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James Briggs

James Briggs, one of 156 convicts transported on the Speke, 13 December 1820

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: James Briggs
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1799
Occupation: 'ploman' & farm labourer
Date of Death: 2nd November, 1880
Age: 81 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 57 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 14 years

Crime: Uttering forged notes
Convicted at: Lancaster Assizes
Sentence term: 14 years
Ship: Speke
Departure date: 13th December, 1820
Arrival date: 18th May, 1821
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 155 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 88, Class and Piece Number HO11/3, Page Number 423 (213)
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

D Wong on 22nd February, 2018 wrote:

2/9/1820 Lancaster Gazette Lancashire, England:
The following prisoners have been tried, in addition to those published in our last : — Wm, Clarkson, John Greenhalgh, James Briggs, Edmund Moore, Rd. Ashworth, Mary Ann Quin, and Robt. Wilson ; for uttering forged Bank of England notes.

Colonial Secretary Papers:
BRIGGS, James. Per “Speke”, 1821

1822 Mar 6, Sep 6:  On list of prisoners assigned (Fiche 3290; 4/4570D pp.5, 8)

1823 Jun 5:  Permitted to pass from No.8 Township in the County of Northumberland to the County of Argyle, and to return with cattle (Reel 6010; 4/3508 p.445)

1827: TOL

1828 Census: Ploughman, assigned to Joseph Bull, Patrick Plains.
2/1/1828: TOL

16/4/1829: Permission to marry Mary Bigg (came free) - at Newcastle.  James was 29 and had a TOL.
1829: Married at Newcastle.

1830: TOL, Maitland - Born:Cum. Whitehaven.

21/3/1832: TOL cancelled for being of disorderly character.

3/10/1834: COF

1841: Newcastle: Newcastle Gaol Description Books 1841-1848: Born 1799, 5’11” tall, stout build, dark complexion - Admitted to Newcastle Gaol.

James Briggs became the publican of the Prince of Wales Inn in 1849.
‘A pigeon match and race for a saddle will take place at the Prince of Wales Inn, Darlington on St. Patrick’s Day. The pigeon match will be for a pony, entrance for which will be in all Four Pounds; and the saddle of best quality to be run for by all horses except those known on the turf. James Briggs over the river from Singleton’.

James Briggs had two charges brought against him under the Licensing Act.

In October 1850, he was charged with failing to keep good order in his house by allowing a certain woman to be improperly dealt with. The evidence of constable Joseph Davis (which could not be published) was that he found women drinking and making a noise in Mr. Brigg’s house and knowing one of these women to be a woman of loose character, who had recently left he gaol, he cautioned Mr. Briggs as to allowing her to be on his premises. The following afternoon Davis returned to the house, and again in the evening, and on both occasions he found this woman there, very drunk and he described what he observed, and what passed. The bench convicted Briggs, reminding him that this was the second conviction against his house. He was fined £10 and costs.

In October 1849 Robert Hardy obtained a certificate for a publican’s general license for the Prince of Wales Inn and renamed it the Freemason’s Arms.

2/11/1880: James Briggs died at Singleton, aged 82.

6/11/1880 Singleton Argus, NSW:
An Old Colo nist, James Briggs, died in the Hospital on Tuesday last.  He had Long Passed man’s allotted space, and was gradually wasting away.

There is a death listed for Mary Briggs who died in 1858 at Patrick Plains.

Convict Changes History

D Wong on 22nd February, 2018 made the following changes:

date of birth: 1799 (prev. 0000), date of death: 2nd November, 1880 (prev. 0000), gender: m, occupation, crime

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au