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Martin Gill

** community contributed record **

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Martin Gill
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1803
Occupation: Silk weaver
Date of Death: -
Age: -

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 58 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 7 years

Crime: Stealing
Convicted at: Ireland, Dublin City
Sentence term: 7 years
Ship: Dorothy
Departure date: 5th May, 1820
Arrival date: 29th September, 1820
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 192 other convicts


Primary source: http://members.pcug.org.au -------- 1. (NSW, Australia Convict Ship Muster Rolls… 1790-1849) 2. Ireland, Catholic Parish Registers 1655-1915 3. UK, Royal Navy Medical Journals, 1817-1856, Dorothy 1820 01 Mar - 1820 29 Sep 4. NSW Settler and Convict Lists, 1787-1834, NSW Male A-K 1820
Source description:

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Community Contributions

Nell Murphy on 29th May, 2016 wrote:

Martin Gill was convicted at Dublin City 1820 for stealing iron griddles. 7yr sentence.
Transported to New South Wales, Australia on the ship ‘Dorothy’ 1820.

Aged 17yrs; silk weaver.
Native place: Dublin

Nell Murphy on 30th May, 2016 wrote:

Married Margaret McCormick/McCormack in Sydney 19 Sept 1831. St. Mary’s Roman Catholic church. Margaret had been transported for minor theft on the ship ‘Elizabeth’ 1828. (http://www.convictrecords.com.au/convicts/mccormick/margaret/133462)

Ticket of Leave granted 17 Jan 1827.

Martin Gill became a business man/hotelier and shop owner. The Gill’s had 12 children, but some died in infancy.

Martin is apparently not the brother of the Lawrence Gill who was also transported on this ship.
Martin’s father is stated to be Mathew Gill.

Electoral rolls for 1845 - 1850 have the family living at Pitt St. Sydney.

Dianne Jones on 9th June, 2020 wrote:

CRIME: Felony of iron griddles; convicted January 1820 (see (NSW, Australia Convict Ship Muster Rolls… 1790-1849)
PARENTS: William Gill and Elizabeth Foley
BAPTISED: 19 June 1803 - Martinus Gill - at St Nicholas’ (Without), Dublin city, Dublin, Ireland (see Ireland, Catholic Parish Registers 1655-1915)

1820, 27 April: Martin Gill handcuffed for theft, as reported by ship’s surgeon Robert Espie in his journal (see UK, Royal Navy Medical Journals, 1817-1856, Dorothy 1820 01 Mar - 1820 29 Sep).

1820, 24 June: One of six prisoners “unironed”, as reported by Robert Espie (see UK, Royal Navy Medical Journals, 1817-1856, Dorothy 1820 01 Mar - 1820 29 Sep).

1820: Martin Gill per Dorothy, convicted Dublin January 1820 (see NSW Settler and Convict Lists, 1787-1834, NSW Male A-K 1820).

Dianne Jones on 9th June, 2020 wrote:

1821, 8 September: Labourer. On list of all persons victualled from H.M. Magazines (see NSW Colonial Secretary’s Papers, 1788-1856, Copies of Letters Sent And Received, Mainly Within The Colony, 1817-1827).

1822: Martin Gill, general servant to J McKenzie, Windsor (see NSW and Tasmania, Australia Convict Musters, 1806-1849).

1824, 11 August: On return of fines and punishments in the Police Office, Martin Gill, for refusing to do his duty in his service; sentenced to treadmill for 7 days, and returned (see Colonial Secretary’s Papers, 1788-1856, Special Bundles, 1794-1825)

1825: Martin Gill, general servant to Anne Bennett (or Barnett?), Sydney (see NSW and Tasmania, Australia Convict Musters, 1806-1849).

1826, 3 May: “May 1 – Martin Gill, and Hugh O’Neale, prisoners of the crown, charged, the prisoner O’Neale with fighting in the streets, and the other prisoner Gill, with having attempted to rescue him from the constable who had him in charge; Gill 10 days, and O’Neale 7 days to the tread mill.” (see Sydney Gazette and NSW Advertiser, p3: The police).

1826, 2 August: “Hugh O’Neal, and Martin Gill, prisoners of the crown, charged by their master, the first with assaulting him, and the latter with having run away with a Spanish dollar from a table, when the master’s back was turned ; Gill 14 days, and O’Neal 5 days, to the treadmill, and returned to Government.” (see Sydney Gazette and NSW Advertiser, p3)

1827, 22 January: Certificate of Freedom: “Public Notice. The undermentioned Persons have obtained Certificates of Freedom, during the last Week; viz… ‘Dorothy’… Martin Gill” (see Sydney Gazette and NSW Advertiser, p3)

1828: Martin Gill, 24, free by servitude, Catholic; confectioner, George Street, Sydney (see 1828 New South Wales, Australia Census)

1833: “John Lomers was indicted for uttering a forged promissory note of the value of £1, purporting to be a note of the Bank of New South Wales, with intent to defraud Martin Gill [Pastry cook and confectioner, of George Street]. The second count charged him with intent to defraud Richard Jones, Esq. Guilty. Remanded.” (see Sydney Gazette and NSW Advertiser, 3 Sep 1833, p2: Supreme Court).

1834, 13 October: Martin Gill to be compensated for loss of his confectionery business in George Street, as per excerpt from an article in the Sydney Herald: “STREET COMPENSATION CLAIMS. Report of the Committee on Claims for Compensation in George-street. Your Committee have the honor to report to your Excellency and Honorable Council, that they have carefully considered the several Claims for Compensation for Land required for the improvement of George-street, Sydney… [T]hey have to suggest for the consideration of the Council, that the claim of Mr. Martin Gill, for the removal of his shop, and loss he will sustain by the interruption of his business, amounting to Two Hundred and Two Pounds, Five Shillings, as settled by arbitration, may be defrayed out of the Revenues of the Colony, as they deem the Street now under consideration to be such a public thoroughfare, as to come under the rule, suggested by the Committee on the projected formation of lines of Streets on the Surry Hills, as stated in their report of the 3d ultimo.” (Sydney Herald, 13 Oct 1834, p2)

Dianne Jones on 9th June, 2020 wrote:

1834, 31 October: “We are glad to observe those eye sores, the wooden houses, in George-street, being gradually removed. Martin Gill, the Pastry Cook, has pulled down one-of his, and is about to erect a brick building in its place, and when it is finished, intends doing the same where his present shop now stands.” (The Australian, p 2: Article)

1835, 1 January: “We are happy to observe that Mr. Martin Gill, pastrycook, has removed to his new shop, which presents a very pretty appearance both inside and out. We understand it is the intention of Mr. Gill, to spare no pains or expense for the accommodation of his customers; we hope he may succeed, as he has been at an expense of double the sum the government allowed him for his ground in George-street, in rebuilding the premises. A superb twelfth cake, weighing 50 lbs., richly ornamented, decorates his window, which is to be raffled for on twelfth night, by 20 members, at 4s. each.” (see Sydney Gazette and NSW Advertiser, p2)

1835, 12 June: In a page 1 ad in The Australian for Martin Gill, Pastry Cook and Confectioner, George Street, opposite the Colonial Treasury, “begs leave to return his sincere thanks to his Friends and the Public, for the very liberal patronage he has experienced since he has removed into his New Premises, and while soliciting a continuance of the same, assures them that no exertions on his part shall be wanting to merit it, by using nothing but the very first quality of goods in the making up of every article he vends…”

1840, 1 April: “Mr. Martin Gill, pastry cook, Mr. James McDonnell and two others, were charged by Mr. G. Evans, of Pitt-street, with using threatening language, holding bars of iron in their hands, Mr.
Gill desired the others to knock out the brains of witness, unless he left the well, Gill had no right to the well in question, to the belief of witness, was afraid of personal violence from Gill, or those other persons, unless restrained. It appeared that Mr. Gill used this well before Mr. Evans got possession, and continued to use it up to the present. Mr. Evans lately closed up the well, and would not allow Mr. Gill to have use of it. The bench dismissed the case. Mr. Nichols for Mr. Evans, and Mr. Thurlow for Mr. Gill and others.” (see Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser, p3)

1840, 1 May: Martin Gill fined £30 and costs for selling spirits without a licence at his shop in Pitt Street (see Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser,  4 May 1840, p4).

1841: On a list of recipients granted Title Deeds for Town Grants… Martin Gill for 8 perches of land, George Street, Sydney, with quit rent of 4 shillings per year (see NSW Government Gazette, 5 Jan 1841 [Issue No.1], p7: TITLE DEEDS).

1841, 16 March: Coghlan v. Gill.- This was an action to recover compensation for an assault and battery, alleged to have been committed on the plaintiff, Agnes Coghlan, a minor, by the defendant, Martin Gill, in his pastry shop, Pitt Street, Sydney, on the 12th day of January, 1841. Damages
laid at £200. [Two witnesses for the defence, having been subpoenaed, failed to appear.] (Sydney Herald, p2)

1843, 28 August: On list of night licences granted to publicans - Martin Gill, of The Donnybrook Fair, York street, eleven o’clock (see Sydney Morning Herald, p2)

1844, 23 November: At a meeting held at Martin Gill’s, in York-street, a vote of confidence in Mr. Smidmore who has lately achieved fame in the matter of the Mayoralty, was passed. We have been requested to state that the meeting was not of the electors of the ward, as indeed its termination, namely, three cheers for the Queen and Daniel O’Connell, must shew. (see The Bee of Australia, p2)

Dianne Jones on 9th June, 2020 wrote:

1848, 23 May: Newspaper report of the attempted elopement on 21 May of Martin Gill’s eldest daughter Mary Ann with James Kinchela, and Gill’s court appearance after he intercepted the couple at Parramatta and attempted to shoot Kinchela (Sydney Chronicle, p3). [Mary Ann Gill did marry James Kinchela, in San Francisco in 1852, according to her family tree.]

1848, 5 June: SHOOTING WITH INTENT. Martin Gill was found not guilty by a jury of unlawfully, maliciously, and feloniously shooting at James Butler Kinchela, with intent to murder Kinchela. However, Kinchela – late of Parramatta – was found guilty of unlawfully taking Mary Anne Gill out of possession and against the will of her father (being an unmarried girl under 16). (see The Sydney Morning Herald, p2)
1848, 2 August: Martin Gill, Breach of the Licensing Act; matter withdrawn (see Criminal Court Records, 1830-1945, Bench of Magistrates, Sydney: Alphabetical Charge Book, 1848-1850).

1850, January: Martin Gill leaves NSW for California (see below).

1850, 26 January: “Compulsory Sequestration ... His Honor the Chief Justice has granted a rule, returnable on the 6th February, calling on Martin Gill, of Pitt-street, licensed victualler, to show cause why his estate should not be sequestrated for the benefit of his creditors. [Gill left Sydney about three weeks ago for California.]” (see Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser, p2)

1850, 20 February: In the estate of Martin Gill, a single meeting was held, at which Mrs. Gill was examined by Mr. Dawson on behalf of L. and S. Lyons. This meeting was adjourned until the 28th instant. (see Sydney Morning Herald, p2)

1853, 19 January: “MARRIED. By special license, on the 16th October, at St. Mary’s church, San Francisco, by the Rev. Father Scanlan, Mr. James Butler Kinchela, to Mary Ann, eldest daughter of
Mr. Martin Gill, of Sydney.” (see Sydney Morning Herald, p3)

1868, 27 July: “FUNERAL.—The Friends of the deceased Miss MARGARET GILL, daughter of the late Mr. MARTIN GILL, are invited to attend her funeral; to move from St. Mary’s Cathedral, THIS (Monday) AFTERNOON, at a quarter-past 2 o’clock, and proceed to the Cemetery, Petersham.” (see Sydney Morning Herald, p8) [Note: one notice says Martin predeceased her, the other says he was originally of Sydney, not dead]

1882: Family researchers say Martin Gill died in California. No documentation found to substantiate this to date.

1883: Martin Gill was dead before May 1883 when Margaret Gill (wife) died in NSW.

Convict Changes History

Nell Murphy on 29th May, 2016 made the following changes:

convicted at, term: 7 years, voyage, source: http://members.pcug.org.au (prev. ), firstname: Martin, surname: Gill, alias1: , alias2: , alias3: , alias4: , date of birth: 1803, date of death: 0000, gender: m, occupation, crime

Dianne Jones on 9th June, 2020 made the following changes:

source: http://members.pcug.org.au -------- 1. (NSW, Australia Convict Ship Muster Rolls… 1790-1849) 2. Ireland, Catholic Parish Registers 1655-1915 3. UK, Royal Navy Medical Journals, 1817-1856, Dorothy 1820 01 Mar - 1820 29 Sep 4. NSW Settler and Convic

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