Sydney harbour.
From about 1841 he cohabitated with Mary Ann Lynchey a daughter of a convict, Sarah Lynchey, who had accompanied her mother, another sister and a brother to Sydney in 1835. they had 11 children and finally married in 1858.
George died in 1868 from "disease of the brain".
Mary died in 1901.

Peter Strauss on 25th June, 2012 wrote of Sarah Lynchey:

Sarah Lynchey was probably born in County Down, birth name Mullan or similar.
She brought 2 daughters and one son with her, one daughter was Mary Ann Lynchey the names of others unknown.
A son Thomas sentenced with her and arrived separately the same year (1835). The Convict Indent states that she had one further son who did not accompany her; possibly died in cholera outbreak about 10 months prior to the crime along with Sarah’s husband.

Anonymous on 24th June, 2012 wrote of Thomas Purdy:

1-5/12/1823: Col.Sec. re permission to marry.
1829: TOL Sydney.
1831: TOL Sydney
1834: TOL: Sydney
10/11/1837: Recommended for CP.

26/1/1830: Permission to marry Mary Creevy, age 30, Life sentence, condition-bond, per Brothers 2 at Sydney.

20/12/1834: Syd. Monitor - Thomas Purdy of Sussex Street, Bricklayer in Liquidation - Also a deed of separation have been effected between his wife Mary Purdy.

Thomas was buried at Mudgee Memorial Park.

Anonymous on 24th June, 2012 wrote of Charles Fagan:

Charles Fagan was 30 years old when transported.  He was married with 1 male child and his native place was Armagh Ireland.

1847: TOL Parramatta
31/10/1848: TOL Passport Recommendation of Parramatta Bench.
4/12/1851: TOL: Passport Recommendation of Police Magistrate Parramatta.
9/8/1852: CP Parramatta.

SMH 4/3/1850 - Family arrived per Anglia.

Anonymous on 24th June, 2012 wrote of William Gambrell:

William Gambrell indicted for stealing 3 watches, the property of John Dilnot.

Native place: Woodnesborough.
1845: TOL Penrith
7/6/1849: COF

26/7/1888: Died at the age of 67 at Parramatta.

Malcolm Scanes, V.president, Chalker/charker Society Of Australia on 24th June, 2012 wrote of William Charker:

William Charker was born at Winchester, Hampshire, England. He was the fourteenth child of a family of fifteen. His father was Edward Charker, a Tallow Chandler, and his mother was Elizabeth, nee Barr. The Charkers were relatively wealthy traders and yeoman farmers and thus William was well educated and financially independent yet on 7th December,1800 he inexplicably became involved in a substantial burglary (with an accomplice)at St Mary Lambeth stealing goods to the value of 33 pounds 6 shillings. He was arrested and tried on 25th March,1801 at the Surrey Assizes and sentenced to only seven years transportation even though his crime was then a Capital Offence. At his trial, his name was given as William Charker, alias William Chalker. This is the first known use of the alias which was to become his usual name in NSW except on Legal Documents and Government Correspondence where he always used Charker. After a period in a prison hulk at Deptford he was placed on board the "Coromandel" which sailed from Spithead on 12th February, 1802 with 138 convicts and 35 free settlers and arrived at Sydney on 13th June, 1802.

William was assigned as a farm labourer for Jonas Archer and Mary Kearns in the Hawkesbury district. In 1803, after Archer fled to avoid his creditors, Mary became the sole owner of the farm and soon after married William. The farm then became known as "Chalker’s" farm.

By 1806 they were prospering but all was about to change with a devastating flood in March of that year in which the settlers lost everything. William became a hero attempting to save the lives of several of his neighbours with a small boat. When it overturned,the adults drowned but William swam ashore with a small child clinging to is back. He was rewarded with a Conditional Pardon in August 1806. Soon after, their marriage ended with a legal separation, notified in the Sydney Gazette, July,1807 and William left taking only his horse.

With his sentence expired, William was granted an Absolute Pardon on the 7th April,1808. He was now free to return to England but chose to remain in the employ of Gregory Blaxland as his Farm Overseer at Brush Farm and South Creek. After leaving the employ of Blaxland in 1810, he became the Farm Overseer for William Lawson until 1814.

In November 1808, he selected Elizabeth Shackle as his "hut keeper" from the Parramatta Female Factory. Elizabeth had arrived on the "Speke" with her two year old son Daniel on 6th November, 1808.She was assigned to William Charker within days of her arrival and although they did not marry, she assumed the name and role of Mrs Chalker almost immediately. Their first child Edward was born 10th September,1809 at South Creek. Other children were William James(1810), Maria (1811), Joseph Henry(1813), John(1815), James (1817), Mary Ann(1818)and George(1821). Frederick was born two years after Williiam died but was known as Chalker.

Along with his Absolute Pardon in 1808, William received a grant of 30 acres of land at the Cook’s River but did not take up the grant. Instead, in August, 1812 he applied for and received a grant of sixty acres at South Creek. The South Creek farm was used mostly to raise cattle while he pursued his other sources of income. He was appointed as Principal Overseer of Government Stock at the Cow Pastures in January 1816 at a salary of 50 pounds p.a.with provisions for himself and his family, Chief Constable in 1817 (20 pounds p.a.)and in 1820 as Pound Keeper. In 1818, he purchased a further 50 acres adjacent to his South Creek grant and also received an additional grant of 125 acres there. He had become a substsantial land holder and continued to supply meat to the Government Stores.

In April 1820, William was chosen to accompany Surveyor James Meehan on an exploration of the Wollondilly River area to assess its suitability for pasturing Government stock. He deemed it unsuitable but applied for permission to graze his own stock there. This was granted and by October, 1821 he had constructed a hut and stockyards at Mittagong and applied for a grant of land there. After his death, 200 acres was eventually granted to Elizabeth at Mittagong Ranges.

Soon after returning to the Cow Pastures, William was afflicted with "severe indisposition…..the same originating in the performance of his public duties". He resigned almost immediately and requested that he and his family be victualled from Government Stores "as a reward for faithful service". The request was granted.

By now, William’s health was fading rapidly, even though he was only 48 years of age. He made his Will on 30th January, 1823 leaving all his considerable possessions to his "friend and companion, Elizabeth Sheckle during her lifetime, and then to be divided equally among her children" thus including Daniel. William died three days later and was buried at St John’s Cemetery Parramatta where his headstone still stands.

From the time of his trial, William was known as both Charker and the alias Chalker. The latter appears to have been used both by himself and others on a daily basis while all Legal and Government references to him were as Charker. He called himself Charker in his Will but after his death, his headstone remembers him as Chalker. Elizabeth during her lifetime and all her children except William James, were known as Chalker.

Anonymous on 24th June, 2012 wrote of Thomas Hills:

He married Elizabeth Baker in Campbell Town, Tasmania on 11/04/1836.  She had been transported on the William Bryan in 1833. He had received his Ticket of Leave when married but she was still noted as a convict. His death certificate states he was aged 75 years.He is buried at the Church St. Old Anglican Church, Campbell Town, Tasmania

Anonymous on 24th June, 2012 wrote of Elizabeth Baker:

Married Thomas Hills 11/04/1836 Campbell Town, Tasmania.  He was born approx. 1808 and transported in 1830 on the Royal George.
He died in Campbell Town on 29/03/1883 aged 75 years.

Js on 24th June, 2012 wrote of William Gunter:

William Gunter was one of four indentured labourers whom Edward Henty took to Portland and then Sandford in 1834.

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