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John Crane

John Crane, one of 200 convicts transported on the Earl Spencer, May 1813

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: John Crane
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 17th May, 1765
Occupation: Shoemaker
Date of Death: 5th August, 1848
Age: 83 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 61 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 14 years

Crime: Possession of forged bank note
Convicted at: Middlesex Gaol Delivery
Sentence term: 14 years
Ship: Earl Spencer
Departure date: May, 1813
Arrival date: 9th October, 1813
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 199 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/2, Page Number 98
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Denis Pember on 24th January, 2016 wrote:

John Crane’s trial took place at the Old Bailey on 3 Nov 1812: (part transcript 18121028-51)
JOHN CRANE was indicted for that he, on the 12th of September, feloniously had in his custody and possession three forged bank notes for payment of one pound each, he knowing them to be forged.
SECOND COUNT, that he had in his custody one forged bank note, he knowing it to be forged.
THIRD and FOURTH COUNTS, that he had in his dwelling-house, like bank notes; and
TWO OTHER COUNTS, that he had, without lawful excuse, in his lodgings, like forged bank notes, and
ANOTHER COUNT, in his apartment like bank notes.
The prisoner was presented with the evidence and stated that he had no defence and was guilty.
He was convicted to 14 years imprisonment and sent to Sydney on the ship ‘Earl Spencer’ which sailed on 2 Jun 1813 and arrived in Sydney on 9 Oct 1813 under Master William Mitchell.
The ‘Earl Spencer’ was a 672 ton ship carrying 16 guns and was built in the Thames in 1803. She carried 56 crew, surgeon D. Mackenzie, 200 male convicts, members of the 73rd regiment and several passengers. Four convicts and a ship’s boy died during the voyage.

Denis Pember on 24th January, 2016 wrote:

John had married Susannah Elizabeth Broom, at Norwich, Norfolk, England, April 8 1787. They had several children before he was convicted and transported.

Susannah received permission from the Privy Council to come to Sydney. She sailed on the ship ‘Mary Ann’ arriving in Sydney on 19 Jan 1816, with her children Christopher and Charles.
Her Daughter May Ann arrived on the ship Northampton with her sister Elizabeth in 1816. Her son John arrived on the Malabar on 19 Nov 1821.
Her two eldest children William and Susannah remained in England.

Denis Pember on 24th January, 2016 wrote:

In 1822, John must have been doing quite well:
He advertised his business on the Sydney Gazette of 18 Jan 1822 as a shoemaker and leather seller:
MR. JOHN CRANE, SHOEMAKER and LEATHER-SELLER, in the Rear of the Government Windmill, behind Prince-street, Greater Sydney, respectfully informs the Public, and his Customers particularly, that all WHOLESALE and RETAIL ORDERS are executed on the shortest Notice, and at the lowest possible Rate.

In addition, he petitioned the Governor in 1822 saying that he had a house at the back of the windmill and another in Cumberland Street and lived at 2 Kent Street. In 1824 his petition for pardon stated he had built a fine two storey house in Cumberland Street and had erected a valuable stone tenement at the back of the Military Windmill. John was granted his absolute pardon on 3 Nov 1826.

Denis Pember on 24th January, 2016 wrote:

Sainty & Johnson; 1828 Census of New South Wales:
[Ref C2813] Crane, John, 63, free by servitude, Earl Spencer, 1814, 14 years, shoemaker, Cumberland Street Sydney.
[Ref C2814] Crane, Susannah, 64, came free, Mary Ann 1816.
[Ref C2815] Crane, Charles, 26, came free, Mary Ann, 1816.

# also..
[Ref C2797] Crane, John 39 CF, Malabar, 1821 Shoemaker at Castlereagh St Sydney, with his wife Rebecca and 1 child.
[Ref C2806] Crane, Christopher, 27 CF, Mary Ann, 1815, Shoemaker at Castlereagh St Sydney, with his wife Sarah and 3 children.
Two daughters are not listed, both already deceased.

Convict Changes History

Denis Pember on 24th January, 2016 made the following changes:

date of birth: 17th May, 1765 (prev. 0000), date of death: 5th August, 1848 (prev. 0000), crime

Denis Pember on 24th January, 2016 made the following changes:


Denis Pember on 24th January, 2016 made the following changes:

gender: m

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