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Anthony Falkner

Anthony Falkner, one of 224 convicts transported on the Waterloo, 18 November 1834

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Anthony Falkner
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1816
Occupation: Brickmaker
Date of Death: 17th July, 1890
Age: 74 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 61 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 7 years

Crime: Stealing
Convicted at: Middlesex Gaol Delivery
Sentence term: 7 years
Ship: Waterloo
Departure date: 18th November, 1834
Arrival date: 3rd March, 1835
Place of arrival Van Diemen's Land
Passenger manifest Travelled with 225 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 90, Class and Piece Number HO11/9, Page Number 466
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

P larkin on 30th October, 2011 wrote:

BAPTISM: An Anthony Faulkner is baptised 13 July 1817 at the Foundling Hospital Church of England Saint Pancras (also known as St Pancras Foundling Hospital). This was a notable charity established in 1738/39 by Captain Thomas Coram for the maintenance and instruction of deserted infants. These premises consisted of a spacious chapel which occupied the centre of a block of brick buildings, with 2 wings containing dormitories, school rooms and the Apartments of the managers of the institution. It was moved a to a new building in the same area in 1754.

Anthony FALKNER was first a footboy; became a brickmaker in Tasmania; then a Whaler and Innkeeper in Eden; finally a farmer at Towamba. He also owned a successful racehorse.

Transportation: Anthony Falkner convicted at "Middlesex Gaol Delivery" (= The Old Bailey) on 4 Sep 1834 for 7 years; ship "Waterloo 4" left from Portsmouth on 20 Nov 1834 and arrived Hobart 3 Mar 1835. Perhaps finnished sentence in Tasmania then travelled north to Eden or Sydney in about 1841.

Transportation: Proceedings of the Old Bailey for 1834 page 647 show Anthony Falkner found guilty of stealing a 10 pound banknote from his master Sir Nicholas Harris Nicholas for whom he worked as a footboy, in Torrington Square (in London just near the University of London and British Museum). He was caught at the Swan Inn nearby in 7 Cosmo Place (Bloomsbury). The pub is still there.

Transportation: "The Old Bailey is England’s most important crown court. The court can try crimes from any part of the country. It was originally established as a Session House in 1539 but was rebuilt in 1774. A court is held at the Old Bailey eight times a year for the trial of prisoners for crimes committed within the city of London and the county of Middlesex. The crimes tried in this court are high and petty treason, murder, felony, forgery, petty larceny, burglary, etc…......."  William Pyne, The Microcosm of London (1808)

Transportation: The Old Bailey became known as the Central Criminal Court. The building was demolished in 1902 and today the Old Bailey stands on the site of Newgate Prison.

CHRISTENING: A John Faulkner (sic) is listed as Christened 13 Jul 1817 at the Foundling Hospital Church of England, Saint Pancras, London, ENGLAND

Immigration: The Proceedings of the Old Bailey Ref: t18340904-32
Crime(s): Theft : simple grand larceny
Punishment Type:  Transportation
Verdict:  Guilty
1148.    ANTHONY FALKNER was indicted for stealing, on the 11th April, 1Ð10 Bank-note, the property of Sir Nicholas Harris Nicholas, Knight, his master.
SIR NICHOLAS HARRIS NICHOLAS, Knight. I reside in Torrington-square - the prisoner was my footboy till the 11th of July, when I sent him with a letter to my agent’s in Arundel-street, Strand - there was a receipt in it for a dividend - he was to have brought back an answer - I left the letter for him, but did not give it him myself.
JOHN GILLIAM STILWELL. I live in Arundel-street, Strand, and am agent to the prosecutor - the prisoner brought a letter from him on the 11th July, and sent I sent back a Ð10 note in a letter directed to the prosecutor - I delivered the letter to the prisoner myself about two o’clock; it was sealed.
EDWARD ROLFE. I am constable of Faversham. On the evening of the 11th July, I went to the Swan Inn there, and saw the prisoner sitting there - the landlord went to him and said "Young Man, it is time for you to go to bed" - they went out, and I heard an altercation in the passage - I went and took the prisoner - I found on him a number of things, and among the rest this letter - I asked him where he got it - he said he knew nothing about it, or about any Ð10 note - but he afterwards said he had taken a Ð10 note out of the letter, changed it in the Borough, and bought a coat and waistcoat.
MR STILWELL. This is the letter I sent, in which the Ð10 note was enclosed - it was taken from our cash box - we had not received the prosecutor’s dividend then.
GUILTY. Aged 17 - Transported for Seven Years.
(Note: Research revealed that the were 311 other trials on the 4th September 1834. The trial of Anthony Falkner was Number 41 on that day).

Immigration: Ship:  Waterloo IV
Departure Date: 20-11-1834
Arrival Date: 02-03-1835 (Set on land 03-03-1835)
Departure Port: VDL (Van Diemans Land)
From:  Portsmouth
Days:  103
Embarked: 224 Males,  0 Females
Master:  Jn Cow
Surgeon: Geo Roberts
Convict No: 2147 (24671)

Convict Conduct Report in Tasmania:  (FALKNER, Anthony) (I have image)
Waterloo 2nd March 1835 (arrival)
Middlesex G.D. 4th Sept 1834, 7 years (date of conviction).
Transported for Stealing a 10 pound note.
Gaol Report: Not known.
Hulk Report: Good
Marital Status: Single
Stated this Offence:  Robbing my Master of 10 pound
Surgeon’s Report:  Quiet and orderly
Nov 30th 1835. O’Hara/Neglect of duty & insolence/Admonished/APM
Nov 14th 1838 Row/Being in a Public House last night and absent without leave.  Allow B & Water 48 hours/APM/25.4.39
Free Certificate No 659, 14th September 1841

Tasmanian Convict Report (FALKNER, Anthony)  No 690
Trade: Brickmaker
Height: 5’ 5"
Age: 19
Complexion: Pale
Head: Small, round
Hair: Dark Brown
Whiskers: Nil
Visage: Oval, small
Forehead: High
Eyebrows: High
Eyes:  Blue
Nose: Short
Mouth: M.W
Chin:  M.L

Immigration: Assignment in Van Diemans Land (No 690)
Trade: Brickmaker
Assignment: Public Works
Free Certificate No. 659 14th September 1841

He may have travelled to Eden on Boyd’s yacht and may have participated in some of Boyd’s entreprenurial ventures. Other convicts in the Towamba valley are known to have also fabricated stories about being adventurers travelling with ben Boyd.

Family lore: The locals of Eden called him a doctor but was not a registered doctor.

Marriages: First marriage to Mary Byrne and had 7 children. Seems to be some family confusion as to whether he later "married" the housekeeper.

BIOGRAPHY: At time of John Anthony’s birth in 1845, Anthony and Mary were not married and living in Gloucester St Sydney. At the Baptism of his 1st son Anthony, his abode was listed as Gloucester Street, Sydney, his occupation of Steward. The address at Gloucester Street was where he stayed when in Sydney. It is thought to have been a boarding house. 

BIOGRAPHY: The main ship running between Sydney and Eden from late 1843 after Benjamin Boyd’s ‘Seahorse’ which was laid up, was the paddlewheel steamer ‘Shamrock’ owned by the Hunter River Steamship Company. A Mr Falkner is listed as a passenger on the 200 ton steam "Shamrock" sailing from Launceston (1845 Jun 18) to Sydney (1845 Jun 21) - perhaps he boarded in Eden.

BIOGRAPHY: On the 9th Mar 1843 at 11 am the first land sales in Eden was held in Sydney. Anthony Falkner bought a block at 20 Bass Street (later becoming house numbers 12, 14 and 16).

BIOGRAPHY: He was a partner in the shore-based whaling business "Barklay and Faulkner’s Boiling Establishment" located at Fisheries Beach, Twofold Bay. George Barclay was the partner. Fisheries beach was on the south side of the Bay across from Eden. It is just west of today’s Edrom Lodge (built 1910); east of the Davidson Whaling Station (which came later). The business was also known as "Barklay, Rixon and Faulkner". They produced oil for export to Sydney.

BIOGRAPHY: Anthony was the last "Mine Host" of the Seahorse Inn, at Boydtown, taking over the licence from Ben Boyd.The Seahorse Inn was the original building of Boydtown, built 1843.

BIOGRAPHY: He had the licence for the "Wanderer Inn" at Deniliquin in 1847, but for some reason never continued there (source "Saltbush Country" by JEP Bushby, published 1980).

BIOGRAPHY: Around 1848, he moved to the Shamrock Hotel in Eden, originally operated on the former Seahorse Inn licence. On 19th April 1853 he was granted a publican’s licence for the Shamrock Hotel, Eden. He also later operated the Exchange Hotel in Eden. There is an old washing machine in the Eden Museum purchased by Anthony while he was at the Shamrock Inn.

BIOGRAPHY: There is an entry in the diary of Mary Braidwood Mowle on the 2nd August 1852 stating "Falkner got a whale today". Also in the book by the same author called "The Life and Times of a Colonial Woman", Anthony Falkner is said to be present at a farewell function for her husband Stewart Mowle on 23 Aug 1855.

BIOGRAPHY: About 1861 Anthony purchased two blocks at Towamba together with a property of 59.2 acres nearby. The property seems to be called "Oakland" (not the Oaklands of Pambula flats). The land purchase was after his wife Mary passed away. After Mary died his family is said to have split up.

BIOGRAPHY: The Grevilles Post Office List of 1872 has two Falkners listed at Towamba, Anthony Falkner (farmer) and John Falkner (labourer). The second is probably Anthony John Jr. son to Anthony, who would be 27 years old and not yet married to Mary Ann England (in 1875).

The Annual Licensing Meeting of Her Majesty’s Justices of the Peace, acting in and for the district of Eden______________, holden at The Police Office Eden, on the Nineteenth day of April ________, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty three, pursuant to the Act of the Governor and Council passed in the thirteenth year of the Reign of Her present Majesty Queen Victoria intituled, " An Act to consolidate and amend the laws relating to the Licensing of Public Houses, and to regulate the sale of fermented and spirituous liquors in New South Wales," for the purpose of considering applications made to them for licences, pursuant to the said Act, + We being the majority of the Justices and notice as required by the said Act, and the requisite novices of application for a General Publican’s License having been proved before us to have been duly served and posted, do, in virtue of the power, vested in us hereby authorises
The Colonial Treasurer ________________________________ to issue
To Anthony Falkner ________________________________________
Of _Eden______________________________, the license in the said Act called a General Publicans License, for for the house wherein he now dwells Situated in Albert Terrace in the Town of Eden, and licensed under the Sign of the "Shamrock".
Until the first day of July next; and we do hereby certify that we are satisfied that the said Anthony Falkner is a person of good fame and reputation, and fit and proper to be licensed as aforesaid; and also that we have taken from the said Anthony Falkner _______________________
and his sureties Bartholemew Cavagher __________of Pambula,  and John Stevenson, of Mangarahbul a recognizance in the sum of fifty pounds each, according to the form prescribed in the said Act of the Governor and Council.
GIVEN under hand and seal the Nineteenth day of April, at the place aforesaid. 
John Lloyd Esq JP     Stewart M. Mowle JP     A. W. Manning JP

BIOGRAPHY: Information provided by the Eden Killer Whale Museum (2002)
Twofold Bay and Maneroo Telegraph, 17th July 1860:
Add - Eden wharf - the following are the names of the subscribers for improvements to the Govt. wharf -
Geo Barclay         5/10/-
S. Solomons         5/10/-
Mr. J. Rixon         2/10/-
Alex Hamilton       2/10/-
Jos Silk             2/10/-
Geo Shepherd       5/-/-
T. C. and E. R. Thomas   5/-/-
Messrs Henriques       2/-/-
J. Johnston           1/1/-
S. Boyland             2/10/-
Harnett and Co       1/1/-
J. Shultz               1/1/-
A. Falkner             2/10/-
P. Whaling           1/-/-
J. .M. Walker         1/-/-
Benjamin Loewy   1/-/-
G. P. Keon           1/1/-
D. G. Smith         1/1/-
D. Johnstone         1/1/-
Nomo [?]            1/-/-
Total               45/7/-
Subscriptions are still invited.

BIOGRAPHY: Anthony Falkner lived at Eden, 1852. Licensee of the Shamrock Hotel, Eden, in 1852. He transferred the license from the Seahorse Inn, Boydtown. Licensee of the Exchange Hotel, Eden, during the 1850’s. Also a stallholder at the Eden Markets in 1850. [Information Supplied from the Pambula Historical Society (Jan 2002)]

19th January 1868   Shipping Departures: ‘You Yangs for Sydney. Passengers: Mr Laycock,  Miss Falkner and 1 in steerage.
25th January 1868   Subscription received:  Mr A. Falkner 4s 6d
25th January 1868   Shipping:  ‘You Yangs’ Eden-Sydney Miss Falkner
21st March 1868 Fire:  House of Farm Destroyed
Eden:  Last Thursday night, 12th instant at Towamba, the dwelling house on the farm of Mr. A. Falkner caught fire at about 10pm and was totally destroyed.  At the time of the ignition one man was in the house.  He had just gone to bed, but was not asleep.  He can form no idea as to how the fire originated.  He succeeded, however, in rescuing a few of the effects of the house.  We are glad to hear that Mr. Falkner had insured the house.
7th March 1868   Bega Annual Races    
              First Race 1st Place:  Mr. R. Bligh’s bg Vagabond 4yrs
              Owner:    Mr.  A. Falkner
13th May 1868   Marriages:  At the residence of the bride’s father, by the Rev. J. L. Knight, M. A., Maurice Laycock, Esq. of Towamba, to Frances Jane, youngest daughter of A. Falkner, Esq. of Eden. 
6th July 1868   Sale By Auction:  By Order of the Mortgagee. J. Teas has received instructions to sell by Public Auction On Monday 15th Inst. At Mr. Falkner’s Hotel One half-acre allotment in the township of Eden, on which is standing the public-house Known as the Edinburgh Hotel, also a detached Cottage, with garden containing fruit-trees, etc, the whole of which will be sold without reserve -  Terms Cash Sale to commence at 12 o’Clock.(Edinburg Hotel - Eden) 
1868   An Issue of the Bega Gazette also had the Cricket scores of a Local Cricket Game and revealed that M. Laycock played for the Bega Cricket Team. He was mentioned for his batting and bowling.
Information Suppied from the Pambula Historical Society   (Jan 2002)

No.  224 Name:              Falkner,  Anthony
      Residence:          Eden
      Qualification:        Resident

No.  269 Name:              Falkner,  John
      Residence:          Towamba Freehold
      Residence of Voter:    Towamba

No.  268 Name:      Falkner,  Anthony
      Residence:          Eden Freehold
      Residence of Voter:    Towamba

No.  115 Name:              Anthony Falkner
                        Towamba Freehold
      Residence of Voter:    Towamba

No.  116 Name:      William Falkner
      Residence           Eden
      Residence of Voter:    Eden

No.  148 Name:              Anthony Falkner
                        Towamba Freehold
      Residence of Voter:    Towamba

No.  149 Name:  William Henry Falkner
                    Nethercote Freehold
      Residence:      Eden

DEATH: Died "Oakland" Towamba, Eden NSW 17 Jul 1890, father and mother unknown. There is a deceased estate registered with NSW records. Buried in Towamba cemetry but there is no headstone. A great grandson Robert Anthony Falkner (d.1922) is next to him.

Death Certificate No:  4985 Registered in NSW.
Age at Death:  74 years
Cause of Death:  Paralysis of the brain.
Issue 7.

Convict Changes History

P larkin on 30th October, 2011 made the following changes:

date of birth 1816-00-00, date of death 1890-07-17, gender m

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