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John Gaze

John Gaze, one of 154 convicts transported on the Stratheden, 31 July 1845

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: John Gaze
Aliases: none
Gender: -

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: -
Occupation: -
Date of Death: -
Age: -

Life Span

Life span

Median life span was 52 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 7 years

Crime: -
Convicted at: Norfolk, Norwich City General Sessions
Sentence term: 7 years
Ship: Stratheden
Departure date: 31st July, 1845
Arrival date: 25th December, 1845
Place of arrival Van Diemen's Land
Passenger manifest Travelled with 154 other convicts

References

Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 91, Class and Piece Number HO11/14, Page Number 356
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Anonymous on 2nd September, 2011 wrote:

John Gaze was christened in Burgh-next-Aylsham 11 May 1828.  He was my 2nd great uncle and was only 15 when he stole food.  He was child number 14 from a family of 16 children and was probably hungry.  He could read and write.  Unfortunately, I can’t remember the person’s name who was doing research on Parkhurst Prison and sent me most of the information about John Gaze.
29/03/1843 accused of "Stealing tea sugar and other articles", found guilty and sentenced to transportation for 7 years.  Then aged 14 the Court recorded that he apparently had been employed as a Labourer.  He was initially received at the Norwich City Gaol as part of the interim standard holding arrangements, and then, on 30/06/1843, transferred to Parkhurst Prison.  His Gaoler’s Report commented that he was "Bad", single and could read and write. (His documentation in Van Diemen’s Land confirmed that on release from Parkhurst Prison his character and disposition were described as "Good"(ii)).  He was discharged from Parkhurst Prison on 23/07/1845 and sent to Millbank Prison, presumably categorised as "incorrigible", ineligible for transportation as an "Apprentice" to Western Australia and therefore to be treated as a normal adult convict (This somewhat contradicts the character assessment referred to immediately above of "Good").(iii) 

He sailed from London aboard the "Stratheden" on 03/08/1845 disembarking at Hobart, Van Diemen’s Land, on 25/12/1845.(iv)  The Surgeon during the voyage, Henry.Baker, reported in his Conduct Record that John Gaze’s behaviour was "Good".(v)  The document confirms that he was designated as a Probation Pass Holder 2nd Class immediately on arrival and then diarises his continuing behaviour:

    10/01/1846:  New Town Depot.

    21/05/1846:  Probation Pass Holder 3rd Class.

    01/12/1846:  Ticket of Leave.

    18/02/1847:  Hobart:  Being an idle and disorderly person: Three months hard
                            labour House of Correction: Approved 22/02/1847.

    05/06/1847:  Hobart:  Out after hours: Three months imprisonment and hard
                            labour: Approved Prisoners’ Barracks 11/06/1847.

                                    -2-

    21/11/1848:  Launceston:  Misconduct in refusing to assist a constable in the
                                  execution of his duty: Seven days imprisonment and
                                  hard labour: Treadwheel recommended.

    05/04/1850:  Certificate of Freedom.

Eighteen months later on 30/09/1851 John Gaze sailed as a steerage passenger aboard the "Gem" from Launceston, bound for Moreton Bay in NSW (now in Queensland).(vi) 

No other information has been retrieved, except for the possibility that he died in Victoria in 1880 aged 52 with his birthplace recorded as Norwich.(vii)

                                                                                                       
              Comment:  There are no recorded instances of re-offending and
                            therefore provisionally assume that John Gaze was
                            absorbed into colonial society as a free citizen.
                                                 
Notes:

(i):  Indent, Archives Office of Tasmania, CON14-1-33, Image Nos.24, 25 (On-line
      08/07/2009). 

(ii):  Conduct Record, Archives Office of Tasmania, CON33-1-73
     
(iii):  Parkhurst Prison Register, The National Archives, HO24/15, p.26.                                   

(iv):  QSearch –                    Tasmanian Convict Records [CD-ROM]

              NB:  The website Convicts to Australia details the voyage
              of the Convict Ship "Stratheden" at the following link:
                <http://members.iinet.net.au/~perthdps/convicts/park5.html>

(v):  AOT, CON33-1-73.

(vi):  Departures, Archives Office of Tasmania, <http://portal.archives.tas.gov.au/>
      (08/07/2009).

(vii)  See also Digger –                    Vctorian Pioneer Index 1836-1888, [CD-ROM].

      Acknowledgement:  I am indebted to Leanne Clark of Northern Tasmania
                          for obtaining a copy of the Conduct Record: her help has
                          been invaluable compiling this Biography.

© B.A.Cocks
08/07/2009
Hampshire SO53 1FN, UK

Source Citation: Class: HO 27; Piece: 70; Page: 342
Name:  John Gaze
Age: 14
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1829
Date of Trial: 29 Mar 1843
Trial Year: 1843
Location of Trial: Norfolk, England
Sentence: Transportation
Crime: Larceny

Name:  John Gaze
Age: 13
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1829
Date of Trial: 28 Jun 1842
Trial Year: 1842
Location of Trial: Norfolk, England
Sentence: Imprisonment 2 months
Crime: Larceny
Date of Execution or Release:

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