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John Davis

John Davis, one of 296 convicts transported on the Earl Cornwallis, August 1800

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: John Davis
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1770
Occupation: -
Date of Death: -
Age: -

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 61 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 7 years

Crime: Stealing
Convicted at: Middlesex Gaol Delivery
Sentence term: 7 years
Ship: Earl Cornwallis
Departure date: August, 1800
Arrival date: 12th June, 1801
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 294 other convicts

References

Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/1, Page Number 281 (140)
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Denis Pember on 7th December, 2016 wrote:

Is is quite difficult to ascertain which John Davis we are researching. There were three convicts named John Davis on the Earl Cornwallis which arrived 12th June 1801.
However, from the 1811 Muster records, we can locate John or Norfolk island [Ref 1521 page 34] This gives his trial details clearly as April 1798, Old Bailey.

John was tried in three separate trials on 18th April 1798. All involve Animal theft and were carried out in the company of the same two men…

(http://www.oldbaileyonline.org) t17980418-55
JAMES SHARP , JOHN DAVIS , and JAMES HINDES were indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 26th of February , a live tame cock, value 2s. seven live tame hens, value 12s. and a live tame rabbit, value 3s. the property of Henry Whitefield , D.D.(The case was opened by Mr. Raine.)  .... the case was then presented…
Sharp, GUILTY (Aged 58.)
Davis, GUILTY (Aged 18.)
Hindes, NOT GUILTY .
Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.
NEXT.. t17980418-56
JAMES SHARP , JOHN DAVIS , and JAMES HINDES , were again indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 26th of February, a live tame cock, value 2s. and six live tame hens, value 12s. the property of John Baker .
All three NOT GUILTY .
Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Baron HOTHAM.
NEXT.. t17980418-57
JAMES SHARP , JOHN DAVIS ; and JAMES HINDES , were again indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 26th of February , a live tame cock, value 2s. six live tame hens, value 12s. and four live tame ducks, value 7s. the property of William Sherborne.
.... again the evidence is presented….
All three GUILTY .
Transported for seven years .
Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice BULLER.

Denis Pember on 7th December, 2016 wrote:

In the colony, John had a defacto relationship with Eliza Whiston (Convict, 1812, “Minstrel”).
Eliza had been married to Thomas Miles (AKA Jones) (Convict, 1798, “Barwell”) and had three children but the relationship had evidently broken down around 1819. In 1820 she was with John and the couple had two children, Maria Davis 1820 and John Davis 1825.

We can locate the couple in the 1822 Muster:
Davis, John, free by servitude, Cornwallis 7 years, landholder, Windsor
Whiston, Eliza, free by servitude, Minstrel, wife of J. Davis, Windsor
Whiston, child
Whiston, child
Winston, child.

And the 1825 Muster:
Davis, John, free by servitude, Earl Cornwallis, 1801, 7 years, landholder, Windsor.
Whiston, Eliza, Minstrel, 1812, life, wife of Thomas Miles, Windsor.
Whiston, Eliza, 10, born in the colony, daughter of above.
Whiston, Maria, 5, born in the colony, daughter of above.
# Note that here she is referred to as the wife of Thomas Miles!

In the 1828 Census: We can find them together and clearly see who the children belong to.
Sainty & Johnston; 1828 Census of New South Wales. 
Davis, John, 58, free by servitude, Earl Cornwallis, 1801, 7 years, Protestant, farmer, Pitt Town.
Davis, Maria, 6, born in the colony.
Davis, John, 4, born in the colony.
Wilson, Eliza, 31, free by servitude, Minstrel, 1812, 7 years, servant to John Davis, Pitt Town.
Miles, Eliza, 13, born in the colony, Protestant, at John Davis, Pitt Town.

Convict Changes History

Denis Pember on 7th December, 2016 made the following changes:

date of birth: 1770 (prev. 0000), gender: m, crime

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au