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Thomas Chad

Thomas Chad, one of 200 convicts transported on the Surrey, 15 July 1831

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Thomas Chad
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 12th September, 1813
Occupation: -
Date of Death: 28th June, 1881
Age: 67 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 56 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: -
Convicted at: Middlesex Gaol Delivery
Sentence term: Life
Ship: Surrey or Surry
Departure date: 15th July, 1831
Arrival date: 26th November, 1831
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 200 other convicts

References

Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 89, Class and Piece Number HO11/8, Page Number 133 (69)
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Anonymous on 31st March, 2012 wrote:

THOMAS CHAD—————- A HISTORY OF::::::::::::
Notes: Parishes where the name Chad appeared in U.K.
CFI Hertford, Harpenden, Braughing, Gread Gaddesden.

Ch1-1 Thomas Chad 12/9/1813 Int. Genealogical Index (1 G 1) Mormon Church
Thomas Chad/Ann M.C. (Male Child) 12/9/1813
Eastwick C072321/0010 For Hertford England (Baptism Entry)
Thomas Chad was 20 years of age in 1831, (From Old Bailey Records) presumably born in 1811 or 1812. The child baptised at Eastwick would have been born 9 months after the marriage in Middlesex of Thomas and Anne (Wood), marriage date 14/12/1812 at St Mary LeBone Middlesex U.K.
If this is the case he would have only been 17 years old at the time of his trial not 20 years. Deduction: Either wrong baptism date or Thomas’s age incorrectly given.
On his conditional Pardon his birth date is given as 1811.
On his Headstone he died on 28th June 1881 aged 65 Years. Equals born 1816.
Taking into account the above dates there are discrepencies!!
The following should be born in mind. The English wanted to populate Australia quickly, some charges would have been "trumped up charges" by the authorities, some people would have seen becoming a convict being a way to escape England for a new life.

Thomas Chad: (from convict indent 907)
Age:         20 years, reads and writes. Protestant and Single
Native Place: Hertford.
Trade:     Porter.
Offence:     House robbery.
Tried:     Middlesex Goal Delivery 17/2/1831
Sentence:     Life - no former conviction.
Height:     5 ft. 7 1/4 ins.
Complexion:  Sallow.
Hair:       Brown.
Eyes:       Hazel.
Marks / Scars: Man, Woman, Heart, Darts, LVE on right arm, Crucifixion, and M.A.M.A.A anchor on left arm, TC over, slight long perpendicular scar on left cheek, scar on right eyebrow outside.
(Marks and Scars taken from conditional Pardon.)

THE TRIAL:
17th February 1831 at Middlesex Goal Delivery, Middlesex England.
Ref:: Copy - Guildhall Library - Aldermanbury, London. 17th February 1831.
Third Middlesex Jury before Mr. Sergeant Arabin.
442. THOMAS CHAD was indicted for stealing, on the 25th December, at St. James, Westminster, 2 coats, value 4 pounds, 1 flageolet, value 15 shillings, 1 watch, value 50 shillings, 2 waistcoats, value 1 pound, 1 shirt, value 10 shillings, 1 ring, value 12 shillings, 1 snuff box, value 6d, and 1 chain, value, 6d., the goods of John Boyd, in Iris dwelling house; and MARY ANN ALEXANDER was indicted for feloniously receiving, on the same day, at the same parish, the aforesaid goods, well knowing them to be stolen; against the statute ?c.
John Boyd. I keep the Grapes public house, in the Haymarket; it is my dwelling house, and is in the parish of St. James, Westminster - I have known the two prisoners about six months; they have been in the habit of frequenting my house - they were at my house on Christmas eve; I saw them about 9 o’clock in the evening, which was before I missed this property - I missed this property at half past one o’clock in the morning; the prisoners were then gone - I went upstairs to a cupboard on the second floor, for a coat, and found it broken open; I had been there at half past 9 o’clock - it was then secure, and I locked the cupboard; I cannot say at what time the prisoners went away - I missed from the cupboard, two coats, one flageolet, a watch, two waistcoats, and the other articles stated; they cost me 20 pounds - they might be worth 10 pounds.
Cross examined by Mr. Phillips. Q. Have you not been rather unfortunate in that house? A. Yes; I cannot say how many robbers have been taken out of that house: I do not know of any - no one has ever taken from that house to my knowledge; I have heard of two persons who frequented the house being taken up, but not in the house - the officers have been there, but the house has not been

searched, to my knowledge; the officers have been there to look for property - it is not a house in which gambling has been carried on at all hours.
John Wharton: I am a pawnbroker, and live at No. 1 Gloucester-terrace, Vauxhall-bridge-road. I have a coat, a shirt, and a ring; the shirt was pawned by the female prisoner, but I cannot say who pawned the coat and ring; the shirt was pawned on 30th of December, in the name of Ann Alexander, and the coat by a man on 28th of December.
Cross Examined: Q. The woman gave you her name? A. Yes; I had known her before - she has been in the habit of coming here.
William Henry Lloyd: I am a pawnbroker and live at No. 18 Strutton-ground. I have a waistcoat pawned for 3 shillings; by a woman who gave her name as Ann Gardner, and said she brought it for Ann Alexander.
Cross Examined: Q. it was not this prisoner? A. No.
James Marnham: I am a hay salesman and farmer. I have known Chad for some time; I was in company with him on the 8th of January - he showed me two duplicates, one of a black coat and one of a waistcoat, one in the name of Lloyd, and the other in the name of ????, he showed them to me at Kneesdon, in the parish of Wilsden; he wanted me to purchase them, but I did not, - I did not inspect them much, but I saw the names on them; one was similar to this of the coat for one pound five shillings , one was similar to this for the waistcoat.
Cross Examined: Q. Did you tell anybody what name on the duplicate was, till you saw these? A. I described them when I saw them.
Henry William Morrison: I went to a house and searched it - I found this chain there, but I did not know from the prisoners that it was their residence.
William Drane: I am a Police constable. I searched a room at No. 8 Coburg-row - I found this snuff box there; the two prisoners and another woman were in the room - the snuff box was in a drawer; I charged the prisoners with the robbery, and took them to the station-house, and from there to the Magistrate.
Cross Examined: Q. They were in the room when you got there, but you do not know whether it was their room? A. No.
John Boyd: These articles are my property and are a part of what I lost.
Cross Examined: Q. Is there anything particular about this chain? A. Here is a link or two broken, but it is a common chain - the articles were taken between half-past nine and half past one o’clock, but I cannot say the chain and snuff box were there then - I had not seen them that day to my knowledge; the clothes were there - there are a great many people at my house sometimes.
Chad’s Defence: I am innocent; I know nothing all about it.
CHAD__GUILTY__DEATH. Aged 20. ALEXANDER__NOT GUILTY [Feb 24]

Alex Chad writing. According to the Recorders Report No.1829, Sunday April 17th, 1831, made to His Majesty about the prisoners under sentence of death in Newgate Prison convicted at the last February Sessions including Thomas Chad. "All of whom his Majesty was graciously pleased to respite during his Royal pleasure except Gustavus Adolphus Frederick Ellis who is left for execu [sic] Editors note…possibly,’ who is left for execution on Tuesday next.’ "
This was the sixth voyage of the "Surry", an E1 Class ship of some 461 tons built at Harwick in 1811. It left on 17 July 1831 and arrived at Parramatta on 26th November 1831, a voyage of 132 days. There were 200 male convicts, one of which died during the voyage. The Master was Chas. Kemp, the surgeon Colin A. Browning. The Surry was a well known convict ship and in the voyage in 1814 had a ratio of 1 death for each 5.5 convicts on board. The Surry was one of the best known convict ships to come to Australia, making eleven voyages overall. She was wrecked on her last voyage in 1842 at the Cape of Good Hope. She landed 2173 convicts in all from 11 arrivals. 50 men and one woman died during the eleven journeys, 36 died on the first trip.

I have no records between Thomas’s arrival in Australia and his assignment to George Townshend as a convivt.

THOMAS CHAD THE CONVICT IN AUSTRALIA:
Thomas Chad was assigned to Mr. George Townshend, "Trevallyn" on the Allyn River Paterson NSW. Townshend had many assigned convicts.
His Ticket of Leave No: 39/2325 was granted the 12th Dec 1839 appears on the top and on the bottom "Allowed to remain in the District of Paterson on recommendation ????????
Dated August 1839.
Convicts sentenced to "Life" had to seve a minimum of 8 years with one Master as a convict.
Thomas committed the crime in Feb 1831
Left England                         July 1831
Arrived In Australia               Nov 1831
Eight years later in                 Dec 1839 after his arrival he attained his Ticket of leave. (39/2525)
He was not permitted to leave the Paterson District (legally) whilst he was on Ticket of Leave unless he had a passport to do so.
Two months after attaining his ticket of leave he was married.
Interestingly it was another eight years in 1847 that a Conditional pardon was granted.
Thomas and Amelia, Malcolm and Diannes share the same wedding date some 135 years later.

Conditional Pardon Recommended:
Register of convicts recommended (note recommended) for Conditional Pardon (Reel 797) 1846:
Petition No. 250
Thomas Chad. Recommended by: G.Townsend, Alfred Glennie, W.B. Boydell J.P. G. Chapman……
There are certainly 5 names, the only one completely decipherable being Alfred Glennie., The last which followed by other marks could be either part of the name or else a fifth name.
Petition No. 250 for Conditional Pardon in 1846.

In The New South Wales Governor’s Dispatch to the Secretary of State for the colonies Vol. 33 for Jan. - June 1840 p. 503 is the following:
My Lord, I have the honor to forward herewith the following Annual Returns from the Principal Superintendent of Convicts for the year 1839.
1. Return of Ticket of Leave granted during the year (2181 in Number).
2. Return of Convicts who have died in the Colony during the year (535 in number).
Signed by Gipps. And on p. 665
No. 2085 Thomas Chad Surry (5)  Midds. Gi?? 17 Feb. 1837 Life.
In the Governor’s despatches Vol.52 of Jul - Dec 1846 p. 141 is the following:
List of Five Hundred persons who have applied for second class conditional pardons to take effect in the Australian Colonies excluding New Zealand and who are recommended by his Excellency Sir George Gipps as worthy of that indulgence under the provisions of the Act of Parliament 6th Victoria cap.7.
And on p. 145
Chad, Thomas Surrey (5) 183 Life

CONDITIONAL PARDON:
Thomas Chad was granted a Conditional Pardon
Surname: CHAD First Name: Thomas -
Vessel Surrey:
Year: 1831
Pardon No: 47/466
Pardon Type: CP
Date of Pardon: 30 Jul 1847
Item: [4/4451]
Reel: 783
Page: 431-432
by His Excellency Sir George Gipps.

In the Conditional Pardon p. 431 and p. 432 of Register 21 7/09/1847 it states:
Thomas Chad "was sentenced to Transportation, and was accordingly Transported to the said Colony for the period of his natural life" The pardon was to take effect "in all parts of the world, except The United Kingdom Of Great Britain and Ireland". So the death penalty was obviously altered to transportation prior to the death penalty being executed.
He was transported to Australia on the "Surry".

Ref : Bateson 1983
THOMAS AND AMELIA MARRY:
Marriage Solemnized in the Parish of Houghton, County of Durham, N.S.W.
Number: 650 Vol:  24 B
Thomas Chad of the District of Paterson, Bachelor and
Amelia Munsie of the District of Paterson Spinster
Were Married in this place by Banns
With consent of———- this sixth day of February in the year 1840 by me
J. Jennings Smith, M.A. Minister of Paterson.
This marriage was solemnized between us Thos. Chad   Amelia Munsie
In the presence of {James Richardson of Paterson District
{ Anne Richardson of Paterson District.
Ref:: Registration of Births Deaths and Marriages Act 1973. Application P35108/83 WS
I, Trevor William Haines, hereby certify that the information contained herein is a true copy of
particulars recorded in a Register of Church of England Marriages kept by me.
Issued at Sydney on 16th May 1983
How did Thomas marry without a Conditional Pardon? The marriage certificate shows that no one gave consent. Maybe there was a different rule for Banns?
The Munsie family arrived in Australia on 24th April 1839,
Thomas and Amelia were married on 6th February 1840, 10 months after Amelia arrived.
Nickless was born on 6th August 1840, therefore Nickless was conceived out of wedlock.
The 1841 Hunter Valley Directory lists Thomas Chad and Mrs. Thomas Chad (nee Amelia Munsie) , Labourer, "Ravenscroft", Allyn River. No Munsies are listed in this directory.
In the "Maitland Mercury" of 11th August 1855 headed "Collections for the Paterson Patriotic Fund" (for widows and orphans from the Crimean War)
Thomas Chad donated one pound.

DEDUCTIONS: Thomas Chad:
1. Married in 1840,
2. Thomas Chad was a laborer in 1841 & 1842,
3. in 1843 - 1855 he was a farmer,
4. pardoned in 1847,
5. auction sale 1857

GEORGE TOWNSHEND: (Thomas Chad was seconded to Townshend)
The first grants of land in this area in the early 1800’s were a property issued to G. Townshend called "Caergwyrle", now East Gresford and another to Charles Boydell which he called "Camyr Allyn" which is now Gresford, about 2km’s away.
George Townshend had a huge holding of property around Paterson, he bought, sold, and leased thousands and thousands of acres [ George Townshend 1798-1872 and "Trevallyn" Paterson River by Jack Sullivan] then became bankrupt and went through the insolvency courts as did many others at the time due to severe depression. He was also a creditor in another insolvency for 31 pounds. Because he had bequeathed "Trevallyn" to his wife as a marriage settlement. [maybe that is why the divorce rate was much lower in those days!] the property was able to be retained, even though George Townshend lost all of his own property.
In 1849 a portion of "Trevallyn" was subdivided into small farms which were advertised for lease. Each contained a shingled hut and was adapted to grow tobacco, maize, being one mile from a water mill, presumably belonging to Townshend. [Did our Tom lease one or more of these blocks?]
In July 1857 there was a huge flood. On June 19 [before Thomas’s auction sale] the heaviest rain in memory fell, the Paterson rising to fifteen feet ABOVE the HIGHEST level known. Townshend’s water mill was washed away, presumably the one referred to above.
In July 1857 "Trevallyn" was offered for sale but was not sold as at December 1857 and was withdrawn from the market, reason unknown.
There is little doubt now that Thomas and Amelia left the Paterson area in 1857.
In the Estate of Michael Farrell, a third meeting; the estate of G. Townshend, 31 pounds 5

shillings. The meeting allowed the insolvent to retain his furniture and wearing apparel, on condition of his paying the rent. (Ref: Sydney Morning Herald 27th March 1844.)
IN THE INSOLVENT ESTATE OF GEORGE TOWNSHEND, OF "TREVALLYN".
LAND ON THE ALLYN AND PATERSON RIVERS.
FOR SALE BY PRIVATE CONTRACT.
The eligible Homestead on the Allyn, commonly known as "Doust’s Farm", consisting of
(640) six hundred and forty acres, with a river frontage of upwards of a mile and a half, and bounded on three sides by Crown Lands. The improvements consist of a cottage, barn, huts, stock yards, etc., a cultivation paddock of ten acres, and two grass paddocks recently enclosed. The farm is at present under lease to an industrious tenant at a yearly rent of sixty pounds. (I wonder was this industrious tenant Thomas Chad and Amelia)
One hundred and fifty acres on the Paterson River, immediately opposite "Trevallyn House", and
adjoining the property of F.B. Gibbes Esq.
About five acres on the river bank are cleared and fit for cultivation, and a paddock of about thirty acres
is enclosed with a three railed fence.
Further particulars may be learnt on application to the undersigned, who will be open to
treat with intending purchasers until 4th January next.
JOHN HECTOR
Provisional Trustee.
(Ref; Sydney Morning Herald, 18th Dec. 1844, p.4.) From the 18th Dec. until 4th Jan is not a lot of time to organise the purchase of a property, maybe solicitors were not invented in that era!

On the 31st October 2001, together with my wife Dianne and Philip and Hilary Atwill, we travelled to the "Allyn River" area. At East Gresford we picked up Delma Lawrence (East Gresford Hist. Soc.) Delma has a wealth of knowledge on the history of the "Allyn River" area and in particular "Belgrave" as her family has lived in that area for 150 years! She was able to show us the sites where Thomas Chad lived. I am unsure which site Thomas first lived on.
Site (1). Travelling along "Allyn River Road" to the intersection of "Chad’s Creek Road", ( Chad’s Creek was named in 1857 Maitland Mercury) then 1.7 km’s along "Chad’s Creek Road". On the Left side and about 150 m down to "Chad’s Creek" there is a small flat area of land adjacent to the creek. Delma said that this was the site of one of Thomas’s homes.
Site (2). Leaving the above intersection on the "Allyn River Road" travel 4.6 km’s, to "Belgrave", enter "Belgrave" and travel down the hill to an old dairy shed and on your left is a hayshed, below the hayshed, in the next paddock are the remains of a chimney. This is the other home where Thomas lived. One would assume that he lived at site (1) first as this property was purchased by Townshend first and Thomas’s auction sale was held on "Belgrave" prior to him leaving the district.

From the Maitland Mercury…18th Jan 1851
MAITLAND HOSPITAL.
On Wednesday the annual meeting of the subscribers to the Maitland Hospital was held at Maitland Hospital:
Donations: Mr. Thomas Chad, Allyn River.  1 0 0 (Pounds) 
In 1861 the Australian Government offerred a 50 pound reward for Thunderbolt’s capture!

Maitland Mercury Wed 4th Feb 1852
At the Gresford Pound, Paterson River.
MR. A- DODDS has received positive
instructions from Mr. Thomas Chad to
sell by auction, at the Gresford Pound, on FRIDAY, 20th February, at Eleven o’clock pre- cisely,
137 Head of Quiet DAIRY CATTLE, com-prising
53 Milch Cows, with calves at foot 30 Heifers, from 1 lo 3 years old
45 Bullocks and Steers, many of them fit to
break-in as workers 3 Quiet Durham Bulls
6 Excellent Working Bullock?.
ALSO,
1 Cart Mare, with foal at foot 1 " Filly, 3 years old
1 Saddle Mare and foal, 4 years old
2 Capital Brood Mares, half-bred Arabs, with foals

2 Fillies, 2 years old
3 Mares and Foals
2 Useful Horses, for saddle and harness.
TERMS-£5 and under, cash ; above that amount
approved endorsed bills at 3 months.
The Cows can be particularly recommended to the notice of Dair\men and others; in fact the whole herd are of a superior breed. The Horses are of a serviceable description, in gotd condition, and remarkably quiet.
Refreshments, provided.
SALE BY AUCTION:
Maitland Mercury 11th June 1857.
AT "BELGRAVE", UPPER ALLYN RIVER
Mr. W.M. George has been honored with instructions from Mr. Thomas Chad, "Belgrave", to sell by auction, At his Homestead, on Tuesday, June 30th, 1857 at eleven O’clock,
The under mentioned VALUABLE STOCK, consisting of,
12 COWS broken to bail/ 8 Ditto, with calves, or springing.
10 Young heifers. 20 Steers, fit to yoke.
8 Working bullocks. 5 First rate well bred saddle horses.
1 Ditto mare with foal. 1 Ditto, to carry a lady.
1 Ditto mare, by old DOCTOR. (obvi

Convict Changes History

Anonymous on 31st March, 2012 made the following changes:

date of birth 1813-09-12, date of death 1881-06-28, gender m

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au