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Henry Angel

Henry Angel, one of 170 convicts transported on the Neptune, December 1817

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Henry Angel
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 28th December, 1791
Occupation: Farmer
Date of Death: 17th December, 1881
Age: 89 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 61 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Highway robbery
Convicted at: Wilts Assizes
Sentence term: Life
Ship: Neptune
Departure date: December, 1817
Arrival date: 5th May, 1818
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 168 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 88, Class and Piece Number HO11/2, Page Number 419 (211)
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Eric Harry Daly on 31st December, 2012 wrote:

Henry Angel is the son of Wiliam Angel and Mary Shering/Shearan born in Salisbury, England. Lacking formal education and a marksman all his life Angel became a skilled farm worker. At 26, with a life sentence from the Warwick Assizes in July 1817, he was transported in the Neptune and arrived at Sydney on 5 May 1818. In 1824 he was one of six servants assigned to accompany Hamilton Hume and William Hovell on their journey of exploration in which they discovered the River Murray. Both leaders testified to Angel’s ability in managing working horses and cattle and attributed part of their success to his careful planning of transport arrangements. On his return he was rewarded with a pair of bullocks and a ticket-of-leave for the Illawarra district. On 3 September 1834 at a schoolhouse near Wollongong he married the young widow, Mary Ledwidge (b. Hawkesbury River, 1812), daughter of ‘John’ Brooker, farmer, and Mary Wade, and in 1839 began buying small sections of farming land in Illawarra. 

In October 1840 Angel was granted a conditional pardon and soon afterwards, when squatting was rapidly spreading in New South Wales, he and John Rae took up the rights to Uardry station on the saltbush plains of the lower Murrumbidgee. In 1844 he rented his Illawarra farm and moved with his ever-increasing family to the Riverina. Like most inland stations Uardry was first stocked with cattle, and in the 1840s Angel periodically set off for Sydney, 450 miles (724 km) distant, with a ton of cheese. On such trips he invariably spent a night with Hamilton Hume near Yass. Despite early difficulties, including trouble with Aboriginals, Angel remained at the Heavenly Plain until the early 1860s when he sold the station leasehold and moved to Spring Vale, in the more settled district near Lake Albert, south of Wagga Wagga, where he lived and worked until his death on 17 December 1881, at the age of 91.

With his remarkable energy and endurance he was described by James Gormly as ‘one of the most reliable, honest, industrious men … abstemious, persevering and full of resource’. In his will he remarked how hard and long he had worked to gain his estate of several thousand acres and earnestly besought his children not to mortgage or part with it easily. On his death he left several dwellings, some dozen oddly-named pieces of land varying from 80 (32 ha) to 1000 acres (405 ha) each and many town lots scattered along the family track from Wollongong to Hay.

The fertility of the Angels was a byword in the Wagga Wagga district. Besides two children from her first marriage, Mary Angel bore eight sons and eight daughters to Henry; she died in 1890 leaving 13 children, 90 grandchildren and 49 great-grandchildren. Angel and his wife were buried in the Church of England section of the Wagga Wagga cemetery.

Denis Pember on 13th January, 2016 wrote:

Daniel is recorded in the 1828 census, 6 years before he was married to Mary.
[Ref A0460] Angel, Henry, 34, GS, Neptune, Life, Barracks at Liverpool.

Convict Changes History

Eric Harry Daly on 31st December, 2012 made the following changes:

date of birth 28th December, 1791, date of death 17th December, 1881, occupation

Eric Harry Daly on 31st December, 2012 made the following changes:


D Wong on 14th January, 2016 made the following changes:


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