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Henry Guest

Henry Guest, one of 270 convicts transported on the Nile, 18 September 1857

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Henry Guest
Aliases: Henry West
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1825
Occupation: Painter & glazier
Date of Death: -
Age: -

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 51 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 6 years

Crime: Larceny from a person
Convicted at: Yorkshire, Sheffield Adjourned General Quarter Sessions
Sentence term: 6 years
Ship: Nile
Departure date: 18th September, 1857
Arrival date: 1st January, 1858
Place of arrival Western Australia
Passenger manifest Travelled with 270 other convicts

References

Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 93, Class and Piece Number HO11/18, Page Number 248. --00--Edgar, W. (Bill). (2018). “The precarious voyage of her majesty’s convict ship ‘Nile’ to the Swan River colony, late 1857 – and the unexpected aftermath.” The Great Circle, 40(1), 20–43.
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Dianne Jones on 27th February, 2022 wrote:

PREVIOUS CONVICTION & TICKET OF LEAVE:

29 May, 1854: Reference: PCOM 3/10/1021
Licence number 1021: Henry Guest.

Convicted of Larceny, after previous conviction [for stealing money from the person], at the Quarter Sessions at Sheffield, Yorkshire, 6 January 1851.

Then aged 25 years and by trade a Painter.

Sentence: 7 years’ transportation.

Licence granted: 29 May 1854, for early release from Defence hulk prison.

Held by: The National Archives, Kew (https://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/details/r/C10128441).

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Dianne Jones on 27th February, 2022 wrote:

TRIAL:

21 August, 1855: Henry GUEST was convicted at the Mid-Summer Intermediate Sessions, Sheffield, and sentenced to 6 years’ penal servitude for larceny from the person, a previous conviction for felony being taken into account (England & Wales, Criminal Registers, 1791-1892; England; Yorkshire - West Riding; 1855).

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Dianne Jones on 27th February, 2022 wrote:

NEWSPAPER REPORT OF TRIAL:

25 August, 1855: From the Sheffield Independent, p11:

“HENRY WEST, alias GUEST, 29, painter, picking the pocket of Eliza, the wife of George Gillott, of Grenoside [a suburb of Sheffield], of £l. The robbery was committed in Snig Hill. The prisoner had been previously transported, but after undergoing part of his sentence, was liberated on a ticket of leave. — Sentenced to six years’ penal servitude.”

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Dianne Jones on 27th February, 2022 wrote:

JAILS:

11 August, 1855: Henry WEST was admitted to WAKEFIELD jail—served 1 month 10 days (UK, Prison Commission Records, 1770-1951; Wakefield Gaol; Calendar of Trials; 1882-1886).

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Dianne Jones on 27th February, 2022 wrote:

Abt 21 September, 1855: Admitted to MILLBANK prison in Westminster—served 10 months 10 days in separate confinement; behaviour “good”.

“After a sentence of transportation [or penal servitude, it seems] was handed down, the prisoner entered into a separate stage where he was placed into an individual cell, isolated from others, apart from brief periods of exercise and attendance at chapel. However, no communication of any kind with other prisoners was permitted at any time. The philosophy behind this penal methodology had its provenances in the religious, monastic traditions; i.e., that in the isolation of his cell the malefactor would be able to contemplate the errors of his way, unadulterated by the negative influences of former contemporaries, and be reformed.” (Edgar, 2018, pp39-40)

When first put into practice, the mandated period of separate confinement was 18 months. By the late 1840s, authorities had conceded that such conditions of imprisonment were “injurious to many prisoners’ mental health” and the stint was reduced to 12 months. Periods of separate confinement were reduced further “as a prisoner displayed good behaviour tendencies” (Edgar, p40).

Millbank, Pentonville, Wakefield and Mountjoy in Ireland were the “Probation” or “Separate” prisons, as were some local jails.

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Dianne Jones on 27th February, 2022 wrote:

Abt 30 July, 1856: Admitted to PORTLAND prison in Dorset—behaviour “very good”.

Portland, Portsmouth, Chatham and Spike Island in Ireland were listed public works stations and the second stage in the penal process.

After separate confinement, prisoners were “placed on work parties at various locations, most commonly naval stations, where maintenance of facilities was vital for the effective protection of Britain’s far flung commercial and military influences around the world. While there, attitude and behaviour were monitored closely. In theory, only after consistently positive reports was a prisoner moved on to the third stage of his incarceration—transportation.” (Edgar, p40)

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Dianne Jones on 27th February, 2022 wrote:

10 September, 1857: He was sent from Portland to board the NILE for transportation to WA. He is not listed on the Portland manifest of convicts transported but his WA record says he was received from Portland; behaviour on voyage “good” (Western Australia, Australia, Convict Records, 1846-1930; Convict Department, Registers; Character Book for Nos 4508-5585 (R8)).

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Dianne Jones on 27th February, 2022 wrote:

IN WA:

From his FREMANTLE jail record:

GUEST, Henry; inmate #4712, arrived 1 Jan 1858 per Nile

Date of Birth: 1825
Marital Status: Unmarried

Occupation: Painter, glazier
Literacy: Semiliterate

Sentence Place: Sheffield, Yorkshire, England
Crime: Stealing money
Sentence Period: 6 years penal servitude
Previous Convictions: Yes

Ticket of Leave Date: 5 May 1859
Conditional Pardon Date: 20 Jan 1861
Comments: Self-employed, 1859. Reconvicted in Western Australia ((https://fremantleprison.com.au/).

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Dianne Jones on 27th February, 2022 wrote:

COLONIAL CONVICTION:

GUEST, Henry; Fremantle jail inmate #10258
Colonial
Other No: 4712
Date of Birth: 1825
Marital Status: Unmarried
Occupation: Painter, glazier
Sentence Place: Western Australia, Australia
Sentence Period: 3 years
Previous Convictions: Yes

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Dianne Jones on 27th February, 2022 wrote:

TRIAL:

4 January, 1879: From the Herald (Fremantle), p3:

“Supreme Court—Criminal Side.

LARCENY

Henry Guest, pleaded guilty to finding and appropriating a purse containing a cheque for thirty shillings.

His Honor, in sentencing the prisoner, observed that he was not solely responsible for his present act. The jury had at the last sitting of the Court acquitted him of a similar offence. This was a matter for regret, as the prisoner would now have done part of his sentence. Sentence 3 years.” (https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/110470549)

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Convict Changes History

Dianne Jones on 27th February, 2022 made the following changes:

gender: m

Dianne Jones on 27th February, 2022 made the following changes:

crime

Dianne Jones on 27th February, 2022 made the following changes:

alias1: Henry West

Dianne Jones on 27th February, 2022 made the following changes:

date of birth: 1825 (prev. 0000)

Dianne Jones on 27th February, 2022 made the following changes:

occupation

Dianne Jones on 27th February, 2022 made the following changes:

source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 93, Class and Piece Number HO11/18, Page Number 248. --00--Edgar, W. (Bill). (2018). “The precarious voyage of her majesty’s convict ship ‘Nile’ to the Swan River colony, late 1857 – and the unexpe

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