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Ann Elizabeth Harwood

Ann Elizabeth Harwood, one of 121 convicts transported on the Morley, 17 May 1820

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Ann Elizabeth Harwood
Aliases: Elizabeth Adams
Gender: f

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1796
Occupation: Prostitute
Date of Death: 18th May, 1858
Age: 62 years

Life Span

Life span

Female median life span was 56 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Passing forged notes
Convicted at: London Gaol Delivery
Sentence term: Life
Ship: Morley
Departure date: 17th May, 1820
Arrival date: 30th September, 1820
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 123 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 88, Class and Piece Number HO11/3, Page Number 327 (165)
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Robert on 18th August, 2012 wrote:

Abt. 1796 Born

17 Feb 1796, Baptism
Elizabeth Adams, (source, court documents 17 Feb 1820 statement by SARAH CARTER)

19 Sep 1810, OLD BAILEY
SARAH BAILEY, ELIZABETH ADAMS, Theft > grand larceny, 19th September 1810. NOT GUILTY

Reference Number: t18100919-137

759. SARAH BAILEY and ELIZABETH ADAMS were indicted for feloniously stealing on the 24th of July, a one pound bank note, and a promissory note for one pound , the property of James Wright .
WILLIAM ABEL. I am a lamplighter. On the 24th of July I was at the Fortune of War public house, Giltspur street, I saw Mr. Wright and the two women in the tap-room together, Wright was very much intoxicated; I saw Sarah Bailey put her hand into his pantaloons pocket, Mr. Wright was asleep, she took some papers out, what they were I could not tell at that time; I saw her take some halfpence out of his waistcoat pocket; I went and told Baldwin, he met them coming out of the tap-room into the passage.
RICHARD THOMAS BALDWIN. I am a servant to Mr. Teague, keeper of the Compter. In consequence of what Abel told me I met the prisoner in the passage, going out into the street, I told them they must go back with me to Mr. Wright, who was then asleep; I saw him laying on the bench with his right hand breeches pocket completely turned out; I perceived Bailey wish to get rid of something out of her hand, I seized her hand and took out of her hand a one pound bank note, and a one pound Braintree note. I then awoke Mr. Wright and asked him if he had lost any thing, he put his hand in his pocket which had been turned out and said he had been robbed; he described the notes which I had taken from Bailey’s hand, Bailey acknowledged that she had taken one note out of his pocket, but the other he gave her; Mr. Wright said, no; I sent for an officer.
Q. Was Mr. Wright bound over to prosecute - A. Yes; he told sir William Plomer he should not be able to come here, he was going abroad.
London Jury, before Mr. Common Serjeant.
Abt 1816 Possible Marriage;
Ann Elizabeth Harwood alias Elizabeth Adams, to ? Turner, a hackney coachman. (While giving evidence to the police Ann, states that Turner deserted her. (In the 1st court case the marriage was collaborated by court witness, Ann Hawkins who said Ann and Turner lived 2 yrs at No. 56, Baldwin’s-gardens).

Abt 1819 Possible Desertion by husband;
While giving evidence to the police Ann, states that Turner deserted her after which she moved back in with her mother at No.108, Saffron-hill, London and took up her mother’s name. 

British Press, Tuesday, September, 14, 1819, London, Middlesex, England.
Middelsex Session; (Witness in the case of Mary Manchester indicted for assault on Mr Cohen)
Elizabeth Adams lived as a servant with Mrs. Manchester at the time of the transaction; she called to witness for a pail of water, which witness brought, and saw her throw it on Mr. Cohen; did not see him do anything to offend her mistress.
Cross Examined- Left Mrs. Manchester’s service a fortnight ago; Mrs. Manchester keeps a hatter’s shop.

18 Dec 1819 Caught Passing a Forged Bank Note;
ANN ELIZA HARWOOD,on the 18th of December, feloniously did dispose of and put away a counterfeit and forged Bank note.
Courier, Friday January 14 1820 , London, Middlesex, England.
The following pleaded Not Guilty, generally, and remain for trial for the capital offence:—-Anne Elizabeth Harwood.
Note: 12 Jan 1820 refers to the commencement date of the Second Session of the Old Bailey 1820. The Session Commencement date is used as a Standard in Page Titles and Documents.
The date 12/01/1820 is not the date of the trial, Ann appeared before the bench on Friday, 15th January, 1820, which was the 52nd case of the Second Session.

Second Session, OLD BAILEY, 12 Jan 1820, (Trial date 15 Jan 1820)
ANN ELIZA HARWOOD, Royal Offences > coining offences, 12th January 1820. NOT GUILTY

Reference Number: t18200112-52

260. ANN ELIZA HARWOOD was indicted for that she, on the 18th of December, feloniously did dispose of and put away a counterfeit and forged Bank note (setting it forth, 1 l. No. 11772, dated October 5, 1819, signed A. Consett,) with intent to defraud the Governor and Company of the Bank of England , she knowing it to be forged .
SECOND COUNT, the same, only stating it to be a promissory note for payment of money instead of a Bank note.
TWO OTHER COUNTS, stating her intent to be defraud Richard Slayton .
ANN SLAYTON . I am wife of Richard Slayton , he is a grocer, in Leather-lane, Holborn . On the 18th of December, between seven and nine o’clock, the prisoner came, and bought tea and sugar, which came to 2 s. 2 d., and paid me a 1 l. note. I asked her her name? she said,
"Hawkes, No. 59, Baldwin’s-gardens," which I wrote on it. (Looks at one) - this is it. I had not sufficient change to give her, and went next door, to Mrs. Odell, who gave me the change, and put my name on it. I returned, gave the prisoner the change, and she went away. Mrs. Odell returned it to me on the Monday. I then went to No. 59, Baldwin’s-gardens, which is a public-house. I found a Mrs. Hawkins, at a barber’s shop, No. 56, they said they knew nothing of her - the publican had referred me there. I know her by her person and dress; she had a black bonnet with the red shawl she has now. I have seen the things found at her lodgings. The coffee appears to be the same I sold her. Our mill grinds much finer than others. The other parcels are exactly of the description and weight I sold her. I am positive she is the woman.
CHARLES READ . I am an assistant at Hatton-garden office. Mrs. Slayton described the prisoner’s person to me - I and Thompson found her at No. 15, Bell-court, Gray’s Inn-lane - she answered the description given me; another woman was with her. I took them both to the prosecutrix’s shop, she selected the prisoner without hesitation. She denied ever having been at the shop, or having seen the prosecutrix.
Prisoner. Q. Did Hawkins’s son say I was the woman - A. Yes; he went to shew me where she lived.
JURY. Q. If she answered the description, why did you take the women - A. Because they were both in the room.
THOMAS THOMPSON . I am a constable. I went to the prisoner’s room with Read. I found some plums, sugar, and coffee, tied up in the cupboard. She said the room belonged to her, and that the other woman and a man who was there had come to tea with her.
RICHARD GOSS . I am a cooper, and live at No. 59, Baldwin’s-gardens, the prisoner never lodged there, nor any person named Hawkins.
ANN HAWKINS . I live at No. 56, Baldwin’s-gardens. I never sent the prisoner with any note. She lived two years and a half in the next room to me about twelve months ago. Her name is Turner - she lived with a man of that name. I never knew her by any other.
THOMAS GLOVER . I am an inspector of Bank notes. The note is forged in every respect, and badly executed.
ALEXANDER CONSETT . I am a signing clerk - the note is not my signature.
(The note was put in and read.)
Prisoner’s Defence. I am not the person. I never saw the prosecutrix. The other woman was not taken into custody. I asked her to go with me, and she did.
First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice Burrough.

Britsh Press, Saturday January 15 1820 , London, Middlesex, England.
OLD BAILEY, Friday, January, 14. -BANK FORGERIES.
Similar Pleas (Not Guilty) were recorded for Ann Elizabeth Harwood.
The trials of these prisoners were fixed for tomorrow (this) morning.


25 Jan 1820, Arrested for Passing Forged Bank Note;
ANN ELIZABETH HARWOOD alias ELIZABETH ADAMS on the 25th of January , at St. Marylebow, in the ward of Cheap, in London, feloniously did dispose of and put away, a counterfeit Bank note - No. 15870, dated December 22, 1819, 1l. Signed W. Wade - with intent to defraud the Governor and Company of the Bank of England.

Courier, London Fri 4th Febuary 1820
Elizabeth Adams, a girl about seventeen, who had been examined in the course of last week, for attempting to pass a forged one-pound note at the same shop, (Mr Harwood, No. 23, Long-lane, Smithfield)
The story she told was that the note had been given to her by a gentleman at a bad house in the neighbourhood of Skinner-street, Snow-hill; all which Mr. Harwood and the officers stated to be, on inquiry, totally false, the girl never having been in the house mentioned on the night in question.
Mr, Rooker said that the prisoner had been tried at the last Sessions for a similar offence, by the name Elizabeth Ann Harwood; there could therefore be little doubt of the guilty knowledge. Some of her companions, too, it appeared, were in waiting while she was in Mr Harwood’s shop and a rescue was attempted as she was being conveyed to the Compter.

Note: 17 February, 1820 refers to the commencement date of the Third Session of the Old Bailey 1820. The Session Commencement date is used as a Standard in Page Titles and Documents.
The date 17/2/1820 is not the date of the trial, Ann appeared before the bench on Tuesday 22nd, February 1820, which was the 56th case of the third Session.

Third Session, OLD BAILEY, 17 Feb 1820, (Trial date 22 Feb 1820).
ANN ELIZABETH HARWOOD, Royal Offences > coining offences, 17th February 1820. GUILTY - DEATH. Commuted to Transportation for LIFE.

Reference Number: t18200217-56

405. ANN ELIZABETH HARWOOD alias ELIZABETH ADAMS was indicted for that she, on the 25th of January , at St. Marylebow, in the ward of Cheap , in London, feloniously did dispose of and put away, a certain forged and counterfeit Bank note - (setting it forth No. 15870, dated December 22, 1819, 1 l. Signed W. Wade) - with intent to defraud the Governor and Company of the Bank of England , she well knowing it to be forged and counterfeited .
SECOND COUNT, for feloniously offering to John Harwood , a like forged and counterfeit Bank note, with a like intent, she well knowing it to be forged and counterfeited.
THIRD AND FOURTH COUNTS, the same, only calling the forged instrument a promissory note for the payment of money, instead of a Bank note.
FOUR OTHER COUNTS, the same, only stating the prisoner’s intent to be to defraud the said John Harwood .
For the Prosecution, MR. SERGEANT BOSANQUET and MR. BOLLAND.
JOHN HARWOOD . I am a grocer , and live in Long-lane, Smithfield . On the 25th of January, about seven o’clock in the evening, the prisoner came to the shop, and bought articles amounting to 2 s. 2 d., for which she offered me a 1 l. Bank note; on looking at it I saw it was forged, and immediately told her so. She said she did not know it, but she could change it from where she had it, and wished me to return it. I kept it, and asked her where she got it? I told her it was quite new, and had no writing on it. She said she would not tell me, but she got it honestly; at last she said she got it from a gentleman at No. 13, Seacoal-lane, whom she had picked up in the street, and he took her there, and gave her this pound note that evening. I asked her how she got her livelyhood? she said it was the first time she ever submitted to this, and that she worked as a shoebinder for Mr. Miller, in Skinner-street. She said she went into the front room on the first floor with the gentleman, and he paid 3 s. to the mistress of the house, for the use of the room, in addition to the pound note.
Q. Did she give any other account of herself - A She said she was married, and her husband’s name was Turner, that he was a hackney coachman, and named the number that he drove, which I do not remember. I asked her where she lived? she said at No. 108, Saffron-hill, with her mother, whose name was Adams, and that her name was Adams. I said,
"You told me you was married to Turner." She said he had deserted her, therefore she went by the name of Adams. I sent for Godfrey, who came, and I told him the note was offered to me, and I was sure it was bad; I gave it to him - the prisoner was close by. Previous to that she had called my wife to the back of the shop, and said she wanted to go into the yard; Godfrey stood at the counter with her - the shop door was open; we have a very strong light in the shop; about a dozen people were collected round the door. A boy rushed into the shop between her and Godfrey, and asked for a pennyworth of something? I said we had not got it, and he went out.
Q. Did he come in like a customer - A. No. He came in violently, and seemed to try to get between her and the constable. My wife proceeded to search her, but nothing was found on her, except 6 d. While we were searching her, immediately after the boy went out, a mob of fifty or a hundred persons collected, and broke my windows, so that I was obliged to shut up. We sent for several neighbours, and took her to the watch-house; she went quietly, but several of the mob called out,
"Rescue!" As soon as the mob dispersed, I and the officer took her to Seacoal-lane.
We said we came respecting a forged note which the prisoner said she had taken there that night of a gentleman; The woman said,
"She has not been here, for I have only had a certain number of persons here to night, and I know them all." I said the prisoner said she had been taken into the room on the first floor. The woman said she was positive she had not, and asked her to describe the furniture? she did so, and the woman’s answer was,
"That description would have done very well nine months ago, but it is quite different now" - we waited some time to go into the room, but it was engaged. We took her to Mr. Miller’s; the foreman recognised her person, and said he had seen her there some eight or nine months ago, and she had then been in the habit of bringing home work for a person who worked for them, but they knew nothing of her now. I then left her in the custody of Godfrey and another officer, to take her to Saffron-hill.
Q. When you refused to give the note up, what did you do with it - A. I placed a weight upon it on the counter, and as soon as Godfrey came he marked it; it was never out of my sight till then - I saw him mark it - (looks at one) - this is it. My wife said, in her presence, that she found a memorandum on her. When she was at Seacoal-lane, she began to state the situation of the bed in the room, and said the furniture was a chintz pattern, and such a colour, and that the window-curtains were the same.
Prisoner. Q. Did you not send a boy with the note to a neighbour to see if it was good - A. No; I sent him for Godfrey, but the note was not out of my presence until Godfrey came and marked it; he then took it out to ask an opinion on it. The boy never touched the note.
GEORGE GODFREY . I am superintendent of the watch at St. Sepulchre’s. On the 25th of January Harwood sent for me, he said the prisoner had tendered a bad 1 l. note, which he gave me. I asked him if he was sure it was bad? he said he was. I told him he had better not act upon his own judgment, and I would shew it to a friend of mine in the neighbourhood, who was a very good judge. He gave me the note, I held it in my hand, and asked the prisoner her name? she said, it was
" Eliza Adams , No. 108, Saffron-hill" - that she met a gentleman that evening, who took her to No. 13, Seacoal-lane, to the front room on the first floor, and paid 3 s. for the use of the room. She said she was a married woman. The prosecutor then stated that she had wanted to go backwards, and he wished her to be searched. We took her into the parlour, where Mrs. Harwood and I searched her, and found 6 d., with a written address on her.
Q. Before that did any thing happen - A. While I stood with her at the counter, a boy rushed in in a violent way between me and the prisoner, though we stood very close together, he forced himself through. I suspected from his manner that he came for no good purpose, and put him on the other side of the woman - he asked for a pennyworth of something, Mr. Harwood did not serve him, and he went out. Before I searched her, I took the note out to a friend and shewed it to him - it was never out of my sight. I brought the same note back, and marked it then - I rather think I did not mark it till then - (looks at one) - this is it - it has my mark on it, and is the same note Harwood gave me. I did not give it to any person, nor did the prosecutor - it was not out of my sight till I marked it. After the boy left the shop a mob collected to a very great extent, and when we had nearly searched her I heard some glass break in front of the shop. Some neighbours came in; the prosecutor then shut up, and we took her out. I suspected an attempt to rescue would be made, and requested assistance. We went out of the private door - there was immediately a great groaning and hissing, and the mob pressed round me, but the neighbours came round me. The mob cried Rescue! we at last got her to the watch-house, sent for Worrall, another constable, and then took her to No. 13, Seacoal-lane; I there saw a female, and asked her if she had any knowledge of the prisoner? she looked at her, and said she thought she had seen her at that house. I asked her if she had seen her there that evening? she said she had not. The prisoner said she had been there with a gentleman - the woman persisted that she had not. The prisoner said she had been in the front room one pair of stairs; the woman said she had not been there that evening. I asked her to describe the room, as we could not have access to it - she said she thought she could describe it. I asked her what kind of a looking-glass there was? she said she could not tell. She said it was a four post bedstead, with chintz-pattern furniture, rather dark, and the window-curtains corresponded. The woman of the house said that might have been the state of the room sometime back, but now there were light curtains to the window. Finding we could not get access to the room we came away, and then took her to Miller’s; she went in with great reluctance, I forced her in. Mr. Miller said he did not know her. A young man there looked at her, and after sometime seemed to recollect her - that she used to bring home work eight or nine months back, but he knew nothing of her now. She endeavoured to make herself known to him, by stating who she brought the work from - he then recollected her, and said it was eight or nine months back - we took her to the Compter. I went to Saffron-hill myself next morning, into the garret, as she said her mother lived in the garret. I found nobody at home in the garret, I then came down to the bottom of the house - it is a green-shop. I asked the man if he knew Adams? he said there was a woman of that name in the house, who had a daughter, but he thought she did not live with her mother, but she came backwards and forwards occasionally. The house is let out in tenements.
Prisoner. Q. Was not the note handed to several persons, and compared with two or three more - A. No, it was not - one note was taken from the till and compared with it; it was an older note than that, I had them both in my hand at the time. She did not ask me to go to Seacoal-lane, I suggested it. The note was not out of my sight till I marked it.
JOHN HARWOOD re-examined. It was not out of my presence till it was marked.
JOHN LACY HAWKINS . I am a marshals man. I was in Smithfield, and saw an immense mob turning the corner of Long-lane, and going towards the Compter. The prisoner was in custody, I found she was charged with passing a forged note. There were about one hundred and fifty persons round, some of whom were very active. One said
"Go it!" another said,
"It won’t do now" - I was
disguised, they did not know me. At last they said,
"Now go it! now is the time!" One

Maureen Withey on 16th February, 2020 wrote:

https://stors.tas.gov.au/CON13-1-2$init=CON13-1-2p56  and following pages.
List of female convicts from Morely (3),  Master, Brown, in 1820, who landed at Hobart, not Sydney.

Ann Elizabeth Harwood, alias Elizabeth Adams, Convicted at London G.D., 17 Feb 1820, Life.

Convict Changes History

Robert on 18th August, 2012 made the following changes:

date of birth 1796-00-00, date of death 1858-05-18, gender f

Maureen Withey on 16th February, 2020 made the following changes:

alias1: Adams, Elizabeth (alias) (prev. Adams, Elizabeth (Alias))

Robert on 10th March, 2020 made the following changes:

alias1: Elizabeth Adams (prev. Adams, Elizabeth (alias))

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au