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William Davis

William Davis, one of 1063 convicts transported on the Neptune, Scarborough and Surprize, December 1789

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: William Davis
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 15th September, 1765
Occupation: Farmer
Date of Death: 18th May, 1823
Age: 57 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 61 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Highway robbery
Convicted at: Middlesex Gaol Delivery
Sentence term: Life
Ship: Scarborough
Departure date: 19th January, 1790
Arrival date: 28th June, 1790
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 7 other convicts

References

Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/1, Page Number 57 (30)
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Steve Matthews on 3rd January, 2013 wrote:

Sent on to Norfolk Island on arrival in Port Jackson

Denis Pember on 13th February, 2016 wrote:

William was an 18 year old apprentice enameler, when tried at the Old Bailey in 1786.

Old Bailey Proceedings Online October 1786, trial of WILLIAM DAVIS WILLIAM RAYNER (t17861025-10). (Only part thereof!!)
WILLIAM DAVIS, WILLIAM RAYNER, Violent Theft > highway robbery, 25th October 1786.
WILLIAM DAVIS and WILLIAM RAYNER were indicted for feloniously assaulting Thomas Rutt on the King’s highway, on the 13th of October, and putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and feloniously taking from his person and against his will, a metal watch, with a tortoise-shell case; value 30s. a stone seal set in metal, value 2d. a silk watch string, value 1 d. and four halfpence, value 2d. his property.
## There follows a long (4 page) transcript of the trial attached to this transcript, well worth the read! Witnesses gave good reports of both youths. However, they were found guilty.
They were sentenced to death but were humbly recommended to mercy by both the prosecutor and jury on account of their youth.

Denis Pember on 13th February, 2016 wrote:

William was transported on the “Scarborough”, which arrived in the colony June 28th 1790 as part of the second fleet.
A little more than a month after landing, William married Jane Reid (Convict, Lady Juliana, 1790). They married 30 July 1790 at Sydney Cove and very the next day, were part of the 194 convict contingent (mostly women) sent to Norfolk Island aboard “Surprize”.
William and Jane were allowed to cultivate a small piece of land at Charlotte Field, which they cleared and were issued with a government sow. Two children were born to the couple, Mary Reid 1792 and Euphemia Reid 1795.  William was granted a conditional pardon in February 1797 and then joined the New South Wales Corps.
It appears that Jane must have died C1800, because she disappears from the victualing lists and is not recorded in the Musters. However, the two daughters are recorded and were still there in 1803.

Denis Pember on 13th February, 2016 wrote:

William returned to Sydney before 1806 and is then recorded in the Muster as a soldier and living with Amy Burke (Convict, Nile, 1801). The couple married at St Johns, Parramatta, September 6th 1811. They had 3 children; William 1806, Jane 1810, Sarah 1814. Amy died in 1818.

Denis Pember on 13th February, 2016 wrote:

On July 24th 1819, William married Ann Daniel (Convict, Wanstead, 1814) at St Lukes.
They were recorded in the 1822 Muster; William as a landholder, with 210 cares held by grant, 60 cleared, 24 acres wheat, 4 barley, 2 orchard and garden. He had a horse, 36 cattle, 70 hogs, and 80 bushels of wheat in store. Ann was with him as were two daughters aged 13 and 9, (presumably his children by Amy Burke).

William died at Airds, in May 1823. He had been described in 1808 thus:
Aged 39 years and 10 months, born in Kircudbright, Scotland. Five feet, seven and a half inches in height, with dark brown hair, green eyes, and a round fair complexioned visage.

Peter Smith on 6th January, 2017 wrote:

Married Jane Reed 30th July 1790 then sent Norfolk Island aboard the Surprize dept. Sydney 1/8/1790 arriving 7/8/1790 where they had 2 daughters, he was granted a conditional pardoned, he then joined the 102nd regiment in 1800 to 1810 when the 102nd was disbanded.

Convict Changes History

Steve Matthews on 3rd January, 2013 made the following changes:

date of birth 15th September, 1765, date of death 18th May, 1823, gender, occupation, crime

Peter Smith on 6th January, 2017 made the following changes:

voyage

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