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Elizabeth Crouch

Elizabeth Crouch, one of 296 convicts transported on the Earl Cornwallis, August 1800

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Elizabeth Crouch
Aliases: none
Gender: f

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1783
Occupation: -
Date of Death: 27th May, 1852
Age: 69 years

Life Span

Life span

Female median life span was 61 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 7 years

Crime: Theft~grand larceny
Convicted at: London Gaol Delivery
Sentence term: 7 years
Ship: Earl Cornwallis
Departure date: August, 1800
Arrival date: 12th June, 1801
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 294 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/1, Page Number 281 (140)
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Denis Pember on 6th December, 2016 wrote:

The Old Bailey transcript 19 Feb 1800:
(http://www.oldbaileyonline.org t18000219-78)
ELIZABETH CROUCH was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 6th of January , a shawl, value 8s. two pair of stockings, value 7s. and a pair of shoes, value 3s. the property of William Bicknell.
WILLIAM BICKNELL sworn. - I am a school-master, and live at Ponder’s-end; I was in London in January, and received a parcel of linen; I found several articles missing, but I knew nothing more till the prisoner was apprehended; I was sent for to the Mansion-house, and I saw my daughter’s gown on the prisoner’s back, that is all I know.
MISS BICKNELL sworn. - The things were sent to town for me by the errand-cart, on the 6th of January; I packed them myself in a box; when I opened the box, I found the things missing that are mentioned in the indictment; the box was taken to Mr. Shepherd’s, who takes in parcels from the coaches and errand-carts, in Bishopsgate-street; I wrote home to inform my friends, and went to Mr. Shepherd’s, who said, it certainly could be nobody in their house, it must be the errand-cart people.
JOHN SHEPHERD sworn. - I live at No. 90, in Bishopsgate-within, and am a trunk and boxmaker; parcels are brought to my house by the errand-cart; two of the parcels were delivered in the same manner as I suppose I received them; I cannot say what was in either; I cannot swear to the property; the prisoner was my servant, she had not lived three weeks with me; on the 28th of January, Mr. Lavie, of Tottenham, applied to me about a bag he had sent up, and out of the bag he had lost an old gown he had given half-a-crown for; I told him, there was such a thing that Mrs. Shepherd had found in the girl’s bed, who said it was not her’s, but there before she came; I shewed him the gown, and then took him into the kitchen, and said, I suppose, that is the person, who stole your gown, and then she owned to the rest of the things; it had been found three or four days before up stairs, it was then in Mrs. Shepherd’s possession, she found it under the quilt of the girl’s bed, and the girl said, it was there before she came; the shoes and shawl, and two handkerchiefs were found by the side of the bed, by Mrs. Shepherd, who is not here, because she is very near her time; I suspected the prisoner, in consequence of Mr. Lavie’s information; he described what sort of gown it was, and that it had a patch on one side; when I saw the patch on the side, says I, that is the girl that took Mr. Bicknell’s property; says Mr. Bicknell, tell your master whether you have taken the other property; says she, I have of course; I sent for a constable, this gown was upon her, she was committed; the shoes I found myself, in the bed, and the shawl she had round her neck; (The property was produced, and deposed to by the prosecutor.
Prisoner’s defence. I have nothing to say.
GUILTY. (Aged 16.)
Transported for seven years.

Denis Pember on 6th December, 2016 wrote:

Elizabeth had a series of relationships. The first of these was with Stephen Tuckerman, the captain of the ship “Caroline”. In Sydney, while negotiating for the disposal of his rum cargo from his ship dragged on, Stephen met and spent time with Elizabeth. He may or may not have known that she was pregnant at the time of his departure for his wife and family in New Bedford. On the journey back, after leaving Chile the ship went down and Stephen was not heard from again.
It has been said that on sailing, Tuckerman deposited £500 with Simeon Lord for Elizabeth’s support. That she was not left destitute is shown by the theft of her watch, earring and a little money reported in 1804, so the story may be true. They had the one child, Stephen Adolphus Tuckerman, born 1802.

In 1807, Elizabeth married William Addy (Convict, 1792, “Royal Adsmiral”). They appear to have had no children and William died in 1812.

In 1812, Elizabeth married one Thomas Ivory (Convict, 1803, “Glatton”). Thomas became an Innkeeper and he died in 1815. Elizabeth had his liquor licence transferred to her name. Someone, Simeon Lord, perhaps, appears to have been watching her interests and those of the boy (Stephen Tuckerman), ensuring that she herself had administration of the Ivory estate, and the Addy property properly secured.

In 1815 Elizabeth married Edward Churchill (Convict, 1810, “Anne”).  He had become a most successful farmer and landholder.

Denis Pember on 6th December, 2016 wrote:

Sainty and Johnson; 1828 Census of New South Wales:
Page 89…
[Ref C1115] Churchill, Edward, 56, FS, Anne, 1810, 7 years, Farmer at Portland Head. 325 acres, 135 cleared, 130 cultivated, 5 horses, 19 cattle.
[Ref C1116] Churchill, Elizabeth, 44, FS, Earl Cornwallis, 1801, 7 years.

Convict Changes History

Denis Pember on 2nd December, 2016 made the following changes:

date of birth: 1783 (prev. 0000), date of death: 27th May, 1852 (prev. 0000), gender: f, crime

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au