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Richard Alcorn

Richard Alcorn, one of 401 convicts transported on the Glatton, September 1802

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Richard Alcorn
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: -
Occupation: Farrier
Date of Death: 20th May, 1812
Age: -

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 61 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Horse theft
Convicted at: Middlesex Gaol Delivery
Sentence term: Life
Ship: Glatton
Departure date: September, 1802
Arrival date: 11th March, 1803
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 401 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/1, Page Number 324
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Anonymous on 18th March, 2012 wrote:

Richard Alcorn was a farrier and 30 years old when indicted for horse stealing.  He was married with 2 children.  His wife was Sarah Steadman, she died at the age of 56 on 30/4/1835 at South Creek, Hawkesbury. When Richard was transported for 14 years (originally given a death sentence) his wife and children immigrated on the same ship.

Maureen Withey on 29th August, 2019 wrote:

Richard was tried at the Old Bailey.
RICHARD ALCORN, Theft > animal theft, 16th September 1801.

682. RICHARD ALCORN was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 26th of June , a gelding value 10l. the property of his Royal Highness William Henry Duke of Clarence.

Second Count. Laying it to be the property of John May, Esq.

Third Count. Laying it to be the property of John Elphick .(The indictment was opened by Mr. Clifton, and the case by Mr. Raine.)

JOHN MAY , Esq. sworn. - Examined by Mr. Clifton. I live at Twickenham: On the 9th of June last, I sent a horse to grass in Bushey Park; I saw it afterwards in the possession of a Mr. Custance, at the King’s-Head, Twickenham; he had borrowed it for the day; that horse was my property; it was a brown bay, or a chesnut bay, a dark brown bay; it was my gelding; it was worth more than 10l.

JOHN ELPHICK sworn. - Examined by Mr. Raine. I am park-keeper to his Royal Highness William-Henry, Duke of Clarence.

Q. Do you take horses in to pasture, in Bushey Park ? - A. Yes.

Q. Is the profit your’s? - A. No, his Royal Highness’s; I took in a brown bay gelding on the 9th of June, of Mr. May’s; I saw him there most days, till Mr. May sent for him on the 30th of June; when I went to look for him I could not find him, I had seen him there within a week; I did not see him again till he was rode down to Twickenham by a gentleman; on a Sunday I saw him at the King’s Head, at Twickenham; I was sent for to see him; I knew the horse very well; I had had him several years at times.

THOMAS CUSTANCE sworn. - Examined by Mr. Cliston. I am book-keeper to Messrs. Field, in Lawrence-lane: On the 2d of August last, I went to Twickenham on horseback; I hired the horse of Mr. Clarke, who keeps the George Inn, Aldermanbury.

Q. Did you see Elphick at Twickenham? - A. Yes, the horse was claimed by Mr. May’s son about half an hour after I had arrived at Twickenham.

ROBERT CLARKE sworn. - Examined by Mr. Raine. I keep the George Inn, Aldermanbury. Mr. Custance hired a horse of me; I hired it for him from a Mr. Gregson; the horse stood with me from the 2d to the 6th of July.

ROBERT GREGSON sworn. - Examined by Mr. Cliston. I live in Noble-street; I lent Mr. Clarke a horse which I purchased of Samuel Gray , on the 6th of July; I asked him the price of the horse, and he said twenty-two guineas. I told him, if I liked the horse I would give him twenty-two pounds; I gave him a trial, and paid him twenty-two pounds for him.

Q. Had Mr. Clarke leave to let him out? - A. Yes.

SAMUEL GRAY sworn. - Examined by Mr. Raine. I keep the tap of the Bear and Ragged Staff in Smithfield: On Friday, the 26th of June, I came home from Fleet-market between four and five in the afternoon; I saw the prisoner in the yard, he was standing looking at a horse; while the ostler was saddling him he asked me if I would buy the horse of him; I told him I had no objection if we could agree for price; he asked me ten pounds for him; I bid him seven; I then asked him if the horse was his own property; he said he was; I asked him how long he had had him; he said he had had him eighteen months and upwards.

Q. Are you quite sure he said that? - A. Yes; Iasked him then if he would go in harness, and he said he was a very good horse in harness, he always knew him to be found, and he would warrant him as such; I asked him if he would take my money; he said no, he would take eight, and that should be the least farthing; he then got upon him, and rode into Smithfield; he then came back again, and said, he would split the difference, I should have it for 7l. 10s. and I told him I would give it him; he immediately took off the faddle and bridle, and put him in the stable; he then went into the house, and I brought him the money, and a book to put down his name and place of abode.

Q. Did you see him write it? - A. Yes. (It was produced and read as follows): “June 26, John Steers , Hampton-court, bay horse, warranted found, 7l. 10s.”

Q. What colour was the horse? - A. A brown bay: On the Wednesday following I had occasion to go to Twickenham, and I went to Hampton; I made enquiry for John Steers , but could not find any such person; I put up at the Bell, and while I was standing at the bar, I saw the prisoner go past with a gentleman; I called to him, and he did not answer me; I tapped him on the shoulder, and said, how do you do; he said, I don’t know you, sir; says I, don’t you recollect selling me a horse last Friday, in Smithfield; oh, yes, he said, I do, but I did not recollect you at first; says he, I am busy now, if you will step into the Bell for half an hour, and call for what you like, I will come to you; I went to the Bell, and staid there three hours and a half, but he never came, and then I went away; I saw no more of him till he was apprehended; I sold the horse to Mr. Gregson the Monday week after I had bought it.

Cross-examined by Mr. Knowlys. Q. You had the good luck to sell this horse, which you bought at 7l. for 22l. - A. Yes.

Q. You expressed a doubt, at the time you bought the horse, whether the horse was found? - A. Yes; and so did Mr. Gregson, when he bought it.

Q. And therefore I take it, it was for that reason you desired him to write his name in the book, in case it should turn out unfound, if any thing was the matter with it? - A. Yes.

Q. Your house, I believe, is in Smithfield Market? - A. Yes.

Q. You did not toll it? - A. No, it was not bought in the Market.

Q. This was on the Market-day? - A. Yes.

Q. The man at first did not agree with you, and he went out into the open Market with the horse?- A. Yes.

Q.So that any body might have observed him? - A. Yes.

Q. And was absent some little time, before he returned and agreed with you? - A. Yes.

Q. In the place where you saw him on the 2d of August, he was very well known? - A. Yes.

Q. When you mentioned to him that he was the person you bought a horse of, he did not attempt to deny it, but mentioned it in the presence of the gentleman he was with? - A. Yes.

Mr. Raine. (To Elphick). Q. Where does the prisoner live? - A.Just in Hampton, not above two hundred yards from my lodge.

Q. And his name is Richard Alcorn ? - A. Yes; he is a farrier.

Mr. Knowlys. Q. This man has borne a very respectable character in Hampton? - A. Yes; I never heard any thing against him till now.

Q. How long has he lived there? - A. About two years.

Prisoner’s defence. It was on a Thursday that Mr. Gray came to Hampton, and not Wednesday; I know it was Thursday, because it was Mr. Towsley’s feast.

For the Prisoner.

DANIEL IBBETSON sworn. - Examined by Mr. Knowlys. I live at Hampton-court; I am a sadler, and also assist my mother, who keeps the King’s Head, at Hampton; the prisoner lives at Hampton; he is a farrier.

Q. Do you recollect, whether on Friday, the 26th of June, he went to town from Hampton? - A. I cannot pretend to say.

Q. Did you, at any time, lend him a horse to go to town? - A. Yes, several times.

Q. Did you lend him a horse about that time?- A. Yes, to the best of my knowledge, on a Friday.

Q. At the time he was taken up, was he in his business? - A. Yes; there was not a day but I was over at his shop, filing screws, or something of that sort.

Q. What character does he bear? - A. An extraordinary good one.

Mr. Raine. Q. You will not venture to say it was Friday, the 26th? - A. No.

SIMON WORTH sworn. - Examined by Mr. Knapp. I am assistant to a Sheriff’s officer; I was at Smithfield on a Friday, and I think it was the 26th of June, with a person of the name of Randall; I saw the prisoner, and another man, with a lame man, come into St. Bartholomew Coffee-house; the other man sold the prisoner a horse for six guineas and a half; I saw the money paid in Bank notes and money; they had agreed for the horse before they came in; I saw the horse afterwards; it was a dark brown gelding.

Q. To whom was the money paid? - A.It was not paid to the lame man, but the other man; after the man had paid for it, several people said it was lame, and the prisoner said, let him be lame or blind, I have paid for him, and I suppose I must have him.

Cross-examined by Mr. Raine. Q. Do you know the name of that lame man? - A. No.

Q. I will help you to it - John Rowe? - A. I believe it was; I cannot say.

Q. He was before the Magistrate? - A. That I do not know, I was not.

WILLIAM RANDALL sworn. - Examined by Mr. Knapp. I live in Chandos-street, Covent-Garden, I keep a cook’s-shop; I was at Smithfield Market on Friday, the 26th of June, with Worth; we went into the Bartholomew’s Coffee-house; I saw the prisoner, a man of the name of Rowe, that went limping, and another man that sold a horse to the prisoner; he gave him six guineas and a half for it, in money and Bank notes.

Q. Did you see the horse? - A. It was rather a dark brown horse, rather a lightish dark, a kind of a sorrel.

Q. Was it a mare or a gelding? - A. I did not take notice, it had a white face.

Court. Q. What time was this? - A. About two o’clock, as near as could be, within about a quarter of an hour one way or the other.

Jury. (To Elphick). Q. Had this horse a white face? - A. He had a star in his forehead, and a white slip on his nose.

The prisoner called ten other witnesses, who gave him a good character.

GUILTY, Death, aged 30.

The prisoner was recommended to his Majesty’s mercy, on account of his good character.

Second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice Le Blanc.
Source: Old Bailey online.

Convict Changes History

Anonymous on 18th March, 2012 made the following changes:

date of death 1812-05-20, gender m

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au