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Stephen Bax

Stephen Bax, one of 200 convicts transported on the Fortune, November 1812

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Stephen Bax
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1775
Occupation: Baker
Date of Death: 7th October, 1843
Age: 68 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 53 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Unknown
Convicted at: Essex Assizes
Sentence term: Life
Ship: Fortune
Departure date: November, 1812
Arrival date: 11th June, 1813
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 199 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/2, Page Number 82
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Anna Coulton on 2nd September, 2013 wrote:

Baker and Confectioner

Pardoned Nov 1829.

1830/1831 Licencee Australian Hotel, Lower George St. The Rocks.

The Australian (Turtle Soup on Fridays)
27 September 1826
S. BAX,  ’ Pastry Cook, Cook, and Confectioner,  TAKES THIS OPPORTUNITY TO RETURN his sincere thanks to the Ladies, Gentlemen, and Inhabitants, in general, for the liberal support he has experienced, and flatters himself, by an unremitting attention, to merit a continuance of their support; He has removed, for the better convenience of business, to No, 8 George-street.  Dinners dressed to order; made dishes, jellies, blomange &c. on the shortest notice.    ‘N. B. — Turtle Soup on Friday.     

The Monitor (Sydney, NSW : 1826 - 1828) ( Restaurant review 1827 style)
Friday 13 April 1827
A very snug genteel Ordinary at 4 o’clock is served up every day by Mr. Bax, the Confectioner and Pastry Cook in Underwood’s Buildings, George Street, which is ‘attended by a few gentlemen of great respectability. We went in by chance a day or two ago, and partook of a very superior well-cooked dinner, consisting of three courses, (pastry included) and fair share of a bottle of Cape Madeira, and all for three shillings! Mr. BAX’s cold ham, mutton pies, and apple tarts, go off at a great rate every day, now the weather is something cooler, about 12 and 1 o’clock. Better are not made by the famous Mr. Birch, of London.

Joseph Underwoods Buildings
at 7, 8 & 9 George Street, Sydney

The Monitor (Sydney, NSW : 1826 - 1828) Friday 27 April 1827
THE Colonial Secretary gave a grand dinner to the’ principal officers, civil and military, resident in Sydney, on Friday last. A fine turtle was dressed on the occasion by Mr. Bax.

The Monitor (Sydney, NSW : 1826 - 1828) Friday 8 June 1827

BAX, Pastry Cook and Confectioner, No 8, GEORGE STREET, SYDNEY, Near the Wharf. S BAX returns -his sincerest thanks to his numerous. Friends who have so liberally supported him since his commencement in the above business, and trusts that an assiduous attention to their Comfort and Satisfaction will Ensure him a continuance of that En couragement it will Ever be his study to merit.- S. B. has on sale:
Hylfhi Te,
Turkey and’Mocha Coffee
Prime Cheeses
Fancy Bread
Hoffman’s Raspberry Jam’
Red and Black Currant Jelly
Peach. Quince and Apple Marmalade
Ratafia and Rout Cakes
Spices-Cinnamon, Mace, Cloves, Nutmegs, Ginger, Allspice, &c.
Scotch Barley
Split Pease
Embden Grots
Mushroom and Walnut Ketchup
Anchovy Sauce
India Soy
Lucca and Florence Oil,
Oatmeal Mustard
H-lervey’s Fish Sauce
Reading’s Do.
Real Bengal Currie Powder

An Ordinary Every Day at 4 o’Clock. Sandwiches, Raised Pies, Patties, Luncheons Cold Meats, &c. sent out to order.
Coffee and Soup rooms

Paper source to be confirmed ( either Monitor or Australian) – this ad ran regularly for some months
6 March 1828:
BAX,  CONFECTIONER,;’ OPPOSITE THE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE. ‘No. 8 GEORGE STREET. BAX returns his sincere thanks to his friends and the public, for the very flattering encouragement he has   received in his business since he took his present shop; and - begs to inform them, that the following articles are now to be had of him of the best quality and on the most reason able terms ; viz.
Savoy, Judge, Sponge, and Queen cakes;
Raltifia, drop and fancy biscuits;
Italian and English macaroni;
Tarts   made of the best fruits and preserves;
Oyster, veal, and mutton patties;
mock-turtle, white and brown soups;
Zante currants, raisins,
Jordan and Valentia almonds in shell, walnuts,
Raspberry jam, currant jelly,
Peach cordial.
shrub, noyeau, nutmegs, cinnamon, cloves, ‘ginger, &c.
Loaf and moist sugar, tea, coffee,
Molasses,  pearl barley, split peas, oatmeal.
Vinegar and .pickles.
hafas and tongues of the finest quality.
All the above article: and made dishes of every kind pre pared for table, and sent to order, to any part of the Town at the shortest order.
Excellent bread baked every morning.
An assortment of jelly and negus glasses and custard cups for sale.
N. B. An apprentice wanted.

27 July 1829:
A GREAT VARIETY of the under mentioned Goods, received by the Pyramus and Swiftsure, which enables him to sell lower than any other house in Sydney.
JAMS.—Strawberry, raspberry, peach,  apricot. apple, black and red currant, gooseberry, quince, and Scotch marmalade.
JELLIES. - Black and red currant.
PRESERVED GINGER. DRIED FRUITS.—Apples, apricots and pears. BOTTLED FRUITS.—Cherries, goose   berries, green gages, red currants, with ditto, rhubarb. 
VARIOUS.—Almonds and raisins, Barcelona   nuts.’ black pepper, cayenne ditto,    walnuts, curry powder, capers, teas,  sugar-. arrowroot, vinegar, ‘Tarragon   ditto, Zante currants, &c. &c  
SAUCES-Reading, Harvey’s. John Bull,    lobster, shrimp, anchovy. ditto paste a Pate de diable.
CAKES.—Italian macaroni, English do. rout, ratafia, sponge, queen, cottage, nonpareil, biscuit drops, almond, rock, queen drops, savoy biscuits, savoy, and spice nuts,
Bride Cakes made to order on the shortest notice.
Soups and made dishes at a short notice.

The Australian

26 Dec 1829

BAX, CONFECTIONER.  BEGS to return his best thanks to   those numerous friends who honoured him with their patronage during his residence in George Street, and begs to inform them, he has removed to No. 8 YORK S’TREET’, near to the South Barrack Gate, where he hopes to receive a   continuance of their favours. BAX still continues to supply his friends and the public with all kinds of confectionary, pastry, and breakfasts dinners and -suppers, on the shortest notice, with soups at all hours. Fancy breads, consisting of hot-rolls, french rolls, and Laman’s biscuits. Shipping and the inhabitants supplied with Baker’s bread of the best quality, and also with well-baked Ship biscuit. warranted to keep in all latitudes. 

9 April 1830
Mr. Bax, late of George-street, has opened the Australian Hotel, and from his tact and experience, we fully expect will do the public every justice. The late landlord, Mr. Barkus has resumed his nautical pursuit, and taken charge of the John Bull Whaler. 

9 June 1831
RETURNS his most sincere and grateful thanks to the Inhabitants of and Visitors to Sydney, for the liberal support he has hitherto received at the above hotel, and flatters himself that by a continuance to the comforts of his friends, to merit their future patronage.
Dinners sent out to order, and executed at the Hotel on the shortest notice, and reasonable terms.
Soups, patties, lamb and veal pies, eyery day at 11 o’Clock.
*”* An Ordinary on table (d’hote) at 2 o’Clock.
Horses and chaise, and saddle horses, to let.

The Australian

18 June 1831
On page 2
Yesterday was a proud day for Australia - a day that ought to be placed high in the calendar of her improvements - a day to which her sons and her daughters, if alive to the true interests of their country, will in future years look back with exultation. The first efficient exhibition of steam navigation, in this fifth quarter of the world, was beheld by the select few who adventured on board the Sophia Jane,  on Friday, the 17th day of June, 1831. True, the Surprise had, as we fully re- ported in a recent number, performed a trip to Parramatta some days before ; but that was altogether so diminutive a display of the tremendous power of steam, that it cannot for a moment be placed in competition with the magnificent enter- prise of yesterday. It must also be granted, that the Sophia Jane has herself performed one trip before that which we designate her first. On Sunday last she towed the ship Lady Harewood, bound for England, out of the harbour, and ac- complished her task in the most gallant style : but this was no more than a pri- vate trip, intended for the amusement of a few of the Captain’s friends, and there- fore was not considered by us as entitled to any particular notice. But yesterday was the grand, the memorable æra. The Sophia Jane put forth all her powers. She showed what the ingenuity of man had been able to contrive - to dispense with oars and canvass, and to urge rapidly onward, in defiance of wind and weather, a vessel of large dimensions and heavy burthen.
Early in the morning, the Captain gave a breakfast on board, to His Excel-lency the GOVERNOR and a distinguished party of ladies and gentlemen. The vessel performed a gentle trip round Dawes’ Point, Darling Harbour, and Goat Island, and in so fine a style, that His EXCELLENCY and all the fashionable guests were pleased to express the highest encomiums on the scientific construction of the vessel, and on the admirable skill with which she was managed.
But the grand display was reserved for the public excursion to Middle Harbour, and we are really at a loss for terms to convey, to those who were never on board a steam vessel, an adequate conception of the scene.
Soon after 11- o’clock, a signal gun having been previously fired, the Sophia Jane loosed her moorings in Sydney Cove, and began her adventurous jour- ney. The manner in which she threaded her way through the shipping, without any assistance whatever, filled every one with admiration. She crept in and out with the utmost exactness, as if she had   possessed all the attributes of a rational creature ; and when fairly free from the Cove, her energies were allowed unli- mited play, and away she went as on the wings of the wind. Her velocity was astounding. She actually flew through the water. The ordinary motion of a vessel leaving the harbour, compared with hers, was absolutely contemptible. Before the passengers well knew they had started, they found themselves abreast of Pinchgut Island ; and ere they had digested this astonishment, they looked up, and, lo! they were in the very mouth of the Heads ! Here a gun was fired, and Mr. Watson, the Pi- lot, came on board. Then away she dashed up Middle Harbour - crossing bars, skimming flats, and threading nee- dles, in the finest style imaginable. She went about five or six miles inland. In many places, the harbour was so narrow as to resemble a mere canal. The scenery was beautiful, and was heightened by one of the most charming days earth ever saw. Having reached the utmost navigable point, she veered round, and again ploughed her way towards the Heads. At 2 o’clock the company were summoned to the mess-room, where they found a sumptuous cold collation, served up under the direction of Mr. Bax, of the Australian Hotel. Every luxury that could be devised was spread upon the hospitable table, garnished with the choicest champagne and other wines, ale, porter, &c. The passengers had scarcely seated themselves at table, when they became conscious of a very peculiar motion, the vessel rolling in the most regular and agreeable manner.; but supposing it to be only imaginary on their sitting down, for the first time, in the cabin, no particular notice was taken of it; but when the meal was finished, and they returned on deck, what was their astonishment to find themselves actually at sea - aye, rolling upon the wide ocean, the boundless expanse before them, and the Sydney Heads far behind ! However, they greatly enjoyed the unexpected novelty of their situation, and while in the act of expressing their surprise, behold   the miraculous steamer was again rounding Bradley’s Head, on the full wing for Sydney, with both wind and tide against her. She performed the trip from between the Heads to Fort Macquarie, a distance of full five miles, in 26 minutes and 42 seconds ; the shortest period in which it was ever accomplished by a sailing ship, with wind and tide directly in favour, being 42 minutes.
Having honoured Sydney with a hasty glance, to assure the good folk that all was well, she shot past with the ve- locity of thought, directing her course to Kissing Point. Thither she had a de- lightful trip, and returned to Sydney, the distance being about 10 miles, in less than three quarters of an hour. Her progress, throughout the day, varied from 10 to 13 miles an hour.
The day was the most favourable that could be desired. Not a cloud obscured the sky ; the sun shone in all its chas- tened splendour, and a gentle breeze from the westward served to refresh and invigorate the joyous passengers. Part of the band of the 39th regiment added, to the other delightful pleasures of the excursion, the charms of martial music.
Captain BIDDULPH acquitted himself in the handsomest manner. His duties, as the navigator of the vessel, were per- formed with the utmost zeal and discre- tion ; while his polite assiduities for the comfort of his passengers were all that became a commander and a gen- tleman. Everything, in short, went off in the very best style. Not one blunder - not one mistake. All was order and precision.
The accommodations between decks are truly admirable. The state cabin is appropriated exclusively to the ladies. The fair sex are always entitled to the best, and certainly their claim is fully conceded on board the Sophia Jane, their apartment having every convenience they could desire, together with superb looking glass panels, which reflect their charms with all the fidelity of truth.
The dining-room is a noble apartment, being arranged with the most ingenious regard to utility and comfort. But those who would fully appreciate this wonderful achievement of human skill and enter- prise, must take a trip, and judge for themselves. Her first voyage to New- castle will be performed this day, and we hope she will have abundance of pas- sengers. She deserves well of the colony : may she receive that liberal share of public patronage and support of which she is so eminently worthy Í
We are enabled to state, from good authority, that it is not true that Sir ED- WARD PARRY sends the Roman Catho lic prisoners to the stocks for reading in their own prayer-books. So far from having given any cause for such a charge, Sir EDWARD actually sent up an order to Sydney for a number of Roman Catho- lic prayer-books to be forwarded to Port Stephens at his own private expense. Those who would cast such unfounded aspersions on Sir EDWARD, who is re- garded with the greatest respect by the prisoners under his charge, must indeed possess a spirit little to be envied.
THURSDAY’S MARKET. - Our last market exhibited as plentiful a supply of produce of every description as we remember to have seen for some time. Some samples of fine wheat went off at steady prices. Maize, barley, oats, and rye, in great abundance, obtained a fair puce. The ve- getable stalls were well stocked, but generally dear, with the exception of potatoes, which experienced   a trifling reduction. Butcher’s meat and poultry a shade higher. Butter, both fresh and salt, in pro- fusion, still very dear, and likely to continue so. Hay and straw, a good supply, which had the effect of bringing down the prices to their usual standard.
Messrs. Pennie and Brodie, of Pitt street, are proceeding with the erection of a sub- stantial second-rate house, in Bridge-street, near the stores lately built by Mr Manning.

The Australian
2 June 1835

The recent Government House Supper was, we understand got up in a style beyond anything hitherto produced in the ‘Colony, by Mr. Bax, the confectioner, George street. It composed altogether 800 dishes, 650 of eatables, including all the delicacies of the season, and 150 ornamental. Mr. Bax received the well merited praise of most of the elite who were present on that occasion.

D Wong on 3rd September, 2013 wrote:

1828: TOL Sydney
27/5/1828: CP
June 1841: Recommended for Absolute Pardon

28/12/1841: Absolute Pardon.

Stephen Bax married Mary ??  they had at least 5 children.

Stephen and Mary (died 1/4/1840 age 55) are buried at St. John’s Cemetery, Parramatta.
Stephen was 68 years old.

Jedda Bax on 14th October, 2015 wrote:

Married Mary Tutty (Tully) in County Kent, England. Mary travelled to Australia on the ship Kangaroo, arriving in 1814 (?). Children born in Australia and registered at St Phillips, Sydney:
b. 1817 Jane Elizabeth July 18th
b. 1819 George, July 24th
b. 1822 William B. February 11th
d. 1822 William B. April 14; aged 9 weeks
b. 1823 John September 17th
b. 1827 Rebecca August 9th

Maureen Withey on 11th August, 2020 wrote:

NSW 1828 Census Index.
Stephen Bax, 47, T.L., Fortune, 2,1813, Life, protestant, Pastry Cook, George Street, Sydney. Has 20 cattle.
Mary, 47, C.F. Kangaroo, 1814.
Stephen jun, 19, C.F. Speke, 1827.
thomas, 13, born in colony.
Jane Elizabeth, 11.
George, 9.
John, 5.
Rebecca, 1.

Convict Changes History

Anna Coulton on 2nd September, 2013 made the following changes:

date of birth 0176, date of death 7th October, 1843, gender, occupation, crime

D Wong on 3rd September, 2013 made the following changes:

date of birth 1775

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au