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ConvictRecords.com.au is based on the British Convict transportation register, compiled by the State Library of Queensland. We have given a searchable interface to this database, and show the information for each convict in full.

You can help grow this resource by contributing your own findings on any convict page by pressing the Contribute to this record button.

Goal: 100 500 1,500 3,310 5,000 10,000 New Convicts

A big thanks to everyone who contributed a convict - we reached our original target of 100 new convicts in less than a month, and have had an amazing 8,005 new convicts added in total!

If you have found a convict record that is not listed on this website (there is approximately 28,107 of them after all!), you can add a new convict here.

80%

Goal: 1,000 5,000 10,000 25,000 50,000 Contributions

By contributing you will bring the community a step closer to a goal of 50,000 contributions. We currently have 37,540 contributions.

75%

Recent Submissions

Maureen Withey on 19th January, 2020 wrote of Cady Leary:

https://stors.tas.gov.au/CON13-1-1p81 List of 30 male prisoners and 50 female prisoners embarked on the Colonial Brig Elizabeth Henrietta, for Hobart Town, Van Diemen’s Land. Extracted from the Indents of the ships Pilot and Canada, Sydney, 11 Aug 1817.

Cady Leary, tried at Cork City, August 1816, Life.

Irish Convict Database by Peter Mayberry.
Cady Leary, Ship Pilot, 1817, age 22, Tried at Cork Co, 1816. Life. Native of Bantry Cork Co.  Trade – Labourer.

Maureen Withey on 19th January, 2020 wrote of Timothy Leary:

https://stors.tas.gov.au/CON13-1-1p81 List of 30 male prisoners and 50 female prisoners embarked on the Colonial Brig Elizabeth Henrietta, for Hobart Town, Van Diemen’s Land. Extracted from the Indents of the ships Pilot and Canada, Sydney, 11 Aug 1817.

Timothy Leary, tried at Cork City, August 1816, Life.

Irish Convict Database by Peter Mayberry.
Timothy Leary, Ship Pilot, 1817, age 45, Tried at Cork Co, 1816. Life. Native of Bantry Cork Co.  Trade – Land steward.

Maureen Withey on 19th January, 2020 wrote of Daniel Regan:

https://stors.tas.gov.au/CON13-1-1p81 List of 30 male prisoners and 50 female prisoners embarked on the Colonial Brig Elizabeth Henrietta, for Hobart Town, Van Diemen’s Land. Extracted from the Indents of the ships Pilot and Canada, Sydney, 11 Aug 1817.

Daniel Regan, tried at Cork City, March 1816, 7 years.

Irish Convict Database by Peter Mayberry.
Daniel Regan, Ship Pilot, 1817, age 46, Tried at Cork City, 1816. 7 years. Native of Cork City.  Trade - butcher labourer.

Maureen Withey on 19th January, 2020 wrote of William Walsh:

https://stors.tas.gov.au/CON13-1-1p81 List of 30 male prisoners and 50 female prisoners embarked on the Colonial Brig Elizabeth Henrietta, for Hobart Town, Van Diemen’s Land. Extracted from the Indents of the ships Pilot and Canada, Sydney, 11 Aug 1817.

William Walsh, tried at Cork City, March 1816, 7 years.

Irish Convict Database by Peter Mayberry.
William Walsh, Ship Pilot, 1817, age 23, Tried at Cork City, 1816. 7 years. Native of Cork City.  Trade- labourer

Maureen Withey on 19th January, 2020 wrote of William Callaghan:

https://stors.tas.gov.au/CON13-1-1p81 List of 30 male prisoners and 50 female prisoners embarked on the Colonial Brig Elizabeth Henrietta, for Hobart Town, Van Diemen’s Land. Extracted from the Indents of the ships Pilot and Canada, Sydney, 11 Aug 1817.

William Callaghan, tried at Cork City, September 1816, 7 years.

Maureen Withey on 19th January, 2020 wrote of Robert Scott:

https://stors.tas.gov.au/CON13-1-1p81 List of 30 male prisoners and 50 female prisoners embarked on the Colonial Brig Elizabeth Henrietta, for Hobart Town, Van Diemen’s Land. Extracted from the Indents of the ships Pilot and Canada, Sydney, 11 Aug 1817.

Robert Scott, tried at Cork City, September 1816, 7 years.

Maureen Withey on 19th January, 2020 wrote of Lawrance Kelly:

https://stors.tas.gov.au/CON13-1-1p81 List of 30 male prisoners and 50 female prisoners embarked on the Colonial Brig Elizabeth Henrietta, for Hobart Town, Van Diemen’s Land. Extracted from the Indents of the ships Pilot and Canada, Sydney, 11 Aug 1817.

Lawrance Kelly, tried at Clare, August 1816, Life.

Irish Convict Database by Peter Mayberry.
Lawrence Kelly, Ship Pilot, 1817, age 26, Tried at Clare Co., 1816. Life. Native of Kuagh? Clare Co. Trade- labourer

Maureen Withey on 19th January, 2020 wrote of George Long:

https://stors.tas.gov.au/CON13-1-1p81 List of 30 male prisoners and 50 female prisoners embarked on the Colonial Brig Elizabeth Henrietta, for Hobart Town, Van Diemen’s Land. Extracted from the Indents of the ships Pilot and Canada, Sydney, 11 Aug 1817.

George Long, tried at Carlow, March 1816, 7 years.

Maureen Withey on 19th January, 2020 wrote of Thomas Brennan:

https://stors.tas.gov.au/CON13-1-1p81 List of 30 male prisoners and 50 female prisoners embarked on the Colonial Brig Elizabeth Henrietta, for Hobart Town, Van Diemen’s Land. Extracted from the Indents of the ships Pilot and Canada, Sydney, 11 Aug 1817.

Thomas Brennan, tried at Carlow, March 1816, 7 years.

Maureen Withey on 19th January, 2020 wrote of Peter Doran:

https://stors.tas.gov.au/CON13-1-1p81 List of 30 male prisoners and 50 female prisoners embarked on the Colonial Brig Elizabeth Henrietta, for Hobart Town, Van Diemen’s Land. Extracted from the Indents of the ships Pilot (males) and Canada (females).  Sydney, 11 Aug 1817.
Peter Doran, tried at Antrim, Aug 1816, Life.

L Farrell on 19th January, 2020 wrote of Charlotte Pearce:

Ann “Nancy” Core (nee Brown) accompanied her spouse, James Oxford Core (1767-1807)(convict) as a free settler onboard the “Boddingtons” in 1793. They had two sons; James (1794-1873)m. Maria Bolton (1805-1878) in 1812, and George (1798-1834) m. Charlotte Pearce (alias Hopkins) (convict) in 1817. Ann “Nancy” Core later married a Michael Connolly on Sep 28 1812 at St John’s CofE, Parramatta NSW (no issue).

Maureen Withey on 19th January, 2020 wrote of Timothy Cowen:

Absconded again: From the Dark Hollow Chain Gang, on the 19th instant. -142 Timothy Cowan, per Lord Melville. Hobart Town Courier, 1 Nov 1839.

Ticket of Leave issued: Timothy Cowan, Lord Melville.
Colonial Times, 26 June 1844.

Approval of Pardon:
Timothy Cowan, Lord Melville.
Cornwall Chronicle, 6 Feb 1847.

This record could be his death record: https://stors.tas.gov.au/RGD35-1-16p205j2k
Launceston district: Timothy Cowan, died 16 June 1850, age 52, soldier, cause of death- pleurites. Informant, hospital at Launceston.

Maureen Withey on 19th January, 2020 wrote of Timothy Cowen:

142. Timothy Cowan, 5 ft. 7½in. fresh
complexion, light brown hair, blue eyes,
32 years old, a soldier, tried at the Cape
of Good Hope, sentence life, arrived per
Lord Melville, native place Galloway,
from Prisoners’ Barracks July 27, 1825. Reported in Hobart Town Gazette, 8 Oct 1825.

Maureen Withey on 19th January, 2020 wrote of Timothy Cowen:

https://stors.tas.gov.au/CON13-1-1p191  & page 190 These documents set out the charges on his court martial: desertion and having false papers.

Cape of Good Hope. Oct 21 18?18?  General Court Martial.  Timothy Cowan, late soldier in the 60th Regiment, transported for life. By ship Lord Melville,  to VDL.

Tasmanian Conduct Record: https://stors.tas.gov.au/CON31-1-6$init=CON31-1-6p53
continuation: https://stors.tas.gov.au/CON32-1-1$init=CON32-1-1p22
142. Timothy Cowan, Lord Melville 1818, C. of Good Hope, Life. Many incidents and punishments of flogging and time in irons and chain gangs.

Description: https://stors.tas.gov.au/CON23-1-1 C128 to 157: Timothy Cowen, age 25, soldier of 60th,  Cape of Good Hope, native of Galway.

Maureen Withey on 18th January, 2020 wrote of Thomas Lovell:

Irish Convict Database by Peter Mayberry.
Thomas Lovell, Ship Pilot, 1817, age 32, Tried at Cork Co., 1815. 7 years. Native of Bandon Cork Co. Trade - labourer.

Hobart Town Gazette, 19 Nov 1824.
Certificate obtained during the last week:
Thomas Lovel- Pilot.

Maureen Withey on 18th January, 2020 wrote of Michael Murphy:

Irish Convict Database by Peter Mayberry.
Michael Murphy, Ship Pilot, 1817, age 51, Tried at cork Co., 1816. 7 years. Native of Cork City. Trade-plasterer.

Hobart Town Gazette, 19 Nov 1824.
Certificate obtained during the last week:
Michael Murphy- Pilot.

Ron Garbutt on 18th January, 2020 wrote of James Westbrook:

The Story of William Madgwick, Elizabeth Phipps and James Westbrook

William Madgwick was born on the 5th of March 1769 in Fittleworth, Sussex, England. He married a woman called Mary Mansfield in 1793 at Sussex. Together they had five children: James (b. 16 February 1794 Fittleworth), William (b. 23 October 1796 Fittleworth), Thomas (b. 16 June 1799 Fittlworth), Mary (b. 19 February 1804) and Charles (b. 18 November 1808).

Abt. 1812 William was caught for sheep stealing and was sentenced to death at the Sussex Court. Death of course meant he was to be sent to Australia as a convict. In 1813 he left England onboard the General Hewitt. His wife and children did not follow as many of other convict families did, instead the family announced that he had died. William arrived in Australia in 1814. It took him a mere four years before he was given an Conditional Pardon in 1818.

Meanwhile…

Elizabeth Phipps was born on the 17th of February c.1792 in London to Edmund Phipps (b. 11th of May 1760 in Marylebone, London) and Susannah Harris (b. 12th of May 1768 Shoreditch, London).

James Westbrook (b. 1789 London) was one of three children born to Edward Westbrook and Elizabeth Fitchett. His brother’s name was Samuel and he had a younger sister whose name is unknown.

James and Elizabeth first came onto record when they were caught along with Elizabeth’s mother and James’s brother for breaking and entering the house of Joseph Covington. At the time James was a butcher. Their trail was held at the Old Bailey and like many others their fate was sealed there. James aged 22 and Elizabeth aged 20 were found guilty whilst Susannah Phipps and Samuel Westbrook were found not guilty. The year was 1812 when they were sentenced to death (transportation to Australia for life).

James came to Australia with 45 other convicts onboard the ‘Earl Spencer’. He arrived in the colony on the 9th of October 1813 where he was given to William Cox, the magistrate at Windsor and was distributed on the 14th of October 1813.

In his time as a convict James lived in Bathurst where he was one of the workers on the construction of the road over the Blue Mountains. By the 7th of July 1818 James was on William Cox’s list to have his sentence of life reduced. He received his conditional pardon on the 13th of July 1818.

Meanwhile Elizabeth arrived in Australia on the ‘Wanstead’ on the 9th of January 1814. She was freed by 1816. During her time as a convict Elizabeth met William Madgwick who she would eventually marry.
In 1834 William married Elizabeth Phipps at the right old age of 66.

Elizabeth gave birth to nine children. It is unknown whether the father of the children was James Westbrook or William Madgwick. It is believed that the majority of them did belong to James Westbrook.

James Westbrook died of old age on the 14th of July 1859 in Windsor Hospital, NSW. He is buried in St. Matthews, Windsor, NSW. Elizabeth Phipps died on the 8th of August 1869 in Richmond. She is buried in St Peters, Richmond, NSW.

William Madgwick passed away of old age on 16th of June 1860 in Richmond, NSW. On the NSW BDM it states that he was 108 years old but in truth he would have been about 91. He was buried on the 18 June 1860 in St Peters, Richmond.

The children of James, Elizabeth and William can appear in the registries under one surname but then they might have lived under the other name and died under yet another i.e. born a Westbrook, lived a Magick, died a Madgwick.

Source: The Stuart Family Message Board

The Magick/Madgwick family: http://stuartfamilyhistory.proboards.com/thread/2/magick-madgwick-family

The Phipps and Westbrook Families: http://stuartfamilyhistory.proboards.com/thread/4

Ron Garbutt on 18th January, 2020 wrote of James Westbrook:

James Westbrook
Posted 05 Aug 2010 by Alexander_Matheson on Ancestry

James was son of Edward Westbrook & Elizabeth Fitchett, was born around 1784 in London, England. He was a butcher in 1812 when he was sentenced to transportation for life in 1812 at the Old Bailey. At the time he lived at Angle & Porter Court, Golden Lane Parish of St Luke, Old Street, London England.

He arrived in the colony on 9 October 1813 & appeared on a list of 45 convicts disembarked from “Earl Spencer” & forwarded to William Cox, Magistrate at Windsor for distribution on 14 October 1813.

He appeared on the census of 1814 at Windsor NSW & lived between January 1816 & January 1818 at Bathurst NSW, where he worked on the construction of the road over the Blue Mountains. He was on a list of prisoners recommended for mitigation of sentance by William Cox on 7 July 1818 at Bathurst NSW.

He was on the muster of 1822 as a brickmaker at Windsor NSW, but on the 1825 muster was listed in Sydney with his children Louisa, Harriett, Emily, William, Ann & Sarah.

James is said to have fathered a number of children with Elizabeth Phipps, however their paternity is in doubt as Elizabeth also spent a lot of time with her eventual husband, William Magick.

He appeared on the census of 1828 at Richmond NSW. He died on 14 July 1859 at Windsor Hospital, Windsor, from old age, & was buried on 16 July 1859 at St Mathews Church of England, Windsor NSW Australia.

Ron Garbutt on 18th January, 2020 wrote of Mary Burke:

Details for the ship Indispensable (1796)
Ship Name: Indispensable
Rig Type: S.
Built:
Build Year: 1791
Size (tons): 351
Voyage Details
Master: Wilkinson
Surgeon:
Sailed: October 1795
From: England
Arrived: 30 April 1796
Port: PJ
Route: Rio
Days Travel:
Convicts Landed: 0 males & 131 female convicts
Notes: HO records list the ship name as Indispensible

Maureen Withey on 18th January, 2020 wrote of Michael Robinson:

Irish Convict Database by Peter Mayberry.
Michael Robinson, Ship Pilot, 1817, age 34, Tried at Dublin Co., 1816. 7 years. Native of Malton Yorkshire. Trade- soldier gamekeeper.

Hobart Town Gazette, 7 May 1824.
Certificate obtained during the last week:
Michael Robinson- Pilot.

Maureen Withey on 18th January, 2020 wrote of Thomas Murray:

Irish Convict Database by Peter Mayberry.
Thomas Murray, Ship Pilot, 1817, age 35, Tried at Dublin City, 1816. 7 years. Native of Ross/New Ross Wexford Co. Trade- servant.

Hobart Town Gazette, 6 Sep 1823.
Certificate obtained during the last week:
Thomas Murray- Pilot.

Ron Garbutt on 18th January, 2020 wrote of Edward Riley:

Edward Riley (c 1762 - 1821)
Posted 15 Mar 2011 by stringfe1

Edward Riley was sentenced to death at the 14 Jan 1789 Old Bailey Sessions for the Highway robbery of a man on New Year’s Eve. A bricklayer walking home through Whites Yard, off Cable Street in the East End was set upon at about 9.30pm by three men who demanded money. He told the court that Riley clapped his hand over his mouth, the other two held him and rifled his pockets. Finding no money they took his hat and ran off. A local resident looking out his window said he recognised Riley as a man who lived in the next street. Both he and the prosecutor claimed the lamplight was strong enough for them to identify him positively; We could not pursue him; he had got off, and turned down Saltpetre Bank, where he lodges, which is a dangerous place. Saltpetre Bank appears to have been regarded as something of a no-go area and a haven for criminals. The prosecutor at first claimed the robbers had stolen two guineas, but later recolledted that he had left the money at home. Riley’s landlord, George Ashton, appeared as an alibi witness, stating that Riley had been home all night on the date in question. The jury disregarded his evidence, but recommended Riley to mercy. He was held in Newgate under a temporary respite from execution until Sept 1789 when his sentence was commuted to life transportation. He was embarked on the Scarborough transport on 10 Nov 1789.

Riley was employed at Sydney in Sept 1791 when he gave evidence at the trial of a man charged with stealing a barrel of gunpowder from a ship in port. He gave evidence the following month at a burglary trial. Both cases suggest that he may have been employed as a watchman. In Dec 1794 Riley was granted a conditional pardon and granted 30 acres at The Flats in the Concord area which he sold to Commissary James Williamson prior to 1800. He was granted an absolute pardon in Sept 1795, which suggests that he was occupying a position of trust.

At Sydney on 5 March 1797 he married Mary Burk(e) (Indispensable, 1796).

In March 1800 Riley was one of two men who put up 50 pounds good behaviour bonds for Edward Dogherty after he was sentenced to a flogging for making a drunken statement about planting the tree of liberty in NSW which was regarded as seditious. Clearly Riley was sympathetic to liberal ideas; he was probably Irish.

In Jan 1810 Riley petitioned Governor Macquarie for confirmation of a lease for a house and town allotment in Upper Pitts Row, Sydney, and a grant of land at Milk Maid Reach on the Hawkesbury which he had received from the anti-Bligh regime in 1809. He was still holding land in the Portland Head area in 1820.

The Second Fleeter was almost certainly the Edward Riley buried at St Matthews Cemetery, Windsor on 9 Nov 1821; he was descibed as free, aged 59, having arrived as a sailor on the Scarborough in 1790. Muster records indicate that the emancipist Second Fleeter was the only man of that name in the colony; he may have attempted to give his neighours the impression that he had arrived free.

Reference: Britains Grim Convict Armada of 1790; Michael Flynn

Maureen Withey on 18th January, 2020 wrote of Matthew Dawson:

Irish Convict Database by Peter Mayberry.
Mathew Dawson, Ship Pilot, 1817, age 29, Tried at Cork City, 1816. 7 years. Native of Yorkshire, England. Trade- soldier.

Hobart Town Gazette, 11 Oct 1823.
Certificate obtained during the last week:
Matthew Dawson- Pilot.

Maureen Withey on 18th January, 2020 wrote of George Long:

Irish Convict Database by Peter Mayberry.
George Long, Ship Pilot, 1817, age 36, Tried at Carlow Co, 1816. 7 years. Native of Clonmelt Carlow Co. Trade- footman servant

Hobart Town Gazette, 26 April 1823.
Certificate obtained during the last week:
George Long - Pilot, 1817.

Ron Garbutt on 18th January, 2020 wrote of Edward Riley:

Transport
Posted 15 Jun 2009 by LynnMareeM
Australia’s Second Fleet
From Barbara Turner, 1992.1

A second fleet of six ships left England -  Guardian, Justinian, 
Lady Juliana, Surprize, Neptune, Scarborough. The Guardian struck ice, and was unable to complete the voyage.  She was stocked with
provisions. Only 48 people died in the first group of ships, but this time 278 died during the voyage.  This time transporting the
convicts was in the hands of private contractors.
    _____________________________________________________
Excerpts from the “SYDNEY COVE CHRONICLE”, 30th June, 1790
At last the transports are here
DIABOLICAL CONDITION OF THE CONVICTS THEREON
278 died on the fearsome journey to Sydney Cove
——-”  The landing of those who remained alive despite their misuse upon the recent voyage, could not fail to horrify those who watched.
  As they came on shore, these wretched people were hardly able to move hand or foot. Such as could not carry themselves upon their legs, crawled upon all fours. Those, who, through their afflictions, were not able to move, were thrown over the side of the ships; as sacks of flour would be thrown, into the small boats.
  Some expired in the boats; others as they reached the hore. Some fainted and were carried by those who fared better. More had not the opportunity even to leave their ocean prisons for as they came upon the decks, the fresh air only hastened their demise.
  A sight most outrageous to our eyes were the marks of leg irons upon the convicts, some so deep that one could nigh on see the bones.——
——-  We learn that several children have been borne to women upon the Lady Juliana, the cause for which were the crews aboard African slave ships which met up with the transport at Santa Cruz.—- ”
———”  So the Guardian is lost and with it our provisions. 
What, in the name of Heaven, is to become of us ?——- “

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