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Edward Armfield

Edward Armfield, one of 296 convicts transported on the Earl Cornwallis, August 1800

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Edward Armfield
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1786
Occupation: -
Date of Death: 15th September, 1866
Age: 80 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 54 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 7 years

Crime: Shop lifting
Convicted at: Middlesex Gaol Delivery
Sentence term: 7 years
Ship: Earl Cornwallis
Departure date: August, 1800
Arrival date: 12th June, 1801
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 294 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/1, Page Number 283 (141) Craig James Smee in 'Births & Baptisms Marriages & Defacto Relationships Deaths & Burials New South Wales 1788-1830'
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

gaye merkel on 22nd February, 2013 wrote:

Edward married Elizabeth Ruse 2/12 1822, Windsor NSW. 5 Children. Great/great/great grandparants.

D Wong on 7th December, 2014 wrote:

Old Bailey:

JAMES FARO, EDWARD ARMFIELD, Theft > shoplifting, 28th May 1800.

Reference Number: t18000528-111
Offence: Theft > shoplifting
Verdict: Guilty > lesser offence
Punishment: Transportation

JAMES FARO , and EDWARD ARMFIELD , were indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 19th of May , nine pair of gold ear-rings, value 2l. 5s. and two odd gold ear-rings, value 5s. the property of Robert Chandler , privately in his shop .

THOMAS HUGHES sworn. - I am servant to Mr. Robert Chandler , jeweller , in Leicester-square : On Monday evening, the 19th of May, between six and seven o’clock, I had been out, and when I came back into the shop, I saw the prisoner, Armfield, standing by the ear-ring drawer; in going round by the other counter he went out of the shop; I then saw the prisoner, Faro, apparently purchasing something on the other side of the shop; when Faro was gone, I went up to the place where I had seen Armfield stand, and discovered a great vacancy in the ear-ring drawer; I then went after the prisoners, I watched them into a liquor-shop in Rupert-street; I then came back and informed my master of it, and my master then went with me; when we got into Coventry-street, I saw them again; I laid hold of Armfield, and in bringing him along he made a bit of a rustling, with his hands behind him; upon which I asked him what he was about, and saw a pair of ear-rings in his hand, which he dropped; he then said it was not him that took them, it was the other took them and gave them to him; I brought him back, and my master pursued the other.

ROBERT CHANDLER sworn. - I went in pursuit of the prisoners: I saw them in Coventry-street; I pursued Faro, he ran down the Hay-Market, and about half way down I took him; I brought him as far as Coventry-street, and there I was surrounded by some of his companions, I believe, who rescued him from me; I suppose there were a hundred round me, and he got from me; I am certain the prisoner, Faro, is the same person.

JOHN HALEY sworn. - I am a lace-man in Longacre: I saw Mr. Chandler have hold of the prisoner, Faro, and a gang round him, there were a great many of them, in Coventry-street; I saw them attempting to rescue him, and I took hold of him by the collar; upon which he made some resistance, and those round him asked me what I had to do with it; when we got to the corner of Rupert-street, or near it, his associates said I was choaking him, and insisted upon my letting him go, and promised he should go quietly to the office; I then quitted my hold, and the gang surrounded us, and he ran away; I pursued, and one of them attempted to strike me with a stick, but it missed me; I told them they had better he quiet, or I would take some more of them; the prisoner ran through a court into Gerrard-street, and there a young man stopped him, but was afraid to take hold of him; I took hold of him, and said he had better be quiet, for he should not get away again; upon which he bit my knuckles; I dragged him over to a mahogany-yard in Princes-street, upon which a fight commenced among the gang, and they knocked down two or three gentlemen; I took the prisoner into the mahogany-yard, and there the officers took him; before they came, he broke a flout man’s mouth, or nose, I don’t know which, in the yard, and set him in a gore of blood; I don’t think I lost sight of him, but I am positive it is the same person that I saw in the custody of Mr. Chandler.

DAVID BOOTH sworn. - I am an upholsterer in Great Portland-street, St. Mary-le-bonne: On Monday, the 19th of May last, a little before seven in the evening, passing along Coventry-street, I saw the witness, Hughes, lay hold of Armfield at the corner of Oxendon-street, and as they were taking him along, I saw him put his hand into his pocket, and upon taking it out, he threw what appeared to me to be bits of paper, into the middle of the street; I immediately ran to the spot and picked them up, and found they contained gold or gilt trinkets of some kind; I followed them to Mr. Chandler’s shop, and there produced them; I asked Armfield if he had any more about him, and he told me, yes; he put his hand in his pocket, and produced several pair of ear-rings; at the same time, declaring it was not him that took them, but that the other gave them to him.(George- Timothy Cotterell , a constable, produced the property, which was deposed to by Mr. Chandler).

Armfield’s defence. I have nothing to say for myself; Faro is innocent.
Faro’s defence. I bought a breast-buckle for half-a-crown, I had change for a seven-shilling-piece, and came away. Faro, GUILTY.

Armfield, GUILTY.
Of stealing, but not privately .
Transported for seven years

Colonial Secretary:
ARMFIELD, Edward. Per “Earl Cornwallis”, 1801

1800 Oct 13: On list of convicts on board the “Earl Cornwallis” (Reel 6028; 2/8283 p.28)

1821 Mar 2: Re claim for remuneration for land taken from him in opening new streets in Windsor (Reel 6051; 4/1749 p.305)

1821 Sep 18, Oct 6: Given remuneration for land taken from him in opening new streets (Reel 6051; 4/1749 pp.71, 76)

12/8/1822: Married Elizabeth Ruse (24/12/1794-22/3/1875) born in the colony to James Ruse and Elizabeth Perry (Parry).  They had 11 children.

15/9/1866: Edward died at Berrima, NSW.
On his headstone:

Denis Pember on 22nd April, 2016 wrote:

### Of Interest, Elizabeth’s parents were also both early convicts. James Ruse (First Fleet Convict, Scarborough, 1788) and Elizabeth Parry (Second Fleet Convict, Lady Juliana, 1790).

Sainty and Johnson; 1828 Census of New South Wales:
Page 35…
[Ref A0597] Arnfield, Edward, 42, free by servitude, E. Cornwallis. 1800, 7 years, Protestant, Constable, Windsor.
[Ref A0598] Arnfield, Elizabeth, 33, born in the colony.
[Ref A0599] Arnfield, Rebecca, 15, born in the colony.
[Ref A0600] Arnfield, George, 13, born in the colony.
[Ref A0601] Arnfield, Ann, 11, born in the colony.
[Ref A0602] Arnfield, James, 8, born in the colony.
[Ref A0603] Arnfield, Joseph, 6, born in the colony.
[Ref A0604] Arnfield, Edward, 4, born in the colony.
[Ref A0605] Arnfield, Elizabeth, 1, born in the colony.

iain Frazier on 21st September, 2019 wrote:

Edward with his wife Elizabeth (Ruse) had a daughter Rebecca born in 1813 & baptised 1815 at St Matthews Windsor.  Rebecca married Noel (Chapman) convict 7yrs from SPEKE & produced at least 3children
Noel (Chapman) has an entry in this Website.

iain Frazier on 16th December, 2019 wrote:

Elizabeth (Ruse) is included in entry for James (Ruse) on this Website.

Convict Changes History

gaye merkel on 22nd February, 2013 made the following changes:

date of birth 1786, date of death 15th September, 1866, gender

D Wong on 7th December, 2014 made the following changes:


iain Frazier on 21st September, 2019 made the following changes:

source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/1, Page Number 283 (141) Craig James Smee in 'Births & Baptisms Marriages & Defacto Relationships Deaths & Burials New South Wales 1788-1830' (prev. Australian Joint

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