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Richard Bowden

Richard Bowden, one of 190 convicts transported on the Mangles, 29 March 1820

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Richard Bowden
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1806
Occupation: Mason/bricklayer
Date of Death: 28th August, 1885
Age: 79 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 56 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 7 years

Crime: Stealing
Convicted at: Chester Quarter Session
Sentence term: 7 years
Ship: Mangles
Departure date: 29th March, 1820
Arrival date: 7th August, 1820
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 191 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 88, Class and Piece Number HO11/3, Page Number 275 (139). Tasmanian Archives - convicts http://search.archives.tas.gov.au/ImageViewer/image_viewer.htm?CON35-1-1,643,72,L,80
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

David English on 18th February, 2013 wrote:

It is thought he died an invalid at age 86 years
died at The Depot Launceston Tasmania 28 Aug 1885.

Carol Axton-Thompson on 19th February, 2013 wrote:

Richard Bowden was convicted at Chester for forgery. 7yr sentence. Transported to New South Wales per ‘Mangles’.

Single man; mason & bricklayer; 5’7 1/2”; swarthy complexion; dk brown hair; brown eyes.

Native Place: Stockport, Cheshire, England.

Morton Bay, absconded.
Sent to Norfolk Island.
22/08/1831: 3yrs in irons for Larceny.
08/11/1832: Absconded
09/12/1841: Absconded 5 times. 100 lashes.

Obtained Free Certificate

1842: Sydney - convicted of housebreaking. 15yr transportation sentence.

Transferred to Van Diemens Land (Tasmania) per the ‘Marian Watson’, arriving 08/03/1842. Aged 32yrs.

Convict no. 6163.

several records of misconduct

Ticket of Leave 07/08/1849

Conditional Pardon 03/02/1852

David English on 23rd March, 2013 wrote:

8/9/1821, Employed at the Old Lumber Yard Sydney
1822,Listed in Government Employ and based at
Carters Barracks,Sydney.1823 Discharged from the
Establishment,Emu Plains to the Windsor Bench of
Magistrates 8/11/1823.1824-Certificate of Freedom
22/7/1824 and 26/5/1825. (replacement)and 4/9/1833
(replacement). Richard was robbed of his Certificate of Freedom two days after getting it
when he got drunk at the market in Sydney and fell
asleep.  27/5/1825 Listed as in the Gaol
Windsor.1828 Absconded from No1 Chain Gang - 5
1831 Absconded from Moreton Bay.
1842 Sent to Van Diemans Land,per Marian Watson
8/3/1842.1885- Died during 1885 at Launceston,
Van Diemans Land.Richard departed Falmouth,Eng.
29th March 1820,Arrived Port Jackson, Sydney on
29th November 1820.

David English on 4th April, 2013 wrote:

27 Jan 1849—ticket of leave refused.
7 Aug 1849—received ticket of leave
10 Dec 1850—recommended for conditional pardon
3 Feb 1852—conditional pardon approved served 10
of the 15 year term.His conduct record is difficult to read but contains references to such
things as Idleness,willful mismanagement of work,
Disobedience of orders,Being absent after hours
and Insolence.He was put in solitary confinement
at least four times for up to 14 days at a time
and served at least two sessions of hard labour
for three months.He even got into strife on
30 Sept 1847 while a patient in hospital.

David English on 22nd April, 2013 wrote:

Richard Bowden was 85 years of age when he died
as stated on his death certificate

David English on 22nd April, 2013 wrote:

Death Certificate No 2144
when died 28 August 1885
name Richard Bowden
sex Male
age 85 years
Rank or Profession(Invalid)
Cause(s)of Death (Debility)
Medical Attendant not stated
Informant Thomas J Doolan,(undertaker)Launceston.
When Registered 28 August 1885
Name of Registrar.Frederick J Boothman,Deputy Reg.
Additional Information. Died:Invalid Depot,Launceston
Registrar of Births Deaths and Marriages
Tasmania. Registration No 305/1885

David English on 30th April, 2013 wrote:

I want to correct Richard Bowden’s arrival to
Australia date 7th August 1820    
information supplied by History Services.

David English on 25th May, 2013 wrote:

Departed Falmouth, England 29th March 1820
Arrived Port Jackson Sydney 7th August 1820
Age when he died The Depot Asylum Luanceston
85 years old.

Karry Fisher-Watts on 25th December, 2013 wrote:

Family Research from the Bowden Line Researchers.

The Bowden Family from the Decendants of Thomas James (Joesph) Bowden Decendant of Richard Bowden the Second Decendant of Richard Bowden the First thank those who have provided additional information.

Convict Ship Mangles

Convict and other records

Record Summary
Scope and content
Medical journal and diary of the Mangles convict ship from 17 February to 15 August 1820 by Matthew Anderson, surgeon and superintendant, during which time the ship was employed in conveying convicts to New South Wales. (Described at item level). Covering dates 1820 Held by The National Archives, Kew.

Legal status Public Record(s)

Record Summary
Scope and content

Item reference ADM 101/47/1/1

Folio 1: 5 March 1820; The soldiers embarked on board this ship are a detachment of the 48th Regiment and lately marched from Chatham to this place and are to act as a Guard over Male convicts, about to be embarked for conveyance to New South Wales.

Folios 1-2: Michael Bone, aged about 19, private, 48th Regiment; disease or hurt, severe catarrhal symptoms, attended with considerable fever and a confined state of the bowels. Put on sick list, 5 March 1820, at Deptford. Discharged to duty 14 March 1820.

Folios 2-3: John Adlington, aged about 28, private, 48th Regiment; disease or hurt, severe griping pain in the belly with frequent loose stools, and is attended with some pyrexia. Put on sick list, 16 March 1820, at Deptford. Discharged 20 March 182 to duty.

Folio 3: 17 March 1820; 190 male convicts embarked on board ship, and as the weather at present is severe and cold and their slop clothing (of which appears to be intended for a warmer climate) is but ill calculated to defend their bodies from its effects. Many convicts suffering from catarrhal complaints.

Folios 3-4: Thomas Rae, convict, an infirm old man; disease or hurt, dull pain in the back and loins with a coldness and nearly total loss of feeling of the lower limbs. Put on sick list, 18 March 1820, at Sheerness. Discharged 24 March 1820 better.

Folio 4: 24 March 1820; on inspecting the soldiers this morning, fourteen of them found to be affected with itch which it appears was brought on board by a common woman while the ship was at Deptford. These men are separated from the others as well as circumstances will admit. About fifteen of the cases of the convicts who are labouring catarrh, and who are also affected with constipated state of the bowels and some pyrexia.

Folio 4: 26 March 1820; The prisoners labouring under catarrhal affections are much better.

Folios 4-5: 26 March 1820; One of the convicts (a [Jew?] boy) is found to be affected with itch. He is separated from the other prisoners. I carefully examined all the convicts this morning but cannot discover that any of the others are affected with the disease.

Folios 4-8: John King, convict, about 20 years; disease or hurt, hernia humoralis in consequence of a blow he received while on board the prison hulk. Put on sick list, 20 March 1820, at Sheerness. Discharged 14 April 1820 from the hospital for petty thefts.

Folio 5: 28 March 1820; The soldiers with itch appear to be nearly well. Each to take a dose of sulphate of magnesia. Their clothes and bedding to be steeped in boiling water, and to be bathed tomorrow morning.

Folio 5: 29 March 1820; The soldiers appear to be quite well. They are all well washed with hot water and soap and discharged to duty. Two of the soldiers who have just been discharged are found to be affected with Lues Venera. The symptoms of each are pretty well marked, being chancres and bubo, … I am not yet a convert to the new method of treating this complaint without mercury.

Folios 5-6: Richard Bushell, convict, aged 24; disease or hurt, swelling of the right testicle, and attended with slight fever which he says arose from an improperly treated gonorrhoea. Put on sick list, 29 March 1820, at Sheerness. Discharged 3 April 1820.

Folios 5-6: James Miller, convict, aged 19; disease or hurt, acute rheumatism (swelling and pain of the knee and elbow joints) attended with smart fever. Put on sick list, 29 March 1820, at Sheerness. Discharged 2 April 1820.

Folios 6-10: William Niblett, convict, aged 56; disease or hurt, while on deck received a blow on the right arm from the heaking and fall of a hook from the foretop mast by which the rddius had fractured about its middle, in an oblique direction, the injury now to the soft parts is inconsiderable. Put on sick list, 29 March 1820, at Sheerness. Discharged 30 April 1820.

Folios 7-8: Richard Peel, private, soldier, 48th Regiment; aged about 20; disease or hurt, diarrhoea with febrile symptoms. Put on sick list, 3 April 1820, at sea. Discharged 12 April 1820.

Folios 8A-10: Thomas Foster, convict boy, aged about 14; disease or hurt, severe pain in the head and much fever. Put on sick list, 16 April 1820, at sea. Discharged 25 April 1820.

Folio 9: William Davis, convict, aged about 30; disease or hurt, severe gripings, pain in the belly, frequent loose stools and painful tenesmus. Put on sick list, 17 April 1820, at sea. Last entry 25 April 1820 (folio 10).

Folio 11: Henry Anderson, convict, aged 19; disease or hurt, fell from the booms upon the main deck by which a severe injury of the left hip joint, which was immediately followed by considerable swelling. I saw him after the receipt of the injuryand on examination cannot discover any fracture or dislocation of the head of the thigh bone. He was conveyed to the hospital and the saturium lation applied to the parts Put on sick list, 11 May 1820, at sea. Discharged 30 May 1820.

Folios 11-12: Richard Bonden, convict, boy, aged 14; disease or hurt, pain at the top of the right thigh, and about a hands head below the groin is forming a tolerably well circumscribed abscess with much inflammation, and extending itself to a considerable distance above and below the abscess. These symptoms are attended by a smart symptomatic fever. Put on sick list, 3 June 1820, at sea. Discharged 18 June 1820.

Folio 13: Thomas Deardon, convict, aged 24; disease or hurt, pain in the heart and sides which is increased on making a moderately full respiration. These symptoms are attended with a teasing dry cough and considerable pyrexia. Put on sick list, 2 July 1820, at sea.

Deardon still in hospital on 24 July 1820 (folio 14). Covering dates 1820 Held by
The National Archives, Kew
Legal status Public Record(s)

Item reference ADM 101/47/1/2

Record Summary
Scope and content

Folio 10: 30 April 1820: four of the convicts labouring under slight scorbutic complaints such as spongy gums which readily bled on being touched, some swelling and stiffness about the knee joints, purple coloured spots about the roots of the hairs (on the limbs), breath fotid with languor and listlessness. Lemon juice and sugar has for some day past been issued to the convicts and guara but the prisoners with scorbutic symptoms have an additional quantity night and morning. It does not appear in general to disagree with the stomach.

Folio 10: 10 May 1820: the prisoners mentioned on 30 April are better except the boy Foster and J McPherson who has a great dislike to the lemon juice, nor will they take it with sugar. They have soup-sago and half a pint of wine each daily.

Folios 10-11: 18 June 1820: within these last eight days about thirty of the prisoners have been affected with diarrhoea, the symptoms were mild, and in scarcely any of the cases was there fever present.

Folio 14: 24 July 1820: several of the oldest and most infirm of the convicts who are much debilitated from the great length of the voyage are supplied from the hospital daily with a pint of good soup and half a pint of wine and a [?] of tea in the evening.

Folios 15-17: blank.

Folio 18: numerical abstract of the medical cases contained in the journal and diary.

Folios 18-19: General remarks. The number of persons embarked on board this ship are as follows: male convicts, 190; soldiers as guard with their wives and children, 40; passenger, 1; ship’s crew, 48; total, 279. The whole of whom (with the exception of one boy who fell overboard at sea and was drowned) were landed in good health on 15th August 1820 at Sydney, New South Wales.

Signed by Matthew Anderson,
Surgeon and superintendent.
Covering dates 1820 Held by
The National Archives, Kew
Legal status Public Record(s)

Karry Fisher-Watts on 25th December, 2013 wrote:

Added by Karry Fisher-Watts 25/12/2013.
Source: Australasian Chronicle (Sydney, NSW : 1839 - 1843) Saturday 15 January 1842 -

Published The Sydney Monitor (NSW : 1828 - 1838) on Friday 6 July 1838
Law Intelligence..
Fix this text
Wednesday, June 4.Before the Chairman and H. C Sempill, Esq.,J. P.
Richard Bowden, for stealing’ a cart, Guilty-
Fix this text
3 years to an ironed gang.

Friday 6 July 1838 The Australian (Sydney, NSW : 1824 - 1848)
Richard Bowden, free stealing a cart. Three months ironed gang.

Published on Friday 6 July 1838 The Sydney Herald (NSW : 1831 - 1842)
About six or eight months ago, the sum of£196, due from the Government to a person at Berrima, was obtained from the Treasury by means of a forged order. A description of the party who obtained it was left at the Police Office, and on Wednesday Inspector Hoyle thought here recognised the man in the person of Richard Bowden, who was taking his trial at the Court of Quarter Sessions for stealing a cart. He sent down to the Treasury for the clerk who paid the money, and upon his coming up he recognised the person Of Bowden, who had just received a sentence of three years to an ironed gang. He was handed over to the police on the charge of forgery.

Published on Saturday 7 July 1838 from a Court appearance and reported in The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 - 1842)
Richard Bowden was indicted for Stealing a cart, the property of Christopher Flynn, of Parramatta-street, in the month of March last. The cart was kept in a yard at the rear of the prosecutor’s house, and was seen there the evening before it was stolen. In the morning it was missing. Rain had fallen during the night, and the prosecutor observed the track of the cart wheels from the yard, and followed the track along the Parramatta-road near to the turning towards New Town, where he missed all further trace. He returned home, and observed the track of a horse from In yard and towards Pitt-street, from which direction it appeared to have come. The track was remarkable on account of the new approach of the cracks of the shoes, and the prosecutor was enabled to follow the marks into Pitt-street, near to Liverpool Street. The prosecutor afterwards saw the body of the cart in the yard of Mr. Walker, a wheelwright, and the prisoner was apprehended on the charge of stealing it. It appeared that the cart was taken to Mr. Walker’s to be repaired, and as he was the maker, he identified it as one he had sold to Mr. Flynn. He sent him information of the circumstance, and ascertained that the person who had brought it to be repaired had purchased from the prisoner. ‘I he prisoner was apprehended at his residence in Liverpool-street, near to the spot where the traces of the horse had been observed by the prosecutor. Guilty. - Three years to an ironed gang. The Australian (Sydney, NSW : 1824 - 1848)

Karry Fisher-Watts on 29th December, 2013 wrote:

Notation to Folios Records

“11-12: Richard Bonden”, convict, boy, aged 14; disease or hurt, pain at the top of the right thigh, and about a hands head below the groin is forming a tolerably well circumscribed abscess with much inflammation, and extending itself to a considerable distance above and below the abscess. These symptoms are attended by a smart symptomatic fever. Put on sick list, 3 June 1820, at sea. Discharged 18 June 1820.

Richard Bowden was also known as RICHARD “BONDEN” which is a name associated with the OLD ENGLISH BOWDEN family line of Bondon, Bowdon, Bowdan. 

The record above was found when searching the Surgeons files.  There are no other records of a Richard Bowden aka Bonden which landed at Sydney Cove 1820 per ‘Mangles’.  This oversight can be put down to a clercial error by the Surgeon at the time of the entry into his records of the voyage.  The Scare from this injury matches his Tasmanian distinguishing features noting scare to “the top of the right thigh”.

Karry Fisher-Watts on 12th January, 2014 wrote:

In relation to Richard Bowden being deceased at Launcestion Invalid Depot.  I had this claim investigated. 

The Richard Bowden who is registered as deceased at the “LID”, was per SHIP ‘ATLAS’, NOT per ‘MANGLES 1820’ nor per ‘MARION WATSON’ 1842.  Also there are a number of admission dates for this well known Richard Bowden of the Invalid Depot, and these dates are as follows -

1. 1879 - 18 Jan to 1 March and
2. 1881 - 02 July to 23 November 1881

I have asked this Gentleman who has many years of Family Research and 2 Published books to make further inquiries and I shall report back to this Board.  Please note that there were a few convicts with the name Richard Bowden which were transported to VDL, and it is very possible that this one that the records pertain to is not the said Richard Bowden.

David English on 18th June, 2016 wrote:

Richard Bowden, born 11th October 1805,Knutsford,Cheadle Buckeley,Cheshire, England.
father.James Bowden born 29th August 1765.England
mother. Esther Watkinson born 9th February 1763
England.Information,Anglican Parish Church
Cheshire,England.Richard Bowden (2nd)born Windsor
1837,Richard married Grace Honey (widow) at Castle
maine, Victoria on the 31st December 1855. Grace and Richard were both residents of Fryers Creek
Grace 24 years and Richard 21 years, a miner
Grace and Richard Bowden were Elsie Sulliivan
(nee Short)great great grandparents.
children of Grace and Richard Bowden
Cara Bowden, born 1856 at Fryers Creek
Mary Ann Grace Bowden, born 1859 at Kangaroo, Victoria
Priscilla Bowden, born 1860 at Fryers Creek.(my Great grandmother)
Edward Henry Bowden, born 1861 at Fryers Creek Vic.
George William Bowden, born 1864 at Fryers Creek
Alfred Bowden,
Thomas James Bowden,

Richard Bowden (2nd)
Date of death 7 July 1910
Place Wakool,within the Wakool Shire, District
of Balranald. NSW
Occupation.  Fisherman
sex Male
age 73 years
place of birth   Windsor, NSW
father Bowden (Christian name unknown)
date of burial.  15 July 1910
place of burial.  Wakool NSW
cause of death. Suffocation by drowning in the
Wakool River
minister & religion R J Dunstone,Methodist
undertaker   Alfred Bowden.

David English on 30th August, 2016 wrote:

Grace Bowden.(nee Honey)died at Deniliquin 5/12/1893 age 63 years she was buried at Deniliquin on the 6th December 1893

Bron Ryan on 16th December, 2018 wrote:

Interested in getting in touch with Bowden family, as my FIL has several DNA matches we would like to link in if possible

broncrosby @ gmail . com

Convict Changes History

David English on 18th February, 2013 made the following changes:

date of birth 1806, gender, occupation, crime

Carol Axton-Thompson on 19th February, 2013 made the following changes:

source, occupation

David English on 23rd March, 2013 made the following changes:

date of death 28th August, 1885

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au