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Elizabeth Haywood

Elizabeth Hayward, one of 262 convicts transported on the Lady Penrhyn, Scarborough and Alexander, January 1787

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: Elizabeth Haywood
Aliases: none
Gender: f

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 30th July, 1773
Occupation: Clogmaker
Date of Death: 1830
Age: 56 years

Life Span

Life span

Female median life span was 62 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to 7 years

Crime: Stealing
Convicted at: Middlesex Gaol Delivery
Sentence term: 7 years
Ship: Lady Penrhyn, Scarborough and Alexander
Departure date: January, 1787
Arrival date: 22nd January, 1788
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 288 other convicts


Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/1, Page Number 11 (7)
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Anonymous on 17th June, 2011 wrote:

What was her crime?

Anonymous on 20th October, 2011 wrote:

She was 14

John Hayward on 13th January, 2012 wrote:

Elizabeth HAYWARD was the youngest woman in the first fleet-13 yrs old—the ship was the Lady Penrhyn. At 14 Elizabeth was cheeky to a priest/minister and recieved 30 lashes. Later she sent to Norfolk Island where she gave birth to Elizabeth Hayward and Graham Hayward. Some years later Elizabeth (snr) sailed to Tasmania and took up farming. Her daughter Elizabeth followed and Married George Lowe by the first minister Rev John Yuille to tasmania Elizabeth is buried in the old Cypress street cemetry—now a park.
Of the 30,000 buried their only three were first fleeters and their names are on the gate to the park.
john hayward, I have been unabled to find out if we are related.

Mira on 31st January, 2012 wrote:

John - can you tell me where you found these details about Elizabeth’s move to Norfolk Island, being cheeky to a minister, her move to Tasmania, farming, etc.?

I’m related to her (her 6th great grand daughter) and am trying to find out more details about her life. I’ve found a few stories, but can’t find the sources for these stories.

John Hayward on 3rd February, 2012 wrote:

Mira, I read them in a book called " Women of Botony Bay "
The youngest Male in the first fleet 1788 was a 12 year old boy BUT there was an 11 year old sent to Van Diemans Land.
If you have any more information re Elizabeth Hayward I would be interested. John

Anonymous on 4th February, 2012 wrote:

N.I records -people who boarded lady nelson at N.I 20 jan 1813 sailing to Port Dalrymple, V.D.L Joseph Lowe. Wife=elizabeth haywood. Children=margaret haywood/lowe age 17. george haywood lowe age 11.
also "Fourth Fleeter william nicholls passes at least 3 years on the island(N.I).Convict nicholls disappears from the convict records in 1796.Presumably he was the father of elizabeth hayward’s eldest daughter who was known as elizabeth nicholls in the Norfolk Island records from 1810 onwards.
also-"one norfolk family to cause much discussion was that of elizabeth haywood(hayward).One is bound to feel sympathy for elizabeth haywood as she arrived as a first fleet convict with a seven year sentence. In england,where she was an apprenticed clog maker,her employer prosecuted her for stealing his property consisting of..alinen gown,value 4s,a silk bonnet,value 2s,and a Bath cloth cloak,value 1s. She recieved few official notices in N>S>A,however at Port Jackson in Feb 1789 the 14yr old was sentenced to 30 lashes for insolence to the Rev. Johnson. In march 1790 elizabeth wa transferred to N.I on the illfated Sirius and did not leave until feb 1813. The victualling Book shows that a daughter Elizabeth was boen 2 march 1794 and a son robert on 21 november 1795. By feb 1805,robert was no longer on the records,but another daughter margaret was born in 1796 and a son George about 1802.George and margaret haywood appear on the stores as children in dec.1810,but neither mother nor daughter elizabeth haywood are named.Earlier in the year captain piper had listed the 2 elizabeths(heywood) in a return of "settlers and landholders".One was shown as a time expired convict and the other a free woman owning 10 sheep and a cow..to be continued..chez

Anonymous on 4th February, 2012 wrote:

part 2..The younger elizabeth haywood and Ann Brooks were the only freewomen stockholders disclosed by piper.Lieut. crane’s return of august 1812 shows mother elizabeth haywood is a member of the community with children george and margaret.The woman preceeding elizabeth haywood on thir return is an elizabeth nicholls who is shown as born at norfolk is. elizabeth nicholls was the youthful mistress of captain piper and mother of norfolk nicholls or piper. Although there is no apparent order in crane’s list,three year old norfolk nicholls appears immediately after 16 yr old margaret haywood and 10 yr old george haywood.Elizabeth nicholls was then the only woman holding stock,which consisted of 525 sheep,4 cattle,15 swine and 40 goats.
By suitable juggling of possibilities one draws the conclusions that mother elizabeth haywood had become the wife of joseph lowe from the N.I boat crew and that her daughter elizabeth was using the nicholls surname os a long-departed father. When Joseph lowe left for port dalrymle on Lady Nelson in feb 1813 he is assumed to have travelled with elizabeth haywood and her 2 children george and margaret.Elizabeth nicholls reached V.D.L o Minstrel travelling with son norfolk piper.In 1819 elizabeth nichols became the wife of david gibson and mistress of "Pleasant Banks" at Evandale. After rearing 10 gibson children she achieved the age of 77 yrs before being buried in the Pres.Church ground in Evandale in 1872..to be continued..chez

Anonymous on 4th February, 2012 wrote:

elizabeth haywood arrived N.I ship Lady Penrith 13/03/90. departed 20/01/13.
*arrived in the colony as a convict. Lived as a married person on Norfolk Island.  all ref: the forgotten generations,reg wright.  norfolk island,raymond nobbs.chez.

Anonymous on 11th February, 2012 wrote:

ref’norfolk island and its first settlement.
elizabeth haywood(nichols)/lowe. Born N.I. 2 mar 1794. departed 18 feb 1813.
george haywood/lowe           "  "  1802       "    20 jan 1813.
margaret haywood/lowe         "  "  1796       "      "
robert haywood             "  "  21 nov 1795   " ?

adult female=elizabeth haywood.ship lady penrhyn.arrived 13 mar 1790. departed(N.I)20 jan 1813. c,m
*c=arrived in the colony as a convict.
*m=lived as a married person on norfolk island.

child=norfolk nichols(piper) born N.I 1809.departed18 feb 1813.

*lieutenant Crane’s Return 1812=The squatters comprised 26 free people,including the 18 year old Elizabeth Nichols on 15 acres….


Anonymous on 11th February, 2012 wrote:

willian nichols.ship=royal admiral. arrived N.I 22 dec 1792.departedafter oct 1796.arrived in the colony as a convict.

Anonymous on 3rd May, 2012 wrote:

Stole a a linen gown and a silk bonnet.
She was an apprentice clog maker before she was transported.

Anonymous on 17th May, 2012 wrote:

Married William Nicholls and Joseph Lowe. Had 4 children: Elizabeth 1794, Robert 1795, Margaret 1796 and George 1802. Came to Australia aged only 14 aboard the Lady Penrhyn. Was recorded that she bought a house in 1805 on Norfolk Island and died in Launceston, Van Diemen’s Land aged 65.

Anonymous on 4th July, 2012 wrote:

where was she born?

Anonymous on 28th August, 2012 wrote:

Read historical notes at the end of surviving Sydney cove (a book) to learn about her. The story is fiction.

Anonymous on 28th August, 2012 wrote:

Youngest Convict in the first fleet

Anonymous on 4th September, 2012 wrote:

She was the oldest in the first fleet, 76 years old. Read surviving Sydney cove for proof


Anonymous on 9th September, 2012 wrote:

A gown and silk cap worth seven shillings

Leah Louise Priestley on 6th December, 2014 wrote:

Elizabeth was accused of stealing a dress which she didn’t do and was said to be guilty so she was sentenced to 7 years in prison. They thought it was her beacause she had some money that she was saving up to get back to her brother Edward, who was seperated from her when her mum and dad died. Lizzie as she was called was getting transportated to Australia and she was planned to go on the Lady Penryhn where she met Sarah who was like a mum to her and saved her life a few times,for example when she was about to be robbed and killed Sarah scared them off. When they arrived they where sent to rose hill and she was given 30 lashes for insolence. Two years into the sentence and she was moved to Norfolk Island in March where she gave birth to at least four children. In 1813 she left the island as the wife of Joseph Lowe and a new name.

kayleigh on 26th May, 2015 wrote:

that Elizabeth was 11 when she went to jail at middlesex

Convict Changes History

Anonymous on 5th September, 2012 made the following changes:

date of death 1830-00-00 (prev. 1836-08-29)

Anonymous on 15th March, 2012 made the following changes:

date of death 1830-10-29 (prev. 1879-00-00)

Anonymous on 29th February, 2012 made the following changes:

date of death 1879-00-00 (prev. 1836-10-29)

Mira on 31st January, 2012 made the following changes:

date of birth 1773-07-30, date of death 1836-10-29, gender f

Anonymous on 17th May, 2012 made the following changes:

date of death 1836-08-29 (prev. 1830-10-29)

Katherine on 21st May, 2014 made the following changes:

surname: Haywood (prev. Hayward)

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