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Thomas Hamilton

Thomas Hamilton, one of 224 convicts transported on the Gilmore, 31 October 1831

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Thomas Hamilton
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1803
Occupation: Engraver
Date of Death: -
Age: -

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 54 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 14 years

Crime: Theft
Convicted at: Edinburgh Court of Justiciary
Sentence term: 14 years
Ship: Gilmore
Departure date: 31st October, 1831
Arrival date: 22nd March, 1832
Place of arrival Van Diemen's Land
Passenger manifest Travelled with 224 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 89, Class and Piece Number HO11/8, Page Number 217 (111)
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Dianne Jones on 4th July, 2021 wrote:

1831: PRECOGNITION—against John Wilson, Thomas Hamilton and Duncan Robertson for the crime of theft, habit and repute at Edinburgh.

Accused: John Wilson, Age: 30, shoemaker, Address: Princes Street, Edinburgh, Origin: Born in Edinburgh

Accused: Thomas Hamilton, Age: 28, jeweller, Address: Greenside, Edinburgh, Origin: Born in North Berwick

Accused: Duncan Robertson, Age: 17, carver and gilder, Address: No fixed abode, Origin: Born in Edinburgh

Victims: Robert Finlay, Bruntsfield Links, Edinburgh; John Vallance, Lauriston Street, St Cuthbert’s parish, Edinburgh; Helen Finlay, wife of Robert Finlay, Bruntsfield Links, Edinburgh; William Hogg, Main Point, Edinburgh; and Margaret Dunlop, Lauriston Street, St Cuthbert’s parish, Edinburgh (see National Records of Scotland; Reference AD14/31/410).


1831, 4 July: TRIAL—papers relating to John Wilson, Thomas Hamilton and Duncan Robertson for the crime of theft by opening lockfast place at Lauriston Street, St. Cuthberts, Edinburgh. Tried at High Court, Edinburgh.

[Note: The charge has been limited to theft only, no verdict is recorded for any of the accused, and the victims were reduced to two, John Vallance and Margaret Dunlop. However, hulk records, a petition by Thomas Hamilton and VDL Conduct Records all show the men were found guilty and sentenced to 14 years’ transportation.]


Dianne Jones on 4th July, 2021 wrote:

1831, July: PETITION—Thomas Hamilton petitioned, unsuccessfully, for clemency, as per the following record:

“HO 17/13/115 ... Prisoner name: Thomas Hamilton.

Prisoner details: A lapidary.

Court and date of trial: Edinburgh High Court 4 July 1831.

Crime: Theft, habit and repute.

Initial sentence: 14 years transportation.

Gaoler’s report: Very bad, convicted before.

Annotated: Nil.

Petitioner(s): 15 inhabitants of Edinburgh and London.

Grounds for clemency: He is not guilty of the habit and repute of a common thief, therefore the sentence should reflect only the charge of theft.

Additional Information: The convict was tried with John Wilson and Duncan Robertson.” (see https://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/details/r/C13299738)


1831, 11 August: Thomas Hamilton, listed as 30, and John Wilson, listed as 32, both convicted for theft, were received aboard the Cumberland hulk. They were sent from there for transportation on 24 October. Duncan Robertson, 17, was sent to the Retribution, and transferred for transportation on 22 October (see UK, Prison Hulk Registers and Letter Books, 1802-1849).

Dianne Jones on 4th July, 2021 wrote:

OCCUPATION: Thomas Hamilton was a lapidary/jeweller. Neither occupation is available in the options, so engraver was chosen. The Dictionary of Old Occupations defines a lapidary as “an expert on precious stones, who also engraved them” (see https://www.familyresearcher.co.uk/glossary/Dictionary-of-Old-Occupations-jobs-beginning-L.html#Lapidary).

1832: On arrival in VDL, he was described as 28 and a labourer. He was 5’3” tall with red hair, grey eyes and a fair complexion. Thomas Hamilton was married with one child, and his wife Ann Howard was in London. He said he had been transported for stealing in a dwelling house (see https://stors.tas.gov.au/CON31-1-20$init=CON31-1-20p155).

Dianne Jones on 4th July, 2021 wrote:

1837, 15 May: He received a Ticket of Leave (see https://stors.tas.gov.au/CON31-1-20$init=CON31-1-20p155).

1840, 1 July: He was granted a Conditional Pardon No.2508.

1842, 14 July: He received a Free Pardon No.94 (see https://stors.tas.gov.au/CON31-1-20$init=CON31-1-20p155).

Convict Changes History

Dianne Jones on 4th July, 2021 made the following changes:

gender: m, crime

Dianne Jones on 4th July, 2021 made the following changes:

date of birth: 1803 (prev. 0000), occupation

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au