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Elizabeth Hayward

Elizabeth Hayward, one of 262 convicts transported on the Lady Penrhyn, Scarborough and Alexander, January 1787

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Elizabeth Hayward
Aliases: none
Gender: f

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 11th December, 1773
Occupation: Servant
Date of Death: 1836
Age: 62 years

Life Span

Life span

Female median life span was 53 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 7 years

Crime: Stealing
Convicted at: Middlesex Gaol Delivery
Sentence term: 7 years
Ship: Lady Penrhyn, Scarborough and Alexander
Departure date: January, 1787
Arrival date: 22nd January, 1788
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 326 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/1, Page Number 11 (7)
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Anonymous on 17th June, 2011 wrote:

What was her crime?

Anonymous on 20th October, 2011 wrote:

She was 14

John Hayward on 13th January, 2012 wrote:

Elizabeth HAYWARD was the youngest woman in the first fleet-13 yrs old—the ship was the Lady Penrhyn. At 14 Elizabeth was cheeky to a priest/minister and recieved 30 lashes. Later she sent to Norfolk Island where she gave birth to Elizabeth Hayward and Graham Hayward. Some years later Elizabeth (snr) sailed to Tasmania and took up farming. Her daughter Elizabeth followed and Married George Lowe by the first minister Rev John Yuille to tasmania Elizabeth is buried in the old Cypress street cemetry—now a park.
Of the 30,000 buried their only three were first fleeters and their names are on the gate to the park.
john hayward, I have been unabled to find out if we are related.

Mira on 31st January, 2012 wrote:

John - can you tell me where you found these details about Elizabeth’s move to Norfolk Island, being cheeky to a minister, her move to Tasmania, farming, etc.?

I’m related to her (her 6th great grand daughter) and am trying to find out more details about her life. I’ve found a few stories, but can’t find the sources for these stories.

John Hayward on 3rd February, 2012 wrote:

Mira, I read them in a book called " Women of Botony Bay "
The youngest Male in the first fleet 1788 was a 12 year old boy BUT there was an 11 year old sent to Van Diemans Land.
If you have any more information re Elizabeth Hayward I would be interested. John

Anonymous on 4th February, 2012 wrote:

N.I records -people who boarded lady nelson at N.I 20 jan 1813 sailing to Port Dalrymple, V.D.L Joseph Lowe. Wife=elizabeth haywood. Children=margaret haywood/lowe age 17. george haywood lowe age 11.
also "Fourth Fleeter william nicholls passes at least 3 years on the island(N.I).Convict nicholls disappears from the convict records in 1796.Presumably he was the father of elizabeth hayward’s eldest daughter who was known as elizabeth nicholls in the Norfolk Island records from 1810 onwards.
also-"one norfolk family to cause much discussion was that of elizabeth haywood(hayward).One is bound to feel sympathy for elizabeth haywood as she arrived as a first fleet convict with a seven year sentence. In england,where she was an apprenticed clog maker,her employer prosecuted her for stealing his property consisting of..alinen gown,value 4s,a silk bonnet,value 2s,and a Bath cloth cloak,value 1s. She recieved few official notices in N>S>A,however at Port Jackson in Feb 1789 the 14yr old was sentenced to 30 lashes for insolence to the Rev. Johnson. In march 1790 elizabeth wa transferred to N.I on the illfated Sirius and did not leave until feb 1813. The victualling Book shows that a daughter Elizabeth was boen 2 march 1794 and a son robert on 21 november 1795. By feb 1805,robert was no longer on the records,but another daughter margaret was born in 1796 and a son George about 1802.George and margaret haywood appear on the stores as children in dec.1810,but neither mother nor daughter elizabeth haywood are named.Earlier in the year captain piper had listed the 2 elizabeths(heywood) in a return of "settlers and landholders".One was shown as a time expired convict and the other a free woman owning 10 sheep and a cow..to be continued..chez

Anonymous on 4th February, 2012 wrote:

part 2..The younger elizabeth haywood and Ann Brooks were the only freewomen stockholders disclosed by piper.Lieut. crane’s return of august 1812 shows mother elizabeth haywood is a member of the community with children george and margaret.The woman preceeding elizabeth haywood on thir return is an elizabeth nicholls who is shown as born at norfolk is. elizabeth nicholls was the youthful mistress of captain piper and mother of norfolk nicholls or piper. Although there is no apparent order in crane’s list,three year old norfolk nicholls appears immediately after 16 yr old margaret haywood and 10 yr old george haywood.Elizabeth nicholls was then the only woman holding stock,which consisted of 525 sheep,4 cattle,15 swine and 40 goats.
By suitable juggling of possibilities one draws the conclusions that mother elizabeth haywood had become the wife of joseph lowe from the N.I boat crew and that her daughter elizabeth was using the nicholls surname os a long-departed father. When Joseph lowe left for port dalrymle on Lady Nelson in feb 1813 he is assumed to have travelled with elizabeth haywood and her 2 children george and margaret.Elizabeth nicholls reached V.D.L o Minstrel travelling with son norfolk piper.In 1819 elizabeth nichols became the wife of david gibson and mistress of "Pleasant Banks" at Evandale. After rearing 10 gibson children she achieved the age of 77 yrs before being buried in the Pres.Church ground in Evandale in 1872..to be continued..chez

Anonymous on 4th February, 2012 wrote:

elizabeth haywood arrived N.I ship Lady Penrith 13/03/90. departed 20/01/13.
*arrived in the colony as a convict. Lived as a married person on Norfolk Island.  all ref: the forgotten generations,reg wright.  norfolk island,raymond nobbs.chez.

Anonymous on 11th February, 2012 wrote:

ref’norfolk island and its first settlement.
elizabeth haywood(nichols)/lowe. Born N.I. 2 mar 1794. departed 18 feb 1813.
george haywood/lowe           "  "  1802       "    20 jan 1813.
margaret haywood/lowe         "  "  1796       "      "
robert haywood             "  "  21 nov 1795   " ?

adult female=elizabeth haywood.ship lady penrhyn.arrived 13 mar 1790. departed(N.I)20 jan 1813. c,m
*c=arrived in the colony as a convict.
*m=lived as a married person on norfolk island.

child=norfolk nichols(piper) born N.I 1809.departed18 feb 1813.

*lieutenant Crane’s Return 1812=The squatters comprised 26 free people,including the 18 year old Elizabeth Nichols on 15 acres….


Anonymous on 11th February, 2012 wrote:

willian nichols.ship=royal admiral. arrived N.I 22 dec 1792.departedafter oct 1796.arrived in the colony as a convict.

Anonymous on 3rd May, 2012 wrote:

Stole a a linen gown and a silk bonnet.
She was an apprentice clog maker before she was transported.

Anonymous on 17th May, 2012 wrote:

Married William Nicholls and Joseph Lowe. Had 4 children: Elizabeth 1794, Robert 1795, Margaret 1796 and George 1802. Came to Australia aged only 14 aboard the Lady Penrhyn. Was recorded that she bought a house in 1805 on Norfolk Island and died in Launceston, Van Diemen’s Land aged 65.

Anonymous on 4th July, 2012 wrote:

where was she born?

Anonymous on 28th August, 2012 wrote:

Read historical notes at the end of surviving Sydney cove (a book) to learn about her. The story is fiction.

Anonymous on 28th August, 2012 wrote:

Youngest Convict in the first fleet

Anonymous on 4th September, 2012 wrote:

She was the oldest in the first fleet, 76 years old. Read surviving Sydney cove for proof


Anonymous on 9th September, 2012 wrote:

A gown and silk cap worth seven shillings

Leah Louise Priestley on 6th December, 2014 wrote:

Elizabeth was accused of stealing a dress which she didn’t do and was said to be guilty so she was sentenced to 7 years in prison. They thought it was her beacause she had some money that she was saving up to get back to her brother Edward, who was seperated from her when her mum and dad died. Lizzie as she was called was getting transportated to Australia and she was planned to go on the Lady Penryhn where she met Sarah who was like a mum to her and saved her life a few times,for example when she was about to be robbed and killed Sarah scared them off. When they arrived they where sent to rose hill and she was given 30 lashes for insolence. Two years into the sentence and she was moved to Norfolk Island in March where she gave birth to at least four children. In 1813 she left the island as the wife of Joseph Lowe and a new name.

kayleigh on 26th May, 2015 wrote:

that Elizabeth was 11 when she went to jail at middlesex

Phil Hands on 3rd May, 2017 wrote:

Elizabeth, an orphan, was a clog maker and was apprenticed to a Mr Thomas Cross. A month previous, on 19 December 1786, Elizabeth had stolen from her employer a linen gown, value 4s, a silk bonnet value 2s, and a bath cloth cloak, value 1s. These goods she then pawned to a person, named Sarah Phillips,
Tried and convicted at the Old Bailey on 10th January 1787 for the theft of clothing valued at 7 shillings, sentenced to 7 years transportation, she was just 13 years old, spending time in the nortorious ‘Newgate Prison’ prior to her departure.
Left Portsmouth on 13th May 1787.
Ship:- the ‘Lady Penryhn’ sailed with 101 female convicts on board of which 3 died during the voyage. (When the First Fleet sailed, Elizabeth became the youngest female convict on the First Fleet).
Arrived on 26th January 1788.

On arrival Elizabeth was assigned to Mary Johnson, wife of the chaplain the Reverend Richard Johnson, and was a servant in her household until some months later when on Monday 9 February 1789 her name is listed in The Supreme Court documents along with five other convicts who were apparently dealt with by the Judge Advocate. Elizabeth Haywood was ordered 30 lashes for insolence to Mr Johnson. It is difficult to ascertain exactly what insolence meant in 1789, but we can be reassured that whatever Elizabeth did she certainly would have affected the dignity of the Reverend Richard Johnson
It was apparently for her insolence charge that Elizabeth was aboard the ill fated HMS Sirius in March 1790 when it was shipwrecked in dangerous surf off Norfolk Island. However, like many others she survives yet another trauma, and four years later, on the 2 March 1794, a daughter was born to her, and is also given the name Elizabeth. The father of this child is believed to be William Nicholls, who was transported for 7 years and arrived aboard the convict vessel Royal Admiral. William Nicholls went to Norfolk Island in December 1792 in the American trader Philadelphia. Elizabeth Haywood had another child born 21 November 1795, but obviously died, as no other record of this baby has been found. A daughter Margaret was born in 1796, and we presume that William Nicholls was the father, although he disappears from Norfolk Island records in that year (1796). A son George was born in 1802 but it is not certain who the father of this child was, as in later years George acquired the surname of Collins. It is more than probable the father was the convict George Collins, who arrived on the Island in 1801 and died 2 March 1803. Captain Piper’s Settlers and Landholders return of 1810 show Elizabeth Haywood as a time expired convict and her eldest daughter Elizabeth Nicholls as a freewoman owning 10 sheep and a cow.
Elizabeth Nicholls is by now the youthful mistress of Captain Piper and bears him a son who is given the name Norfolk. The returns of August 1812 show that Elizabeth Nicholls was the only woman holding stock, which consisted of 525 sheep, 4 cattle, 15 swine and 40 goats. It is of some interest to mention the change of leadership under Captain Piper, after the horrendous rule of Major Foveaux. The reign of Captain Piper as Commandant at Norfolk Island from September 1804 to April 1810, was the happiest period in the island’s history. In May 1792 a total of 111 settlers occupied 4,130 acres, and by 1805 the population was 712.
Elizabeth Haywood also lived with Joseph Lowe, who was often referred to as James, and when leaving Norfolk Island was listed along with him and her two children, Margaret and George. Joseph Lowe was tried at Warwickshire on 19 July 1788 and received his sentence, arriving on the Matilda in the Third Fleet. His occupation prior to his sentence was that of a ribbon weaver, but on Norfolk Island his duties seem to have been varied, as at times he is listed as a member of the boat crew, and also as a Taylor (listed spelling). Joseph Lowe received a free pardon on 17 September 1810.
In 1811 Governor Macquarie toured Van Diemen’s Land, and decided that Norfolk Plains, south of Port Dalrymple would be where the remainder of the Norfolk Islanders would relocate. He later said it was in a beautiful rich Tract of Country, situated within about 8 miles of Launceston on the Banks of a fine fresh Water River called the South Esk.
The final evacuation of Norfolk Island took place in 1813 with the Lady Nelson departing on 20 January with 45 people, their destination being Port Dalrymple. Among the passengers on the Lady Nelson were Elizabeth Haywood, Joseph Lowe and two children, Margaret Haywood/Lowe 17 years and George Haywood/Lowe 11 years. The Lowe family were classed as 2nd Class passengers for their removal to Van Diemen’s Land; this meaning: To consist of persons formerly convicts, who have conducted themselves onto property or who have large families or from other causes may have claims to particular attention. Land grants and building compensation as for 1st Class. To be victualled and clothed for 2 years, with 2 convict labourers for two years.
The ship Minstrel departed from Norfolk Island on 18 February 1813 also destined for Port Dalrymple and had 63 people on board including Elizabeth Nicholls and her child Norfolk Nicholls/Piper, 3 years old. Elizabeth Nicholls was compensated with sixteen pounds as the price for her dwelling place on Norfolk Island.
On 20 September 1813, Joseph Lowe, with Grant No 961, received 40 acres at Norfolk Plains. The Annual Quit Rent was 1s, and was to commence on 20 September 1818. Listed on the Landholders Muster 1820, Port Dalrymple, Cornwall VDL, we find that Joseph Lowe with wife, has 40 acres of pasture, horses and cattle, 12 cattle (male), 10 cattle (female) 200 sheep (male) 400 sheep (female). Prop and wife not victualled. Today this section of land looks very prosperous, but on the arrival of the settlers it was of course virgin bush and many natural disasters occurred, not the least of which was flooding, animals (including snakes) and wheat being struck with disease, continual cropping due to their lack of knowledge, raiding by aborigines and sheep stealing, which it has been said was responsible for about 25% loss of all stock. There are many stories written about these early settlers, how some became very discontent, and even idle and the suggestion that in some cases land passed hands for small sums in return for liquor.
In 1816, Joseph Lowe committed himself to supply 1,100 pounds of fresh meat to the Government stores at Port Dalrymple, and in 1814 had acquired a small allotment in Wellington Street Launceston. It contained 1 acre 1 rood and after the death of his wife Elizabeth (Haywood) he sold this land to his son-in-law David Gibson of Pleasant Banks for 350 pounds in 1840. Cart License registrations were recorded in Hobart Town in 1819 and in Launceston in 1826, and so in that year of 1826 Joseph Lowe is registered as owning a pole cart.
Elizabeth (Haywood) Lowe was buried on 29 October 1836 in the Church of England Cemetery in Cypress Street Launceston. The officiating clergyman was Chaplain Browne of St Johns’ Parish Launceston, in the County of Cornwall. In the early 1950s the Cypress Street Cemetery (burial site of First Fleeters William Blackall, Olivia Gascoigne, Thomas Sparks and Elizabeth Hayward) was levelled for Broadland House School’s Playing Field, and is now called Broadland Park. (Broadland House was a Church of England school, now part of Launceston Church Grammar School).

Old Bailey Trial Transcript.
Reference Number: t17870110-60

219. ELIZABETH HAYWARD was indicted for stealing, on the 19th of December last, a linen gown, value 4 s. a silk bonnet, value 2 s. and a Bath cloth cloak, value 1 s. the property of Thomas Crofts :
And SARAH PHILLIPS otherwise CONSTANT was indicted for receiving on the 8th of January , one linen gown, value 4 s. part of the said goods, knowing them to be stolen .
The prisoner Hayward was apprentice to the prosecutor, and was taken three weeks after she took the things; the gown was pawned by her, and redeemed by the prisoner Phillips, against whom there was no evidence.
Transported for seven years .
Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER

Amy Freeman on 29th June, 2021 wrote:

Elizabeth Hayward baptised 16th January 1774 to Edward Hayward, a cooper, and Ann of Crowcher’s Ropewalk, Stepney. She was 36 days old at baptism so born about 11th December 1773. That has her at just turned 13 at time of trial and just turned 14 as the ships landed in Sydney Cove… the age matching the age at entry to prison and then at transportation and arrival.

Convict Changes History

Anonymous on 5th September, 2012 made the following changes:

date of death 1830-00-00 (prev. 1836-08-29)

Anonymous on 15th March, 2012 made the following changes:

date of death 1830-10-29 (prev. 1879-00-00)

Anonymous on 29th February, 2012 made the following changes:

date of death 1879-00-00 (prev. 1836-10-29)

Mira on 31st January, 2012 made the following changes:

date of birth 1773-07-30, date of death 1836-10-29, gender f

Anonymous on 17th May, 2012 made the following changes:

date of death 1836-08-29 (prev. 1830-10-29)

Katherine on 21st May, 2014 made the following changes:

surname: Haywood (prev. Hayward)

Dylan Yu on 1st May, 2020 made the following changes:


Amy Freeman on 29th June, 2021 made the following changes:

surname: Hayward (prev. Haywood), date of birth: 11th December, 1773 (prev. 30th July, 1773), date of death: 1836 (prev. 1830)

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