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Name, Aliases & Gender
Birth, Occupation & Death
|Date of Birth:
|Date of Death:
life span was 61 years*
* Median life span based on contributions
Conviction & Transportation
Sentenced to 7 years
21st March, 1817
6th August, 1817
|Place of arrival
||New South Wales and Van Diemen's Land
Travelled with 12 other convicts
||Freemans Journal 3/8/1815; SRNSW - Convict ship Indents “Canada" 1817; Colonial Secretary's incoming correspondence (11/8/1817 from Campbell to Commissary General; 10/2/1818); Musters of 1822 and 1825; St John’s Parramatta BDM registers; NSWBDMs; 1828 Census.
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Robin Sharkey on 1st December, 2015 wrote:
Jane Doyle arrived “Canada” in August 1817 transported for 7 years after a trial in Dublin City for stealing eight handkerchiefs from a shop, together with Jane Walsh also arrived “Canada” and Mary Gardiner who pleaded not guilty and was acquitted.
Jane was aged 36 years and a servant (per Indent of “Canada”). She arrived with a child. She could also sign her name, unusual for most irish female convicts of the time.
Freemans Journal, Thursday 3 August 1815
” CITY of DUBLIN QUARTER SESSIONS
Tuesday, pursuant to the usual adjournment, the Recorder sat with Aldermen Archer and Warner, for the trial of Prisoners and traversers, when the following Jurors were sworn:
Mr James Bell, Mr Thomas Conner, Joseph Irwin, Richard Painclough, Michael Whalan, Andrew Ennis, James Scott, George Gregor, Edward Byrne, Charles M___, John Lynam, Maurice Byrne.
” Jane Doyle, Jane Walsh and Mary Gardiner were arraigned on an indictment for stealing eight handkerchiefs, the property of Edward Madden. The two first pleaded guilty, and were sentenced to be transported for seven years. Mary Gardiner was then given in charge to the jury.
” Wm Madden was then sworn and stated that Jane Doyle and Jane Walsh had come into the shop of his father at Wormwood Gate and were detected in the act of stealing the handkerchiefs by him; all he knew of the other prisoner was that he understood she was waiting outside the door. It being proved that there were a number of other persons there also, she was acquitted.”
Arrival of “Canada”
Women were landed 8 August 1817 (per certificate of Gov Lachlan Macquarie dated 19 Sept 1817)
Eleven women had foregone their beef ration they were entitled to on the voyage from 6 April 1817, (except for the ration of beef on Fridays) until they arrived, with their consent and the sanction of the Surgeon Superintendant. On 11th August John Thomas Campbell wrote to the Deputy Commissary Gen (Allen) that the Master of “Canada” must deposit the quantity of beef so reserved into the King’s stores, separate from any general surplus of beef and account to the governor for it at “and of its value at the regular Government price in order to the making a compensation to those persons [i.e. the women].”
The “Canada’s” master, Briggs, wrote straight back same day saying the ration was paid to the women on the day they disembarked “by their own desire”.
However, it appears the women did not believe they were paid adequately, and the Governor agreed, giving them a supplemtary payment:-
“Memorandum dated 10th February 1818
- List of Twenty Five Female Prisoners and eleven children per ship “Canada” who petitioned his Excellency the governor for payment of a quantity of beef due to them on their voyage to Port Jackson and which beef was turned into His Majesty’s stores, for their use and benefit amounting to £26 1s 1/2d and paid to the undermentioned women on Monday 11th January 1818: “
The list includes 11 women with children who were paid £1 - 5s -7 &1/2d: and Jane Doyle and her co-accused Mary Walsh were two of these women, who signed for the payment of their share, together with Ann O’Harra, who made her mark.
Jane, with a child, was sent to the Factory at Parramatta.
In 1818, nine months after arrival, on 25th May 1818, she married Richard Leonard, F by S, a blacksmith in Parramatta who had arrived in 1801 on the “Earl Cornwallis”, tried at Warwick in England. She probably thought him a good provider for her and her child. [see his separate entry for detail].
Jane had been a marriage witness in February 1818 for Mary Conner, another woman off the “Canada” with a young child, and for another five couples once she married, up to August 1822:
* 22 Feb 1819, Edward Williams, 29 arrived per “Fanny” in January 1816. Married Caroline Walker, 28 arrived 1818 per “Maria”. Witnesses: Richard & Jane Leonard
* 24 May 1819 John Whitehead, arrived on 7 November 1818 per “Morley”. He married quickly since he was 45 yrs, of Parramatta married Maria Clapson , 28 arrived per “Broxbournebury” in 1815, prisoner, of Parramatta. Witnesses: Richard & Jane Leonard.
* 24 January 1820 - for Mary Williams per “Northampton” in 1815 aged 31 marriage to John Carol aged 28 per “Guildford”; JANE Leonard was witness with William Carston.
* 29 January 1821 Margaret Perry aged 23 arrived on “Alexander” in 1815, lived Parramatta married Richard Partridge, free, of Parramatta and witnesses are William Stewart and Jane Leonard (signed her name).
Sarah Leonard born 12 August 1820, baptised 8 October 1820 at St john’s Parramatta.
1822 - resident at Parramatta, Richard still a blacksmith
1824 - Petition for land by Richard states he is living in Distrct f Cooke, and has wife & two children and 5 cows. Emplyed by Samuel Hassall. probably living at Bringelly. Petition on same terms in 1825.
1825 Muster - Daughter Sarah living at Bringelly, aged 5
1826 - Richard ran a sly grog shop near banks of Nepean River, near Samuel Hassall’s property “Macquarie Grove”. (per tiral of James McNamara, boatman)
1826 - Death of child Ann Leonard. This is possibly the elder girl of Jane’s who arrived on “Canada” with her. n o other Leonard birth, and this first child does not appear in 1828.
1828 Registration DEATH of jane “LYNARD” - phonetic spelling of “Leonard”.
1828 Census - daughter Sarah is probably the child aged 10 incorrectly named as “Sophia Doyle” boarding out with James Smith [probably the publican per “indian” in 1810].
husband Richard is living back at Parramatta and employed as a blacksmith. No daughter living with him.
Daughter Sarah survived and married in 1827 aged 17 to joseph Ratcliffe.
Husband Richard Leonard died in 1853, at Bargo NSW where he got his land grant of 50 acres in 1825. Daughter Mrs Sarah Ratcliffe inherited this land.
Robin Sharkey on 1st December, 2015 wrote:
* Date error - daughter Sarah Leonard survived and married IN 1837 (not 1827) to Joseph Ratcliffe.
Convict Changes History
Robin Sharkey on 1st December, 2015 made the following changes:
convicted at, term: 7 years, voyage, source: Freemans Journal 3/8/1815; SRNSW - Convict ship Indents “Canada" 1817; Colonial Secretary's incoming correspondence (11/8/1817 from Campbell to Commissary General; 10/2/1818); Musters of 1822 and 1825; St John’