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Ann Downs

Ann Downs, one of 110 convicts transported on the Northampton, December 1814

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Ann Downs
Aliases: none
Gender: f

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1762
Occupation: Publican
Date of Death: 1833
Age: 71 years

Life Span

Life span

Female median life span was 58 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 14 years

Crime: Passing forged notes
Convicted at: Lancaster Assizes
Sentence term: 14 years
Ship: Northampton
Departure date: December, 1814
Arrival date: 18th June, 1815
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 109 other convicts

References

Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/2, Page Number 190, Lancaster Gazette - Saturday 03 September 1814; NSW Colonial Secretary' records - Petitions, musters fo r1822/1825; orphan school correpondence 1828 Muster St Johns Church BDM records.
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Denis Pember on 17th January, 2016 wrote:

In the colony, Ann married John Wilkinson ().
John Wilkinson, free, age 40 of the parish of St John and Ann Downs, prisoner per Northampton age 45 were married in this church by banns this 11th day of Sep 1815 by me Samuel Marsden.
Both John and Ann signed the register in the presence of John ONeal and Jane Shannon who both made their X marks.
John however died only about 2 years after the ceremony.

Denis Pember on 17th January, 2016 wrote:

Ann then married Robert Foulcher (Convict, Albermarle, 1791).
Robert Foulcher, free, of the parish of Parramatta and Ann Wilkinson, free of ditto were married in this church by banns this 27th day of July 1818 by me Samuel Marsden.
Robert and Ann made their X marks in the register.
in the presence of Charles Wright and Elizabeth Buffy who also made their X marks.
Foulcher had several children from a previous marriage. Ann was about 48 by the time of this marriage and the couple appear to have had no children.

Denis Pember on 17th January, 2016 wrote:

Sainty & Johnson; 1828 Census of New South Wales:
[Ref F1137] Foulcher, Robert, 62, free by servitude, Albermarle, 1791, 7 years, Protestant, blacksmith, Parramatta.
[Ref F1138] Foulcher, Ann, 65, free by servitude, Northampton, 1815, 14 years, Protestant.

Ann’s step son James and his wife and child are living nearby.
[Ref F1139] Foulcher, James, 26, born in the colony. Protestant, publican, Parramatta.
[Ref F1140] Foulcher, Catherine, 19, born in the colony.
[Ref F1141] Foulcher, Sarah J., 1, born in the colony.

Robin Sharkey on 19th October, 2016 wrote:

CRIME FOR WHICH TRANSPORTED:
Lancaster Gazette - Saturday 03 September 1814
Three were 57 prisoners committed for trial, their names and offences are as follows:
Ann Downs, having paid to J. Pearson, at Liverpool,
several forged ban notes.
(Ann Paul, and rachel Sladen also on “Northampton” were tried at the same sittings also for passing forged notes.. Ann paul passed then to the same victim as Downs)

1814, 17 November - wrote from Deptfod on board “Northampton’ before departure, petitioning Bank of England for financial support.  Joint letter with Ann Paul who was in Lancaster Castle with her.  Each woman received £5.  [M5/314–15: 23 Mar., 23 Sept., 22 Nov. 1814].

The letter stated that Ann Downs left four children behind in England.

NSW MARRIAGES
Ann, despite her domestic position back in England, quickly married in NSW. She realised due to her age and the nature of NSW, she needed protection.

JOHN WILKINSON
John Wilkinson had arrived in 1800 on “Royal Admiral”, then aged 30.
He was tried in 1799 at Salford in Lancaster (10 April 1799) , and so had the same regional background as Ann Downs. 7 year sentence.  In 1810 he had a child with Sarah a son named John Wilkinson also.

When John Wilkinson died in March 1818, Ann Downs/Wilkinson wasted no time in marrying again. She also quickly ditched her step-son, John Wilkinson Junior, aged only 8 - 9years,  into the orphanage.

She remarried to Robert foulcher exactly four mnths later.
She sent young John Jnr off to the male orphan school on 1 January, 9 months after his father’s death.  The boy was still therein 1825 at teh age of 14 before being apprenticed out.

This then left the Foulchers to play happy famiiies. James in the 1820s became a publican, of the “Native’s Companion” in Parrramatta (note “Native’ then meant the white people born in NSW ) and had a young wife and child.  Husband Robert was ablacksmith, but had lad and assigned convict servants.

Ann Downs died in 1833, being recorded as aged 67, which was consistent with her age given n arrival, nit the understated 1828 Census.

Robert Foulcher died in 1838 “age 77”

John Wilkinson Jnr went on to do very well in life, farming at Molles Main and heading further south into NSW as the land opened up.

Convict Changes History

Denis Pember on 17th January, 2016 made the following changes:

date of birth: 1762 (prev. 0000), date of death: 12th June, 1883 (prev. 0000), gender: f

Robin Sharkey on 19th October, 2016 made the following changes:

source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/2, Page Number 190, Lancaster Gazette - Saturday 03 September 1814; NSW Colonial Secretary' records - Petitions, musters fo r1822/1825; orphan school correpondence 18

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