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Andrew Fraser

Andrew Fraser, one of 401 convicts transported on the Glatton, September 1802

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Andrew Fraser
Aliases: Frazer, Frazier
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1767
Occupation: Baker
Date of Death: 1827
Age: 60 years

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 60 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Theft
Convicted at: Scotland, Perth Court of Justiciary
Sentence term: Life
Ship: Glatton
Departure date: September, 1802
Arrival date: 11th March, 1803
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 401 other convicts

References

Primary source: James Smee in 'Births & Baptisms Marriages & Defacto Relationships Deaths & Burials New South Wales 1788-1830' Carol Baxter 'Musters of NSW and Norfolk Island 1805-1806/1800-1802' 2Vols & other musters
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

iain Frazier on 14th August, 2019 wrote:

Andrew Fraser was born 1767? in Scotland?
1811, 1814 at muster Sydney
1812 received free Pardon-had bakery with considerable business with Government-employed several people.
1824 married Ellen (Halton) convict from MARY arrived 1823 now age22 at St Phillips Sydney
1826? branched out as Publican with spirit licence
1827 died at age 60 St Phillips Sydney worth 4,000lb

iain Frazier on 9th November, 2019 wrote:

Ellen (Hatton sic) has an entry on this Website.

D Wong on 9th November, 2019 wrote:

National Records of Scotland
Reference JC26/1801/11
Title Trial papers relating to Andrew Fraser, George Berry and Jean Gordon, all of Montrose for the crime of theft and reset of theft.
Dates 17 Apr 1801

The crime relates to the stealing of quantities of flax both dressed and undressed, hemp and yarn from James Bisset and Margaret Bisset, merchants and manufacturers, Montrose.
Andrew Fraser: pleaded not guilty; verdict: Guilty of reset, not proven for theft. Sentence: Transportation for life. Sentenced on 21 Apr. 1801 (see JC11/45, f.49v)
George Berry, Age: 16, flax dresser, Address: Montrose, Angus, relating to the crime of theft and reset of theft at Montrose, Angus. Date of trial: 17 Apr 1801, Verdict: Guilty in terms of own confession for the crime of theft. Sentence: Transportation for life. All pannels sentenced on 21 April 1801 (see JC11/45, 49v)
Jean Gordon: guilty in terms of own confession for reset of theft, Sentence: Transportation for life. Sentenced on 21 April 1801 (JC11/45, 49v). Petition: for remission of sentence, 8 Sept 1802 (see JC11/46, f.70r) sentence prohibited and discharged by court and pannel set at liberty.
The criminal papers include declarations by Andrew Fraser, George Berry and Jean Gordon, lists of witnesses, lists of assize and letters of execution
High Court of Justiciary.

No ship found for George Berry or Jean Gordon.

Colonial Secretary Index:
FRAZIER, Andrew. Per “Glatton”, 1803; baker of Cambridge Street, The Rocks

1809 Nov 14:  On list of all grants and leases of town allotments registered in the Colonial Secretary’s Office (Fiche 3268; 9/2731 p.232)

1810 Apr 10,11:  Appears at High Court of Appeals due to 50 pounds owed to Alexander Riley (Reel 6042; 4/1724 pp.1-4)

1810 Jul 21:  Issued with licence to retail beer, ale and porter (Reel 6038; SZ758 pp.72-3)

1810 Sep 25:  Juror at inquest on Sarah Powell held at the Half Way House (Reel 6021; 4/1819 p.535)

1811 Mar 6:  Received spirit licence in Feb 1811 (Reel 6038; SZ758 pp.181-3)

1813 Aug 7:  On list of persons holding licences for sale of wine and spirituous liquors (Reel 6038; SZ758 pp.405-7)

1814 Jun 11,13:  On lists of settlers to receive Government cattle on credit (Reel 6038, SZ758 p.498; Reel 6044, 4/1730 p.154b)

1814 Jul 2:  On returns of horned cattle issued from the Government Herds between 8 May 1814 and 9 Jan 1819 (Reel 6048; 4/1742 pp.30, 47)

1815 Apr 1:  On list of persons licensed as publicans for 1815; at Sydney (Reel 6038; SZ759 p.54)

1815 Dec 23:  Bond to naval officer (Fiche 3284; X702 pp.123-5)

1816 Apr 6:  On list of persons licensed as publicans for 1816; at Sydney (Reel 6038; SZ759 p.193)

1817 Mar 19:  Re tender to supply “Kangaroo” with biscuit (Reel 6005; 4/3496 p.75)

1817 Mar 19:  Biscuit for “Kangaroo” made by (Reel 6046; 4/1737 p.267)

1817 Apr 19:  Publican of the Governor King. On list of persons licensed as publicans for 1817; at Sydney (Reel 6038; SZ759 p.340)

1817 Dec 22:  Resident at Cambridge Street, Sydney (Reel 6047; 4/1739 pp.91-2)

1818 Feb 16:  On list of applicants for renewal of spirit licenses at Sydney (Reel 6006; 4/3498 p.62)

1819 Feb 15:  On list of applicants for renewal of spirit licences in Sydney (Reel 6006; 4/3499 p.318)

1819 Mar 11-Nov 19:  Bills drawn on H.M. Treasury in favour of (Reel 6049; 4/1745 pp.77-8,82-4 & 372-3,377-9 [second copy])

1819 Mar 20:  Two cows received from Frazer in payment for cows issued from the Government Herds (Reel 6031; 4/7028A p.187)

1819 Dec 31-1820 May 30:  Bills drawn on H.M. Treasury in favour of (Reel 6049; 4/1744 pp.389,391-4 & 4/1745 pp.71,73-6 [second copy])

1821 Mar 5:  On list of persons for whom grants of land have been handed over to the Surveyor General for delivery, with amount of fees to be charged (Fiche 3266; 9/2652 p.62)

1821 Apr 11:  Tendered to supply bread to Male Orphan Institution (Reel 6040; 4/400 p.30)

1821 May 24:  Store receipts of for biscuit (Reel 6051; 4/1748 p.164)

1822 Jan 31:  Baker. Testified before the Board of Enquiry into the Engineer Department (Reel 6053; 4/1754 p.83)

1822 Mar 31-1823 Sep 30:  On lists of persons to whom convict mechanics have been assigned (Fiche 3296; X53 pp.3, 16, 28, 42, 58, 73)

1822 Jul 23; 1823 Mar:  On list of persons receiving an assigned convict (Fiche 3291; 4/4570D pp.128, 133)

1822 Sep 12:  Convict servant of called into Government employ as he had refused to sign the requisite bond (Reel 6009; 4/3506 p.257)

1823 Mar 10:  On list of witnesses to clearing gang bonds; witness for John McHenry (Reel 6022; 4/7014 p.321)

1823 Apr, Jul:  Re payment for peas and oatmeal supplied to the Male Orphan Institution (Reel 6021; 4/7079 pp.45a, 79, 113, 123)

1823 May:  Referred to in Major Druitt’s reply to the Board of Enquiry into the Engineer Department; appears as Fraser (Reel 6053; 4/1755 pp.325-6)

1823 c.Jul:  On list of convicts employed by John Palmer; in 1804-08 (Reel 6056; 4/1765 p.182)

1823 Oct 31:  Shareholder in the Bank of New South Wales (Reel 6040; SZ1049 p.2)

1823 Dec-1824 Feb:  On the Richmond School Roll (Fiche 3307; SZ1014 pp.50, 54, 58)

1823 Dec 15:  Account of gin & brandy imported by since 1 Jan 1823 remaining in the Bonded Store (Reel 6059; 4/1773 p.32)

1824 Jan 21:  Asking that his servant Mary Jones not be taken from him (Reel 6061; 4/1778 p.41)

1824 c.Jul:  On account of rents received for assigned convict tradesmen for the three quarters ending 30 Jun 1824 (Reel 6061; 4/1779 p.173b)

1824 Jul 25:  Memorial (Fiche 3088; 4/1837A No.358 p.395). Reply, 5 Aug (Reel 6013; 4/3512 p.140)

1824 Sep 17:  Seeking permission to marry Ellen Hatton (Reel 6061; 4/1780 pp.282-282b)

1824 Sep 24:  Re application for special licence (Reel 6013; 4/3512 p.461)

1824 Oct 4:  Re permission to marry at Sydney (Reel 6013; 4/3512 p.521)

No children listed on the NSW BDM.

10/5/1826 Sydney Gazette:
We understand that Mr. Andrew Frazer, baker, an old resident, has transmitted £500 to the parish of Montrose (the place of his nativity), the interest of which is to be laid out annually in the purchase of meal and coals for the benefit of the poorest inhabitants of the place. ” The principal,” to use the forcible language of the donor, ” is never to be touched while the world stands.” The consciousness of annually contributing lo the comfort of roany hapless individuals, will be the enjoyment of the bliss of immortality in a mortal state. Such an extraordinary instance of philanthropy is worthy of imitation.

1827: NSW BDM __ Andrew Frazer died, aged 60.

27/4/1827 The Sydney Gazette:
A list of property to be sold in the Estate of Andrew Frazer:
TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION, on the Premises, on Thursday, the 24th of May, THE ESTATE AND PROPERTY of the late ANDREW FRAZER, deceased, in the following LOTS, by Order of the Executors.

LOT 1.- All those valuable Premises lately occupied by the Testator, with the bake-house and appurtenances to the same belonging, and also, a Cottage adjoining thereto, occupied by one Parsonage, situate in Cambridge-street, Sydney, Nos. 34 and 35.

LOT 2.—-Nos. 36 and 37, Cambridge-street, being 2 Cottages with the appurtenances ; occupied by Gannon and Trainer.

LOT 3.—-Nos. 39 and 40, Cambridge-street, being 2 Cottages with the appurtenances; occupied by Davis and Bryant.

LOT 4.—-A new 2-Story Brick Building, with an excellent well, situate at the corner of Essex Lane, numbered 7.

LOT 5.—-Nos. 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12, being 5 Tenements, situate in Essex Lane, with the appurtenances.

LOT 6.—-A Cottage, No. 23, Gloucester-street ; occupied by Roberts, the back of which extends to Cambridge-street.

LOT 7.—-A Collage, No. 23, Harrington-street, extending to Gloucester-street.

LOT 8.—-Also, 16 Acres of Land in the Township of Richmond, now occupied by Mr. Thos. Muckwell, at the annual rent of £26 sterling.

Immediately after the above will be Put up, FOUR SHARES IN THE BANK OF NEW SOUTH WALES, on each of which the Sum of £37 11s. 4d. has been paid into the Bank.

Also, at the same Time,
ALL THE HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE, Baking Utensils, and other Effects, belonging to the Testator.

30/5/1827 The Australian, Sydney:
It may be interesting to our Readers to know on what terms the various property of the late Mr. Andrew Frazer was disposed of, by public auction, on Friday last.

**All of the above properties amounted to:
£3,364.**

Mary Jones his previous assigned servant was also a legatee in his Will.
She was Mrs. Mary Jones and she married William Baxter in January 1827.

22/6/1827 The Australian, Sydney:
ASSIGNED SERVANTS
A curious question is likely soon to be mooted, relative to the right of the executors of the masters of assigned servants, to the assigned servant. The relict (who is a prisoner) of Andrew Frazer, deceased, was assigned to the latter on intermarriage. At the death she was claimed by the executors, but the magistrates having ordered her to appear before them, and deeming her a prisoner illegally at large, sent her to the Factory.
The executors it is said, will bring the case before the Supreme Court.

D Wong on 9th November, 2019 wrote:

Andrew was buried at the Devonshire Street Cemetery.

iain Frazier on 22nd December, 2019 wrote:

In 1806 Andrew is recorded as living with Jane (Toon) off MARY ANN free by servitude.
Jane (Toon) cannot be found on this Website.

In 1822 he may have the A who employed David (Crabb convict) at Sydney, James (McAllister free by servitude) at Sydney, John (Mitchell convict) at Sydney, James (Toombe(s) free by servitude) at Sydney, John (Wilson convict) at Sydney, William (Wilson came free) at Sydney.
In 1822 he may be the Andrew who purchased 30acres Sydney 2horses 20hogs.
In 1825 he may be the Andrew who employed Jean Napoleon (Baptiste) came free from LA THETIS at Sydney, Thomas (Connor) convict 7yrs from ISABELLA at Sydney, Hugh (Flanigan) free by servitude 7yrs from NEPTUNE at Sydney, Mary (Green) free by servitude 7yrs from SPEKE at Sydney, William (Grinleyr) Ticket of leave 7yrs from OCEAN at Sydney, John (Wilson) convict 7yrs fromSPEKE at Sydney.

D Wong on 22nd December, 2019 wrote:

Jane was listed as Jane TOONE on the ‘Mary Ann’

1822: Census and Population Books 1822-1824. District Constable’s Notebook:
Jane is living in Parramatta (Baulkham Hill) in 1822.
Andrew Fraser is also on the same page.

Convict Changes History

iain Frazier on 14th August, 2019 made the following changes:

source: James Smee in 'Births & Baptisms Marriages & Defacto Relationships Deaths & Burials New South Wales 1788-1830' & musters (prev. Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/1, Page Number 332)

iain Frazier on 9th November, 2019 made the following changes:

gender: m

D Wong on 9th November, 2019 made the following changes:

alias1: Frazer, alias2: Frazier, date of birth: 1767 (prev. 0000), date of death: 1827 (prev. 0000), occupation, crime

iain Frazier on 22nd December, 2019 made the following changes:

source: James Smee in 'Births & Baptisms Marriages & Defacto Relationships Deaths & Burials New South Wales 1788-1830' Carol Baxter 'Musters of NSW and Norfolk Island 1805-1806/1800-1802' 2Vols & other musters (prev. James Smee in 'Births & Baptisms Marri

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