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James Crone

** community contributed record **

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: James Crone
Aliases: Crohan
Gender: -

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1760
Occupation: -
Date of Death: -
Age: -

Life Span

Life span

Median life span was 61 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Stealing linen
Convicted at: Carrickfergus, Northern Ireland
Sentence term: Life
Ship: Providence
Departure date: 10th December, 1810
Arrival date: 2nd July, 1811
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 83 other convicts


Primary source: * NSW State Records Office - Convict Ship indents, Convict muster records * Freemans journal 4th September 1809,p3. ALSO Belfast Newsletter, 1st September 1809, p 2. and 13 April 1810 page 2
Source description:

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Community Contributions

Robin Sharkey on 14th January, 2014 wrote:

James Crone was an old man - 60 -  when he was transported on the Providence to NSW. In December 1810 he reported himself as being aged 60 years when he embarked the vessel.

He was given LIFE at Carrickfergus Assizes in County Antrim, for stealing three pieces of linen from a bleach green.  He would have been poor and destitute, although not without some strength judging by the newspaper reports of his crime:

“James Crone has been committed to the jail of Carrickfergus for stealing three pieces of linen out of the bleach green of Jacob and John Hancock of Lambeg. Much praise is due to thee vigilance and activity of Francis Neale, the watchman, who on missing the linens, leaped over the ditch and discovered Crone with the three pieces of linen, the marks on, in his possession.  After a stout resistance, the watchman, who was almost strangled in the attempt, succeeded in securing the thief.  We have no doubt this faithful servant will meet with some mark of approbation from the Gentlemen of the Trade, in order to encourage other watchmen to similar exertions.”
= PER “Belfast Newsletter” dated 1st September 1809, p2.

*1814 Muster - he was a bellringer, victualled on stores and mustered at Sydney.  Presumably he was a bellringer at St Phillip;s church.
*1816 muster - servant to Mr Johnson,  J (?) Illegible
*1820 Muster - servant to W G Johnston
*1822 muster - in Gov’t employ and at the Prisoners Barracks in Sydney (i.e Hyde park). Also recorded as a government watchman.

* He may have been the James Crone who was a witness at two marriages at St Phillips in 1817. The other witness was Thomas Taber who, in the 1814 muster, was “parish clerk” (arrived per Ganges in 1797, had an Abs Pardon).  Presumably Crone was still the bell-ringer and these two men with duties at St Phillip’s church were probably on the spot to be roped in as witnesses to the following two marriages:

(1) on 26 June 1817 of Cornelius Hellawell (Halliwell?), gardener, aged 45, to Mary Ann Waterman aged 30. Hellawell had been married before in NSW in 1810.  James Crone made his mark instead of signing his name.
(2) on 4 Nov 1817 when Crone was a witness, again making his mark, to the marriage register for Jonathon Waters aged 40 to Susannah Smith aged 35. (there was an earlier James Crone who had arrived in 1793 on the Sugar Cane); thomas Taber was again the other witness.

* No record of Ticket of Leave or Pardon.  Most probably James Crone would have been unable to support himself if he were not a prisoner of the Crown.

*After this James Crone seems to disappear from the records. If his original age was correct he would be 1822 be 71 years of age.  He probably died before the 1828 Census; there is no registration of his death.

Robin Sharkey on 14th January, 2014 wrote:

IRISH PETITION, dated 1st April 1810
Described as “James Crowe” the petitioner was the prosecutor of the crime, John Hancock, whose bleach green was robbed by the prisoner; seeking that his sentence of death be commuted to transportation for life.  In the irish Prisoners’ petitions papers is included a letter from the trial judge stating that since the prisoner was caught in the act of committing the crime and had been convicted before, he would prefer to leave the case to the Lord Lieutenant to decide. Obviously the Lord Lieutenant decided to show mercy as Hancock requested, and transport Crone instead.

Robin Sharkey on 18th April, 2014 wrote:

NOTE: James Crone was caught at his crime in September 1809 and held in prison until his trial a whole six months later at the March Carrickfergus Assizes.

elfast Newsletter, Saturday 27th March 1810, pag 2
Carrickfergus Assizes
“James Crone was capitally indicted for stealing three pieces of linen cloth out of the bleach yard of Messrs John and Jacob Hancock, the property of Dominck Greg of Lisburn, on the 28th August last.

“William Shaw, sworn, knows Mr Dominick Greg of Lisburn, is clerk to him. Identified apiece of the linen and marked it at the time it was sent to Jacob and John Hancock’s bleach green with the initials D.G - is sure the cloth is Mr Greg’s property - never saw laid linen he was brought to examine it at James Keown’s house, the foreman bleacher, who was then present.

“Francis Neal sworn - Is employed by Messrs Hancock as Watchman - recollects the evening of the 20th August last - there was linen cloth spread across that part of the green called Moss Bank field.  On going his rounds, all was right at seven o’clock; at eleven same night he missed three pieces of linen and immediately proceeded to where he heard a noise like a hare or rabbit passing over the ditch; he went in the direction of the noise over the ditch and observed an appearance of something while like linen. On advancing saw prisoner rolling up linen in his apron. He struck prisoner with his gun, who made much resistance, and they both fell. Prisoner then surrendered and accompanied witness to the foreman’s house wchih was about 40 perches distant, where he was taken into custody. mr Williamson of Lambeg, a magistrate, was then sent for - in 15 minutes after witness and the foreman went to the spot where prisoner was first discovered - the linen cloth, apron, a gun, and prisoners hat were found, which were carried to the foreman’s house -witness there marked the linen particularly.

“James McKeown sworn - IS foreman bleacher to Messrs Jacob and John Handcock [sic], knows prisoner, his house afterwards accompanied Neall to the mossbank field, went over the ditch and here found three pieces of linen in a blue apron, Took the linen to his house, marked them. [He here identified the piece produced in Court ] - was present when the cloth was produce to William Shaw.

“The evidence for the prosecution closed and the Court asked the prisoner if he had any witness to produce, the Learned Judge recapitulated the evidence and gave the Jury a most excellent charge, who without retiring in a few minutes gave a verdict of Guilty, and he was sentenced to be hanged.

“On the verdict of the Jury being pronounced one of the Prosecutors stated, that he considered it a duty which he owed to himself and the public, to prosecute this old offender but disliking the punishment of death for such offences, he earnestly entreated that the punishment should be commuted into transportation for life.  The judge appointed a distant day, 5th May [1810], for execution, to leave time to make application for the change, and with much humanity added a wish that the law might be changed, for a less severe, but more effectual mode of punishment.

“If the sentiment of mitigating punishments were not deeply impressed on fixed principle, the conduct of the unhappy man, in this case, might tend to unsettle it.  While the Judge was in an impressive and solemn manner exhorting the prancer, previous to his passing sentence, and afterwards, Crone conducted himself in the most hardened and audacious manner, and occasioned general astonishment and horror in the court, but his total indifference to his awful situation.”

Robin Sharkey on 1st February, 2015 wrote:


Belfast Newsletter, 13 April 1810, page 2:

“The Lord Lieutenant, on the application of the prosecutor, and on reference to the report of the Judge, has respited the execution of the sentence of death against James Crone, convicted at the last assizes at Carrickfergus for robbing a bleach-green, on condition of his being transported for life.”

Robin Sharkey on 6th December, 2015 wrote:


The following convicts passed through this town from the gaol of Carrickfergus on Wednesday last, on their way for transportation to Botany Bay:
Belfast Newsletter, 7 August 1810

The following convicts passed through this town from the gaol of Carrickfergus on Wednesday last, on their way for transportation to Botany Bay:
Catherine Gleen, [i.e. GLINN] for shoplifting — John Davison for burglary [did NOT arrive in NSW]— Wm Stephenson for stealing a bank note out of an office in Belfast — JAMES CRONE for bleach-green robbery — John Martin for horse stealing [did not arrive in NSW].— Andrew Girvin for burglary under his former sentence.

Convict Changes History

Robin Sharkey on 14th January, 2014 made the following changes:

convicted at, term 99 years, voyage, source, firstname, surname, alias1, alias2, alias3, alias4, date of birth 1760, date of death 0000, gender, occupation, crime

Robin Sharkey on 1st February, 2015 made the following changes:

source: * NSW State Records Office - Convict Ship indents, Convict muster records * Freemans journal 4th September 1809,p3. ALSO Belfast Newsletter, 1st September 1809, p 2. and 13 April 1810 page 2 (prev. * NSW State Records Office - Convict Ship indents

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