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Mary Gould

Mary Gould, one of 121 convicts transported on the Morley, 17 May 1820

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Mary Gould
Aliases: none
Gender: f

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1799
Occupation: -
Date of Death: -
Age: -

Life Span

Life span

Female median life span was 56 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 14 years

Crime: Possessing a forged note
Convicted at: Middlesex Gaol Delivery
Sentence term: 14 years
Ship: Morley
Departure date: 17th May, 1820
Arrival date: 30th September, 1820
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 123 other convicts

References

Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 88, Class and Piece Number HO11/3, Page Number 328
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Maureen Withey on 16th February, 2020 wrote:

Old Bailey Proceedings Online (http://www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 8.0, 16 February 2020),
ANN FARRELL, SARAH FARRELL, MARY GOULD, SUSAN MARR, MARY JONES, ANN CURTIS, MARY HEARD,  Royal Offences > coining offences, 17th February 1820.

366. GEORGE STEWART , ALBINE COOK, WILLIAM OWEN , JOHN COATES , WILLIAM SCOTT , JAMES LANG , MICHAEL LAMBERT , THOMAS PHILLIPS , WILLIAM QUIN , JAMES RILEY , JAMES ARCHBALD , HENRY LEWIS , THOMAS MARTIN , HENRY BUCKNELL , WILLIAM HARRIS , ANN FARRELL , SARAH FARRELL , MARY GOULD , SUSAN MARR , MARY JONES , DANIEL LUCAS , JOHN CURTIS , ANN CURTIS , WILLIAM ROSE , MARY HEARD , and JOHN CARTER were severally and separately indicted for having in their custody and possession, forged Bank notes, knowing them to be forged .

To which indictments the prisoners severally and separately pleaded GUILTY .

Transported for Fourteen Years .

Before Mr. Baron Graham .
https://stors.tas.gov.au/CON13-1-2$init=CON13-1-2p56  and following pages.
List of female convicts from Morely (3),  Master, Brown, in 1820, who landed at Hobart, not Sydney.

Susannah Marr, Convicted at Middlesex G.D., 17 Feb 1820, 14 years.

Robin Sharkey on 6th September, 2021 wrote:

MARY GOULD’S FORGERY CHARGE

Mary Gould was only 21 when she pleaded guilty to possessing a forged note. There were many in the Old Bailey that day  — Saturday 19 February 1820 — charged with forgery. As the ‘Morning Chronicle’ of the same date, on p.4 explained it:

“The above twenty were allowed to plead Guilty to the minor offence, of having the notes in their possession knowing them to be forged. They were afterwards put to the bar on the capital charge, but no evidence was offered against them. They are, however, subjected to transportation for fourteen years. We regret to say, that several of them behaved with a levity most disgraceful, laughing in the Court, and making a dreadful noise in the bail-dock, after being taken down.”

TASMANIAN LIFE

Mary Gould together with the other six women, all young, who pleaded guilty to possession of forged notes that day, sailed on the ship “Morley”. Fifty on board were off loaded at Hobart, including Mary, arriving in September 1820.

Only two months after arriving, she was off to a bad start when she “absconded from the premises of J. Petchy” and was given 14 days in a solitary cell on bread and water. This was John Petchy, who was then the Keeper of the Hobart Gaol, so perhaps she’d been assigned to him personally at his private residence.

The next year, on 21 June 1821, Mary married Simon Solomons, who was on a Ticket of Leave from a life sentence. He’d arrived in NSW in 1816, on an earlier journey of the Morley, and then been sent to Hobart. He was only young, being the same age as Mary - 22 in 1821.

Mary kept her nose clean until 1827 when it seems Simon complained of her behaviour (“ux” below means “wife of”)

• Jan’ry 8th, 1827. Ux Simon Solomon.  Absent from her lodgings at a late hour Monday night and being found at the Ship Inn.
• December 18th, 1827. Ux Solomon. Frequently leaving her house when her husband is on duty as a constable — to be confined in a cell three days and placed in the C Class one month.
• December 8th, 1828. Ux Solomon. Absent from her husband the whole of Thursday and until Friday night when she was apprehended by Const Swift. On bread & water seven days.
• May 4th,1829. Ux Simon Solomon. Living in a state of adultery with a free man and making a riot on Sat. night last. Returned to the House of Correction for assignment in the country.

In October 1829 Simon was sentenced to 7 years transportation (this was internally in Tasmania), accused by Dinah Joseph, his employer where he worked in her shop, her husband being a prisoner, of having stolen material and a table cloth.

It seems Mary and Simon had already split up, and after this, Mary Gould’s behaviour — mostly drinking, “insolence” to her masters, and absconding from service — is on a slippery slope. She is still a convict, not having got any ticket of leave as yet. Here is the rest of her Conduct record, from 1829:

• August 25th, 1829. [assigned to Guest] Getting drunk and using abusive and disgusting expressions to Mrs Guest various times and particularly on 21st of August neglecting her work and taking liquor from the storeroom. 6 calendar months in the C Class, Female Factory, George Town. Solitary confinement on bread & water and to have her hair cut off.
• Neglecting her work and taking liquor. confinement on bread and water and to have her hair cut off.
• September 5, 1829.  Ux Solomon, drunk last night at the public house kept by John Knight. To be confined in the gaol until she can be sent to the factory at George Town agreeable to her former xxx.
• April 5, 1830. absconding from her Master’s service and insolence to her Mistress. One fortnight solitary confinement on xxx and the reminder of six months in the C class House of correction
• December 9, 1830. Being drunk inconsequence of Mrs Going’s [??} confinement. She is free and discharged.
• February 1, 1831. Being drunk and disorderly. To be confined in a cell on bread and water 10 days and be returned to her service.
• July 9th, 1831.  Insolence in her service last night, being repeatedly drunk but more particularly yesterday. Three months Second Class.
• October 6 1831.  Absent without leave and intoxicated in her service. Cell on bread and water six days.
• December 10, 1832. Returned to government by her Master stating she is unable to do the work required of her from ill health stop
• February 21, 1833. Drunk and insolence to her mistress. Cell three days.
• March x. Absent without leave. Cell 6 days.
• March 15 1833. Returning home intoxicated and insolent to her mistress. Wash tub one month and assigned to interior.
• May 6, 1833. Returned to the service of the Crown, her mistress stating her to be useless from a complaint in her head.
• July 1, 1833. Drunk. Reported.
• July 4 1833. Absent without leave.  Solitary working cell 6 weeks.
• Nov 26, 1833. Disorderly conduct.

The following year she receives a conditional certificate:
The Tasmanian 13 June 1834 p 3
“Certificates to Anne Praine per Catherine and Mary Gould per Morley.”

There is a little fine for obscene language in 1842 (The Courier, 4 March 1842, p.4).

Finally in 1845 Mary Gould gets a “Free Certificate”.

Convict Changes History

Maureen Withey on 16th February, 2020 made the following changes:

gender: f, crime

Robin Sharkey on 6th September, 2021 made the following changes:

date of birth: 1799 (prev. 0000), crime

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au