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Sarah Bromley

Sarah Bromley, one of 121 convicts transported on the Morley, 17 May 1820

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Sarah Bromley
Aliases: none
Gender: f

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1782
Occupation: Housewife
Date of Death: 5th August, 1859
Age: 77 years

Life Span

Life span

Female median life span was 61 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 14 years

Crime: Possession of forged bank note
Convicted at: Southampton Assizes
Sentence term: 14 years
Ship: Morley
Departure date: 17th May, 1820
Arrival date: 30th September, 1820
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 123 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 88, Class and Piece Number HO11/3, Page Number 330
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Peter Morris on 13th January, 2012 wrote:

Sarah Bromley (Brimley) was married to Henry Marsden on Aug. 23, 1802 at Leyland, Lancashire.  They had three children, living, who travelled with her
on the Morley Reunited with her husband (previously sentenced for possessing a forged note) they farmed at Lower Portland Head.  Although both had 14 year sentences, within 2 years they had their T of L. Henry died in 1832 and a daughter and her husband soon after.  Sarah then raised the grand-children and operated the family businesses.  A remarkable effort for someome who couldn’t read or write.

Denis Pember on 13th April, 2016 wrote:

It is interesting to Note that Henry Marsden, Sarah’s husband had been previously transported (Coromandel, 1820) for the crime of possession of a forged banknote. Was this the same crime?

Hampshire Chronicle Mon 28 Feb 1820 p.3…
The following prisoners stand committed for trial at the ensuing Assizes for the county, which commence on Tuesday next, at Winchester:
Ann Welch and Sarah Bromley, for uttering forged Bank of England one pound notes, at Portsmouth…
Hampshire Chronicle Mon 6 Mar 1820 p.3…
Ann Welsh and Sarah Bromley pleaded guilty to an indictment, charging them with uttering forged notes, purporting to be of the Bank of England, at Gosport and Portsmouth, in October last…and were ordered to be transported for fourteen years.

Denis Pember on 13th April, 2016 wrote:

1825 muster (1823-1825)
Text: Marsden, Sarah, ticket of leave, Morley, 1820, 14 years, wife of Henry Marsden, Wilberforce.
Marsden, Margaret, came free, child of above
Marsden, Ann, came free, child of above.
Marsden, Elizabeth, bc, 1820, child of above.
Marsden, John, bc, 1821, child of above.

Denis Pember on 13th April, 2016 wrote:

Sainty & Johnson; 1828 Census of New South Wales:
Page 261…
[Ref M1773] Marsden, Henry, 51, ticket of leave, Coromandel, 1820, 14 years, Protestant, farmer, Lower Portland Head. 12 acres all cleared and cultivated, 2 cattle.
[Ref M1774] Marsden, Sarah, 48, government servant, Morley 1820, 14 years, Protestant.
[Ref M1775] Marsden, George, 7, born in the colony.
[Ref M1776] Marsden, John, 5, born in the colony.
## I am unable to locate daughter Ann in the census but she had married Joseph Gosport and went on to have 11 children and live to 1870.
Joseph was the son of Thomas Gosport (Convict, Surprize, 1790) and Mary Hipwell (Convict, Mary Ann, 1791).

Phil Hands on 5th January, 2018 wrote:

After her husband Henry had been convicted, he left behind Sarah and a number of children. He had married Sarah Brimley at Leyland on 23rd August 1802, and they’re first born child William, was baptised at Eccleston by Chorley in 1803. William was followed by Margaret in 1805; John in 1806; Ann in 1812; and Jane in 1814; the last two being baptised not at Eccleston By Chorley as were the others, but at Euxton. William, Margaret and Ann all came to the Colony of New South Wales with their mother on the “Morley” in 1820, but John and Jane’s fate is unknown. John was certainly dead by 1823 when another child was given the same name, and Jane may also have died in infancy.

Some seven weeks after Henry was convicted in Lancashire, Sarah was apprehended as Sarah Bromley, some three hundred and fifty kilometres away at Southampton in the south of England. She, in company with her three children, had apparently travelled almost the whole length of England, carrying with them, the rest of the forged Bank Notes. She appeared at the Southampton Lent Assizes before Sir. George Wood, and Sir. James Burroughs and was indicted together with John Downs, Catherine Burns and Ann Walsh.

On the Twenty-sixth day of October in the Sixtieth year aforesaid [1819] at the Parish aforesaid. had in certain Lodgings of them the said Ann Welsh and Sarah Bromley… in certain Apartments… [Attached several dozen samples of forged one Pound notes] . . . so disposing of and putting away the said last mentioned false forged and counterfeited Note and there… Promissory Note for the payment of money… with intent to defraud on Jane Moses… with intent to defraud the Governor and Company of the Bank of England… on the Twenty third day of the Fifty-ninth feloniously did offer to one James Spike… with the intent to defraud Charles Robbins… etc.

All were found guilty and sentenced to fourteen years Transportation, and so Sarah and her partners in crime Ann Walsh and Catherine Burns, all arrived in Port Jackson on the convict transport “Morley”, on 30th September 1820.

The Marsden’s resumed married life in the Colony, Henry appears in the 1822 Muster as holding a Ticket of Leave and residing on a leased farm at Lower Portland Head, he had ten acres all cleared, and five acres sewn in wheat. He also had two-head of cattle and thirty pigs.

Two more children were born to Henry and Sarah, George in about 1821 and John in about 1823. Their eldest son William returned to England seemingly prior to 1828, and died a wealthy man at Lisson Street Marylebone, County of Middlesex, in 1878.

Henry died on 14th March 1842, the entry appears in the St. Johns Wilberforce Register, his abode was given as Hunter’s Reach, his ship of arrival the “Coromandel”, and his age fifty-two years. The latter is probably a mistake made by the Rector, as this age is not consistent with other records. It would seem probable that after Henry died, Sarah moved to Windsor with her younger children and may have been assisting her son-in-law James Gosper to run his hotel in Bridge Street. After her daughter Margaret died in 1841, it is almost certain that Sarah reared Margaret’s orphaned children.

Sarah died at Windsor on 5th August 1859, and is buried at St. Matthews Windsor.

Convict Changes History

Peter Morris on 13th January, 2012 made the following changes:

date of birth 1782-00-00, gender f

Denis Pember on 13th April, 2016 made the following changes:

date of death: 5th August, 1859 (prev. 0000)

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