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Martha Entwistle, one of 122 convicts transported on the Broxbournebury, January 1814
Name, Aliases & Gender
Birth, Occupation & Death
|Date of Birth:
|Date of Death:
||23rd February, 1828
life span was 57 years*
* Median life span based on contributions
Conviction & Transportation
Sentenced to Life
||Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 88, Class and Piece Number HO11/2, Page Number 146
||This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.
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Beth Kebblewhite on 24th October, 2019 wrote:
ENTWHISTLE/ENTWISTLE, Martha (c1767-1828) (Mrs, nee Jackson)
Tried - 21 March 1812 Lancaster Lent Assize
Martha Jackson (also known as Matty) was aged about 20 when she married Henry (or Harry) Entwhistle (?-?) in 1787 at St Peters Church at Bolton, Lancashire. Their 8 known children were all born in Lancashire and baptized at Turton, about 10 kms away.
Children born (England) to Henry and Martha ENTWHISTLE:
• Edward (or William) ENTWHISTLE born ? Lancashire, marr 1807 St Peters, Bolton-le-Moors, Lancashire to Ann Yates, died circa Jan. 1817 near Port Dalrymple, VDL (Tasmania)
• Alice ENTWHISTLE born c1789 Lancashire, died ?
• James ENTWHISTLE born c1793 Turton, Lancashire (IGI), died ?
• Harry ENTWHISTLE born c1795 Turton, Lancashire (IGI), died ?
• Betty ENTWHISTLE born c1795 Turton, Lancashire (IGI), died ?
• John ENTWHISTLE born c1799 Turton, Lancashire (IGI), died ?
• Edmund ENTWHISTLE born c1802 Turton, Lancashire (IGI), died ?
• Betty ENTWHISTLE born c1806 Turton, Lancashire (IGI), died ?
Her son Edward appeared at the York Assize Court in July 1811, accused of horse stealing. Edward was transported as a convict in 1812 to Hobart Town (Tasmania), leaving behind his wife Ann Entwhistle to stay with his family, who were living at Edgeworth Moor. In December 1811, it was alleged that Martha and Ann had passed a £5 note knowing it to be a forgery. They had both entered the draper shop owned by Joshua Lever at Great Bolton and asked for some dress lengths of material. The money passed hands. Martha was indicted before the Lancaster Assize Court in March 1812 and although Ann did not appear, a strong case was made against her in her absence. Martha and Henry’s 23 year-old daughter Alice was in custody for three or four days before her discharge once her identity was established. “His Lordship summing up the evidence left it to the jury to say whether the witness (Martha) ....was to be believed or not, and they, without hesitation brought in a verdict of Guilty. – She received the sentence of Death but was afterwards reprieved.” At the conclusion of the trial “the Judge was pleased to reprieve the whole of those condemned before he left the town.” Martha’s death sentence was commuted to transportation for life to New South Wales. Martha was never to see her family in Lancashire again. The gaoler was given instructions to provide the female prisoners from Lancaster extra clothing for the journey, such as shoes, stockings, handkerchiefs, shifts and a jacket.
BC: 1767 [Martha Jackson married Henry Entwhistle on 3 Jan 1787 at Bolton (St Peter), Lancashire – IGI]
Sentenced: 21/03/1812 at Lancaster Lent Assize [see trial record from newspaper], to death, commuted to transportation for life
1812 - “Lancaster Lent Assize. Our Assizes did not conclude, at the Crown side, till yesterday morning, when the Hon. Baron Thomson passed the awful sentence of death on six prisoners, viz. Charles Sefton (aged 27), convicted last Assize for burglary; Margaret Cunningham (35) and Martha Entwisle (42) for uttering forged Bank notes; Marg. Cloyd (50) for sacrilege; and James Robinson (19) and Edmund Chadwick alias Barrow (25) for stealing cows. The following are the sentences of the other prisoners. Bella Janson (37) and Ann Lord (32) for robbing bleaching grounds; Thomas Rawstone (38) for having forged notes in his possession; and Mary Gleaves (35) for receiving stolen goods – fourteen years transportation ….Jane White (28)…Daniel McLeece (54) for divers felonies, Seven years transportation ….Thomas Gleaves (29) for manslaughter. Fined 1s and one months imprisonment…The Judge was pleased to reprieve the whole of those condemned before he left the town.” (Source: Lancaster Gazette, 04/04/1812, p3 & 18/04/1812 & Supplement, 02/05/1812)
Crime: Uttering a forged banknote (Source: HO 27 Criminal Register Index 1805-1816 Lancashire, Vol. 23, by Stuart Tamblin, CDROM & Lancaster Gazette, 18/04/1812)
ALSO ON SHIP EMU IN 1812
1812 - “Whitehall, 24 Sept. 1812
The Ship Emu which is appointed to convey Convicts to New South Wales, is lying at Woolwich in readiness to receive the Female Convicts named in the Margin; I am therefore to signify to you His Royal Highness the Prince Regent’s Pleasure in the Name and on Behalf of His Majesty that you do, on or before the 2 Oct. next, cause such Convicts to be removed from the Gaol at Lancaster on board that Ship, if their Heath should be such as to allow of heir Sentences being carried into Execution; and that each Convict be cleanly and properly cloathed (sic), as also provided with the additional Articles of Wearing Apparel under mentioned, and accompanied with a Surgeon’s Certificate of their being free from any infectious Sistemper, and in other Respects in a good State of Health, otherwise they will not be received on board, but will be returned to the Person who brings them.
I am, Sir, Your most obedient humble Servant,
One spare Jacket or Gown
One spare Petticoat
Two spare Shifts
Two spare Handkerchiefs
Two spare Pare of Stockings
One spare pair of Shoes
Recd. from Thos. Bunce (?) Keeper of HM Gaol Lancaster, the 10 Convicts who are mentioned in the Margin.
(Source: Copy of document from Lancaster Castle Archive # TRAN/25)
CAME WITH DAUGHTER-IN-LAW ANN ENTWHISTLE
Previous Occupation: Servant
Age on Convict Indent (Broxbornebury): 47
Ticket of Leave 1162 (indent)
Martha ENTWHISTLE, Broxbornebury, con, on stores, nurse at Lunatic Asylum, Parra (3469)
1815, 12 Feb. – Martha Entwhistle asked to stay in NSW & not go to the Derwent [Tasmania], as she had enough of sea journeys. She stated she had been on the ship Emu. [Her son was at the Derwent as a prisoner & her daughter-in-law had just received permission to go]. (Source: SRNSW Col Sec Papers, Letters Received, Reel 6045; 4/1738 p181)
1815, 1 April – Martha was employed as a nurse at the Castle Hill Lunatic Asylum & requested some more clothing, as she had none since leaving England in 1812 on the Emu, when she had lost them. The Superintendent, George Suttor, said that Martha was very useful in her position. (Source: SRNSW Col Sec Papers, Letters received, Reel 6045; 4/1733 p184)
1817, 17 May – A letter was waiting for Mrs Martha Entwhistle. (Source: Sydney Gazette)
1820, 8 April – Another letter was waiting for Martha. (Source: Sydney Gazette)
1820, 5 August – “Thomas Carpenter and John Richards, for receiving stolen property – 14 years to Newcastle.” (Source: Sydney Gazette, 05/08/1820, p3) [Note: Thomas was a future spouse of Martha]
No record of Martha found.
Thomas CARPENTER, con, Fortune, 7 (?) years, govt employ, Newcastle
Martha CARPENTER, FS, Broxbornebury, 7 years, wife of John (?) Carpenter, Port Macquarie (14970) & spouse – Thomas CARPENTER, con, Fortune 1813, 14 years, govt employ, Port Macquarie (14976)
1824 – Martha Entwistle. Sent to Sydney from Port Macquarie with a pass, to give evidence (Source: SRNSW Col Sec Papers, Letters received, Reel 6068; 4/1815 p.497)
1825 - Martha Entwhistle, TOL, married Thomas Carpenter (c1775-1837), prisoner, at Port Macquarie on 21 March 1825, by Rev Thomas Hassall, with the consent of the Commandant. (Thomas Carpenter, Prisoner, arrived per Fortune 2, Signed; & Martha Entwistle, T of Leave, Signed; married 21 Mar 1825 Port Macquarie, registered St Thomas Church of England Port Macquarie by Banns, with consent of Commandant by Thomas Hassall; Witness: S Partridge, Signed; Witness: Sarah Partridge, Signed X; Editorial Remarks: Martha Entwistle signed her name “Martha Entwisle”. Source: St Thomas’ Church of England, Port Macquarie NSW: Church Register - Marriages (Clergy Returns); SRNSW ref: Reel 5016 Vol. 44 & V1825-3534-3B)
No record of Martha found. [She was deceased from Feb 1828]
Thomas CARPENTER, Fortune, 14 years, Port Macquarie (C0410)
1828 - Martha Carpenter died on 23 Feb 1828 at Port Macquarie, aged 57 & buried the same day by Rev Cross at St Thomas C of E. (V1828-885-44B)
1837 - Thomas Carpenter, aged 60, died at Port Macquarie on 21 Jan 1837. The service was held at St Thomas C of E. (V1837-2950-21)
“MARTHA CARPENTER D. 23 Feb 1828
Aged 47 when she was tried at the Lancaster Assizes, England on 21 March 1812, and sentenced to transportation for Life, arriving on the Broxbornebury on 28 July 1814, as Martha Entwhistle.
By April she was employed as a Nurse at the Castle Hill Lunatic Asylum, requesting clothing because she had lost most of her goods on the Emu. 1824, she was in Port Macquarie. She married Thomas Carpenter on 21 March 1825 at Port Macquarie with permission of the Governor and by Banns, with Rev. Thomas Hassall officiating. Carpenter, also a convict, had arrived on the Fortune (2) on 11 June 1813.
There were no children from the marriage, whether there were other marriages or children is not known. On 7 February 1826, The Colonial Secretary wrote to W. S. Parker, Superintendent of Agriculture and Commandant Captain Gillman: “I have the honour to inform you…..Colonial Brig Amity….Martha, the wife of Thomas Carpenter, a prisoner, to return by this opportunity….”
Martha was buried on 23 February 1828, a few days after Rev. Cross’ arrival at Port Macquarie.”
“THOMAS CARPENTER D. 21 Jan 1837
From Warwick, England, he was a Gardener and Brewer, and was tried at Warwick (City of Coventry Gaol Delivery) on 10 August 1812 and sentenced to 14 years transportation, arriving on the Fortune (2) on 11 June 1813. He was five feet seven and a half inches tall, with a dark complexion, black hair and hazel eyes. Tried in 1820 at the Court of Criminal Jurisdiction he was sent to Newcastle (Australia) to serve a further sentence under the name of John Carpenter.
15 September 1823 he arrived at Port Macquarie on the Mermaid, and married convict Martha Entwhistle on 21 March 1825, she died on 23 February 1828. After her death he married 44 year old Widow, Mary Ann Dunlevie, on 18 February 1831. She had arrived on the Mariner in 1825. Aged 60 at his death, he had received a Conditional and an Absolute Pardon and was buried by Rev. John Cross on 21 January 1837.”
(Source: Port Macquarie, the Winding Sheet, by Griffen G. & Howell R, publ. Port Macquarie, 1996, 45 & 107)
From the book “Journey to a New Life…” the story of the ships Emu & Broxbornebury by Elizabeth Hook (3rd ed. 2014). I am the author & can be contacted on email@example.com for further info
Convict Changes History
Beth Kebblewhite on 24th October, 2019 made the following changes:
alias1: Entwhistle, date of birth: 1767 (prev. 0000), date of death: 23rd February, 1828 (prev. 0000), gender: f, occupation, crime