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Patrick Collins

** community contributed record **

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Patrick Collins
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1788
Occupation: -
Date of Death: 20th December, 1814
Age: 26 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 61 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Stealing
Convicted at: Ireland, Dublin
Sentence term: Life
Ship: Providence
Departure date: 10th December, 1810
Arrival date: 2nd July, 1811
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 82 other convicts

References

Primary source: http://members.pcug.org.au/~ppmay/convicts.htm Sydney Gazette 17 December 1814, 2 July 1814, Colonial Secretary's Papers, "Estramina" ship list to Newcastle dated 2 February 1813 and "Endeavour" dated 27 February 1814.
Source description:

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Community Contributions

D Wong on 14th January, 2014 wrote:

Patrick Collins was 23 years old on arrival.  He became a runaway and a notorious bushranger, in the company of Dennis Donovan.

1814: was a convict off stores.

Notorious Bushranger Apprehended 24 September 1814
Patrick Collins, the notorious bushranger implicated in the murder of Alder, White, and the woman at Hawkesbury, in company with the late Donovan, and, suspected also of many subsequent robberies, was apprehended on Thursday evening by a party of soldiers quartered at Liverpool, conducted by Mr. John Warby, and several natives, by whom his place of concealment near the Devil’s Back, had been discovered. In an effort to escape he was speared by one of the natives in the leg and arm, when finding himself immediately overpowered, he was forced to yield, and was brought in yesterday.
The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser.

20/12/1814: Was found guilty of murder and was executed.

Robin Sharkey on 22nd February, 2014 wrote:

ORIGINAL IRISH CRIME FOR WHICH TRANSPORTED

Patrick Collins was tried at the regular Dublin Commission of Oyer and Terminer - In October according to Transportation records - and was sentenced probably in late October of 1809:

FREEMANS JOURNAL dated 4th November 1809:
” .Commission Intelligence
...  Patrick Collins who was found guilty of STEALING A CASE OF PISTOLS FROM MR MULEY, was sentenced to be transported for seven [sic] years.”

In fact he was given a LIFE transportation - the Irish newspapers did not always report the sentences correctly.

CRIME IN NSW
Patrick Collins was dfirst sent to NEWCASTLE for one year, found guilty of an unnamed crime by the Governor. He proceeded on teh Estramina with six others, including a Providence convict, George Charters/Charteris.

12 months later he was heading up to Newcastle again:
27 February 1814 but this time was being sent by the Governor for the remainder of his sentence i.e. life.  Also on board the “Endeavour” to Newcastle with him was Dennis Doonovan. Donovan had arrived in 1809 on the Boyd and it was not until March 1813 that he was first reported, as having absconded from his employment at Lane Cove and while escaped committed a burglary in a house at Long Point and stole bedding and clothing. He was captured and tried in October 1820 and given a death sentence.  However, Gov Macquarie commuted this on 30th October, 1813,  to life transportation and so he eventually ended up on the same boat as Patrick Collins.

The two escaped from Newcastle together within a short time of their arrival in late February 1814.  The newspaper reports noted that travellers by land to/from the Hunter’s River area were forced to cross the Hawkesbury River at “Croppy’s” Beach.

William Alder lived at the Upper Branch of the Hawkesbury, and part owned a boat.  On the 15th March 1814 he and his boat Assistant, Thomas White, together with Hannah Sculler who lived with White, had arrived at Mahar Creek (also Mother Mahar’s Crrek) near the First Branch of the Hawkesbury and about 15 miles from Croppys beach.  Bad timing ... Collins and Donovan were about….

They murdered the three people on the boat, probably on 16th March 1814. The mens’ bodies were found on the boat 17th March by a limeburner named Stokes; Alder had his head beaten to pieces with an axe, White’s throat had been cut, and Hannah’s body was on the shore at the low water mark having been killed with blows to the back of the head.

On 16th March Collins & Donovan stayed in the hut of a stock-keeper at Lane Cove named Magrath (probably known to Donovan from his time there) and sold and gave him some items (watch, compass, canvas bag and clothing) that had belonged to the three murdered people. This was critical evidence in linking them to the murder.

Donovan was captured, found guilty on 1st July and executed, confessing only at the very end.  Advertisements appeared with a reward for Collins’ capture all through 1814, he being captured eventually in September (see description in above entries). One Warby (& others) were paid in December 1814 accounts the reward of £18 for the captire of Patrick Collins “Notorious bushranger” , however he was a bushranger in the sense that he had to live off his his wits and stolen supplies, as an escaped and wanted convict.

Patrick Collins was indicted on Monday 5th December 1814 when he “Stood mute” and refused to plead. But he thought better of it and pleaded “not guilty” the next day. His trial went ahead the following Monday 12th December, lasting all day and he was found guilty.  The report of his trial is in Sydney Gazette dated 17th December. 

He would have been hanged shortly after.

Convict Changes History

D Wong on 14th January, 2014 made the following changes:

convicted at, term 99 years, voyage, source, firstname, surname, alias1, alias2, alias3, alias4, date of birth 1788, date of death 20th December, 1814, gender, occupation, crime

Robin Sharkey on 22nd February, 2014 made the following changes:

source: http://members.pcug.org.au/~ppmay/convicts.htm Sydney Gazette 17 December 1814, 2 July 1814, Colonial Secretary's Papers, "Estramina" ship list to Newcastle dated 2 February 1813 and "Endeavour" dated 27 February 1814. (prev. http://members.pcug.o

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