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Hannah Cotton

Hannah Cotton, one of 89 convicts transported on the Earl of Liverpool, December 1830

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Hannah Cotton
Aliases: none
Gender: f

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1801
Occupation: Laundress
Date of Death: 10th April, 1867
Age: 66 years

Life Span

Life span

Female median life span was 53 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Larceny from a person
Convicted at: Middlesex Gaol Delivery
Sentence term: Life
Ship: Earl of Liverpool
Departure date: December, 1830
Arrival date: 5th April, 1831
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 112 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 89, Class and Piece Number HO11/7, Page Number 534
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

David Turner on 19th February, 2016 wrote:

Married to Theophilus Cotton, convicted of separate larceny charge in 1827 and sentenced to 7 years and deportation but commuted to goal in England.

D Wong on 20th February, 2016 wrote:

Old Bailey:
HANNAH COTTON, Theft > theft from a specified place, 15th April 1830.

Reference Number: t18300415-15
Offence: Theft > theft from a specified place
Verdict: Guilty
Punishment: Death

Second Middlesex Jury - Before Mr. Sergeant Arabin.
HANNAH (THE WIFE OF THEOPHILUS) COTTON was indicted for stealing, on the 1st of January , at St. Leonard, Shoreditch, one 50l., one 40l., and two 5l. Bank notes, the property of James Silverthorn, in his dwelling-house.
MR. CLARKSON conducted the prosecution.
JAMES SILVERTHORN . I keep the Bald Faced Stag public-house, Worship-street. The prisoner was my servant of all work - it is my dwelling-house, and is in the parish of St. Leonard, Shoreditch. In October last I had a 50l., a 40l., and two 5l. Bank notes - I deposited them in my cash-box, which was kept in a small room behind the bar; it had no lock to it, but the drawer in which it was was always kept locked - I never found it open; the same key unlocked the drawer and till - the key was always in the till, except when wanted to open the drawer. On the 1st of January I went to my cash-box to take the notes out, and they were gone; the prisoner was in my service at this time - I suspected my pot-boy, and had him apprehended; he was discharged - and in consequence of information afterwards received I had inquiry made about the prisoner, who had left my service on the 10th of January; she knew where the cash-box was kept - I had seen the notes safe ten days before I missed them: in consequence of further suspicion I went to Chatham, with Brown, the officer; we got information there from Captain Lloyd, and found Mr. Osborn, a linen-draper, at Chatham, and ascertained something about the notes - I returned to London with the officer, and proceeded to Ireland, about four miles beyond Tuam, to a village called Woodcay, and apprehended the prisoner there on the 28th of January; when we were on board the steam-packet, coming home, I handed her some refreshment - she said she had been a very bad woman, and I had been a very good master; she was at that time in custody for robbing me - I had charged her with it.

The trial continued at length –

Prisoner’s Defence. I was sweeping the rooms one morning, and picked them up in the passage, and nine or ten days after I heard mistress and master saying something about missing something in a parcel, I said to myself these papers I found must be some money, and somebody must have dropped it who has come to the house; I kept it nine or ten days, then heard a great noise about four notes being lost out of a parcel; master said at first there were six notes in it, and then four, but there were only two papers in the parcel I found; mistress said she had them in her hand on the Monday before the Friday she lost them, and I had had these a long time before that; I went to Chatham and gave them to a woman to read, she said it was a 5l. and a 10l. and wanted to go out and get them changed - I said I would go myself; I went to a grocer’s and bought a few articles, and asked them to change a 5l. note; he said, “Good woman, this is a 50l. note;” I showed him the other, he said it was 40l., and said, “Never mind paying for the things now, take them to the public-house where you lodge, they will take care of them for you.” I went and began to tell the publican’s wife how I got them - she said, “Never mind, go over to that shop, and you will get change for it - never mind who you are.” I went; I did not know it was master’s money; I never took the money out of the drawer; mistress said there was 40l. in sovereigns and 40l. in silver, if I took any thing I should take that.
MR. SILVERTHORNE. The prisoner left me without notice.
[Monday, April 19.] GUILTY - DEATH . Aged 28.

Hannah Cotton was born in Galway – she was married to Theophilus Cotton who was about the same age, they had 1 child.

21/2/1833: Sydney Gazette:
Hannah Cotton, assigned to H. Shadforth, Esq., being troubled with an unconquerable propensity for roaming, was submitted to the skill of his worship, whose fame has spread far and wide for his successful mode of treatment in maladies of this nature, the first dose 6 weeks 3rd class, and returned to service, to be repeated, as often as required.

1839: TOL, Windsor

1841 Census: At George Street, Windsor, Parish of St. Matthew.

1/10/1842: CP

The Old Bailey:
MICHAEL COTTON, THEOPHILUS COTTON, Theft > stealing from master, 15th February 1827.

But not being a servant. - Transported for Seven Years.
Transported for Fourteen Years.

Theophilus Cotton did not arrive as a convict and must have served time in England.
He was a witness at the trial of Hannah in 1830.

Michael Cotton arrived per Champion 1827.

David Turner on 21st February, 2016 wrote:

Theophilus Cotton served his time on the Hulks on the Thames, was released on 12 April 1833, must have earned good behaviour time.
He subsequently married a Mary Keenen on 27 September 1835 as a “widower” at St Leonards, Shoreditch; possibly had a son George b. April 1838 and died in Shoreditch in January 1842, buried in St Leonards, Shoreditch.

David Turner on 21st February, 2016 wrote:

Henry Shadworth managed the property Ravenswood in Bringelly.
The 1841 Census records there being 22 males and 5 females, 1 completed inhabited wooden house there. Henry held positions in the Legislative Assembly and Council.
His father was an eminent person in the community and details can be found on both father and son in various web sites etc.

Penny-Lyn Beale on 24th November, 2020 wrote:

New South Wales, Australia, Convict Indents, 1788-1842.

Name; Hannah Cotton
Ship; Earl of Liverpool. 1831
Indent No; 137 - 31. 18
Age; 30   Est birth Year; 1801
Unable to Read & Write;
Married - 1 male child
Religion; Rom. Cath.
Native Place; Galway
Calling; Laundress & plain cook
Offence;  Robbing master of money
Date of Trial: Middlesex. 15th Apr 1830
Sentence;  Life   -  previous convictions; Nil
Height; 5 ft. 0 in
Complexion; Ruddy, freckled
Hair; Dark Brown
Eyes; Dark Grey
Noted against name; HUSBAND; Theophilus Cotton, convict at Chatham

Convict Changes History

David Turner on 19th February, 2016 made the following changes:

date of birth: 1801 (prev. 0000), date of death: 10th April, 1867 (prev. 0000), gender: f, occupation, crime

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au