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Catherine Buckley

** community contributed record **

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Catherine Buckley
Aliases: none
Gender: -

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1824
Occupation: -
Date of Death: -
Age: -

Life Span

Life span

Median life span was 61 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 7 years

Crime: Stealing
Convicted at: Cork City
Sentence term: 7 years
Ship: Providence
Departure date: 10th December, 1810
Arrival date: 2nd July, 1811
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 83 other convicts

References

Primary source: NSW State Records -Convict indents per Providence 1811, Col Sec inwards Correspondence, NSW BDM, NSW Convict Musters, The Australian newspaper,25/11/1826; Orphan School Correspondence AONSW 4/330 p135-7; Orphan School Entry books. IRISH PRISONERS' PETITIONS SERIES - Doc Ref PPC-1247
Source description:

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Community Contributions

Robin Sharkey on 2nd February, 2015 wrote:

Catherine Buckley was aged 26 on departure per “Providence” convict ship from Cork, 7 year sentence at Cork City, departed Ireland 10 December 1810, arrived NSW January 1811.

Petition 25 October 1809 on Catherine Buckley’s behalf by other convicts in Cork Jail
Offence: Tried 1809 for stealing a scarlet cloth

In about mid September 1811 Catherine Buckley, nominally at the Female Factory Parramatta,  became pregnant to John Connor. He was a labourer in the Lumber Yard at Parramatta (per his petition dated 4th May 1812).

Catherine Buckley had picked a good, solid hardworking man. John Connor was then aged about 36 years to her 27 years, Irish, arrived in 1802 on “Atlas”; given Life transportation at a Limerick trial in 1801, for mutiny indicating he’d been in the navy on one of England’s ships.  He offered her a dependable home, built up savings, was truly well-regarded by all (as evidence by correspondence later in life), supported their family of five children well, did not stray and had an eye to the childrens’ future.  However Catherine threw all this away for an affair later in the 1820’s carried on under her husband’s nose, cuckolding him, and then perjuring herself to protect her own reputation.  In the process their whole family life was wiped out and her husband lost disown life within the year.

4 May 1812, John Connor sought an emancipation. Advised he would be given one from January 1813. No doubt the impetus fort his was the impending arrival of a child and his desire to be able to support them as a family with his own earnings.

1 June 1812 WITNESSES.  Catherine Buckley (2 weeks’ short of delivery) and John Connor were the witnesses at the marriage at St John’s Parramatta of Maurice/Morris Hickey and Bridget Quin. Bridget had come out on the “Providence “ with Catherine and Maurice Hickey was an Irishman who’d arrived on the “Boyd” in 1809 and also worked in the Parramatta Lumber Yard (1814 Muster). Only John Connor could sign his name.

15 June 1812 BIRTH - son John born. Baptised St John’s Parramatta August 9th 1812

9 August 1809.  DOUBLE WEDDING.  With their three-and-a-half week old baby, they held a double wedding at St John’s Parramatta with Michael Downing and Mary Conner.  Each couple was the witness for the other.  Again, only John Connor could sign his name.  Michael Downing was probably Michael Downey, United irishman per “Friendship” in 1800.  It is most likely that the two men were the friends since they had both been in the Colony over ten years, and were older Irish men beyond their prime of life.

January 1813 - husband John Connor Conditional Pardon.  After this he works for the next 7 years for Colonel O’Connell at Parramatta (per his petition dated 1823)

* 29 August 1814 BIRTH daughter Eleanor . Baptised 29/8/1814.
* 1814 Muster - Catherine Buckley living with john Connor, Free, Sydney, Labourer.
* 1816 BIRTH daughter Catherine Connor
* 1818 BIRTH son James (taken from correspondence with Orphan School 1828)
* 1822 BIRtH daughter Scholastica Connor. Baptised Catholic on * 22 Feb 1822 at WINDSOR. Baptism later registered with St Mary’s Cathedral records. Sponsors: Michael O’Brien and Honora Daly

* 1822 PURCHASE of 100 acres from Sir John Jamieson. Calls it “Glebe farm” - Land is described in sale/lease advertisement in August 1827 as “ … situate at the Race-ground, 4 miles from the Town of Windsor, and on the great road to Parramatta. There is an indifferent dwelling-house and barn on the farm. There are from 20 to 30 acres cleared, and it joins a common of several thousand acres. “

* 1822 Muster Honora Murphy per “Providence”, is working for John Connor as a servant.  The following year she has a child so is unlikely to have been aged 40 in 1810 departure and therefore 52 yrs now.

* 1823 John Connor petitioned for a grant of land, noting that he has “ FIVE children to support and has a farm of 100 acres by purchase from Sir John Jamieson, the savings of his honest industry .. having some five head of cattle and [further?] … being very desirous to exert himself for the interest of his young family and to place them as Farmers as they may become competent …”  He is told he may have the land under a ticket of occupation for depasturing his cattle. This must have been a disappointment since he wanted the land to secure for his children.

* William Connelly per “Hadlow” had arrived in 1820, the man who would cause Catherine Buckley to throw away her responsibilities to her family.  By 1822 he was working at Windsor - 1822 he’d been GS to Mr Fitzgerald at Windsor and in 1823 GS to William Redman.  Trouble would soon loom heavy on the horizon

During 1826, and if not before, Catherine Buckley conducted an affair with her husband’s Governemtn assigned farm servant, William Connelly per “Hadlow”. Connelly was not exactly a young plaything for her, he was described even in 1820 as having silver hair, with grey eyes and a dark sallow complexion. By 1826 he would be 51 years old.  John her husband would have been about 65.

Catherine sets up assignations with Connelly - at neighbour’s places, or in various spots in the bush around Windsor.  Connelly got re-assigned to Mr Redman at his own request of Connor but Catherine enticed him to come back with the promise that she would get John to allow him to cultivate an acre of land for himself.  in his evidence to the court he described their relationship then resuming as they ‘played the old game, as usual’.

One day John Connor followed or saw his wife and Connelly leave the high road about 4 miles from their farm and head into the bush.  he found them in a compromising situation. Perhaps he was used to her behaviour, certainly he suspected because he just shook his head. (The Australian, 25 Nov 1826, evidence by Connelly)

Catherine Connors reported that she had been raped by Connelly and he was charged.  JAIL BOOK entrance page for 21 November 1827
CONNOLLY William   Prisoner per Hadlow.
Charge of Rape Admitted for general Sessions at Sydney. Hearing at Criminal Court.
November 6th, Discharged to bail.

Catherine Connors had done a bunk before this time.  John had already advised the public he would not be paying any debts she incurred:

“NOTICE
WHEREAS MY WIFE CATHERINE CONNOR, having rendered herself unworthy of my confidence, in a manner not necessary to publish, I hereby caution all persons against giving her any trust or credit, as I will not pay any debts by her contracted after this notice.
JOHN CONNOR
Race Ground, near Windsor”

(from Various “The Australian” newspapers during October and November 1826.


The Australian 18 November 1826:
A woman, named Catherine Connor, who has been for some time an absentee from the neighbourhood of Windsor, where she had resided some years, is suspected to be concerned in a robbery which took place in that district some short time since. Warrants had been issued for the woman’s apprehension. On Thursday last she was taken in Sydney; and forwarded, under charge, to the Windsor Bench.

The charge was not theft but perjury for having lied that she had been violated by Connelly.  It was a consensual relationship.

SYDNEY JAIL BOOK
21 November 1827
CONNOR Catherine Free - Providence ship - committed by Wm Cox esq to Sydney
For Perjury. To Criminal Crt trial 22nd November.  GUILTY 28th December.  Transferred March 21st 1827 to Moreton Bay

TRIAL FOR WILFUL AND CORRUPT PERJURY

Supreme Court Trial reported 25 November 1826 (The Australian) for WILFUL and CORRUPT perjury.
All the details of the relationship with Connelly were set out in detail, no doubt to the hurt and embarrassment of her family.

At the end, she was found GUILTY and sentenced to three years’ transportation to Moreton Bay.

Her children were then aged 4 yrs; 8, 10, 12 and 14.

JOHN on the FARM:

Connelly had the hide to sue john Connor for payment of wages owed to him and he won the case, though not to the extent of the wages claimed:
Sydney Gazette, 23 December 1826 -page 3
William Connelly and. John Conner; for w8~s: “due for services as a labourer for’ 12 months. The former claimed 6l. 13s. 4d. the latter produced a set-off’ to which he was sworn, in absence of other proof.  Verdict—1l. 7s. 4d., and costs.

Gazette 27 February 1827
Convicts Absented themselves:
1. Harding, Patrick per ‘Pilot’, Labourer, 51, Tipperary, 5 feet 10 inches ,grey eyes, light sandy hair, fair complxn, from John Connor, Glebe Farm, Windsor.

Compounding his bad luck, John Connor was assaulted by two runaway convicts who went to his house, and violently beaten by them when they stole a pistol from him.  One was sentenced to 3 year’ transportation and the more violent one, named Alpin, to 8 years.  Gazette 14 February 1827 page 2.

DEATH of JOHN CONNOR 28 June 1827?. Burial at St Patrick’s Catholic Cemetery, Parramatta

GRAVESTONE:  JOHN CONNOR Who departed this life 28th June 1827   “66 Years”

ORPHANS

The children were orphaned now and the solicitor, Charles Chambers, looked after their interests.
John Connolly had died without a will (intestate) but with reasonable property. Chambers tried to get the two youngest into the Orphan schools.

“25 September 1827

“About six months ago the mother of these children was transported. for about three months afterwards ….  intestate leaving five children. I had a good opinion of him. He possessed one hundred acres of land which descends to his eldest son who is now sixteen years of age.

“His other property is worth about one hundred and twenty pounds and goes to the wife and children in certain proportions.
The eldest girl is about fourteen years old and a servant in a family at Parramatta.
The eldest is to be bound apprentice to a carpenter.
The second girl is in my own family.
The two remaining children a boy and girl (Scholastica, 5 years old and James. 7 years old) are as yet remaining at the houses of two friendly neighbours of their deceased father.

“I therefore beg leave to recommend those two children to the care of the Church Corporation as fit and proper objects for their consideration ….  The trustees will take the children into the Male and Female Orphan Schools if their proportions of the legacy are transferred into the Savings Bank in their names to accumulate till they marry or come of age. The Supreme Court has already put these effects in the hands of the registrar. ….

Chambers later wrote again:
“I have known the father of these children and respected him much - his character was good - but on behalf of these two youngest orphans, the children of a woman now a convict and considering the Governor as their proper guardian - I have humbly to request that His Excellency will be pleased to order their reception into the Male and Female Orphan Schools of the colony.

“… The children are of the Roman Catholic persuasion. the farm becomes the property of the eldest son. The wife when she returns may claim one third of the chattels and all that will remain for the five orphans is some horned cattle, a mare, and debts amounting to about eighty pounds - if sold and recovered.

“The eldest son is about to be apprenticed to a carpenter. The eldest girl is at service, the second girl is in my family and the two remaining children, James, 5 years old and Scholastica, seven years old, are at the houses of two neighbors of the deceased father, who will not continue to keep them without renumeration which the property cannot afford.
___________

(The two youngest children would no longer be of the Roman Catholic faith when they were discharged from the orphan Schools - they training all children within as Anglican regardless of faith of the family of origin).

The farm was put up for lease or sale in the advertisement set out above.

The childrens’ names become communal recorded as “O’Connor” from now.
It appeared that Catherine Buckley Connors came back from Moreton Bay and lived initially at Chambers’ house, according to a note in the Orphan school record for Scholastica.

SCHOLASTICA was admitted to the Female ORahn cSchool 9th February 1828.

JAMES was admitted to the Male Orphan School on 13th March 1828, aged 9;
Time of quitting the School:- Oct 6th 1830.
He was sent, aged 12, to work for JOHN BETTS at Parramatta, who wanted a general servant.  Luckily John CONNORS, who worked so hard for his childrens’ future, never got to see that ....

Convict Changes History

Robin Sharkey on 2nd February, 2015 made the following changes:

convicted at, term: 7 years, voyage, source: NSW State Records -Convict indents per Providence 1811, Col Sec inwards Correspondence, NSW BDM, NSW Convict Musters, The Australian newspaper,25/11/1826; Orphan School Correspondence AONSW 4/330 p135-7; Orph

Robin Sharkey on 23rd March, 2016 made the following changes:

source: NSW State Records -Convict indents per Providence 1811, Col Sec inwards Correspondence, NSW BDM, NSW Convict Musters, The Australian newspaper,25/11/1826; Orphan School Correspondence AONSW 4/330 p135-7; Orphan School Entry books. IRISH PRISONER

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au