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ConvictRecords.com.au is based on the British Convict transportation register, compiled by the State Library of Queensland. We have given a searchable interface to this database, and show the information for each convict in full.

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Recent Submissions

Robin Sharkey on 29th December, 2018 wrote of Nathaniel Robinson:

Nathaniel Robinson was aged 17 when tried at Liverpool Quarter Sessions for theft of a pocket book and given 7 years’ transportation, arriving at Sydney in 1818 on “Glory” convict ship. Later NSW records state he was a cotton weaver, and a native of Manchester.

He led a good life at Sydney, there were no further crimes, but he appears not to have married, and to have died young and suddenly, in 1831.

Liverpool Mercury, Fri 18 October 1818, p. 136
The General Quarter Sessions of the Peace for this Borough commenced on Tuesday last, before the Worshipful Thomas Case Esq, Mayor; James Clarke Esq, Deputy Recorder; Richard Golightly and William Currie Esqs, Bailiffs; and William Statham Esq, Clerk of the Peace.. There were only 34 prisoners committed for trial for felony; the following are their names with their offences and sentences:
Seven Years’ transportation.
“… Nathaniel Robinson, aged 17, for stealing a pocket book, the property of William Robinson.”

Earlier charge?
Might he have been the same Nathaniel Robinson who was charged just a few months beforehand, in July 1817 in the July Sessions for Liverpool, county of Lancaster for “misdemeanour with a [fellow ?] servant” but there was no prosecution so he was let off. [England & Wales Criminal Registers, Lancashire, 1817]

Did he have other relatives involved in crime?
Thomas Robinson aged 21 in 1815, charged with highway robbery at Manchester, Acquitted (Liverpool Mercury 7 April 1815 p 49

Lodged on HULK “JUSTITIA”. Justitia’s records show he was received there on 5 March 1818, so he had been kept in gaol at Liverpool for about 4 &1/2 months since his trial.
— He was received with 7 others from northern England (Preston, Lancaster and Salford trials), all of whom had been tried later than William,  in January 1818. The youngest, George Hazlehurst, was only 13 years old and would lead a
— They were all recorded as “Transported 25 April 1818”
Thomas Fishwicke, 38, felony tried Prestons Quarter Sessions, 15 January 1818;
George Trueman, 19, stealing muslin, tried Lancaster Quarter Sessions, 19 January 1818;
These were all “felony”, tried Salford Quarter Sessions 20 January 1818: Edward, (also “John”), Hughes, 38; George Hazlehurst, 13; James Rushton, 29; Thomas Wilxon, 39; James Cash, 45.

“Glory” arrived in Sept 1818, and Nathaniel was disembarked and forwarded to Windsor for distribution (Col Sec letter Dated 22/9/1818).
— According to Nathaniel’s own petition of 18 January 1823, he had been assigned to William Hanson of Evan since his arrival in the colony and still worked for him, claiming to be honest, sober and industrious. [Hanson was an emancipated convict per “Admiral Gambier” and had only got his Conditional Pardon in early January 1818, the year Nathaniel Robinson arrived.] He’d had no convictions in the colony.
This petition was also supported by John MacHenry, JP (lived Penrith area); and Henry Fulton, Asst Chaplain.

— Prior to that, in the 1822 Muster he was recorded with Hanson at Windsor, where he would have assisted Hanson cultivate his 20 acres - 16 cleared growing maize and wheat.

— On 12 February 1823, Nathaniel was listed as receiving a Ticket of Leave (Col Sec’s papers). Ticket of Leave no 140/365 (recorded on his cert. of freedom).

Ñ 1824, 21 October, Certificate of Freedom:
Convicted “Lancaster QS” 20 Oct 1817;
Age: 24, he was only 5ft &3/4 inch tall. Ruddy complexion, brown hair and blue eyes.
Native place: Manchester; He had been a cotton weaver.

— In 1825 there was a letter waiting for him for collection - see Sydney Gazette dated 24 March 1825, p.3.

— In the 1825 Muster, Nathaniel was recorded as “TL”, per “Glory” in 1818, employed by Mr Norton at Bringelly. The free-settler Norton family — father, John and two sons Nathaniel, and James ( a solicitor who lived in Sydney town)— had each been given, in 1821, 800 acre land grants adjoining each other and fronting the Nepean River. Nathaniel Norton’s grant was named “Fairlight” at Mulgoa but known also as the district of Bringelly. Nathaniel built a house on “Fairlight” in 1821 (see NSW Dept of the Environment — Heritage) and managed the grants together with John and is more likely to have been the employer of Nathaniel Robinson.

Ñ 1828 Muster - he does not appear to be recorded in the 1828 Muster
Ñ There is no record in the NSW Marriage index for him.

—1831 DEATH, on Saturday 24 December 1831. There does not seem to have been any accident or intent involved, just body failure of some kind:

Sydney Gazette, Thursday 29 December 1831, p. 2:
“An inquest was held, on Saturday last, in the district of Evan, upon the body a free man of the name of Nathaniel Robinson, per ship Glory, whose death was awfully sudden. The verdict was — ” Died by the visitation of God”.

Glen on 29th December, 2018 wrote of Thomas Broderick:

Tried in Clonmell, Co Tipperary in 1801 as Thomas Broderick or Brodrick. Sentenced to transportation for life

Transported to NSW per Hercules I, sailed 29 Nov 1801 from Ireland, arrived 26 June 1802 Port Jackson.

Buried 3 Mar 1817 at Old Sydney Burial Ground as Thomas Broadrick, age 53

Glen on 29th December, 2018 wrote of Duplicate Please Delete:

tried in Clonmell, Co Tipperary in 1801 as Thomas Brodrick or Bodrick. Sentenced to transportation for life

Transported to NSW per Hercules I, sailed 29 Nov 1801 from Ireland, arrived 26 June 1802 Port Jackson.

Buried 3 Mar 1817 at Old Sydney Burial Ground as Thos Broadrick, age 53

Rita on 29th December, 2018 wrote of George Perryman:

764. GEORGE PERRYMAN was indicted for stealing, on the 4th of April , I handkerchief, value 3s., the goods of George John Cherry Paul , from his person .

GEORGE JOHN CHERRY PAUL . I am a captain in the East India Company’s service . On the 4th of April I was on the back seat of one of the stages, coming from the West India Docks ; I had not been there above ten minutes before I felt something at my coat - I turned round, and found my pocket handkerchief extracted from my pocket, and lying on the seat of the coach; the prisoner was there - he got up behind the coach some how; I seized him by the hand, and gave him into custody - this is my handkerchief.

Prisoner’s Defence. I had been to the docks to try and get some work; I got up behind a coach, and saw this gentleman’s handkerchief half way out of his pocket; I tried to get up and touch him, but he turned round and accused me of picking his pocket.

GUILTY . Aged 17.

Transported for Fourteen Years
From:Old Bailey records (http://www.oldbaileyonline.org)

Jeffery Curwood on 28th December, 2018 wrote of Thomas Pace:

Served 3 years at Port Arthur. Spent time in the Separate Prison in Port Arthur. Photographed by Thomas Nevin. Photo is on display with other convict photos. Photo was used on posters in 1991 and 2010. Poster was titled Who were they? The convicts of Port Arthur. Produced by Port Arthur Historic Site. Thomas was sent to Port Arthur as he committed a second crime after being transported to Tasmania.

Rosemary Owens on 28th December, 2018 wrote of John Skeen:

Amelia Collit was not in love with a bushranger. This story is pure fiction. Nor did she marry the first man to enter the Inn. The misconception come from the fictitious play written in the 1930’s about Collit’s Inn.

Iris Dunne on 28th December, 2018 wrote of John Dunbabbin:

Marriage Permission date 17 January 1839 (sent to master)& 5 February 1839 (sent to Secretary) to Ann Eccles from ship Platina (1837)

Iris Dunne on 28th December, 2018 wrote of Ann Eccles:

Conduct Record:- Ann Eccles, Transported for Larceny, Gaol Report orderly in prison, Single, Convicted: 9th January 1837

Description List:- Mary Eccles, Trade: House Servant, Aged 18

Marriage Permission date 17 January 1839 (sent to master)& 5 February 1839 (sent to Secretary) to John Dunbabbin from ship Clyde

Michael Tew on 28th December, 2018 wrote of Ann Eccles:

Married John Dunbabin 18 March 1837 at St Johns Church, New Town, Tasmania. John and also been a convict transported from UK to Tasmania in 1830 for horse stealing. They had 7 children.

D Wong on 27th December, 2018 wrote of George Luker:

George Luker was 33 years old on arrival.
Native Place: Berkshire.

George was able to read, was protestant, married with 1 male and 3 female children, 5’9¼” tall, dark sallow complexion, black mixed with grey hair, brown and much inflamed eyes, lost four front upper teeth.

1847: TOL, Camden.
5/1/1853: CP

D Wong on 27th December, 2018 wrote of Thomas Connor:

Thomas Connor was tried along with Thomas Todd Cooley on the 14/5/1823 and were jointly charged with the theft of silver, value £22:10:0 from the home of Mr David Beavan a Harley St. banker on the 28th April 1823.

Thomas Todd Cooley arrived VDL per ‘Chapman’ 1824.

Thomas Connor was listed as 22 years old on arrival.
Native Place: London.

Thomas was married : ‘I left my wife at 212 Whitecross Street, a Poulterer”.

Occupation: Clerk to a Tailor.

Thomas was 5’7” tall, dark brown hair, dark grey eyes, high temple, slightly pockpitted, mole on right elbow.

17/8/1829: CP

Lee Milne on 27th December, 2018 wrote of Mary Cummins:

Mary Ann Jane Owen-Millingham died on 28 July 1904 at her youngest daughter, Harriet Turner’s residence in North Hobart and was buried with her daughter, Isabella Miller at the Queenborough Cemetery in Sandy Bay, Hobart. Her age is stated as 99 years and 4 months, which would mean she was born in 1805 not 1813. On her convict record in 1834, she is listed as a 21 year old housemaid.

Lee Milne on 27th December, 2018 wrote of Mary Cummins:

Ticket of Leave granted 30 June 1842 (Cornwall Chronicle 11 June 1842).

Lee Milne on 27th December, 2018 wrote of William Owen:

William was also a constable and then a fisherman. He and eldest son, William (20yrs) were drowned near Southport, Tas in April 1861, when their fishing boat, ‘Terror’, went down in heavy seas and wreckage was found at South Bruny Island.

Lee Milne on 27th December, 2018 wrote of Mary Cummins:

Married William Owen (per ‘Georgiana 1828/29) on 26 Dec 1937 at St. David’s Church, Hobart, Tas. Second husband was widower, William Millingham (per ‘Bussorrah Merchant’ 1829/30) who she married on 6 Feb 1866 at St. George’s Church, Battery Point, Hobart.

Lee Milne on 27th December, 2018 wrote of George Jackson (alias):

Tasmanian Archives. CON33/80; CON14/29 Page288. Transported off Norfolk Island in May 1847 per ‘Tory’ for Hobart. Conditional Pardon granted 4 Oct 1853. Became a mail guard on the coaches between Hobart and Launceston. Married three times: 1. Amelia Elizabeth Jones (alias Chapman) on 9 July 1839,London; 2. Mary Ann Grives in 1852, Hobart and 3.Sarah Ann Owen on 7 July 1857, Hobart. I am descended from the third marriage, from his son, John Joseph Contencin. Edward Contencin/George Jackson was my great great grandfather. His parents were James and Dorothy (nee Salter, widow of George Leekey)

Iris Dunne on 27th December, 2018 wrote of William Barrett:

Conduct Record:-
Convicted 15 October 1827, Transported for Breaking and Entering, Convicted before

Convict Register:- CP 24 May 1842

D Wong on 26th December, 2018 wrote of James Yeomans:

17/7/1839 Worcestershire Chronicle Worcestershire, England:
Yeomans, James, alias Daddy Mealey, aged 19, labourer, was charged with stealing quantity of coal, the property of Mr. Thomas Saunders, coal merchant, on the 12th of April, 1838.  Mr. Domville conducted the prosecution, and Mr. Huddleston the defence.  Wm. Allen, the wharfman of mr. Saunders, deposed that on the evening of Wednesday, the 11th of April, 1838, he carefully locked the gate of his master’s wharf, which was situated near Lowesmoor bason, and on the following morning about six o’clock he discovered that a quantity of coal had been stolen during the night.
Henry Thomas stated that he lived withing a few yards of the wharf above alluded to, and that about half-past five o’clock on the morning of the 12th of April, 1838, he saw the prisoner in the company with a youth named Philips, unlock the gate belonging to Mr. Saunders’ wharf, and take out a large lump of coal, which they placed on a cart within a short distance of the place. To account for the long period since the committal of the robbery and the apprehension of the prisoner, Douglas, Inspector of Police, was called, who deposed that he had a warrant against him for the robbery, but had not been able to take him into custody until the latter end of May last, in consequence of his having absconded.
The Jury after a short consideration, returned a verdict of Guilty.
In passing sentence, the Recorded told Yeomans, that in consequence of the extremely bad character which he had borne for some years in the city, he could not, consistently with his duty, pass a lighter sentence upon him than seven years’ transportation.
The prisoner, in the most impudent manner, replied__"Thank you, gentlement__as well now as at any other time.  You are a set of b___y b___s altogether.”

James Yeomans was 19 years old on arrival.
Native Place: Worcester.

Occupation: Stableman.

James could read, was protestant, single, 5’2¼” tall, ruddy complexion, brown hair and eyes, nse short and a little cocked, lost a frant tooth on left side of upper jaw, scar over right eyebrow, another on upper part of right cheek bone, scar on left eyebrow, long scar on left jaw, another scar under left side of shin, scar on knuckle of forefinger of left hand.

1847: TOL, Goulburn.
6/12/1847: COF

Diane Elizabeth Matthews on 26th December, 2018 wrote of Thomas Cooley:

Thomas Conner was sent on the Phoinex in 1824

Iris Dunne on 26th December, 2018 wrote of Benjamin Sheriff:

Conduct Record:- Tried 20 March 1840, Protestant, can read and write, Trade: Farmers Labourer, Sawyer, Aged 24, Transported for House Breaking, CP 14 June 1853

Description List: Farmers Laborer, aged 24

Death Record:- Date of Death 12 July 1896, aged 79, Registered at Deloraine,Trade: Laborer, Cause of Death: Cerebral Haemorrhage, Birth Place: Leicester, England

Nelson Tabe on 26th December, 2018 wrote of Benjamin Sheriff:

On arrival in Van Diemens Land, Benjamin was assigned to the Impression Bay Party, a convalescent station where the inmates (when well enough) did a turn on the famous convict railway transporting goods and passengers.

12 Jun 1841 - ABSCONDING - Recommended to have term of gaol. Expire 12 calendar months. He had only arrived on the 18 April 1841, and it leads one to wonder what he had in mind. Was he testing, or sick of the system?
2 Jun 1842 - MISCONDUCT - Illtreating a fellow prisoner. Three months hard labour. Approved he remain at the station (on probation in Westbury at this time) and this time added to his probation time.
28 Jun 1842 - MISCONDUCT - When sawyer making away with quantity of boards and quartering. Three months hard labour in chains and recommended this person be arraigned to his prison labour.
Nov 1842 - MISCONDUCT - Making use of improper language to the sentry REP. I.P.I.
Dec 1842 - ABSENT - From his work without leave and was found on Dr McCreery’s farm. 25 lashes.

D Wong on 24th December, 2018 wrote of Charles Jordan:

Charles Jordan was listed as 23 years old on arrival in WA.

Charles was single, 5’7” tall, light brown hair, light hazel eyes, long face, fresh complexion, stout, nose prominent, scar right arm, scar left side of face, literate.

16/6/1868: TOL
3/7/1872: COF

Comments: Labourer/General Servant.

16/12/1875: Married Catherine McGuire (15/10/1857-28/5/1945) in Albany, WA.
7/6/1882: Catherine Jordan, born Morrelup, WA - died 23/7/1964, Tambellup, WA.
and 11 other children.

Charles worked for Mr J F T Hassell for 16 years, managing his land, in 1906 he acquired his own land, known as D3 which was about 4.5 miles east of Broomehill, WA.

Charles died at his residence in Middleton Road, Albany, WA.

Heather Stevens on 24th December, 2018 wrote of Samuel Whitaker:

Age:  year of birth 1814 from indent (age 22) and CP; 1816 (age 20) in criminal register, hulk record; 1819 (age 32) in Vigilance Committee confession of 1851

Place of birth: Caernarvonshire from CP, however Manchester in the Vigilance Committee confession

Description in printed indents 1836: 5ft 3 3/4in (not clear, note it is 5ft 4in in Newcastle Gaol description book 1847); trade or calling was furrier and indoor servant; dark sallow complexion, brown hair, brown eyes, scar on nose same a little cocked, eyebrows partially meeting. He could read and write, was Protestant and single.

Tried 4th March 1836 Worcester City Assizes for the crime of burglary, death sentence commuted to transportation for life: Samuel Whitaker 20 and John Smith 19, charged with breaking in the dwelling-house of John Rouse, who had a bakehouse in High Street Worcestor, and stealing silver and gold coin of the value of 7l.10s.  They were arrested at Stoke Lacey. [newspaper reports: Worcester Herald 5 March 1836, and Birmingham Journal 12 March 1836]

29 April 1836 transferred to the ‘Justitia’ hulk at Woolwich until 25 May when he was transferred to the convict transport ‘Lady Kennaway’, and arrived Port Jackson on 12 October 1836, 2 deaths on the voyage. During the voyage, when some of the convicts exhibited the symptoms of scurvy, the surgeon James Wilson directed the ship’s master to go to Bahia where they obtained fresh meat and vegetables and oranges.

14 Oct 1845 Ticket of Leave 45/1862 “Allowed to remain in the District of Parramatta on recommendation of Wollongong Bench Dated June 1845”. However it was cancelled “for swindling per Gov’rs minute on letter from Maitland dated 29 April 1847”

8 June 1847 admission to Newcastle Gaol, discharged 16 June to Hyde Park Barracks. Reported in SMH 12 June: Ticket of Leave cancelled by Maitland bench for false evidence

5 July 1847 admission to Newcastle Gaol for gambling, 

24 Aug 1847 Ticket of Leave 47/645 “Allowed to remain in the district of Campbell Town”, altered to Maitland 8 June 1848

1 Feb 1849 Conditional Pardon.

During 1849 he sailed to San Francisco on the Louisa’.

16 Feb 1850, a report in the The People’s Advocate and New South Wales Vindicator: “CALIFORNIA ... Samuel Whittaker, from Maitland, had lost all the money that he had with him, and was in receipt of 100 dollars a month, in a situation as cook.”

This a quote from Terry Smyth’s book “Australian Desperadoes” which has Whitaker’s confession to the Vigilance Committee: “He found work as a steward in a pub on Broadway, ran a delivery business, then a butchery before going into partnership with [Sydney] Coves member Teddy McCormick in the Port Phillip House hotel, in Jackson Street”.

24 Aug 1851 Death by hanging by lynch law: He and Robert McKenzie were taken by force out of the county jail by members of the Vigilance Committee and they were hanged in front of the Vigilance Committee Room, on Battery-street, near California-street [reported in Australian newspapers in October, who quoted from the Californian newspaper ‘Alta California’]

In his confession to the Vigilance Committee, quoted in Sydney Morning Herald 20 October 1851 “it appears that they had committed, in connexion with several others, a great number of robberies, most of which were said to be planned at the house of a Mrs HOGAN, a woman, who with her husband formerly kept a public-house in Sydney. WHITTAKER appears to have been a native of Manchester ; to have come out to this colony in the ship Lady Kennaway, and to have gone to San Francisco in the Louisa. MCKENZIE was an Englishman, and went to San Francisco via New Orleans.”

Terry Smyth in his book “Australian Desperadoes” adds that in the confession Whitaker also stated that although transported under the name Whitaker, it is not his true name.

More details about Samuel Whitaker and other members of the ‘Sydney Coves’ gang of San Francisco are in the book “Australian Desperadoes” by Terry Smyth (pub. Elbury Press 2017).

Robyn Everist on 24th December, 2018 wrote of George Lee:


Contains a reference to George Lee: when the Calcutta was at Port Phillip trying to establish a colony under Gov David Collins, George Lee and another convict absconded and were not seen again.

Robyn Everist on 24th December, 2018 wrote of George Lee:

TAHO record CON22/1/1 Page 641 - list of convicts arriving in VDL 1804 - 1841, A-L


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