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Matthew Everingham

Matthew Everingham, one of 262 convicts transported on the Lady Penrhyn, Scarborough and Alexander, January 1787

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Matthew Everingham
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1768
Occupation: -
Date of Death: 25th December, 1817
Age: 49 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 56 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 7 years

Crime: Stealing
Convicted at: London Gaol Delivery
Sentence term: 7 years
Ship: Scarborough
Departure date: 13th May, 1787
Arrival date: 26th January, 1788
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 16 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/1, Page Number 2
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Denis Pember on 16th June, 2015 wrote:

On the 7th July 1784, Mathew James Everingham was indicted at the Old Bailey. [Ref-17840707-116] and tried by the London Jury before Mr Rose.
He was accused of fraudulently obtaining two law books, the property of Samuel Shepherd and selling said book to a dealer.
He was found guilty and sentenced to seven years transportation. 
He was transported on the “Scarborough” with the First Fleet.

Denis Pember on 16th June, 2015 wrote:

Soon after his arrival in the colony, Matthew married Elizabeth Rimes (Convict; Neptune, 1790).
They had 10 children over the next 24 years.

Denis Pember on 16th June, 2015 wrote:

In 1800, Matthew is shown as a tenant with 6 acres of wheat and 5 of maize, owning 6 pigs and 4 goats.  He was district Constable for the Field of Mars area and was on stores as were his wife and 4 children.
In 1802, he has 50 acres at the Ponds, 17 cleared and 7 in wheat and 6 in maize. He has 14 pigs and is holding 20 bushels of maize in store.  He himself is still on stores, but his wife and children are not.

Denis Pember on 16th June, 2015 wrote:

Around 1803 Matthew was granted 50 acres at Sackville Reach.  This was not an ideal grant, being a very rocky area and quite vulnerable to flooding.
As well there was a constant threat of raids from Aboriginal people who were protesting the occupation.
Matthew’s property had several caves which bore the artwork and handmarks of Aboriginal occupants over the centuries.
In May 1804 the family was attacked by a raiding party.  The home and barn were plundered and then burnt to the ground.  Matthew and Elizabeth and also their assigned convict worker were speared but fortunately survived.
After recovering, they continued to build up their farm and by 1806, had 19 acres cleared, 11 in wheat and 6 in maize and 1 in barley.
Then came the 1806 floods in which he was almost ruined. He left the farm and moved to Windsor.

Denis Pember on 16th June, 2015 wrote:

He was unable to sell the Sackville Reach farm, although he tried several times to do so.
By 1817, Matthew and Elizabeth and family were back in the area at a rented farm nearby. He was District Constable and was thus able to supplement his income.
On Christmas Day 1817, The family had a very Festive Day, joined by neighbours and friends.
Matthew was called out to duty because a ‘sly grog’ runner was using a sloop to move up the river with his wares.
Matthew fell overboard in the pursuit and was drowned.

D Wong on 20th February, 2017 wrote:

3/1/1818 Sydney Gazette:
On Friday last Mr. Matthew Everingham, settler
and district constable at Portland Head, fell overboard
from a Hawkesbury boat, and was unfortunately drowned.- On the finding of the body an Inquest was convened, who returned a Verdict Accidental Death.
He leaves a large family to deplore his premature destiny.

Convict Changes History

Gail Sutton on 5th November, 2013 made the following changes:

gender, crime

Denis Pember on 16th June, 2015 made the following changes:

date of birth: 1768 (prev. 0000), date of death: 25th December, 1817 (prev. 0000)

Lucy on 24th August, 2020 made the following changes:


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