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William Henderson

William Henderson, one of 311 convicts transported on the Barwell, September 1797

Name, Aliases & Gender

Name: William Henderson
Aliases: none
Gender: m

Birth, Occupation & Death

Date of Birth: 1778
Occupation: Unknown
Date of Death: -
Age: -

Life Span

Life span

Male median life span was 61 years*

* Median life span based on contributions

Conviction & Transportation

Sentence Severity

Sentence Severity

Sentenced to Life

Crime: Highway robbery
Convicted at: York Assizes
Sentence term: Life
Ship: Barwell
Departure date: September, 1797
Arrival date: 18th May, 1798
Place of arrival New South Wales
Passenger manifest Travelled with 306 other convicts

References

Primary source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/1, Page Number 236 The Leeds Intelligencer (a) Monday, March 20, 1797; pg. 3 and Monday, June 26, 1797; pg. 3. State Records of NSW - Convict Pardons, Convict Ships' Indents.
Source description: This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

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Community Contributions

Robin Sharkey on 5th May, 2016 wrote:

WILLIAM HENDERSON, convict, arrived NSW on “Barwell” with LIFE sentence after a trial at York Castle on 11 March 1797 for highway robbery. He was aged only 20 years on the voyage.

The Leeds Intelligencer,  Monday, March 20, 1797; pg. 3;
” LEEDS, March 20th
” On Saturday sen’night, the assizes for this county were opened at York, by the Hon Sir Giles Rooke, Knight, one of his Majesty’s Justices of the Court of Common Pleas, before whom the following prisoners have taken their trials, viz;

Owen Pendergrass, John Clark, [‘BARWELL”] and William Henderson, [‘BARWELL”] for highway robberies; ...”

* mid June 1797 - removed from York Castle to the hulks near Portsmouth.
“ Last week were removed from the castle of York the following eight male convicts, to be put on board the hulks at Spithead, Joseph Morton, John Clark, William Henderson, Jonathon Holdsworth, sentenced to be transported for life; George Matthews for fourteen years, William Benson, Edmund Fathy, and Thomas Storr, for seven years, where they are to remain until their respective sentences can be carried into execution.” [ The Leeds Intelligencer,  Monday, June 26, 1797; pg. 3].

* 15 Oct 1797 the “Barwell” arrived at Portsmouth to embark the convicts.
* 6 November 1797, ” Barwell” departed.
* 18 May 1798 “Barwell” arrived Sydney Harbour.

LIFE IN NSW:

William Henderson got lucky in NSW by being the servant to
Joseph Foveaux, at the time that he was Lieutenant Governor in NSW. This was from

As Henderson does not appear in the 1801 or 1806 NSW Musters, it is likely that he was made a servant to Foveaux early, - at the time of Barwell arriving Foveaux was the senior officer of the NSW Corps. It is possible Henderson went with Foveaux to Norfolk Island in 1800 when made Commandant there. But as Foveaux left or England in Sept 1804 and returned to NSW only in July 1808 supposedly to take command again at Norfolk Island but had to take over in NSW as following the Bligh debacle as he was then the senior most officer in NSW. it is unclear what happened to William Henderson while Foveaux was in England.

Foveaux gave out quite a number of conditional and free pardons in his period as Lt Governor until January 1809.

ABSOLUTE PARDON:
26 Oct 1808, Item no [4/4430] Reel 774 page 038.
Granted by Foveaux.
* 17 March 1810 -Free pardon confirmed by new Governor Macquarie.

Perhaps Henderson returned to England as he was now free to do so. No further record exists that can be finitely said to be hi.

* 1813 - Conditional Pardon:  31 Jan 1813;
* 1814 Muster - Free, arrived per Barwell, labourer, mustered at Liverpool.

Convict Changes History

Robin Sharkey on 5th May, 2016 made the following changes:

source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/1, Page Number 236 The Leeds Intelligencer (a) Monday, March 20, 1797; pg. 3 and Monday, June 26, 1797; pg. 3. State Records of NSW - Convict Pardons, Convict Ship

This record was discovered and printed on ConvictRecords.com.au