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ConvictRecords.com.au is based on the British Convict transportation register, compiled by the State Library of Queensland. We have given a searchable interface to this database, and show the information for each convict in full.

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Recent Submissions

Wendy Smith on 20th March, 2019 wrote of James Hopkins:

NSW Convict Indentures1829 indication that he could neither read or write, that he was married with a wife and two children (names unknown.  Native place: Hereford.  Height 5ft 8 inches, Ruddy complexion; brown hair and grey eyes.  Convict death register:  He died on 26 January by falling from a dray in Queanbeyan.  Register of Coroner’s Inquest that he died as a result of apoplexy (from the fall) on 18 March 1841.  Buried on 21 June 1841 in Oaks Estate Burial Ground.

Nell Murphy on 20th March, 2019 wrote of John Dunn:

John DUNN was stationed in Canada with the ....Regiment.  Charged and convicted at the Montreal Court Martial, Lower Canada with desertion, on 3 March 1834. Noted as single, quiet and orderly. Life sentence and transported to Van Diemen’s Land (Tasmania), Australia per the ship “Waterloo” arriving 2 March 1835.

Aged 26 yrs; single man; blacksmith & groom; 6’1” height; dark complexion; dk brown hair; blue eyes.
Native place of birth: Co. Fermanagh, Ireland.

Colony of VDL:
Assigned to work services.  Several notes of misconduct and punishments.
22 Sept 1843: Ticket of Leave granted.

APPLICATION FOR PERMISSION TO MARRY:
8 Sept 1845 - John DUNN per ‘Waterloo’ to Jane ARNOTT per ‘Margaret’. Ref. 52/1/2

MARRIAGE:
1 Oct 1845 - John DUNN, aged 34yrs, a smith to Jane ARNOTT, aged 35yrs, at St. George’s Church, Hobart. (ref. 37/1/4 no. 1653)

D Wong on 20th March, 2019 wrote of Ann Thompson:

27/7/1795 Gloucester Journal Gloucestershire, England:
On Saturday the Assizes for this county were concluded, when John Spencer, for stealing goods from a shopkeeper at Northleach ; Sarah Wisse, for thefts committed at Thornbury; Edward Clarke, Mary Clarke, and Honour Oliver, gypsies, for stealing a tilt-cloth from a farmer at Nauntons ; Ann Thompson, for stealing goods from different persons in this city, and Richard Rowland, for stealing a bag ; were sentenced to seven years’ transportation.

Nell Murphy on 20th March, 2019 wrote of John Dunn:

John DUNN was convicted at Gloucester, England on 7 April 1830. Previous convictions and vagrancy. Gaol Report: “character bad and behaved bad in gaol”. Hulk Report: “orderly”. Life sentence. Transported to Van Diemen’s Land (Tasmania) per the ship “Persian” arriving 7 Nov 1830.

Single man; aged 20 yrs; a boatman; 5’5 3/4” height.
Native place of birth: Bristol, England.

Colony of VDL:
Assigned to work service.
Some notes of misconduct and punishments.
1834: assigned to Boats crew
22 May 1839: Ticket of Leave granted.
14 January 1845: Conditional Pardon approved.

N.B. There are several other men named “John Dunn” in the Colony at this time, so difficult to research his life after.

D Wong on 20th March, 2019 wrote of Sarah Wisse:

27/7/1795 Gloucester Journal Gloucestershire, England:
On Saturday the Assizes for this county were concluded, when John Spencer, for stealing goods from a shopkeeper at Northleach ; Sarah Wisse, for thefts committed at Thornbury; Edward Clarke, Mary Clarke, and Honour Oliver, gypsies, for stealing a tilt-cloth from a farmer at Nauntons ; Ann Thompson, for stealing goods from different persons in this city, and Richard Rowland, for stealing a bag ; were sentenced to seven years’ transportation.

Robin Sharkey on 20th March, 2019 wrote of Patrick Marmion:

ESCAPING in IRELAND:

Having been in gaol in Down for many months since late 1791, Pat Marmion escaped with five others in the following early summer after being presented as a vagabond and presumably unable to make bail.

Belfast Newsletter, 22 June 1792, page 4:
“Escape from the gaol of Downpatrick
“On Saturday, the 19th instant, between the hours of twelve and one o’clock, the following Felons made their escape through the front of the gaol, viz:

“PAT. MARMION, commonly called Capt. Marmion, aged about 35 years, about 5 feet 9 inches in height, broad faced, fair hair, broad shouldered, light limbed, wore when he escaped, a drab-coloured coat, black waistcoat, and old corduroy breeches.
“JOHN DOGHERTY, aged about 26 years,  about 5 feet 6 inches in height, sandy hair, high-nosed, wore when he escaped, a grey frieze jacket, red waistcoat, and corduroy breeches; by trade a weaver;
“WILLIAM FLYN [sic], aged about 33 years, about 5 feet 9 inches in height,  fair complexion, dark hair, black eyes, when he escaped wore a drab-coloured coat, spotted velvet waistcoat, and corduroy breeches; by trade a flax-dresser; bred near Newry;
“PAT. LOCKART aged about twenty years, about 5 feet 8 inches in height,  fair complexion, his left leg crooked having been broke, wore when escaped an olive-coloured coat, striped velveret waistcoat, and lambkin breeches; by trade a flax-dresser;
“PETER KELLY, alias McKENNA [sic], aged about 26 years, about 5 feet 10 inches in height, slender-made, narrow-shouldered, pock-pitted, black hair - when escaped wore a blue coat, striped waistcoat, and corduroy breeches;
“PATRICK ALLEN, aged about 34 years, slender made, round faced, about 5 ft 4 inches in height, pale hair - Wore when escaped a brown coat, spotted cotton waistcoat, and corduroy breeches - by trade a shoemaker and bred near Lisburn.”

Below these descriptions, Joseph Robinson, the gaoler, promised to pay ten guineas for lodging in gaol each and every of the felons. He dated this notice the 20th May 1792.
Robert Ward, the Sheriff, had a notice underneath Robinson’s that “I do hereby offer a reward for apprehending the abovementioned felons, the sum of fifty guineas, in a proportionate share for each.”

RE-CAPTURE OF THE ESCAPEES
WILLIAM FLYNN was re-captured, tried in 1792 and departed Cork on “Boddingtons” in February 1793.
JOHN DOGHERTY was also recaptured fairly quickly since he also departed on Boddingtons in February 1793.

Patrick ALLEN was recaptured later at Antrim since he was tried there in March 1795, and departed Cork with Pat MARMION in August 1795 on the Marquis Cornwallis, arriving NSW February 1796.

MARMION’S SECOND TRIAL:
Freeman’s Journal, Saturday 4 April 1795, p.2
“DOWNPATRICK ASSIZES
“The following persons were tried at the Downpatrick Assizes, which ended the 27th inst [March].
“Pat Marmion in May 1792 escaped, being under rule of transportation — but being re-taken, having avowed himself to be the same person — ordered by the court to be transported for seven years.”

Robin Sharkey on 20th March, 2019 wrote of Anne Faye:

LIFE AT PARRAMATTA

Ann and William Bellamy had four children:
1798 - James Zadock Bellamy. Died 1785
1800 -  Sarah (m Clack, Howarth), Died 1782
1803 - John died 1873
1807 -  Charlotte died 1811.

In July 1801 they were living on 100acres, with 19 cleared and under cultivation of maize.

In 1802, 24 acres were cleared, with 20 acres wheat and 4 acres of maize planned. they had 16 hogs in total.

In August 1804 this land was officially granted to William, in the district of Dundas.

In August 1806 he was renting a further 5 acres, at the Field of Mars and employing convict John Penrow per “Rolla”. Of his total 130 acres farmed, he had sown 11 acres of wheat, 10 of maize and 4 of barley as well as potatoes and a 1 acre orchard and garden. There were 9 sheep in total and 12 hogs in total. His wife and FOUR children were off stores. this means that Ann’s son - William Lellis, aged 9 - was alive and living with the family.

The 1814 Census recorded William Bellamy as a landholder; mustered at Parramatta, and Ann now Free, as his wife with two children off the stores. This implies that Ann’s son William (17), together with James (16) and Sarah (14) were living elsewhere.

In the 1822 muster Ann and William were still living on their 100 acre grant, with 30 acres under wheat, plus maize, oats and potatoes growing and their orchard.

Ann’s family did well in NSW.
Their son James Bellamy was given his own land grant in 1816, and again in 1824. James married quite young in 1818 to Hannah Singleton (she died in 1869, registered Parramatta). They had many children:
Charlotte in 1819, Susannah in 1821, William in 1822, James jnr in 1823 (died Parramatta “aged 25” in 1852), Mary in 1825, Caroline in 1827, Ann in 1831, Sarah in 1832, Elizabeth in 1834, James in 1826 and Joseph in 1840.

In 1837 James, (aged 28), had three convicts assigned to him.

Ann & William’s daughter Sarah married also in 1818, on 27 July, to Henry Clack or Clarke, convict per ‘Admiral Gambier’ . Neither could sign their name on the marriage register of St John’s Parramatta.
She was aged 18, and henry 25. In the 1828 census they had two children, John B 1824 and Henry B 1826.  There were also Sarah B 8 April 1829, father recorded at her baptism as a farmer at Pennant Hills;  William B 17 November 1831 who died same year as a little baby - his father Henry was recorded in St John’s register as a sawyer of Pennant Hills. Jane B 1833, father Henry recorded as a farmer of Pennant Hills,  (Jane married aged 15 to Wm Buckley; Anne B 21 January 1836 (Father Henry recorded as a sawyer of Pennant Hills) ; Mary Anne B 25 January 1838 and another William B 3 October 1841, (Henry recorded as a farmer for the last two children.
Henry Clarke had died by 1844, when Sarah married again (age 43) to Benjamin Howarth. Their son, James Howarth, was born the same year, 1844.

Ann Bellamy, nee Irish Convict Ann Foy / Fay Died at Pennant Hills in 1843, living to see all this extended family and her family’s prosperity.

Robin Sharkey on 20th March, 2019 wrote of Anne Faye:

Ann Fay’s marriage occurred in July 1797, seventeen months after she arrived.

Prior to that, one year after her arrival in NSW, Ann Fay gave birth to a child who she recorded as the son of Stephen Lellis. He was born on 18 February 1797, and baptised at St John’s Church, Parramatta by Rev Samuel Marsden.  The child was named WIlliam, and appears as William Fay and also William Lellis. (Possibly Stephen Lellis was in the Marine Corps, as he does not appear as a convict).

Before her own marriage, she was the witness (with John Sullivan) to the marriage of Bridget O’Donnell and Thomas McCabe at Parramatta on 15 May 1797.  The bride, Bridget O’Donnell, had also been tried at Dublin, just a few months after Ann, in July 1795. both had sailed together as convicts on “Marquis Cornwallis”.  Both were probably sent up to Parramatta on arrival.

The man Ann married on 10 July 1797, was Richard BELLAMY (recorded as “Belmey” in the Parramatta Marriage register for St John’s). He was the Wm Bellamy convict per “Active” in 1791 who had been tried in 1789 at the Old Bailey for stealing 6 pairs of leather shoes and sentenced to 7 years’ transportation.

Robin Sharkey on 20th March, 2019 wrote of Anne Faye:

IRISH CRIME:

Freeman’s Journal, Saturday 30 May 1795, p.2
“AT an adjournment of the quarter sessions for the county of Dublin, held last Tuesday [26 May] at Kilmainham, Ann Fay and Catherine Byrne, found guilty of felony in a dwelling house to the value of 4s9d were ordered to be transported for a term of seven years.”

The indent of the Marquis Cornwallis, departed Ireland 1795, arrived February 1796, recorded her as “Ann Fay or Foy”. 
Catherine Byrne appears not to have been transported.

Rob Keep on 20th March, 2019 wrote of Thomas Birchenough:

Prisoner name: Thomas Birchenough.
Prisoner age: 22.
Prisoner occupation: Coal delivery man.
Court and date of trial: Chester Summer Assizes August 1836.
Crime: Accessory to murder of infant, Edward Plant, administered poison, purchased from shop of Isaac Harrop, druggist, Macclesfield [Cheshire], by his mother, Louisa Plant.
Initial sentence: Death, commuted to transportation for life.
Gaoler’s report: Character bad.
Annotated (Outcome): Nil.
Petitioner(s): William, James and George Birchenough, the prisoner’s brothers, undersigned by 15 people. 107 inhabitants of Macclesfield.
Grounds for clemency (Petition Details): The evidence was perjured; the prisoner had an alibi; he contributed to upkeep of child; parents dependent on his wages.
Other papers: Copies of 24 affidavits from witnesses testifying to relationship between prisoner and Louisa Plant, his alibi and perjured evidence. Certificate from Samuel Thorp, mayor of Macclesfield, relating to swearing of affidavits. Letter from William Birchenough, Bank Top, Macclesfield, requesting authorisation for swearing of affidavits, with covering note. Two letters from John Brocklehurst junior, and J Ryle, Macclesfield, recommending mercy. Covering letter for petitions from John Prout and James Birchenough. Three letters from John Prout, Macclesfield, enquiring into progress of petition. Letter from George Blackshaw, Chester, reporting order of removal of prisoner expected soon. Report of Lord Denman, trial judge, upholding sentence.
Additional Information: Prisoner held in Chester Castle; ordered to Fortitudehulk.
Source - National Archives

Robin Sharkey on 19th March, 2019 wrote of Mary Campbell:

IRISH CRIME:
Belfast Newsletter, 26 August 1791, p.3:
“Further particulars of the late Down Assizes:
“Mary Campbell, for robbing the shop of Moses Bodle, of Dromore, of sundry articles of the value of 4s6d, found guilty and sentenced to be transported.”

Robin Sharkey on 19th March, 2019 wrote of Patrick Marmion:

IRISH NEWSPAPER REPORT OF CRIME

Marmion’s sentence was as a vagabond, but only because he was not able to give bail for future good behaviour, and because being presented as a vagabond was just a vehicle for detaining him following the failure of prosecutions against him for felonies regarding his activities as a Defender (an association of people wanting to achieve Irish land and other legal reforms). These prosecutions failed for lack of persons willing to appear as a witness against him.

Freemans Journal , 16 April 1791, p.4.
“DOWNPATRICK ASSIZES
“Patrick Marmion, preferred as a vagabond for transportation, on a failure of his producing, before two magistrates, sufficient bail for his future good behaviour.
“This Marmion, it is said, was a kind of a Captain among Defenders, and commanded a party of them, not less than 300 in number.
“He was indicted for burglary and several felonies, but, it is thought, his desperate name and dangerous connections, deterred his prosecutors from appearing, in consequence of which he was acquitted, and he would have again gone loose on the public, had not the Grand Jury presented him.”

Tom Hart on 19th March, 2019 wrote of William Tooley:

I have the Convict Love token for this individual. I am happy to upload a photograph if possible. It is engraved to Elizabeth and stated he was 18 years old. It is dated July 3rd 1832

Robin Sharkey on 19th March, 2019 wrote of Hugh Boyle:

Hugh Boyle, sentenced at Monaghan, was transported on Marquis Cornwallis arriving in NSW in February 1796, sentenced for seven years. He had first been sentenced to be hanged, for 11 May 1795.

IRISH CRIME:
Belfast Newsletter, Monday 13 April 1795, p. 2
“Monaghan Assizes
“Hugh Boyle found guilty of burglariously breaking, and feloniously taking out of the dwelling house of Robert Shaw, at Gubduff, one gun, was ordered to be hanged on 11th May next.
“Said Hugh acquitted of feloniously assaulting said house, and other felonies.”

It sounds as though Hugh Boyle’s crime may have been part of the Defender movement, which was strong in the mid 1790’s in the north of Ireland, and members often gathered arms by burgling houses which had arms in them.

List of Convicts 1792-96, on Marquis Cornwallis lists:
Hugh Boyle, as aged 21, tried in County Monaghan in March 1795, for a term of seven years.

Hugh Boyle DIED only one month after arriving in NSW in February 1796. His burial is recorded in the St Phillips Church of England Burial Register for 21st March 1796.

Robin Sharkey on 19th March, 2019 wrote of Patrick Mcnamee:

His burial entry in St Phillips’s Register records his name as “John” McNamee.

Robin Sharkey on 19th March, 2019 wrote of Patrick Mcnamee:

Patrick McNamee went by the alias of Robert Duffy in Ireland, the name under which he was reported on in newspapers. However, the indent recorded him as Patrick McNamee.

Belfast Newsletter, Monday 13 April 1795 p. 2
“Omagh Assizes
“Robert Duffy, otherwise Mcnamee, for burglary, received sentence to be transported;”

The Omagh Assizes were for the county of Tyrone.

He was transported on ship Marquis Cornwallis. Its
Indent says:
Patrick McNamee Alias Robert Duffy, tried Co Tyrone, March 1795, Sentence: Seven years. Age: “49”

McNamee/Duffy died just two months after arrival, on 13 April 1796. His death is registered at St Philip’s Church of England, Sydney.

Robin Sharkey on 19th March, 2019 wrote of Hugh Owens:

Belfast Newsletter, Friday 10 April 1795 p. 2
“AT ARMAGH ASSIZES
“The following prisoners were tried:
“Hugh Owens found guilty of the murder of Robert Taylor of Tullyard – ordered to be hanged 6th April next, but since respited.” 

List of Convicts 1792-1796, on Marquis Cornwallis Indent list:
Hugh Owens, (age is illegible since ink is too light), tried in County Armagh, in 1795, for term of LIFE.  Indent for Marquis Cornwallis:

Robin Sharkey on 19th March, 2019 wrote of James Connolly:

Indent LIst

The indent for Marquis Cornwallis records James Conolly as being aged 21. This is the age he states, and would mean he was born in 1774. This is more likely his birth year than the one recorded at his death, which is given by someone else.

Robin Sharkey on 19th March, 2019 wrote of James Connolly:

IRISH CRIME

James Conolly was in company with at least three other men in breaking into a house owned by Isaac Johnston at Ballagh. (Belfast Newsletter, Monday 13 April 1795 p. 2)

Ballagh is a townland in the civil parish of Drumsnat. (See http://www.townlands.ie/monaghan/drumsnat2).
The victim, “Isaac Johnston” of Drumsnat, Monaghan is listed In the Flax Growers of Ireland List of 1796 published on https://www.failteromhat.com.

Belfast Newsletter, Monday 13 April 1795 p. 2
“Monaghan Assizes
“James Conolly, James Hand, Peter Boylan, and Pat. Meath alias McNamee, found guilty of burglariously breaking, and feloniously taking out of the dwelling-house of Isaac Johnston, at Ballagh, 1 gun, plate, and other goods his property, ordered to be hanged 11th May.”

Since a gun was stolen, and it was a group of men, it is likely they were all acting as part of an association such as the Defenders, though this is not stated in the newspaper report. However, charges were often made as burglary and break and enter even though the crime was motivated by political Defender issues.

The men were originally to be hanged within a few weeks. While Conolly was obviously reprieved, it is unclear what happened to the others, who did not appear in NSW, but may have been reprieved into the army, — or may have been hanged, as sentenced.

Nell Murphy on 19th March, 2019 wrote of John Dunn:

John DUNN was convicted at Middlesex Gaol Delivery, London on 18 Feb 1824 for stealing from a dwelling house. 7 yr transportation sentence. Gaol Report: Previous offence where he received a 7 yr transportation sentence of which he served 4 yrs at B…...
Sent to Van Diemen’s Land (Tasmania) per “Phoenix” 1824.

Aged 33 yrs; married man.

Colony of VDL”
Assigned to work serivces.
Several notes of misconduct & punishments.
1829: at Oatlands Chain Gang.

Nell Murphy on 19th March, 2019 wrote of John Dunn:

John DUNN was convicted at York, England on 15 March 1823 for housebreaking. 14 yr transportation sentence. Sent to Van Diemen’s Land (Tasmania) per the ship “Sir Godfrey Webster” 1823.

Colony of VDL:
Assigned to work services.
Numerous notes of misconduct and punishments.
Charged with further offence 1830. Further 7 yr transportation.
2 June 1835: Break and enter dwelling. Guilty.

DEATH:
Executed at Hobart 11 Aug 1835.  (ref. noted on Conduct Record)

Nell Murphy on 19th March, 2019 wrote of John Dunn:

John DUNN was convicted at Cambridge, England on 14 March 1820 for stealing a mare horse. 14 yr transportation sentence. Sent to Van Diemen’s Land (Tasmania) per “Juliana” arriving 1820. Gaol & Hulk reports: “orderly”.

VDL:
Assigned to work services
1823: Drunk - 50 lashes
Ticket of Leave granted
1825: charged with entering a dwelling house with intent.  Committed for trial. Not Guilty.
Pass holider status granted.

N.B.  There are numerous other persons transported named John Dunn.

Norma Watt on 19th March, 2019 wrote of Thomas Lundie:

His parents were Thomas Lundie and Janet Neil. He was born in Galston, Ayrshire, Scotland.
His father Thomas was from Armagh.

Nell Murphy on 19th March, 2019 wrote of John Dunn:

John DUNN, convicted at Gloucester, England and transported to New South Wales, Australia per the ship “Larkins” 1817 was further sent to Van Diemen’s Land (Tasmania) per the ship “Denmark Hill”.

Nell Murphy on 19th March, 2019 wrote of William Wrathall:

Clear Conduct Record.
Ticket of Leave and Conditional Pardon granted. Free, by servitude.

APPLICATION FOR PERMISSION TO MARRY:
31 May 1841 - William WRATHALL, per “Denmark Hill” to Elizabeth RAYNER, free.  (ref. 52/1/2 pg 218)

MARRIAGE:
16 Oct 1841 - William WRATHALL, aged 30 yrs, bacheor, shepherd to Elizabeth RAYNER, aged 15 yrs; spinster at the Parish Church, Hamilton district, VDL. Witnesses - Robert Rayner & Mary Ann Rayner (ref. Tas Archives 37/1/2 no. 1238)

CHILDREN:
Female child WRATHALL born 23 Oct 1842 to William WRATHALL, labourer and Elizabeth RAYNER, at Hamilton. (ref. 33/1/27 no. 157)

William WRATHALL born 29 April 1844, Hamilton,  to William WRATHALL, butcher and Elizabeth RAYNER. Notified by aunt Marion (or Harriett) Rayner. (ref. 33/1/27 no. 200)

George WRATHALL born 16 May 1846, Hamilton to William WRATHALL, farmer, at Hamilton and Elizabeth RAYNER. (ref. 33/1/27 no. 239)

Frederick Henry WRATHALL born 22 Sept 1849, Hobart to William WRATHALL, Hotel Keeper and Elizabeth WRATHALL, Campbell St. Hobart. (ref. 32/1/3 no. 4220)

Maria Charlotte born 20 Feb 1853 to William WRATHALL, licensed Hote Keeper and Elizabeth RAYNER. Campbell St. Hobart (ref. 33/1/4 no. 2093)

CENSUS:
1848 - William WRATHALL, living at Liverpool St. Hobart. 6 persons living in dwelling.

HOTEL LICENSEE:
1851 - William WRATHALL, at Tasmanian Inn Hotel, Campbell St. Hobart.  (ref. HTG 123/9/851)

1856 - 1859:  William WRATHALL at Glasgow Wine Vaults, Elizabeth St. Hobart. 1856 - 1858.  (ref. HTG 15 Jan 1856, 57, 58 & 59)

DEATH:
14 May 1892 - William WRATHALL, male, aged 82 yrs; retired Hotel Keeper, born England, died Queen’s Domain, Hobart, cardiac.  (ref. 35/1/13 no. 1243)

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