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Charlotte Ayling, one of 170 convicts transported on the Emma Eugenia, 22 January 1846
Name, Aliases & Gender
Birth, Occupation & Death
|Date of Birth:
|Date of Death:
||27th July, 1848
life span was 57 years*
* Median life span based on contributions
Conviction & Transportation
Sentenced to 7 years
||Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 92, Class and Piece Number HO11/15, Page Number 22. Tasmanian Archives - convicts.
||This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.
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Carol Axton-Thompson on 17th May, 2014 wrote:
Charlotte Ayling was convicted at Chichester on 17/10/1845 for stealing money. 7yr sentence. Transported to Van Diemen’s Land (Tasmania) on the ‘Emma Eugenia’ arriving 05/06/1846.
Aged 50yrs; char woman; 5’4”; ruddy complexion; brown hair’ hazel/grey eyes; stout build; widow.
Native Place: Hambleton
6mths Probation period.
John Phillips on 26th July, 2018 wrote:
The following contemporary newspaper articles shed some light on Charlotte’s rather colourful life:
Hampshire Telegraph and Sussex Chronicle - Monday, April 9, 1832:
CHICHESTER. Charlotte Ayling, for stealing two buckets belonging to James Hammond, was sentenced to one months’ imprisonment in the city gaol.
The Hampshire Advertiser - Saturday, April 7, 1838:
Charlotte Ayling was indicted for stealing a sheet, value 1s, on the 15th February, the property of Edward Crosby, and with having been before convicted of felony. The prisoner had stolen the sheet from her lodgings, and pawned it at Mr. Need’s.
The Recorder suitably admonished the prisoner, and said, in the hope that the sentence he was about to pass on her would induce her to forego her evil practices, he would not transport her, though she richly deserved it. The sentence of the Court was, that she be confined to Petworth House of Correction for four months’ hard labour, except the following weeks in solitary confinement: - the first, eighth, and last.
The Hampshire Advertiser - Saturday, September 6. 1845:
CHICHESTER. Charlotte Ayling, for stealing 1l 15s from the person of John Bleach, was committed for trial.
Brighton Gazette - Thursday, October 23, 1845:
CHICHESTER. Charlotte Ayling, a notorious character, charged with stealing money from the person of John Bleach, was found guilty, and a former conviction having been proved against her, she was sentenced to seven years’ transportation. (This appears to be the same John Bleach who had already himself been imprisoned for two months for refusing to find surety for his appearance for an assault - I doubt very much that they were strangers to each other!).
Furthermore, it would seem that Charlotte had a husband who was still alive in 1837-1838, whilst she was living with another man. On September 23, 1837 she was lodging at Grist’s house in Chichester, when she became an involuntary witness in a grisly murder of a certain Harriet Thompson.
So, as far as her transportation was concerned, it was not an impromptu event, and had been coming for some time.
John Phillips, Western Australia
Convict Changes History
Carol Axton-Thompson on 17th May, 2014 made the following changes:
source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 92, Class and Piece Number HO11/15, Page Number 22. Tasmanian Archives - convicts. (prev. Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 92, Class and Piece Number HO11/15, Page Number 22), date