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Elizabeth Cooper

Elizabeth Cooper, one of 99 convicts transported on the Competitor, 09 June 1828

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Elizabeth Cooper
Aliases: none
Gender: f

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1791
Occupation: Dairymaid
Date of Death: 7th January, 1854
Age: 63 years

Life Span

Life span

Female median life span was 53 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 7 years

Crime: Robbery
Convicted at: Middlesex Gaol Delivery
Sentence term: 7 years
Ship: Competitor
Departure date: 9th June, 1828
Arrival date: 10th October, 1828
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 98 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 89, Class and Piece Number HO11/6, Page Number 415 (209)
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

John Squires on 20th September, 2016 wrote:

Elizabeth appears to have been born in Surrey in about 1791. In the records of the London Assizes, on 10 April 1828, she was brought before the court charged with “Robbery of Lodging”. She had been working as a Charwoman and Washerwoman in London. Elizabeth was convicted and given a sentence of transportation for seven years.

Also on trial that day was her oldest daughter, Carol, aged 16, charged with “Stealing a Kettle”. She had been working as a domestic servant (noted as “Nurse Girl”). Like her mother, she was given a sentence of transportation for seven years.

Elizabeth and Carol were sent to the colony on the same ship, the Competitor, along with Elizabeth’s other two daughters, Louisa and Matilda.

John Steward was the commander of the Competitor, which set sail from London on 13 June 1828 and arrived in Sydney on 10 October that year. It carried 99 female convicts on board.

A muster held on the day after arrival, 11 October, describes her as:
“Elizabeth Cooper, aged 37, no education, Protestant, widowed, 2 children with her, [with a] wart left under lip, 5?3½?, fair complexion, light brown hair, hazel eyes”.

Carol, her daughter, is described as:  “Elizabeth Watts or Carol Cooper, aged 16, reads and writes, Protestant, single, 5?2?, fair complexion, sandy hair, hazel eyes”.

Upon leaving the ship, Carol was sent to work for Joseph Underwood. Her mother, Elizabeth, was sent to George Tate. Her two young daughters, Louisa and Matilda, were sent to the government’s Female Orphan School at Parramatta on 20 October 1828.

Elizabeth was resourceful; early the next year, she petitioned for marriage, and on 26 January 1829, Elizabeth Cooper (alias Lawrence) married William Bedmington. Rev. Richard Hill conducted the service at St James, Sydney. William was a bachelor, aged 33, who had been transported to NSW in 1819 on the ship Lord Sidmouth.

This newfound status enabled Elizabeth to petition the Governor for her daughters to be returned to her. Her letter of 31 March 1829 noted that she had “married about two months ago to Mr. Bedminton, a Bricklayer, and can now support the children”. Her request was successful; the two girls were returned to her on 7 April.

Unfortunately, William Bedmington died the next year (1830), at the age of 34. Elizabeth was once again widowed!

She soon petitioned once more for permission to marry—and so Charles Turner and Elizabeth Bedmington were married in 1830 at St Phillip’s Church, Sydney. Charles is identified as a freeman. On 22 April 1835, Elizabeth was granted her Certificate of Freedom, as the seven years of her sentence had been served.

Maureen Crawley on 13th December, 2016 wrote:

On 22 April 1835 received Certificate of Freedom (NSW AO 35/0372 Reel 994) stated wife of Charles Turner

The Sydney Morning Herald - Monday 9 Jan 1854 page 8
On the 7th instant, Mrs Elizabeth Turner, wife of Mr Charles Turner, Prince Albert Inn, Paddington, after a long and painfull illness aged 60 years.

The Emprie (Sydney) - Monday 9 January 1854 page 2
On the 7th instant, Mrs Elizabeth Turner, wife of Mr Charles Turner, Prince Albert Inn, Paddington, after a long and painfull illness aged 60 years.

Penny-Lyn Beale on 26th September, 2020 wrote:

UK, Royal Navy Medical Journals,
Age 36. The surgeon describes her as “of a tall and slender formative of body, she suffered much from this affliction duty the who passage
Nature of Disease; Asthenia induced by excessive Sea Sickness

Convict Changes History

Maureen Crawley on 13th December, 2016 made the following changes:

date of birth: 1791 (prev. 0000), date of death: 7th January, 1854 (prev. 0000), gender: f, occupation, crime

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au