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Thomas Brown

Thomas Brown, one of 186 convicts transported on the Lord William Bentinck, 28 April 1832

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Thomas Brown
Aliases: Ward (alias)
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1814
Occupation: Gardener
Date of Death: 14th August, 1892
Age: 78 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 60 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Stealing
Convicted at: Essex Assizes
Sentence term: Life
Ship: Lord William Bentinck
Departure date: 28th April, 1832
Arrival date: 28th August, 1832
Place of arrival Van Diemen's Land
Passenger manifest Travelled with 185 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 89, Class and Piece Number HO11/8, Page Number 329 (165)
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

John Brown on 22nd January, 2012 wrote:

Thomas Brown, real name Ward, was the son of John. On March 7, 1831, at the age of 17 years, Thomas was convicted of stealing 2 Welsh calves and sentenced to death.Receiving a reprieve he was transported to Van Dieman’s Land for life. He arrived at Hobart on the "William Bentick II" on August 29, !832 and was assigned to Mr Turby/Turley. Thomas was listed as a native of Roydon/Royton Hamlet, Essex, England.
On July 21, 1835 at Westbury, Thomas was sentenced to 12 months on probation to a road party for living with a woman, Ann Pressner, passing themselves off a s man and wife (he had applied for permission to marry her but was refused). In September of 1835 Thomas absconded and received 12 months imprisonment with hard labour in chains on Westbury Road Party. Then on September 28, 1836 he received a further 6 months hard labour with Westbury Road Party for disobedience of orders.
In 1838 he married Ann Crosland, daughter of George Crosland and Ann (nee Haines) of Oxfordshire, England. Ann immigrated to Hobart, arriving on the Statfielday" on August 15, 1834. She was a seamstress and was assigned to Mrs. Carter on a salary of 20 pounds per annum. Thomas received his ticket of leave on July 5, 1839 and a conditional pardon on January 2, 1843 which was extended to October 1843.
While it is not known when Thomas and Ann came to NSW Thomas was a shepherd as "Guana Hill", Molong early 1844 and still at Molong in 1847. It is likely that their 5th child, born in 1849, was also born at Molong. He was baptised at the age of 10 years and on his certificate the abode was entered as Molong then crossed out and replaced with Foster’s Valley. On Georges’ death certificate he was listed as being born near Bathurst. As convict heritage was not acceptable in his time, George would never divulge and family history and it is possible he allowed the family to believe he was born near Bathurst - perhaps he hadn’t bothered to enquire himself. (source: "Families of Molong and District" by Aileen Robertson, 1993

Jill Woolaston on 17th March, 2012 wrote:

Colchester Gazette 12 March 1831
Essex Lent Assize, Chelmsford:  Thomas Ward alias Brown, 17, laborer, was convicted of stealing two Welch carves, value 8 pounds, the property of John Holmes, at Great Barndon.
Public Record Office - Essex Lent Assizes of 1831, Assi/271/1
Thomas Brown late of the parish of Romford in the County of Essex Laborer otherwise called Thomas Ward on the Twenty Sixth Day of January (1831) two heifers value 8 pounds of John Holmes.  To be hanged.  Reprieved, transported for life.  A calendar of the prisoners for trial is attached to the indictments and this also has him as Thomas Ward alias Brown, age 17, laborer, committed 29 January 1831 by E Ind Esquire.

Graham Carveth on 18th April, 2018 wrote:

Thomas Brown died at Lagoon on 14th August 1892, Death certificate number 7786. The children of the marriage were Mary 53, Ellen 51, Katherine 49, William 43, John 37, 3 boys dead. His wife Ann Brown nee Crosland died at Reedy Creek near Rockley on the 1st of April 1875, certificate number 4786. The children of the marriage were Maryanne 36, Ellen 34, Elizabeth 31, George 26, William 23, John 17, 2 males deceased.These two certificates correlate with Tasmanian birth records Maryanne Brown 4.12.1839 and Ellen 9.11.1841.              The Lagoon first appears on Ellen Brown’s marriage certificate when she married Richard Frogley in 1857 and it is near Bathurst.                      Where the age is listed as for example 34 for Ellen, she is actually in her 34th year but not yet 34.                            There is so much well constructed false information on Thomas Brown’s death certificate that the omission of George’s name may be just to confuse us.

Convict Changes History

Jill Woolaston on 17th March, 2012 made the following changes:

date of death 1901-00-00 (prev. 1901-12-19)

John Brown on 22nd January, 2012 made the following changes:

date of birth 1814-00-00, date of death 1901-12-19, gender m

Graham Carveth on 18th April, 2018 made the following changes:

alias1: Ward (alias) (prev. Ward (Alias)), date of death: 14th August, 1892 (prev. 1901)

Iris Dunne on 18th April, 2018 made the following changes:

alias1: Ward (prev. Ward (alias))

Graham Carveth on 18th April, 2018 made the following changes:

alias1: Ward (alias) (prev. Ward)

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