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John Brown

John Brown, one of 296 convicts transported on the Earl Cornwallis, August 1800

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: John Brown
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1778
Occupation: -
Date of Death: 27th July, 1828
Age: 50 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 54 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Breaking and entering and stealing
Convicted at: London Gaol Delivery
Sentence term: Life
Ship: Earl Cornwallis
Departure date: August, 1800
Arrival date: 12th June, 1801
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 294 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/1, Page Number 280
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Denis Pember on 30th November, 2015 wrote:

There appears to be a very confusing situation with John’s records. viz…..
There are two John Browns, both aged 22 in 1800.
Both tried the same day, January 15th 1800 at the Old Bailey.
Both Convicted and sentenced to death.
This sentence commuted to Life for both on the same summary.
(Transcript 18000115-5 before the Middlesex Jury and Lord Chief Baron and 18000115-43 before the London Jury and Mr Recorder)
Both transported on Earl Cornwallis, August 1800 and arriving 12th June 1801.

Denis Pember on 30th November, 2015 wrote:

In the colony, John Brown married Mary Garnham (Convict, Speedy, 1800). They married 8th April 1811 at Parramatta (V18111198 3A/1811 Brown John, Garnham Mary)
The couple had 3 children between 1804 and 1812.

Denis Pember on 30th November, 2015 wrote:

[A0403] John Brown, Earl Cornwallis, Shoemaker at Parramatta.
[A1826] Mary Gardner, Speedy, with John Brown at Parramatta.
{No other John Browns transported on Earl Cornwallis Located}

[0672] John Brown, Earl Cornwallis, tried Jan 1800, Old Bailey, Life.
[2215] Margery Garnham, Speedy, tried Jan 1799, Old Bailey, Life.
{No other John Browns transported on Earl Cornwallis Located}

[1876] John Brown, Earl Cornwallis, Constable.
[3411] Mary Garnham, Speedy, 2 children on stores, 1 child off, wife to Constable Brown.
{No other John Browns transported on Earl Cornwallis Located}

Unfortunately, there is no record in the 1828 census.  Mary having committed suicide by hanging in October 29th 1819 and John having died July 27th 1828.

Sacred to the memory of MARY BROWN
who Died Octr. the 29th 1819 Aged 37 years
JOHN BROWN who died July 27th 1828 aged 49 years
Beneath lies mouldering in the dust
A father kind, a tender mother dear
May they be numbered with the just
When they the last Trumpet shall hear
Burial register:
Mary Brown, Parramatta, 31-10-1819, 50 years, hanged herself
John Brown, 213, Parramatta, 29-7-1828 Constable, 45 years, free

Stuart Collins on 3rd October, 2016 wrote:

Thanks for highlighting the mysterious duplication of JB’s record, Denis. I’m curious! Stuart Collins (5G-grandson)

Convict Changes History

Denis Pember on 30th November, 2015 made the following changes:

date of birth: 1778 (prev. 0000), date of death: 27th July, 1828 (prev. 0000), gender: m, crime

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au