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Jane Brown

Jane Brown, one of 101 convicts transported on the Friendship, June 1817

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Jane Brown
Aliases: none
Gender: f

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: -
Occupation: -
Date of Death: 1817
Age: -

Life Span

Life span

Female median life span was 61 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 14 years

Crime: Possession of forged bank note
Convicted at: Middlesex Gaol Delivery
Sentence term: 14 years
Ship: Friendship
Departure date: June, 1817
Arrival date: 14th January, 1818
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 101 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 88, Class and Piece Number HO11/2, Page Number 352
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Leonie Fretwell on 24th September, 2017 wrote:

Drowned during voyage - off Cape Town - suicide.

Robin Sharkey on 5th October, 2018 wrote:


18th September 1817.
report of trial immediately preceding jane Brown’s was as follows:

First Middlesex Jury before mr Justice Recorder:
“846. GEORGE BLAKER was indicted for having in his custody and possession a forged Bank of England note, knowing it to be forged .
The prisoner pleaded GUILTY .
Transported for Fourteen Years.”

“847. JANE BROWN was indicted for the like offence .
The prisoner pleaded GUILTY .
Transported for Fourteen Years .
First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Recorder.”

Jane remained in gaol (probably Newgate) until women were taken out to be boarded on the “Friendship” sitting at Deptford.  This process started in early June 1817 (see gentleman’s letter dated 5 June 1817 to New Monthly Magazine Vol 7, 1817 pages 517-518) before ship’s departure on 3 July 1817.

What happened to Jane Brown on the voyage was detailed in a letter.

John Gyles, missionary, letter to the Newgate Ladies Committee in London:

“This unfortunate woman met an untimely death by the ill timed severity of the captain; she had a quarrel with anther convict woman, and was selected by the captain for punishment; the other was not punished.

She told the captain and surgeon that if she was punished above, that she would throw herself into the sea. A wooden collar was put about her neck, which she wore the whole of that day; in the night, she got her collar off; the captain observed it the next day; after tearing her bonnet and shawl off, with many oaths said he would put another collar on; she repeated, that she would throw herself overboard if he did.

He ordered the collar, and advanced towards her, when she threw herself overboard, and was drowned; this happened off the Cape of Good Hope. She was a decent well behaved young woman.”

Convict Changes History

Leonie Fretwell on 24th September, 2017 made the following changes:

gender: f, crime

Robin Sharkey on 5th October, 2018 made the following changes:

date of death: 1817 (prev. 0000)

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au