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Thomas Crump

Thomas Crump, one of 94 convicts transported on the Surprize, February 1794

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Thomas Crump
Aliases: Thomas Crumpton
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: -
Occupation: -
Date of Death: -
Age: -

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 56 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Breaking and entering and stealing
Convicted at: London Gaol Delivery
Sentence term: Life
Ship: Surprize
Departure date: February, 1794
Arrival date: 17th October, 1794
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 94 other convicts

References

Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/1, Page Number 195 (98)
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Denis Pember on 20th April, 2016 wrote:

Old Bailey Transcript (t17920912-80)
(http://www.oldbaileyonline.org) 12th September 1792.
THOMAS CRUMP was indicted for burglariously and feloniously breaking and entering the the dwelling house of Sarah Thompson , no person being therein, about the hour of five in the afternoon, of the second d y o July last, and burglariously stealing therein, twenty eight guineas, two silver table spoons, value 16 s. three silver tea spoons, value 6 s. one silver milk pot, value 15. two gowns, value 3 l. and a pair of silver tea tongs, value 6 s. her property.
............several pages of evidence follow…...
....The prisoner called four witnesses, to his character.
Prosecutrix. There is a bruise in the milk pot, by which I know it, it has been in the family forty years; the spoons I have had fourteen years.
GUILTY , Death . (Aged 20.)
Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.

The sentence was reprieved to one of Transportation for Life. He was Transported on the “Surprize” landing 25th October 1794.

Denis Pember on 20th April, 2016 wrote:

In the colony, Thomas married Mary Harrison (Convict, Surprize, 1794). Mary had been transported on the same ship and their relationship may have commenced then. They married 12th March 1797 at Sydney. The couple had at least 2 children, Thomas (1798) and Isaac (1799).
However, by 1802 Thomas was mustered as on the victualing list at Norfolk Island [Ref CA513].
His memorial to the Governor perhaps explains the situation.
Sir
I beg of you to do me the Honour to State to His Excellency the case of one Thomas Crump at the Coal River.
This man is very ingenious and has been in this Colony at work for the Government eighteen years he is an honest industrious and hard working man, a good blacksmith, a carpenter and excellent boat builder, and was for many years armourer to the New South Wales Corps, but when Governor Hunter left the Country he made an attempt to escape in the Governors vessel without his leave and was sent back from the cape, and for that offence sent to the Coal River, and been there near six years as I believe.
When the revolution happened in this Colony, with Mr Throsby’s permission I went to reside at this man’s house, and having resided there near fourteen months, I can certify him an honest fair dealing man, not at all like the general characters sent to that place.
The reasons that I explained to Commodore Bligh I requested him to procure for this man a pardon which he promised he would and put down his name as recommended by me for a free pardon and said he would sent it out from England, but on hearing the Commodore was applying to His Excellency for Pardons for some men, I requested he would on my request ask that favour of His Excellency here, and he did me the honour to shew me a list he sent to His Excellency in which this man’s name was inserted for a free pardon; he is also one of those that Colonel Paterson granted a pardon to in consequence of his having done some extra work for Government during that time, and that pardon being set aside he now remains at the Coal River.
My humble request to His Excellency is that he will be so good as let this man come to Sydney and if he would so far condescend as to let him off the store, I will be security for his good conduct, and it will be a deed of Justice and Charity to a man whose heart is nearly broken.
———————-
The Most Humble Petition of Thomas Crump
Most Humbly Sheweth
that your petitioner has laboured under the heavy sentence of transportation for nearly 18 years during which period has been in the continued employ of Government.
Petitioner most—- begs leave to acquaint your Excellency of his having a wife and 2 children now living at Sydney which for upwards of these 8 years last past has not had the happiness of enjoying.
Those comforts———to a marriage state, the sole reason of——- a separation is that Petitioner was sent to Norfolk Island at which settlement he remained near four years and since his leaving that Island has been employed at Newcastle without hope of ever leaving it when in consideration of the length of time he has been in the colony as well his long service for government. His Honour Colonel Paterson was pleased to remit the residue of his sentence conditionally, which instrument was forwarded to Newcastle but on seeing Your proclamation he embraced the earliest opportunity for delivery up again.
Petitioner most humbly implores Your Excellency will be most generously pleased to confirm his emancipation that he may again return to his family which have been such a length of time entirely lost to him…

Denis Pember on 20th April, 2016 wrote:

He seems to have been released but in part his memorial was true, in that his previous family was lost to him. He commenced a relationship with Mary Johnson (Convict, Aeolus, 1809) soon after his return to Sydney. This relationship produced 9 children over the years but also lots of ‘sparks’.
Secretary’s Office
27 Dec 1811
Sir
I have been honoured with your note of enquiry respecting a woman named Mary Johnson, and I beg leave to quote what Mr Tho Howe wrote to me on the 18th instant per the Sally respecting her “By the vessel I sent to Sydney a woman of the name of Mary Johnson who came down her in Mr Purcell’s time with a lass of Col O’Connells She then living and she has since with a prisoner of the name of Crump - but their behaviour has been so troublesome I have thought proper to separate them, partly in short at the request of the woman, she will report herself at your office at any time…

In 1822 Crump was living by himself for a period…
Crump, Thomas, conditional pardon, Surprize, life, blacksmith at Sydney.

Denis Pember on 20th April, 2016 wrote:

The situation in the 1828 Census makes this family situation even more confused. Mary has attributed family members even if they were elsewhere and also there is quite a bit of confusion about exactly what their surnames are…
Sainty & Johnson; 1828 Census of New South Wales:
Page 210…
[Ref J0502] Johnston, Mary, 37, free by servitude, Aeolus, 1809, Protestant, washerwoman, Evan.
[Ref J0503] Johnston, Caroline, 16, born in the colony.
[Ref J0504] Johnston, Arthur, 14, born in the colony. {##}
[Ref J0505] Johnston, Harriet, 12, born in the colony. {##}
[Ref J0506] Johnston, Frances, 10, born in the colony. {##}
[Ref J0507] Johnston, Samuel, 8, born in the colony. {##}
[Ref J0508] Johnston, Charles, 6, born in the colony. {##}
[Ref J0509] Johnston, Hannah, 4, born in the colony
—————————
Page 110…
[Ref C3160] Crump, Francis, 10, male orphan school Cabramatta. {See [Ref J0506]}
[Ref C3161] Crump, Samuel, 8, male orphan school Cabramatta. {See [Ref J0507]}
[Ref C3162] Crump, Charles 6, male orphan school Cabramatta. {See [Ref J0508]}
—————————————
[Ref 3163] Crump, Harriet, 13, born in the colony, lodger at Geo Webbs, Clarence Street Sydney. {See [Ref J0505]}
————————————-
[Ref C3166] Crumpton, Thomas (Jun), 31, born in the colony, Protestant, boatbuilder, Lower Portland Head.
[Ref C3167] Crumpton, Eleanor, 18, born in the colony.
[Ref C3168] Crumpton, Elizabeth, born in the colony.
[Ref C3169] Crumpton, Thomas, (Sen), 58 (NO MENTION OF SHIP OR SENTENCE).
[Ref C3170] Crumpton, Arthur Benj, 13, born in the colony. {See [Ref J0504]}
{Thomas Junior here is the 1st son, born to Mary Harrison, and he is married to Eleanor Robinson}

Maureen Withey on 27th April, 2020 wrote:

Colonial Secretary Index.
CRUMP, Thomas. Per “Surprise”
1810 Jan 30 - Boatbuilder Newcastle. Received his emancipation from Lieutenant Governor Paterson and wished to return to Sydney (Reel 6042; 9/2736 p.45)
1810 Feb 3 - To be returned at Newcastle as emancipation was illegal (Reel 6002; 4/3490B p.61)
1810 Mar, Aug 9 - Blacksmith, carpenter and boatbuilder. Petition for mitigation of sentence (Fiche 3164; 4/1846 pp.55-6)
1810 Aug 9 - Re Crump’s application to return to Sydney (Reel 6002; 4/3490C p.155)
1810 Oct 3 - Permitted to come to Sydney on private business (Reel 6003; 4/3490A pp.92-3)
1810 Oct 10 - Going to Sydney (Reel 6066; 4/1804 p.45)
1810 Oct 26 - To be returned to Newcastle per “Resource” (Reel 6003; 4/3490A p.124)
1810 Dec 29; 1811 Jan 22 - Permitted to attend Court of Civil Jurisdiction Sydney (Reel 6003; 4/3490A pp.142, 146)
1811 Jan 22 - Requesting a pass to go to Sydney (Reel 6066; 4/1804 p.57)
1811 Jan 23 - Discovered to be in Sydney already (Reel 6003; 4/3490A p.148)
1811 Apr 30 - Bad conduct of (Reel 6066; 4/1804 p.72)
1811 Dec 18 - Mary Johnson living with him (Reel 6066; 4/1804 p.102)
1811 Dec 27 - Re Mary Johnson, prisoner at Newcastle (Reel 6002; 4/3491 p.138)
1812 May 29 - Time expired (Reel 6066; 4/1804 p.111)
1812 Oct 24 - Paid from Police Fund for a house purchased from him by Government (Reel 6038; SZ758 p.322)
1813 Apr 12 - Re permission for Crumb to embark for voyage to New Zealand (Reel 6002; 4/3491 p.426)
1813 Apr 12 - Was permitted to proceed on “Queen Charlotte” on execution by Captain of bond for his return to New South Wales (Reel 6043; 4/1728 p.358)
1815 Aug 29 - Blacksmith of Sydney. Bond to Naval Officer; signed as Crumpton (Fiche 3294; X702 pp.119-21)

Convict Changes History

Denis Pember on 20th April, 2016 made the following changes:

gender: m, crime

Denis Pember on 20th April, 2016 made the following changes:

alias1: Thomas Crumpton

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au