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John Andrews

John Andrews, one of 299 convicts transported on the Maitland, 22 June 1846

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: John Andrews
Aliases: John Dixon, John Dixon Green
Gender: -

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: -
Occupation: -
Date of Death: -
Age: -

Life Span

Life span

Median life span was 57 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 7 years

Crime: -
Convicted at: Central Criminal Court
Sentence term: 7 years
Ship: Maitland
Departure date: 22nd June, 1846
Arrival date: 27th October, 1846
Place of arrival Van Diemen's Land. [The convicts disembarked at Port Phillip and not Van Diemen's Land]
Passenger manifest Travelled with 298 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 92, Class and Piece Number HO11/15, Page Number 88
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

tonycocks1 on 16th February, 2018 wrote:

John Andrews it is believed was christened on the 16th March 1828 in Cookham, Berkshire, the son of Isaac and Anne Andrews.  His convict documentation in Victoria states “Native Place”, Newbury, Berkshire.  However, the 1841 England Census indicates he was born in Middlesex.  NB:  It is not understand where and how he
obtained the aliases.

Nothing is known of his childhood and early life until he was summoned to appear at the Central Criminal Court (Old Bailey) on the 10th May 1841 accused of Larceny, found guilty and sentenced to be transported for 7 years:

              THOMAS CASSIDY and JOHN ANDREWS were indicted for
          stealing, on the 27th of April, 20 yards of printed cotton, value 7s.6d.,
          the goods of William Nash; to which

          ANDREWS pleaded GUILTY.  Aged 14 -  Transported for Seven
          years -  Convict Ship.
              (Cassidy, aged 13, was found guilty, recommended to mercy
                            and confined two months)

He was first received at Newgate Gaol as part of the standard interim holding arrangements and then transferred to Parkhurst Prison on 12th July 1841.  His Gaoler’s admission report stated that he was “Quarrelsome”, single, could both read and write and had been employed as a labourer.  He was discharged from Parkhurst Prison on 24th June 1846 in readiness for transportation to the District of Port Phillip in the colony of New South Wales as an “Exile”.  Queen Victoria had directed in 1844 that “Exiles” were to be accepted as free men for “We .............are graciously pleased to extend our mercy and grace unto them and to grant them our pardon for which they stand convicted (and) this our pardon shall have the effect of a free pardon within our said Australian Territories”.

He sailed from Spithead aboard the “Maitland” on 29th June 1846, eventually disembarking at Williamstown in the Port Phillip District on 9th November 1846 where he was immediately granted his Conditional Pardonand employed by Mr. Rallegh for 6 months at £18 p.a.

There follows a period of some 9 years before John Andrews re-emerges in tracing terms.
He appears in Victoria’s Central Register of Male Convicts which indicates that DIXON, John (Green), Native Place Newbury, Berkshire, who was convicted on the 17th April 1855 to three years hard labour on the road for larceny (see report in The Argus below, will be transferred from H.M. Gaol Melbourne on the 5th May 1855 to the Hulk “Lysander”, anchored in Hobson’s Bay, Williamstown:

                                    Tuesday, 17th April

                  John Dixon was indicted for stealing a quantity of wearing apparel
              belonging to George Irish, a resident at Footscray, Salt Water River.
              Prosecutor on the 9th April had occasion to leave his premises for a short
              time, and on his return observed the prisoner retreating from the house
              when he accosted him, and found that a quantity of wearing apparel had
              been conveniently made up into a bundle, and would have been
              irretrievably lost, but for his opportune arrival.  Prisoner was defended
              by Mr. Ireland, and the jury having returned a verdict of guilty, he was
              sentenced to three years hard labour on the roads.

There is a further entry in the Register on the 5th July 1855 which states that he will be:

              Removed to Ballarat by order of the Governor for the purpose of being
              arraigned with others on a charge of Highway Robbery.

The outcome of this removal to Ballarat was told in the following two extracts both from the Bendigo Advertiser issued on the 22nd November 1855 and the 1st December 1855 respectively:

                    SENTENCE OF DEATH:-  Three men, named James Condon.
                Alfred Henry Jackson and John Dixon, were sentenced to death on
                Monday at the Criminal Sessions (in Melbourne), having been found
                guilty of robbery, and shooting and wounding one William Rutherford,
                at Ballan, on the 1st April last.  When asked what they had to say why
                sentence of death should not be passed on them, Condon made a very
                able and feeling address in his vindication.

                    MELBOURNE MEMO:- The three men, James Condon, Alfred Henry
              Jackson, and John Dixon, recently found guilty of robbery under arms, were privately executed on Saturday morning.  A jury was afterwards impannelled to determine the cause of death, and a verdict in accordance with the fact was given.  The criminals were quite youths,
and conducted themselves with remarkable firmness.

Convict Changes History

tonycocks1 on 16th February, 2018 made the following changes:

alias1: John Dixon, alias2: John Dixon Green

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au