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Thomas Andlezack

Thomas Andlezack, one of 272 convicts transported on the Perseus and Coromandel, January 1802

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Thomas Andlezack
Aliases: Thomas Handlezark, Thomas Ainsworth, Thomas Anlezark, Anelzark Or Anlezark
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1765
Occupation: Soldier
Date of Death: 3rd April, 1834
Age: 69 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 60 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Breaking and entering and stealing
Convicted at: Suffolk Assizes
Sentence term: Life
Ship: Perseus and Coromandel
Departure date: January, 1802
Arrival date: 14th August, 1802
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 251 other convicts

References

Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/1, Page Number 310
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Denis Pember on 19th February, 2017 wrote:

Thomas Anlezark or Handerzark or Handlesike had been a trooper in an English regiment during the years 1789-1797; during 1795 he fought in Flanders, where he was wounded. In 1801 he was convicted of breaking and stealing and sentenced to life imprisonment. In 1802 he arrived in the colony and in 1803 was given an absolute pardon.

## Ispwich Journal Sat 04 Oct 1800 p.2
Monday and Tuesday: Edward Cureton and Thomas Andlezack late of Copdock, in this county, and Thomas Oagles, Wm. Brown Rich. Smith, and Joseph Swepson, all privates in the 3rd regiment of Dragoon Guards, were committed to our New Gaol by John Gibson Esq., charged on the oaths of Jane Marven, wife of John Marven, Edw. Bradley, a private in the same regiment, and others, on a strong suspicion of feloniously and burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling house of John Marven of Copdock aforesaid, in the night of the 22d day of Sept. last, and stealing and carrying away divers goods the property of the said John Marven.

Denis Pember on 19th February, 2017 wrote:

During the 1804 Castle Hill uprising Thomas was the only trooper Major Johnson had with him on the hurried trip from Parramatta towards Rouse Hill.  When the Major approached the rebels to parley with them, it was stated, one of their number, Charles Hill, actually raised his musket as if to fire at Johnson but was then disarmed by ‘Trooper Handlesark’.

Denis Pember on 1st March, 2017 wrote:

Sainty & Johnson; 1828 Census of New South Wales:
Page 32….
[Ref A0361] Andlezack, Thomas, 63, free by servitude, Glatton, 1803, 14 years, labourer Holdsworthy.
[Ref A0362] Andlezack, James, 22, born in the colony, Protestant, labourer, Holdsworthy
[Ref A0363] Andlezack, Sophia 21, born in the colony Protestant, housemaid to Wm. Wilson, Liverpool.

Iris Dunne on 16th June, 2017 wrote:

Prison Hulk Registers and Letter Books 1802-1849. His entry is misspelled “Thomas Andelzack”. Of the six men sentenced at Bury St Edmunds Assizes on 19 March 1801, two were convicted of robbery and sentenced to confinement on board a prison ship for life: Thomas Ainsworth Anlezark was imprisoned on the hulk Coromandel and Edward Cureton on the Glutton. The other four were convicted of what was evidently the lesser crime of grand larceny and sentenced to imprisonment for seven years on moored hulk

Heather Stevens on 3rd June, 2019 wrote:

He was on the ‘Portland’ Hulk which was moored at Langston Harbour: (Thomas ‘Andelzack’, age 33) There is a comment that he was transferred to the ship ‘Coromandel’, but he was actually placed on the ‘Perseus’. The ships ‘Coromandel’ and ‘Perseus’ with convicts on board for New South Wales both departed Portsmouth harbour on 12th February 1802 [Report of convicts on board the ‘Portland’ Hulk 1 Jan 1802 Ancestry.com. UK, Prison Hulk Registers and Letter Books, 1802-1849;  https://www.jenwilletts.com/convict_ship_perseus_1802.htm  ]

Heather Stevens on 3rd June, 2019 wrote:

Some publications have described him as a member of the NSW Corps, however there is no evidence that he was in the Corps. He was a member of the Governor’s Body Guard, also known as the Governor’s Guard of Light Horse. Governor King had formed the mounted body guard in October 1802, consisting of five prisoners of good character, granted provisional conditional emancipation. [HRNSW p852]

Governor King did not name the men, so we don’t know for sure if he was one of the original troopers, however he was referred to as one of His Excellency’s Bodyguard after the Castle Hill uprising, in the court martial of the rebels: ‘Thomas Andlesack, One of H.E. Bodyguard’ gave evidence. [King to Hobart, 12 March 1804, Enclosure 7 ‘Court Marshall on the Irish Insurgents’, HRA Series 1 Vol IV p574]

He was ‘appointed Corporal of the Troop of Cavalry’  May 3rd 1804 by Governor King (AO NSW Reel 6037; SZ992 p.47) 

In his memorial asking Governor Macquarie for a renewal of his 30 acre grant (granted May 1809 by Lt Governor Paterson) he said he had previously been a ‘Trooper In the Horse’ about 2 years and 7 months, before discharged by Governor King ‘who ordered him a farm to Settell, But times Being very Bussy’ he could not get his farm until the previous year. [AO NSW Fiche 3004; 4/1821 No.131]

Heather Stevens on 4th June, 2019 wrote:

The following comes from the book “The Anlezarks”, researched by Teresa Anlezark and Shirley Carmody, written in conjunction with Peter Duffy. Published Sydney 1988:

“In 1789, aged 18, he enlisted and was posted as a Private in the 3rd Dragoon Guards ... From December 1789 to June 1790, he was at Exeter with Major Richard Brooks’ troop. He moved around with his regiment, being at Poole, Dorset, in 1791 and at Salisbury, Wiltshire, in 1792. When a review of the regiment was held at Salisbury on 18th May 1792, the age and height of each man was recorded and Thomas was shown as aged twenty, 5 feet 10 3/4 inches tall. In April 1793, he was marked as promoted to Corporal but this was not confirmed and he remained a private for the term of his service. Between 1793 and 1795, he is shown on “F” Service (Foreign Service); the 3rd Dragoon Guards took part in a campaign in Flanders about this time and obviously Thomas was with them. We know that he was wounded in the head and in 1810 he mentioned that the wound was giving him trouble. We found no further information about his army career before his discharge on 16th August 1797.”

Heather Stevens on 10th June, 2019 wrote:

Philip Gidley King 12th October 1802 [HRNSW p852]: ‘His Excellency is pleased to grant a provisional conditional emancipation to five prisoners of good character, who are to be mounted and serve as a body-guard to the Governor’

Piper Correspondence (Captain John Piper Papers) Vol 3 ML A256 PP325-331, Letter from George Johnston Apr 12 1804 :

... having heard before we arrived at the Government Stock fence that they were not above a mile before us I desired Handlesack (the only trooper I had with me) to take my Handkerchief & wave to them as a flag of truce & acquaint them the Governor was coming, as I thought that might delay them whilst we were gaining ground upon them - he went to them and spoke to them but they would hear no terms, they however took the flints out of his pistols & allowed him to return ...

... I asked the trooper if he was affraid (sic) to ride up along with me to speak to them, he replied he would go to hell with me ...

... the Priest as well as myself spoke to them, wishing them to surrender to prevent bloodshed, which they would not listen to, at last I asked Cuningham (sic) what he wanted: his reply was Death or Liberty, I instantly cocked my pistol I had stuck in my sash, & clapping it to his head, ordered him instantly to join the Detachment (that just appeared in sight) else I would blow his Soul to Hell. The trooper did the same by the other, and in this manner we drove them forcibly into the Detachment, which I ordered to advance & fire & instantly charge, the firing immediately commenced [on?] both sides & the Rebels fled in all directions…

King to Hobart, 12 March 1804, Enclosure 7 ‘Court Marshall on the Irish Insurgents’, HRA Series 1 Vol IV p574:

Thomas Andlesack, One of H.E. Bodyguard, sworn, says that he attended H.M. Troops Com’d by Major Johnston, that he saw William Johnston come from among the Rebels that he heard them call out for their Captains to speak to Maj. Johnston that Willm Johnson came out. That he saw Charles Hill making from the Rebels with a musket in his hand, that he took him prisoner - that this was before the action - that he saw Geo. Harrington fire once, at Jarris as he believes, and his piece twice missed fire when presented at other persons. That he saw Jno. Burke with a musket in his hand, and very active among the Rebels.

Colonial Secretary’s Records (AO NSW Reel 6037; SZ992 p.47):

‘P King G S Parramatta May 3rd 1804

Mr George William Evans is appointed Lieutenant of the Parramatta Association

and Anlezack is appointed Corporal of the Troop of Cavalry in the [place?] of Pitchers discharged for gross abuse of a Superindendant (sic) in the Execution of his Duty’

Convict Changes History

Denis Pember on 19th February, 2017 made the following changes:

date of birth: 1765 (prev. 0000), date of death: 3rd April, 1834 (prev. 0000), gender: m, occupation, crime

Denis Pember on 19th February, 2017 made the following changes:

alias1: Thomas Handlezark

Iris Dunne on 16th June, 2017 made the following changes:

alias2: Thomas Ainsworth, alias3: Thomas Anlezark, alias4: Anelzark Or Anlezark

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au