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James Bradley

James Bradley, one of 200 convicts transported on the Fortune, November 1812

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: James Bradley
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1764
Occupation: School teacher
Date of Death: 1838
Age: 74 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 53 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 14 years

Crime: Forgery
Convicted at: Edinburgh Court of Justiciary
Sentence term: 14 years
Ship: Fortune
Departure date: November, 1812
Arrival date: 11th June, 1813
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 199 other convicts


Primary source: James Bradley, Annan Grove Cottage, http://ramin.com.au/annandale/story2-1-annangrove-cottage.shtml
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Anonymous on 7th May, 2012 wrote:

stole a hankercheif valued at 2 shillings

John McGowan on 25th October, 2013 wrote:

On 9 January 1812, James Bradley along with a John Lindsay Crawford appeared at Edinburgh High Court on a libel for forging deeds (no detail). Due to absence of some witness, the case was deferred until 3 February 1812 and subsequently found guilty. Both transported for 14 years. See Scot Magazine (1812) Vol.74,p 73 and McGowan, John (2013) A New Civic Order: The contribution of the City of Edinburgh Police, 1805-1812, p 269 and p 314.

Bill Bradley on 22nd June, 2014 wrote:

how many families did have in Australia?

D Wong on 23rd June, 2014 wrote:

Found this information on the MANUSU Family Tree on the net:


Compiled from:    b, d &m records

                      Perry Paxton research

Nancy McKay Edge records and research

                      Glenn C. Bradley records and research

                      Colonial Secretary papers; dated – 1819 - 1821

                      State Records

                      Ida Ringland papers; deposited in Mitchell library in 1953

                      Jane McGillivray letters: dates – 1831 to 1838

                      William Bradley’s death cert.

JAMES BRADLEY Born: circa 1782, Castle Dawson, county Londonderry. Ireland.

Father: Patrick Bradley – landowner

Mother: Catherine Flanagan

Occupation; School master

Sentenced for forgery.

Marriages & children


*1st married: in circa 1811 Margaret Morton at Antrim, Ireland

Issue: (circa 1811, Ireland – 1861, Lane Cove. Australia) – Jane Bradley

*married: in 1830 James Lachlan McGillivray at Sydney

Issue:    (1833, Sydney-1882, Mudgee) - Lachlan McGillivray

          1835 Margaret McGillivray

          *1837 Arminella McGillivray*

          1847 William J. McGillivray

          1853 Miriam McGillivray

*2nd liaison: Charlotte

birth of William Bradley – 1815 – father: unknown – mother Charlotte.

(1815, Sydney - 1892, Leichhardt) - William Bradley

*married: in 1840 Elizabeth Mackay at Dungog

born to Charlotte. Father unknown

Charlotte Bradley - Trial – York 16.1.1812 England.

Sailed 24.8.1813 on board Wanstead from Spithead, arrived in colony 9.1.1814 after 138 days. The Wanstead was a female convict transporter.

*3rd liaison: Maria Roberts

(Colonial secretary papers: Martha Bradley – daughter of James Bradley per “Fortune” 1813 and Maria Roberts 1825 June 11 re admission of to the Female Orphan school) (Reel 6014; 4/3514 p. 461)

In view of above statement:

birth record (1822) - Thomas Bradley         f. James m. Maria

Maria Roberts later married Henry Forrester in 1826

*4th married: in 1832 Dorothea Fenn nee Roberts; she had been pardoned in 1831.

Dorothea died in 1848 age 52 which give her birth circa 1796.


1.        (1834-1886, Rylestone) Catherine Bradley

*married: in 1855 John Irving Clarke d. 1891 at Rylestone.

f. William Clarke m. Mary.

Issue:    (1856, Parramatta-1857) – Edith B. Clarke

          1863, Sydney – Kate I. Clarke

          1866, Mudgee – Edith A. M Clarke

          (1868, Mudgee-1937, Rylestone) – Reginald Irving Clarke

          1871, Mudgee – Ethel B. Clarke

2.              (1836) James W. Bradley

* married: in 1868 Elizabeth Hawkins at Sydney

Issue:    (1868, Sydney-1957, Ashfield) – Albert E. Bradley

          (1871, Redfern-1873, Redfern) – James W. Bradley

          (1873, Redfern-1891, Marrickville) – Frederick Bradley

          (1875, Redfern-1876, Redfern) – Herbert Bradley

          1877, Redfern – Maud Bradley

          (1879, Redfern-1880, Redfern) - Arthur Bradley

*5th married: in 1849 Elizabeth Howell in Sydney.

No issue. No further records are clear.

‘Imposter John Lindsay Crawfurd’ appeared after the 1808 death of the 22nd Earl of Crawfurd and 6th Earl of Lindsay, claiming that he was the legitimate heir with precedence over the late Earl’s sister Lady Mary Crawfurd. The pretender and accomplices forged documents to substantiate his claims; unfortunately a falling out saw members of the gang cash in by revealing the truth to Lady Mary. John Lindsay Crawfurd and James Bradley were sentenced to fourteen years transportation, arriving at Botany Bay in 1813. He obtained release in 1820.

Crawfurd & Bradley arrived in Australia by way of the ship Fortune 2 in 1813.

James went on to found a school in Parramatta, first in premises rented from Mrs. Shelley and later with Rev. John Dunmore Lang after 1830. He certainly was involved with the Female Orphans home.

He taught Eliza Hassell and her sisters Anna & Susannah. They were removed from his school when he set up a Sunday school in opposition to the Anglicans.

It is Albert Bradley’s signature on William Bradley’s death cert of 1892 as witness to his burial which concrete’s the overwhelming evidence of James Bradley as the patronymic founder of this family in Australia.

**Christina & Thomas Bradbury had a daughter called Armonella in 1872*

Death cert, Jane McGillivray 1125 Vol:139
Native of Ireland, abode Lane Cove, buried 18.12.1861 at the Parish of St. Lawrence in the county of Cumberland, NSW by James Fullerton LLD.

James Bradley died in 1857 at Lane Cove.

Convict Indent: Ship “Fortune 2” 11.6.1813, James Bradley, convicted at Edinburgh on 5.2.1812, sentence 14 years.

Native Place – Londonderry, labourer age 30. 5ft 61/2”, fair complexion, brown hair, hazel eyes.

1814 - muster of NSW – James Bradley, Parramatta. Ship “Fortune 2” convict to Mr. Hassell.

1819 – petition to Colonial Secretary of James Bradley requesting a pardon to bring his wife and child back from Ireland.

1820 – Mr. J. Bradley Seminary, Parramatta.

1821 – another petition for pardon as Edward Eagar has offered free passage in the ‘Duchess of York’ and return for his family in Ireland.

1822 - Muster of NSW – James Bradley, AP (absolute pardon) “Fortune 2” sentence 14 years, School master, Parramatta

1823 – Mr. James Bradley is engaged at the Sydney Academy as principal manager.

1823 – Mr. James Bradley – Mercantile & Mathematical Academy, O’Connell Street, Sydney will begin a school of the highest standard.

1823 – James Bradley on list of persons receiving an assigned convict.

1830 – marriage of Jane Bradley, only daughter of James Bradley.

1832 – James Bradley (widower) married Dorothea Fenn (widow)

1834 – b. Catherine Anne Bradley, father schoolmaster, Parramatta

1834 – NSW Calendar & General Post Office Directory lists J. Bradley, Academy, Parramatta.

1836 – b. James William Bradley, father schoolmaster of Parramatta.

1848 – death of Dorothea Bradley, J. Bradley master of ‘Springdale House Academy’ Parramatta.

1849 – marriage; of J. Bradley to widow Elizabeth Howell, Master of Tara House Academy, Sydney

1851 - Directory of Sydney - Jane McGillivray was running a Ladies Seminary at William St. Woolloomooloo.

1857 – death of Mr. James Bradley at Lane Cove, age 75 years.

1861 – death of Jane McGillivray, ‘Springvale’, Lane Cove, age 49 years.

1863 – death J.L. McGillivray, age 62 years.


There were only six Crown Grants of land in Killara to which any historical interest is attached.

1.              John Griffiths one hundred acres.

2.              Samuel Widgleys sixty acres

3.              Edwin Bookers eighty acres

4.              Olivers forty five acres

5.              Spencers ten acres ‘Killara Park’

6.              McGillivrays one hundred and sixty acres ‘Springdale’

1831 – Springdale named by Jane was granted to Jane & James MacGillivray as a Marriage Portion

(marriage portion grants were only issued to 200 people and a few conditions regarding their conduct and moral class were considered)

1831 – 1839 – several letters from Jane to Govt. House regarding delays in deeds to this property explain her frustration at their tardiness.

1840 – James Bradley bought 57 acres of Bookers Original grant, adjoining Springdale and built a cottage and a school called Taraville.


18th March 1819.

To His Excellency Lachlan Macquarie Esq.

Captain General Governor & Commander in Chief in and over His Majesties Territory of N.S.W.

The Petition of James Bradley.

Humbly showeth,

That Your Excellency petitioner was tried in Edinburgh 1812 sentenced 14 years. Transported and arrived by the ship Fortune 1813.

That petitioner is tutor to Mr. Hassells family and has filled other important situations of trust for nearly 6 years which he trusts will be considered by Your Excellency as a proof of his upright conduct.

That petitioner’s family are very anxious to join him in the colony if he could procure for them comfortable support which he has no doubt of obtaining if indulged to share in your Excellencies wonted clemency.

May it therefore please your Excellency to take petitioner’s case into your Excellencies humane consideration and grant petitioner a conditional pardon or such other indulgences your Excellency may deem fit.

To His Excellency Lachlan Macquarie Esq.

Captain General Governor & Commander in Chief His Majesties Territory of N.S.W.

The Memorial of James Bradley.

Humbly –

That Your Excellencies Memorialist was tried in Edinburgh February 1812. sentenced 14 years transportation and arrived by the 2nd Fortune 1813.

That he filled a situation of trust for several years under the late Mr. R. Hassell, at whose recommendation your Excellency was graciously pleased to give him a Ticket of Leave and a promise of Emancipation by which kind indulgence he has procured a comfortable support by teaching a school in Parramatta where his talents and labours in that important work have obtained celebrity.

That preparatory to his request he begs stating the Your Excellency that he was sent to this colony for aiding and assisting John Crawford to prove by forged documents his pretended propinquity to the Honourable House of Crawford in Scotland and consequently obtain the Titles and Estates attached to that Peerage.

That the said John Crawford, tho` the principal actor was transported for the same period, received his Pardon and returned home 18 months ago to his wife and family

That Memorialist, also has a wife and child in Ireland and having failed in repeated attempts to prevail upon her to join him in this colony which she refuses to do, and being wearied with anxiety and disappointment, he now solicits leave to return to them hoping they will accompany him back again to the colony where he intends settling for life.

That Memorialist would not have intruded at the unreasonable time but the present period is, perhaps the most eligible and auspicious for the long hoped accomplishment of his wishes: as a kind friend has generously offered him a free passage by the Duchess of York, with a promise of bringing him back again when he returns to the colony.

That Memorialist being flattered by such a favourable opportunity and emboldened by Your Excellencies wonted humanity in restoring the unfortunate to liberty, to friends and happiness, he hopes to obtain a portion of that clemency, which has been so active in letting the oppressed go free and in breaking every yoke: and begs Your Excellency to consider that he has served nearly 10 years out of 14, that his accomplice under the same sentence obtained a pardon: that his prosecutrix is dead, his character in this colony unblameable and that such an opportunity may not again offer, to get his family out to this colony.

May it therefore please Your Excellency to take Memorialist’s case into Your Excellencies human consideration and extend to him an Absolute Pardon in time to embrace a free passage by the Duchess of York and Your Excellencies Memorialist as is duty bound will ever pray.

Marghanita da Cruz on 11th April, 2017 wrote:

James Bradley was insolvent in January 1850 and set up a school in Annan Grove on the Parramatta Road, Petersham (now Annandale) in June of the same year.

Convict Changes History

Anonymous on 7th May, 2012 made the following changes:

date of birth 1764-00-00, date of death 1838-00-00, gender m

John McGowan on 25th October, 2013 made the following changes:


D Wong on 23rd June, 2014 made the following changes:


Marghanita da Cruz on 11th April, 2017 made the following changes:

source: James Bradley, Annan Grove Cottage, http://ramin.com.au/annandale/story2-1-annangrove-cottage.shtml (prev. Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/2, Page Number 90)

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au