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William Baker

William Baker, one of 1063 convicts transported on the Neptune, Scarborough and Surprize, December 1789

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: William Baker
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1775
Occupation: -
Date of Death: 1st September, 1829
Age: 54 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 54 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 7 years

Crime: Theft
Convicted at: Old Bailey
Sentence term: 7 years
Ship: Neptune, Scarborough and Surprize
Departure date: December, 1789
Arrival date: 26th June, 1790
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 1071 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/1, Page Number 50
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Robyn Blackwood on 30th October, 2015 wrote:

Convicted at “The Old Bailey”, Middlesex, England on 7 May 1788 for stealing 2 silver spoons.

D Wong on 31st October, 2015 wrote:

William Baker was a 13 year old ‘Pot Boy’ when convicted of stealing 2 silver tablespoons, value 20s., the property of Thomas Ingram.

18/11/1798: Married Sarah Draper (Brittania 1798) 1 child.  Sarah died in 1827.

C1806/7: Married Mary Raycroft (William Pitt 1806) 6 children.
Mary was born 1788-1827.

1828 Census:
Baker, William (died September 1829) 56, free by servitude Neptune 1790 7 years Protestant, landholder Windsor, 120 acres, 120 cleared and cultivated, 10 horses, 4 horned cattle
Baker, Jno. Thos 16 born in the colony
Baker, Mary 13 born in the colony
Baker, Daniel 7 born in the colony
Baker, James 6 born in the colony

3/9/1829: William was buried at St Matthews Church of England

David Goble on 24th April, 2018 wrote:

Theft: grand larceny.
Old Bailey 7th May 1788
350. WILLIAM BAKER was indicted for stealing, on the 27th of April , two silver table-spoons, value 20 s. the property of Thomas Ingram .


I keep the Castle, in Portugal-street, Lincoln’s-inn-fields , the prisoner was my pot-boy ; on the 27th of April we missed two table-spoons, we searched every part of the house, but they could not be found; we charged the cook with them; the prisoner burst out a crying, and said, he had taken the spoons and sold them; one for seven shillings, and the other for nine shillings, to a Mr. Turton and partner, in Fore-street, Cripplegate.


I am a working silversmith.

Have you any spoons? - No, they are melted.

To Ingram. Has Mr. Turton ever been examined before? - Yes, before Sir Sampson Wright, at Bow-street.

Turton. The prisoner came to me on the 21st of April, with one spoon; he said, his father was a master taylor, that he was in distress and sent him to sell it; my partner bought the first spoon, but I was present; he came afterwards with another about a month ago, almost with the same story; I asked him, if his father had got any work, he said no; my partner came in just as I gave the boy the money; says
he, I cannot tell what to make of it; I sent our boy to watch him.
You had some suspicion then? - Yes.

Then how came you to melt the property when you had a suspicion it was stolen? - I did not know how to find out the owners; I kept them a week before I inelred them down; we take silver in exchange for our work, and we have as many spoons as any thing.

And do you buy of any stranger that comes to the shop? - No; but this boy came with so plausible a story, that, I did not doubt the truth of it.

When you suspected him then you melted it down? - I kept it a week first; I did not mean any harm.

Buying plate of strangers in this way, and destroying the evidence, is very improper conduct? - I promise you I shall never do the like again, and I am very sorry my name should be brought in question now; we work for some of the most capital houses in town.

You must be very careful for the future? - Indeed, I will.

Court. If you had not been examined before, I certainly should not have examined you now.


I did take the spoons, and sell them at Mr. Turton’s.


(Aged 13 years.)

Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.


Maureen Withey on 17th April, 2021 wrote:

Colonial Secretary Index.

BAKER, William. Per “Neptune”, 1790; of Windsor.

1811 Mar 6
Received spirit licence in Feb 1811 (Reel 6038; SZ758 pp.181-3)
1815 Apr 1; 1816 Apr 6
On lists of persons licensed as publicans; for 1815 and 1816 at Windsor (Reel 6038; SZ759 pp.55, 193)
1817 Apr 19
Publican of the Royal Oak, Windsor. On list of persons licensed as publicans for 1817 (Reel 6038; SZ759 p.342)
1818 Feb 16
On list of applicants for renewal of spirit licenses at Richmond (Reel 6006; 4/3498 p.63)
Testifying to character of Joseph Williams, per “Marquis of Wellington”, for ticket of leave (Fiche 3202; 4/1860 p.95)
1820 Jun 28
Memorial (Fiche 3013; 4/1823 No.28 p.59)
1820 Nov 24-1821 Feb 24
Store receipts of for salt and fresh pork, wheat and maize paid at Windsor (Reel 6049, 4/1745 p.356; Reel 6051, 4/1748 pp.138, 145, 153, 159, 165)
1821 Aug 6
Request for auctioneer’s licence at Windsor (Reel 6051; 4/1748 pp.413-6)
1821 Aug 27
Granted an auctioneer’s licence (Reel 6070; 4/1265 p.65)
1822 Jun 30-1823 Sep 30
On lists of persons to whom convict mechanics have been assigned (Fiche 3296; X53 pp.14, 26, 40, 56, 71)
1822 Aug
Signatory to petition objecting to the Commissariat’s new system of paying for supplies in Spanish dollars (Reel 6017; 4/5783 p.124c)
1822 Dec 26
Convict landed from “Countess of Harcourt” assigned to at Windsor (Reel 6010; 4/3507 p.117)
1823 Mar
Request for a carpenter as he was about to commence extensive buildings and improvements in Windsor (Reel 6058; 4/1770 p.163)
1823 Dec 26
Re charge of neglect against assigned servant (Reel 6012; 4/3510 p.58)
1824 Jan 3
Re calling of his assigned servant William Pearce, a bricklayer, into Government employ (Reel 6058; 4/1770 p.6)
1824 Jan 7
Re escape of William Pearce (Reel 6061; 4/1778 p.17)
1824 Mar 12
Enquiry into Bench of Magistrates, Windsor, re assignment of Frederick Wilson to (Reel 6012; 4/3510 p.492)
1824 Mar 22
Re convict bond (Reel 6060; 4/1777 p.185)
1824 c.Apr
On list of defaulters in payment for assigned convict mechanics for the quarters ending 31 Dec 1823 and 31 Mar 1824 (Reel 6061; 4/1778 p.265b)
1824 c.Jul
On account of rents received for assigned convict tradesmen for the three quarters ending 30 Jun 1824 (Reel 6061; 4/1779 p.173a)

Convict Changes History

Robyn Blackwood on 30th October, 2015 made the following changes:

date of birth: 1775 (prev. 0000), date of death: 1st September, 1829 (prev. 0000), gender: m, crime

D Wong on 31st October, 2015 made the following changes:


David Goble on 24th April, 2018 made the following changes:

convicted at, crime

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