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James Crofts

James Crofts, one of 160 convicts transported on the Hibernia, 20 November 1818

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: James Crofts
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1792
Occupation: Framework knitter
Date of Death: 23rd March, 1854
Age: 62 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 61 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Highway robbery
Convicted at: Leicestershire Assizes
Sentence term: Life
Ship: Lady Castlereagh
Departure date: December, 1817
Arrival date: 11th June, 1818
Place of arrival Van Diemen's Land
Passenger manifest Travelled with 302 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 88, Class and Piece Number HO11/3, Page Number 111 (57)
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

lois croft on 23rd April, 2013 wrote:

Eight Prisoners from Leicester were commuted to a Prison Hulk “Bellerophon”, in Sheerness Kent apon sentence.

Two of the prisoners being, James Crofts (and a partner in crime) - Thomas Woodward,
convicted on 26 March 1817.

James Crofts was later commuted to the convict ship “Lady Castlereagh”  5th November 1817 bound for NSW

The “Lady Castlereagh” departed England 22 Dec 1817 under Captain Weltden, Surgeon Superintendant Dr Craig R.N. with 300 prisoners all in good health under guard of 34th, 46th & 48th Regiment.

Lady Castlereagh arrived 2nd May 1818
Port Jackson Sydney NSW

Tasmania General Muster - Sentence is reduced to 14 YEARS. James is transported to Newcastle via the Government ship “Elizabeth Henrietta” (aboard is a female convict Mary Smith).

James Crofts becomes Newcastle Gaoler in May 1822
and permission is granted to marry Mary Smith in 1823.

Mary Dies in May 1841 it seems childless and James marries again in December 1841 to Maria Brennan (Irish) how arrived in March 1841 aboard the “Brothers” a Bounty Immigrant Ship

James and Maria had 5 Children together before James dies in 1854 Newcastle NSW

Convict Changes History

Peter Wickham on 28th September, 2012 made the following changes:

convicted at, date of birth 1792, date of death 23rd March, 1854, gender, occupation, crime

lois croft on 23rd April, 2013 made the following changes:


This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au